use

  基本词汇  
[juːs]     [juːs]    
  • n.使用;用法;使用权;运用
  • v.利用;对待;使用;<口> 吸(烟);<口>服用(毒品)
used used using uses
new

use是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 使用,利用,效用,应用,用
  2. 使用权
  3. 用途,用处,功能,价值
  4. 使用的机会
  5. 使用能力
  6. 使用的自由
  7. (使)用法
  8. 益处,利益
  9. 【律】受益(权)
v.(动词)
  1. 对待(人)
  2. 发挥
  3. 使用,利用,用,应用,动用,运用,行使
  4. 过去惯常,常
  5. 以前习惯于
  6. 服用,食用
  7. 消费,耗费,消耗,耗尽
  8. 利用(别人)
  9. 吸(毒),经常服用(毒品)
  10. 恨不得,巴不得
  11. 吸(烟),嚼(烟叶)
  12. 常去,常到,常常出入于

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 使用; 利用 employ for a purpose; put to use
n.(名词)
  1. [U] 使用,应用 using or being used
  2. [C] [U] 用途,效用 purpose for which sth is used; work that a person or thing is able to do
  3. [U] 使用能力; 使用权 the ability or right to use sth

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
use : 使用, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
use : 使用 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
use : 使用 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
use : 使用 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of using;

    "he warned against the use of narcotic drugs"
    "skilled in the utilization of computers"

  2. what something is used for;

    "the function of an auger is to bore holes"
    "ballet is beautiful but what use is it?"

  3. a particular service;

    "he put his knowledge to good use"
    "patrons have their uses"

  4. (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing;

    "the consumption of energy has increased steadily"

  5. (psychology) an automatic pattern of behavior in reaction to a specific situation; may be inherited or acquired through frequent repetition;

    "owls have nocturnal habits"
    "she had a habit twirling the ends of her hair"
    "long use had hardened him to it"

  6. exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage;

    "his manipulation of his friends was scandalous"

  7. (law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy the benefits of owning property;

    "we were given the use of his boat"

Verb:
  1. put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose;

    "use your head!"
    "we only use Spanish at home"
    "I can't use this tool"
    "Apply a magnetic field here"
    "This thinking was applied to many projects"
    "How do you utilize this tool?"
    "I apply this rule to get good results"
    "use the plastic bags to store the food"
    "He doesn't know how to use a computer"

  2. take or consume (regularly or habitually);

    "She uses drugs rarely"

  3. use up, consume fully;

    "The legislature expended its time on school questions"

  4. seek or achieve an end by using to one's advantage;

    "She uses her influential friends to get jobs"
    "The president's wife used her good connections"

  5. avail oneself to;

    "apply a principle"
    "practice a religion"
    "use care when going down the stairs"
    "use your common sense"
    "practice non-violent resistance"

  6. habitually do something (use only in the past tense);

    "She used to call her mother every week but now she calls only occasionally"
    "I used to get sick when I ate in that dining hall"
    "They used to vacation in the Bahamas"

use的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The present phone boxes will go out of use next year.
    现有的公共电话亭明年就不再使用了。
  2. He exemplified the use of the word.
    他举例证明那个词的用法。
  3. He put the use of his house at my disposal.
    他将房子的使用权交付给我随意处理。
  4. He makes full use of the facts he observes.
    他充分运用自己所观察到的事实。
  5. The phrase has been in wide use from before 1950's.
    这个词组从五十年代前起就被广泛运用了。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He tried to use the scandal to blackmail me.
    他想利用这种丑闻敲诈我。
  2. They use a computer system to organize their data.
    他们利用一个电脑系统整理数据。
  3. Rejection is not always bad, and if you use it properly, it just may go away.
    拒绝并不都是不好的,如果你能够正确地对待它,那么时间长了,“拒绝”的情况会自动消失。
  4. You should only use this door in an emergency.
    在紧急情况下才能使用这扇门。
  5. The company now uses a computer to do all its account.
    这家公司现在使用电脑来计算所有的帐目。
  6. She's been using since she was 13.
    她从13岁起就吸毒。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. May I use your knife for a while?
    我用一下你的小刀行吗?
  2. The company now uses a computer to do all its accounts.
    这家公司现在使用电脑做账。
  3. We use spoons to eat soup.
    我们用勺喝汤。
  4. They also learned to use the abacus.
    他们还学习珠算。
  5. Don't use the word too loosely.
    这个词不要用得太随便。
  6. They've both got brains and like using them.
    他们两人脑子都好,也爱用脑子。
  7. He didn't use his real name.
    他没有使用自己的真名字。
  8. A novelist must be able to use the cultural heritage of his nation.
    小说家要善于利用他本国的文化遗产。
  9. They begged him to use his influence.
    他们恳求他运用他的影响。
  10. We'll try to get permission to use some of the funds.
    我们将设法获准动用部分基金。
  11. Do you use piece rates or an hour wage?
    你们采用的是计件工资还是计时工资?
  12. She uses every opportunity.
    她利用每一个机会。
  13. The car's using too much oil.
    那辆汽车耗油太多。
  14. He used me worse than ever.
    他待我比过去更糟了。
  15. They used him like a beast of burden.
    他们把他当牛马一样看待。
  16. 用于be ~ed 结构
  17. All the paper has been used.
    所有的纸张都用完了。
  18. Of all these verbs the verb is the most extensively used.
    在这些动词中应用范围最广的是这个动词。
  19. Large quantities of fuels are used by modern industry.
    大量的燃料都被现代工业消耗掉了。
  20. The milk should be used before October 5.
    牛奶必须在10月5日前用掉。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as n.
  1. You can use it as a bookmark.
    你可以用它作书签。
  2. The public has been asked not to use the places as rubbish dumps.
    已向公众提出要求,不要把这些地方当作垃圾堆。
  3. We use oil now as a fuel.
    我们现在把石油当作燃料。
  4. He used his job as a screen for his spying activities.
    他利用他的工作掩护进行间谍活动。
  5. He used the coconut shell to take water.
    他用椰壳盛水。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. For use only in case of fire!
    只供火警时用!
  2. Today gold has many uses in industry as a raw material.
    今天,黄金作为一种原材料在工业上具有多种用途。
  3. Of what use is it to separate art from politics?
    艺术脱离了政治,那么这个艺术还有什么用处?
  4. Is it of any use in indulging in empty talk?
    光是空谈有什么用?
  5. This kind of rifle has gone out of use for a long time.
    这种步枪早就不用了。
It is no ~+ v -ing
  1. It's no use asking her, she doesn't know anything.
    问她毫无用处,她什么都不知道。
~+of n./v -ing
  1. We've worked out a plan for the use of the land.
    我们制订了一项土地利用规划。
  2. The use of the present tense in this sentence is wrong.
    这句中一般现在时的用法错了。
  3. What's the use of worrying?
    着急有什么用呢?
  4. This is for the use of students only.
    这是仅供学生使用的。
  5. This room is for the use of teachers.
    这房间供教师使用。
  6. The boy regained the use of his arm.
    这男孩恢复了手臂的功能。
  7. He gave her the use of his camera.
    他让她使用他的照相机。
  8. They let us have the use of their car while they were away.
    在他们外出期间,他们让我们使用他们的汽车。
  9. We should attach importance to the use of the verbs when we learn a foreign language.
    当我们学习一门外语时,应该把重点放在动词的用法上。
  10. The use of the staircase is allowed only to members of the staff.
    本楼梯仅供员工使用。
  11. The doctor advised him against the use of sugar.
    大夫劝他不要吃糖。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
use for (v.+prep.)
  1. 作…用 employ sth for (a purpose) use sth for sth

    We used the seal's fur for coats.我们用海豹皮做大衣。

    She decided to use it for gifts.她决定用它作礼物。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Castor oil is used for medicine.蓖麻油可作药用。

    Musk is used for perfume and stimulant.麝香可以用作香料和兴奋剂。

    It can also be used for food.它也可食用。

used to
  1. 过去经常 become in the habit of sth or doing sth

    We used to grow vegetables. 我们过去是种蔬菜的。

    Used you to live in the same house? 过去你们是不是住在同一栋房子里?

    I used to go swimming on Saturdays but now I don't. 我过去常在星期六去游泳,可现在我不。

    He used not to like fish, but now he does. 他过去一直不喜欢吃鱼,但现在他喜欢了。

    It used to be thought that the earth was flat. 过去人们常认为地球是平的。

    We get on pretty well. Better than we used to. 我们相处得相当不错,比过去好了。

use up (v.+adv.)
  1. 用光 use sth till none is left use sth ⇔ up

    We used up a whole roll of film.整整一卷胶片我们都用完了。

    Jack used up his last dollar to see the movie.杰克为看电影把他最后一元钱也花掉了。

    By this time he had used up all his savings.到这时,他的存款已全部用完。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    There isn't any more coal, it's all been used up.没有煤了,全都烧光了。

    All those I had are used up.我所有的全用光了。

用作名词 (n.)
adapt for use
  1. (把…)改作…用 change so as to make suitable for adapt sth for use

    You can adapt the barn for use as a garage.你可以把谷仓改作车库。

    Many city vehicles have been adapted for use as school buses.许多市内交通车都被改造为校用专车。

    These tractors have been adapted for use in very cold climate.这些拖拉机经过改造已能在严寒气候下使用了。

(be) in use
  1. 在使用中 be(ing) used

    Plastic is in widespread use. 塑料已被广泛地使用。

    If this is not in use,I'd like to borrow it. 这个如果没有在用,我想借一下。

    The line is in use. 电话占线。

    Is this dictionary in use? 这本词典在用吗?

    This textbook is no longer in use. 这本教科书已不再使用了。

be of use
  1. 有用处,起作用 have the advantage

    It is of great use for our work. 这对我们的工作非常有用。

    Many kinds of evidence are of no use in court. 许多证据在法庭上并没有用。

bring into use
  1. 把…使用起来 make use of sth bring sth into use

    The newly built railway line was brought into use not long ago.新建成的铁路不久前通车了。

come into use
  1. 开始被使用 sth begin to be used

    That method has only recently come into use. 那种方法只是最近才开始使用的。

    When did the railway come into common use? 铁路是在什么时候开始普遍投入运营的?

have no use for
  1. 不需要某物; 讨厌 think that is of no value; dislike

    I have no further use for the old clock. 我不再需要这只旧钟。

    The Society would be glad of any clothing or furniture that you have no use for, so that they can distribute it to families in need. 那个社团一定会很高兴地接收你们用不着的衣服和家具,以便分配给需要的家庭。

    She has no use for people who don't work seriously. 她讨厌那些工作不认真的人。

    I have no use for gossip of that kind. 我讨厌那种流言蜚语。

make (full, good...) use of
  1. 利用 take advantage of

    We should train them to make use of reference books. 我们应训练他们学会使用参考书。

    There is a great deal here that you can make use of. 这里有许多东西你可利用。

    She was making full use of her opportunity. 她充分利用她的机会。

    They made good use of the hotel's facilities. 他们充分利用旅馆的设施。

    He made good use of his spare time. 他很好地利用他的业余时间。

    He makes good use of every precious minute. 他充分利用宝贵的每一分钟。

out of use
  1. 不再被使用 sth no longer to be used

    The custom has gone out of use. 那种风俗已被废弃。

    The expression has gone out of use. 那种表达方式已废弃不用。

    But the machines imported from that country have been out of use. 不过从那个国家进口的机器已经不用了。

put to use
  1. 使用某物 use sth put sth to use

    It is a pity to throw something away if it can be put to use.如果把能够使用的东西扔掉,那是很可惜的。

    The waste, after being filtered, was put to good use.废水经过过滤后,得到了很好的利用。

    He brushed away the dust from the old machine and discovered that it could still be put to use after some minor repairs.他把旧机器上的灰尘扫去后,发现这部机器稍加修理,还可使用。

There is no use in
  1. 做…也没用 no use by doing sth

    There is no use in that. 那样没有用。

    There is no use in asking. 问也没有用。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • All other Themes that careless Minds invite, Are worn with Use.

    出自:Dryden
  • A handworked chaff-box was in almost daily use on every large farm.

    出自:Essex Review
  • Their deliberate use of murder and plastic bombs.

    出自:Guardian
  • We knowe that the lawe is god, yf a man vse it lawfully.

    出自:Bible (Tyndale): 1 Tim.

use的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. in use表示“使用中”,而of use则表示“有用的,有益的”;
  2. use有时可解释为“需要”,常与介词for连用。表示“不需要”时,用have no use for。

    Will there be any use for another copy of the book?
    这本书还需要另外再影印一份吗?

    I have no use for such things.
    我不需要这些东西了。

  3. use引导的句子中,of经常被省略。

    This book seems to be (of) no use to you.
    I wonder if this book will be (of) any use to you.

  4. used to do sth表示“习惯做某事”,一般指的是过去的习惯,但不用use to do来表示现在的习惯。used前后常加always,used to do还常含有“一向这样”或是“与现在不同”的意思。used to do可用于过去完成时态,但不用于现在完成时。疑问句中,used可充当助动词的角色,放在主语前。

    He used to do it.
    他习惯那样做。

    He always used to come by tram.
    他总习惯坐有轨电车来。

    He used to live here.
    他一直住在这里。

    People used to think that the earth was flat.
    人们过去总认为地球是平面的。

    He said he had used to come by tram.

    Used he to come by tram?

  5. used to do与would...的比较:两者都可表示过去的习惯。used to do用得比would...普遍。used to do可表示“持续的动作或是重复的行为”,而would...只表示“重复的行为”。used to do较would...来的更为客观。{He would ask me about my studies.|常暗示“他关心我”或“让我讨厌”。used to do表示经常发生的事,而would...则表示往往发生的事; 在美国,used常解释为secondhand,表示“二手的”,如used cars(二手车)。

    People used to think that the earth was flat.(持续的)
    She used to see him every Sunday.(重复的)
    She would see him every Sunday.(重复的)

    He used to ask me about my studies.
    只表达了一个事实。

v.(动词)
  1. use是日常用语,基本意思是“用”“使用”,多指一种比较明显地、物质地消耗,有时也可指不含或含有很少的消费、消耗的意思,强调目的性与实际效益。
  2. use是及物动词,接名词、代词作宾语。也可接由as短语或动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。use偶尔可接人作宾语,意为“利用某人”,即把某人作为手段或工具。
  3. used to仅用于一般过去时,表示过去常常发生的事,否定式为used not to或did not use to。
  4. used to是情态动词,只有过去式,表示过去存在的但现在已停止的情况或习惯动作。它后面接动词不定式,否定式是 used not to 或use(d) n't/to,也可用didn't use to。疑问式可以是Used+主语+(not) to...?但更常用 Did/Didn't+主语+use to...?。另外,在反意疑问句中,陈述部分用used to时,疑问部分的谓语动词可用use(d)n't 或 didn't,如果陈述部分是 didn't use to 或use(d)n't to时,疑问部分则只能分别用 did 或used。
n.(名词)
  1. use用作名词时,基本意思是“使用,应用”,引申可作“用途,效用”解。
  2. use通常与介词of连用,有时of可省略。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
use, apply
这两个词的共同意思是“使用”“利用”。其区别是:
1.apply强调的是“手段”; use强调的是“目的”。例如:
  • The old man used a mustard plaster to relieve a chest pain.
  • 那老人用芥末膏来消除胸痛。
  • The old man applied a mustard plaster to the chest.
  • 那老人把芥末膏涂在胸上。
2.apply不接人作宾语, use可接人作宾语,这时是视其为手段和工具。
use, avail, utilize
这组词都有“一种有用的或有价值的目标、结果、目的”的意思。其区别是:
1.avail 强调所获结果的效力或实际价值。
2.use强调为某个具有实际价值的目的而使用或利用。
use, employ
这两个词都可表示“用,使用”。其区别是:
1.当强调雇用、选用时用employ,强调手段或工具时用use。例如:
They employed the weapon of self-criticism.他们使用了自我批评的武器。
May I use your knife?我可以用你的刀子吗?
2.use的宾语多为具体的事物; employ的宾语多为时间、权力等抽象名词。例如:
He employed his spare time in reading.他利用空闲时间看书。
We used 20 tons of coal last winter.去年冬天我们用了20吨煤。
3.use要比employ常用。
used to, would
used to 和 would都可用来谈过去的习惯,其区别在于:used to 可用来谈动作,也可用来谈情况; would只能用来表示重复的动作。
n.(名词)
use, avail
这组词都有“一种有用的或有价值的目标、结果、目的”的意思。其区别是:
1.avail 强调所获结果的效力或实际价值。
2.use强调为某个具有实际价值的目的而使用或利用。
use, usage
这两个词都可作“使用”解。
1.usage强调“用”的方式; use则强调“用”的动作本身。
2.usage是语言学上的专门用语; use则为一般用语。
下面各组中的句子意思相同:
  • But what's the use in telling you all these?
  • But what's the use telling you all these?
  • 可是,跟你说这些有什么用?
  • It is no use crying over spilt milk.
  • It is of no use to cry over spilt milk.
  • 覆水难收。
  • This is of no use to us.
  • (书面语)
  • This is useless to us.
  • (口语)
  • 这个我们用不着。
  • There is no use to cry.
  • There is no use crying.
  • There is no use in crying.
  • It is no use crying.
  • It is no use in crying.
  • It is no use to cry.
  • 哭是没用的。
use apply employ utilize avail exploit
这些动词均含“使用,应用”之意。
  • use:use普通用词,着重为达到某一目的而利用某人或某物。
  • apply:apply指将一事物运用于另一事物之上以发挥其有效作用。
  • employ:employ指使用处于消极状态或未被用过的人或物,可以与use换用,但强调进行选择、充分利用。
  • utilize:utilize侧重有利可图或能达到某一实际目的。书面用词。
  • avail:avail通常指使用手边或就近的人或物以有利于自己。
  • exploit:exploit强调充分利用。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:over the years the use of jackets and other items of clothing in disruptive or camouflage patterns has become accepted gear among woodland stalkers.

    纠正:over the years jackets and other items of clothing in disruptive or camouflage patterns have become accepted gear.

    翻译:多年以来,破裂式的或伪装式的夹克衫和其他衣服已被人们普遍接受。

    分析:句中的the use of多余,不可以说使用这些衣物而成为被人接受的衣服。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古法语的user,意为使用,实践,练习;最初源自后期拉丁语的uarse,意为使用。

use的相关资料:

正版词典

use : 使用;运用 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

use的相关缩略词,共有22

互动百科

  • use:use vt. 使用, 利用, 耗费n. 使用, 利用, 用途, 效用, 使用价值 英英解释:名词use:1. the act of using同义词:usage, utilization, util…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词