request

  基本词汇  
[rɪ'kwest]     [rɪ'kwest]    
  • n.请求;要求
  • vt.请求;要求
requester requested requested requesting requests
new

request是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 请求,要求,恳求,恳请
  2. 需要,需求
  3. 请求的事,要求的事,要求的事物,请求的事物,要求的东西,需要品
  4. 点播曲
  5. 请求文,请愿书
  6. 咨询
v.(动词)
  1. 请求(给予),要求,恳求,恳请
  2. 责成,对...下令
  3. 申请;请求得到;索取

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 请求,要求 ask (for) especially politely; make a request (for)
n.(名词)
  1. [C]要求,请求 an act of asking for sth, especially politely
  2. [C]所请求的事物 sth that has been asked for

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
request : 请求 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
request : 请求, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
request : 请求, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
request : 请求, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority

  2. the verbal act of requesting

Verb:
  1. express the need or desire for; ask for;

    "She requested an extra bed in her room"
    "She called for room service"

  2. ask (a person) to do something;

    "She asked him to be here at noon"
    "I requested that she type the entire manuscript"

  3. inquire for (information);

    "I requested information from the secretary"

request的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. His answer to my request was a negative.
    我的请求遭到了他的拒绝。
  2. Your request will be dealt with in due course.
    你的要求将在适当时机予以处理。
  3. I bought it at your request.
    我应你的要求买下来。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. We request you to deduct our commission from the invoice.
    我们请求你方从发票中扣除我们的佣金。
  2. They request that a delegation be sent to their country.
    他们请求派一个代表团去他们国家。
  3. They requested financial support.
    他们要求资助。
  4. I requested him to come before ten.
    我要求他十点以前来。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The Brigadier requests your presence.
    旅长请你去一趟。
  2. They requested his presence at the reception.
    他们请他出席招待会。
  3. May I request your attention?
    请听我说件事好吗?
  4. They could photograph almost anything here without requesting permission.
    他们在这里几乎可以拍摄任何东西,不必征求同意。
  5. He requested her hand in marriage.
    他向她求婚。
  6. The schoolmaster requested a meeting at nine o'clock in the morning.
    校长要求早上九点钟开会。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. The presence of all members is requested.
    要求所有的会员都要到会。
  9. Your presence is cordially requested.
    敬请光临。
S+~+to- v
  1. The boy requested to go boating with his schoolmates.
    那男孩要求与同学一道去划船。
  2. I request to be informed of the current situation.
    我要求了解当前的形势。
  3. He requested to be transferred to another post.
    他要求调到另一岗位。
S+~+that-clause
  1. They requested that we should not park our car here.
    他们要求我们别把汽车停放在这里。
  2. The workers requested that their working conditions should be further improved.
    工人们要求进一步改善他们的工作条件。
  3. They had requested that we should bring our families along.
    他们曾要求我们把家属也带去。
  4. We request that every inch of land should be cultivated.
    我们要求每一寸土地得到耕种。
  5. The members of board of directors requested that the chairman of the board should reconsider his decision.
    董事会的全体成员要求董事长重新考虑他的决定。
  6. He requested that they should come early.
    他请求他们要早来。
  7. The chairman requested that we should each make a contribution.
    主席请我们每个人捐一点钱。
  8. They requested that we should send a delegation to their country.
    他们请求我们派一个代表团到他们国家去。
  9. I requested that the error would be corrected.
    我请求一定要纠正这一错误。
  10. The workers requested that the foreign visitors should have lunch with them.
    工人们请外宾共进午餐。
  11. He requested that the Premier grant him an interview.
    他请求总理答应接见他。
  12. We requested that they immediately make an investigation of the matter.
    我们请求他们对这事立即进行调查。
  13. He requested that he be permitted to attend the party.
    他请求能允许他参加晚会。
  14. He had requested that he be allowed to attend school outside.
    他曾请求让他出去念书。
  15. They had requested that the work be finished at once.
    他们要求立即结束工作。
It is/was ~ed+that-clause
  1. It is requested that no one should touch the exhibits.
    参观者请勿触摸展览品。
  2. It is requested that Mary should stay with us for the weekend.
    我们请玛丽和我们一起度周末。
  3. It was requested that a lecture should be given.
    请求举行一次讲座。
  4. It is requested that a vote be taken.
    有人请求进行表决。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. The letter requested the whole family to leave the house as early as possible.
    这封信要求全家人尽早离开此屋。
  2. I request him to remain.
    我请他留下。
  3. He requested his guests to sit down.
    他请客人们就座。
  4. I requested them to stop making such a noise.
    我请求他们不要再这样吵闹。
  5. They often request us to solve their problems.
    他们经常请求我们解决问题。
  6. He requested the old man to look after the child.
    他请求老人照看这个孩子。
  7. They formally requested me to attend the opening ceremony.
    他们正式邀请我出席开幕式。
  8. I request you to give us a definite answer as soon as possible.
    我请求您尽快给我们一个明确的答复。
  9. They formally requested him to visit China.
    他们正式邀请他访问中国。
  10. Our governor requested the Assembly to furnish proper gifts to be presented to the Indians.
    我们的州长要求议会准备礼品送给印第安人。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. We are requested not to walk on the grass.
    要求我们勿踏草地。
  13. Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits.
    参观者不得触摸展品。
  14. Visitors are requested not to pick the flowers.
    来宾请勿摘花。
  15. The professor was requested to attend the meeting.
    请求教授参加会议。
  16. Your presence is requested at banquet to be given at the Friendship Hotel at 7:30 p.m. of March 2.
    兹定于3月2日晚七时半在友谊宾馆举行宴会,敬请光临。
  17. The public are requested not to throw waste paper about in the park.
    公众被要求不得在公园里乱扔废纸。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. It is my last request.I shall never ask you anything again.
    这是我最后的请求,以后再也不会向你提要求了。
  2. I cannot grant your request.
    我不能同意你的请求。
  3. I can never assent to such a request.
    我绝不能同意这种要求。
  4. He seemed disappointed when the man refused his request.
    当那个人拒绝了他的要求时,他看起来很失望。
  5. “Would” can express a polite request. would
    这个词可以表达有礼貌的请求。
  6. He couched his request in very polite terms.
    他以非常礼貌的言词表达了自己的要求。
  7. These lectures have been published in books in response to numerous requests.
    应多方面的请求,这些讲演稿已印成书出版了。
  8. A threat is couched under his request.
    他的请求里暗含着一种威胁。
  9. I have two requests to make of you.
    我有两件事要求你。
  10. She made repeated requests that I should help him.
    她再三恳求我帮他的忙。
  11. We submitted a request that more lights (should) be installed on our street.
    我们提交了要求在我们居住的街道上增加路灯的申请报告。
  12. You should have your request.
    你会得到你所要的东西。
  13. All my requests were granted.
    我所有的要求全被应允了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
request from (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…请求,要求 demand politely from request sth from sb

    They requested another song from Susan.他们要求苏珊再唱一首歌。

    We requested some information from them.我们向他们索取一些信息。

    He requested help from the librarian to find the book he wanted.他请求图书管理员帮他寻找他想要的书。

    He eagerly requested loan from the bank.他迫切地要求银行给予贷款。

request of (v.+prep.)
  1. 要求于(某人),请求(某人) make a request request sth of sb/sth

    I have a favor to request of you.我有事求助于你。

    May I request a favour of you?请您帮一下忙好吗?

    I have to request permission of her parents.我得请求她父母亲同意。

    We request the honour of your company.敬请光临。

    They requested the pleasure of him in company at tea the following afternoon.他们邀请他第二天下午到他们那里喝茶。

    We request the favour of a reply at your earliest convenience.请方便时尽早给予答复。

    request of sb that-clause

    I requested of him that he should go away.我请求他离开。

    The teaching staff requested of the headmaster that he should reconsider his decision.全体教师要求校长重新考虑自己的决定。

用作名词 (n.)
a/the request for
  1. …的要求 a/the demand for sth; the request from sb

    If you read between the lines, you will find out the letter is really a request for money. 如果你看字里行间的意思,你就会知道这封信实际上是要钱。

    The headmaster agreed to the request for a week holiday. 校长答应了休假一周的要求。

    He is deaf to all requests for money. 对于要钱的事他一概不理。

at sb's request
  1. 应…之请求; 鉴于…之请求 because of sb's wish

    We did it at his request. 我们应他的要求做了这件事。

    I bought the book at your request. 应你的请求我买了这本书。

    At my personal request, a group of MPs will meet with your leaders. 在我亲自请求下,一组国会议员将和你们的领导人会晤。

at the request of
  1. 应…之请求; 鉴于…之请求 because of sb's wish

    We came at the request of Mr. Brown. 我们应布朗先生的请求而来。

    The performance was repeated at the request of the audience. 应观众要求演员再表演一次。

by request (of〔from〕)
  1. 应…的请求,经…之请求 in response to a request (from sb)

    They is playing this song by the request. 在请求之下,他们演奏了这首歌曲。

    The band are playing this song by request of the Queen. 应女王的要求,乐队演奏了这首歌曲。

    By request from the readers, we will give up more pages to Letter From Readers. 应读者请求,我们将为“读者来信”一栏增加更多的篇幅。

in request
  1. 为人们所需要,受欢迎 being needed by people; being welcomed

    These English newspapers have been much in request. 近来这些英语报纸的需求大增。

    She is such a good dancer that she is in great request. 她是一个非常好的舞蹈家,到处都请她跳舞。

    The novels of Bulwer Lytton are not much in request nowadays. 现今布尔沃·利顿的小说已不太受人欢迎了。

    These goods are in great request. 这些货物极为紧俏。

    These imported materials are in great request. 这些进口材料需求量很大。

on〔upon〕 request
  1. 一经要求 when asked for

    Our firm will mail you a catalogue upon request. 本公司的目录函索即寄。

play (sb's) request
  1. 播放(某人)点播的节目 broadcast the programme which sb asked for

    Do they play requests on this radio show? 他们在电台节目中播不播放点唱节目?

    I'm playing this request for Mary Jones who lives in Washington. 我现在播放住在华盛顿的玛丽·琼斯点播的节目。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • I was bombarded..with..requests to help with jumble sales.

    出自:V. Brittain
  • A request for a glass of..fruit juice.

    出自:E. Crispin
  • The captain requests..your company at dinner.

    出自:W. Golding
  • Drivers were requested to stop.

    出自:N. F. Dixon
  • Requesting Martine's permission and receiving it.

    出自:A. Brookner

request的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. request较ask正式,一般不出现在口语中;
  2. request作名词时,后可接for,但作及物动词时,后不可接for。例如a request for assistance和He requested assistance;
  3. request作动词时,后不可接宾语和for。

    We requested them for assistance.
    这个句子是错误,正确的可以是We requested assistance from them。

  4. request作名词时,后可接that从句,且从句用should或虚拟现在式。

    His letter contains a request that his aunt should get a room ready for him.

  5. request后不可接宾语和that从句,如不可说I requested her that she would help me;
  6. request前用at,表示“应某人的要求”。

    He came at my request.

  7. by request指“依照请求”,前面不加his,her等代词。

    She supplied him, by request, with all details of the case.
    她按他的要求,提供了这个案例的全部信息。

  8. on/upon request指“一经请求”,一般出现在商业文件里。
v.(动词)
  1. request的基本意思是“请求”,指有礼貌地、正式地要求,尤其适用于表示感到自己的要求因缺乏权威、手段或无法使对方感兴趣而可能得不到满足的情况,含有极有礼貌甚至讨好对方的意味。
  2. request是及物动词,接名词、代词、动词不定式或that从句作宾语,从句中的谓语动词须用虚拟式。
  3. request是表示愿望的动词,通常不用于进行体。
  4. request后不能直接接“人”作简单宾语,但可接“sb+to- v ”构成的复合宾语。
  5. request后的宾语从句中须用虚拟语气,具体说,美式英语要求使用现在时虚拟语气,英式英语则要求使用should+动词原形,在正式语体里则要求使用现在式虚拟语气。
n.(名词)
  1. request用作名词的基本意思是“要求,请求”,可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词,常与介词at, by, for, in, on连用构成介词短语。
  2. request也可表示“所请求的事物”,是可数名词。
  3. request可以搭用由that引导的同位语从句,从句中的谓语动词须用虚拟式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
request sth from sb, request sth of sb
表示“向某人要某物”时,可用request sth from sb,也可用request sth of sb。用from强调“出处”,而用of时含“所有权”的意味,所以表示从所有者那里要某物时,用of或from均可,而表示从非所有者处要某物,只能用from。
request, ask, beg, demand, order, require
这组词的共同含义是“请求”。其区别是:
1.从语气上看, beg最弱,有“恳求”的意味,如ask后仍达不到愿望,就要进一步beg了。例如:
He begged me to excuse him.他乞求我原谅他。
request表示较客气,是有礼貌、谦虚地“请求”。例如:
Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits.请观众不要抚摸展品。
ask的“请求”有时委婉,有时强烈。例如:
The boy asked timidly if he might see the book.那男孩怯生生地问能否看一下这本书。
He asked curtly for a cup of water.他粗声粗气地要一杯水喝。
require语气较request强烈,但较demand缓和。例如:
This plan requires secrecy.这计划要求保密。
demand已是不折不扣的要求。例如:
The guard demanded his business.警卫查问他来干什么。
而order则比demand更强烈,丝毫不让步。例如:
If you make any more noise,I shall order you out of the classroom.你如果再叫,我就命令你从教室里出去。
2.从目的上看,这组词都表示要求对方满足自己的某种愿望, ask希望对方能给予肯定的答复,而request则对能否得到肯定的答复把握不大。例如:
The meeting will take place at 8 o'clock. Your presence is requested.会议将于8时召开,敬请光临。
3.从根据上说, demand一般指客观上必要,缺此不可,多来自权威方面。例如:
The work demands care and patience.这工作需要细心和耐心。
require则指基于事物内在原因提出的要求。例如:
His health requires that he go to bed earlier.他的健康状况要求他早睡。
4.从感情色彩上看, beg含有浓厚的感情色彩,表示“一再要求”。例如:
The boy begged his mother not to punish him.那孩子要求他妈妈不要惩罚他。
demand含有“愤怒”“焦急”等义。例如:
The father demanded knowledge of what had occurred during his absence from home.父亲要求说明他不在家时究竟发生了什么事。
require则强调铁面无私。例如:
This requires great attention in our work.这一点我们在工作中要特别注意。
5.从使用场合看, ask使用范围最广; order则多限于军队中或医生对病人。例如:
The officer ordered that the men should fire the guns.长官命令士兵开火。
n.(名词)
request, application
这两个词的共同意思是“请求,申请”。其区别是:
application通常指非常正规、供有关部门考虑的书面“申请,请求”; request作“请求,申请”解为常用词,表示一种礼仪和真诚的愿望,但能否得到满足并无把握。
下列两句的意思相同:
  • These yellow socks have been much in re- quest lately.
  • These yellow socks have been in great re- quest lately.
  • 这种黄色短袜近来很走俏。
application request
这两个名词均有“申请、请求”之意。
  • application:application指用书面形式提出申请或请求。
  • request:request普通用词,侧重指提出有礼貌或诚意的请求,能否得到满足并无多大把握。
ask beg demand require request implore claim pray entreat
这些动词均有“要求,请求”之意。
  • ask:ask最普通用词,指向对方提出要求或请求,长、晚辈,上下级之间都可使用。
  • beg:beg指恳切地或再三地请求或要求,常含低三下四意味,也多用于应酬场合。
  • demand:demand一般指理直气壮地提出强烈要求,或坚持不让对方拒绝的要求。
  • require:require强调根据事业、需要或纪律、法律等而提出的要求。
  • request:request正式用词,指非常正式,有礼貌的请求或恳求,多含担心因种种原因对方不能答应的意味。
  • implore:implore书面用词,着重指迫切、焦急或痛苦地恳求或哀求,常含较强的感情色彩。
  • claim:claim指有权或宣称有权得到而公开提出的要求。
  • pray:pray语气庄重,指热情、诚恳和敬祈的要求,现不很常用。
  • entreat:entreat泛指一般“恳求或哀求”,含企图说服对方或用热烈的请求软化反对意见的意味。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我们请求他们帮助。

    We requested them for assistance.

    We requested assistance from them.

    We requested them to give us assistance.

    request的宾语后不可接介词for,宾语为人时只能用于含动词不定式的复合结构。

  2. 我请求他帮助我。

    I requested him that he help me.

    I requested that he should help me.

    I requested of him that he should help me.

    request的宾语后不可接从句,但宾语前有of时,后面可接that从句。

  3. 他要求我们大家要准时。

    He requested that all of us were punctual.

    He requested that all of us should be punctual.

    request后面跟的that从句中谓语动词须用虚拟式。

n.(名词)
  1. 这首乐曲是应她的特别请求而演奏的。

    The music was played to her special request.

    The music was played at her special request.

    The music was played by her special request.

    动词dance, play, sing等后接to时表示“在…的伴奏下”,“应…请求”应是at/by...request。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:a catalogue will be mailed free by request.

    纠正:a catalogue will be mailed free on request.

    翻译:目录在被索要时将免费邮寄。

    分析:by request指“应……要求”,而on request指“被要求时”,这里应该用后者。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期英进入语,直接源自古法语的requeste;最初源自通俗拉丁语的requsita,意为请求。

request的相关资料:

正版词典

request : 要求,请求 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

request的相关缩略词,共有1

互动百科

  • request:request: 用来访问任何客户端用 HTML 请求传递的信息,包括使用 POST 方法传递的参数或利用 GET 方法送出的请求以及用户端浏览器送出的 cookie 和 server 变量集合中大量...…

临近单词

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