relate

  基本词汇  
[rɪ'leɪt]     [rɪ'leɪt]    
  • v.叙述;使有联系;有关联;涉及;符合;发生共鸣
relatable relater related related relating relates
new

relate是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 叙述,讲(故事),讲述
  2. 有关,与...有关
  3. 相处,与...友好相处,相处的好
  4. 认同
  5. 欣赏
  6. 把...与...关联起来,与…有某种联系或关系
  7. 显示...与...的关系
  8. (使)联系,把…联系起来
  9. 符合
  10. 与...相适应
  11. 使结成亲戚
  12. 涉及
  13. 谈到
  14. 能够理解并同情,体恤
  15. 了解
  16. 体贴,关怀

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 讲述; 叙述 tell a story
  2. vt. & vi. (把…)联系起来 connect in thought or meaning

行业释义

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relate : 叙述, 关联 ...
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relate : 关联 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
relate : 叙述, 关联 ...
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relate : 使联系, 发 ...
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英英释义

Verb:
  1. make a logical or causal connection;

    "I cannot connect these two pieces of evidence in my mind"
    "colligate these facts"
    "I cannot relate these events at all"

  2. be relevant to;

    "There were lots of questions referring to her talk"
    "My remark pertained to your earlier comments"

  3. give an account of;

    "The witness related the events"

  4. be in a relationship with;

    "How are these two observations related?"

  5. have or establish a relationship to;

    "She relates well to her peers"

relate的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. To what events did your remarks relate?
    你的话指的是什么事?
  2. These two events were related to each other.
    这两个事件相互有联系。
  3. In what way does it relate to your current career?
    这跟您目前的职业有何关联呢?。
  4. Some adults can't relate to children.
    有些成年人不理解儿童的想法。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She related the whole story vividly.
    她栩栩如生地把整个情况都讲了。
  2. He related the experience of three Cuban girls.
    他讲述了三个古巴女孩的经历。
  3. The author saw it all happening so, and therefore related it.
    作者目睹了事情发生的一切,于是就详细地叙述它发生的过程。
  4. I can't relate those two ideas.
    我很难把这两种想法联系起来。
  5. It is difficult to relate the two cases.
    要把那两件事联系起来是很困难的。
  6. The professor told his students to relate theory with practice.
    教授要学生们理论联系实际。
  7. The scientist couldn't relate the phenomena with any theory he knew.
    这位科学家无法用他所知道的任何理论来解释那种现象。
  8. It is difficult to relate these results with any known cause.
    很难把结果与任何已知原因联系起来。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. The witness related what he had seen.
    证人陈述了他所见到的情况。
  2. Then he related what had passed between them.
    然后他讲述他们之间发生的情况。
  3. Can you relate what happened in your childhood to your present state of mind?
    你能将童年的经历与现在的心情联系起来吗?
  4. She related just how the accident had occurred.
    她描述了这次事故是怎样发生的。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. He related all that had happened to him.
    他讲述了他所经历的一切。
  2. He related some amusing stories in his childhood to his children.
    他向孩子们述说了他少年时代的一些趣事。
  3. They related their trouble to him and asked his advice.
    他们给他讲述了他们的烦恼,请他帮忙出主意。
  4. He had as yet no opportunity of relating the incident to him.
    他一直还没有机会把这件事讲给他们听。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
relate to (v.+prep.)
  1. 将…与…联系起来 show a connection between (sth such as an event) and (sth else) relate sb/sth to sb/sth

    It is difficult to relate his argument to the facts.很难把他的论证同事实联系起来。

    We must relate these principles with our everyday work.我们必须把这些原则和我们的日常工作联系起来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The unemployment figures are not necessarily related to the rise in prices.失业的数目同物价的上涨并没有必然的联系。

    I am not related to him in any way.我和他无任何关系。

    She claims to be distantly related to a noble family by marriage.她声称她同一个显贵的家庭有远房联姻关系。

  2. 涉及或关系到… concern; be directed towards (sth or sb) relate to oneself/sth

    We are interested only in what relates to ourselves.我们只关心与我们有关的事。

    His remarks didn't relate to the topic under discussion.他说的话与讨论的问题无关。

    The new tax law does not relate to land used for farming.新的税收法不涉及到农业用地。

    Many changes in the national pattern of life have recently taken place, especially those relating to housing and jobs.人们的生活方式最近发生了许多变化,特别是那些同居住和工作有关的。

    He showed me all the correspondence relating to the matter.他把与这件事有关的全部信件都看了。

    The lawyer read all the papers relating to the case.律师阅读了与该案有关的全部文件。

  3. 与…协调,与…相处得好,与…相适应 establish a social or sympathetic relationship with (a person or thing) relate to sb/sth

    〔说明〕 relate to常用于否定句。

    She doesn't relate very well to her mother.她和她母亲关系不太融洽。

    She finds it difficult to relate to her tutor and fellow-students.她觉得自己很难与导师和同学们相处。

    It's unfortunate when a father and son can't relate to each other.父子之间关系不好是很不幸的。

    It's too bad that you are unable to relate to your environment.你不能适应环境,这太糟糕了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He related..all that he had heard.

    出自:T. Hardy
  • He went on to relate exploits..he'd told of many times before.

    出自:L. Garfield

relate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. relate作“讲述,叙述”解时是比较正式的用语,强调详细地、完整地、有条理地、连贯地叙述自己耳闻目睹或经历过的事情或经过。用作及物动词,其后接名词、代词、疑问词从句作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语须用to引出。
  2. relate还可作“把…联系起来”解,可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作不及物动词时,常与介词to连用,用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,宾语后常接介词with。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
relate, describe, narrate, recite, recount, rehearse, report, state
这组词都有“讲述”的意思。其区别是:
relate专指有条理、连贯和完整地叙述故事或自己看到、经历的事情; rehearse指总结性地讲述或重复讲述; recite和recount均指把每一细节都详细讲述或列举出来; narrate专指采用编造情节、悬念和高潮等文学手段生动地讲叙; describe侧重能给听众产生深刻印象的详尽而清楚地描述; state强调原原本本、不加修饰地用口头或书面形式清楚明确地讲述,强调旨在提供事实素材或看法; report指经过调查研究之后,为提供有关事实和情况,对某事的细节作出精确叙述或报告。
relate to, apply, bear on〔upon〕, belong to, pertain to
这五个词(组)的意思相近,都表示“有联系”。其区别是:
bear on〔upon〕强调直接联系和前者的重要作用; relate to强调二者的紧密和一致,侧重相互的影响; pertain to侧重在实践中或思想方面,强调联系的必要性和关系的紧密; belong to强调前者和不可分割的部分, apply通常强调前者对后者的解释、描述。例如:
  • This problem bears on the interests of the labour.
  • 这个问题关系到劳工的利益。
  • The cost relates directly to the amount of time spent on the job.
  • 成本与这项工作所费的时间直接有关。
  • Any inquiries pertaining to the granting of planning permission should be ad- dressed to the Town Hall.
  • 一切有关发放计划许可证的询问应该 向市政厅提出。
  • What party do you belong to?
  • 你是哪个党的党员?
  • This rule does not apply in your particular case.
  • 这项规则不适用于你的具体情况。
join combine unite connect link attach couple associate relate
这些动词均有“连接、结合、联合”之意。
  • join:join侧重把原来不相连接的物紧密地连接在一起,但仍可再分开。也指把分散的人或几个部分的人联合起来,或加入到某团体中去。
  • combine:combine指两个或两个以上的人或物结合在一起。
  • unite:unite指联合、团结、结合在一起,构成一个整体。
  • connect:connect指两事物在某一点上相连接,但彼此又保持独立。
  • link:link指连环式的连接,或用接合物或其它方式连接,还可指一事物与另一事物的联系或关系。
  • attach:attach指把局部连接在整体上,小的接在大的上面,活动的接在固定的上面。
  • couple:couple专指连接两件东西,或把事物成对进行连接。
  • associate:associate指人与人友好和平、平等地联合在一起;用于物时,指两事物因历史或其它原因,很自然被人们联系在一起,即产生联想。
  • relate:relate指人与人有亲戚或婚烟关系;也指人或物之间尚存的实际或假想的联系。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1530年进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的relatus:re (回 )+ latus (携带),意为重新取。

relate的相关资料:

正版词典

relate : 讲述,叙述 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

互动百科

  • relate:relate vt. 叙述, 讲, 使联系, 发生关系 英英解释:动词relate:1. make a logical or causal connection同义词:associate, tie i…

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