ask

  基本词汇  
[ɑːsk]     [æsk]    
  • v.询问;请求;邀请;要求;开价;期待
asked asked asking asks
new

ask是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 问,询问,质问,打听
  2. 请,邀请
  3. 需要,要求(得到)
  4. 问候,探问
  5. 求,祈求
  6. 讨(价),索(价),要价
  7. 向…提问
  8. 请求(准许),恳求,征求,需求
  9. 期望
  10. 罪有应得, 招惹,招致,自找(麻烦),自讨(苦吃)(for)
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =Amplitude Shift Keying 幅移键控
n.(名词)
  1. 自动定位
  2. 开价
  3. 要求
  4. 问题
  5. <苏格兰>蜥蜴

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 问,询问 request information (about sb/sth) (from sb)
  2. vt. & vi. 要求,请求 request that sb gives sth or does sth; request permission to do sth
  3. vt. & vi. 邀请 invite (sb)

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
ask : 询问, 要求 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
ask : 买方 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
ask : 发盘,报价 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
ask : 发盘 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
ask : 询问, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. inquire about;

    "I asked about their special today"
    "He had to ask directions several times"

  2. make a request or demand for something to somebody;

    "She asked him for a loan"

  3. direct or put; seek an answer to;

    "ask a question"

  4. consider obligatory; request and expect;

    "We require our secretary to be on time"
    "Aren't we asking too much of these children?"
    "I expect my students to arrive in time for their lessons"

  5. address a question to and expect an answer from;

    "Ask your teacher about trigonometry"
    "The children asked me about their dead grandmother"

  6. require as useful, just, or proper;

    "It takes nerve to do what she did"
    "success usually requires hard work"
    "This job asks a lot of patience and skill"
    "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"
    "This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"
    "This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent"

  7. require or ask for as a price or condition;

    "He is asking $200 for the table"
    "The kidnappers are asking a million dollars in return for the release of their hostage"

ask的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. May I ask a question?
    我可以问一个问题吗?
  2. He'll lend you the money if you ask him.
    如果你请求他的话,他就会把钱借给你。
  3. It was such a big job that he had to ask for help .
    这项工作量太大,他得请求帮助。
  4. I have asked some friends for tea.
    我请了一些朋友来喝茶。
  5. I have the right to ask for an explanation.
    我有权要求一个解释。
  6. My father ask me to account for my conduct.
    我父亲要求我为自己的行为负责。
  7. The man asked ten dollars for the book.
    那个人竟然给这本书开价十美元。
  8. As parents, we should not ask too much of our children.
    作为父母,我们不应该过分要求孩子。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. If you don't know, you must ask.
    假如你不知道,你就要问。
  2. Why didn't you ask?
    你为什么不问呢?
  3. I asked merely out of curiosity.
    我问这只是由于好奇。
  4. If you need any help, just ask.
    如果你需要帮助的话,就请提出来。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. If you have any questions, ask him.
    如果你们有问题,请问他。
  2. You'd better ask him.
    你最好去问问他。
  3. Why didn't you ask me first?
    你为什么没先问我?
  4. Don't tell him if he asks you.
    如果他问你,别告诉他。
  5. I have something to ask you.
    我有件事要问你。
  6. He asked the way to the bank.
    他打听去银行的路怎么走。
  7. Nobody asked anything at the end of the lecture.
    讲课结束时没有人提问题。
  8. The teacher asked a question, but nobody could answer it.
    教师问了个问题,可没有人能回答。
S+~+to- v
  1. Someone is asking to see you.
    有人找你。
  2. She asked to be sent to study in Shanghai.
    她请求派她去上海学习。
  3. Did she ask to leave any message?
    她提没提出留什么话儿?
  4. She asked to be given more work to do.
    她要求给她更多工作做。
  5. Jack asks to be given another opportunity for the exam.
    杰克要求再给他一次考试的机会。
  6. He asked to be allowed to stay in the club.
    他要求允许他留在俱乐部。
  7. I asked to speak to Fred Branley.
    我请求与弗雷德·布朗里谈话。
  8. I must ask to be excused.
    我必须请求原谅。
  9. He said that Mr.Davidson was asking to see me.
    他说戴维森先生要求见我。
S+~+wh-to- v
  1. He asked how to pronounce the word “c-o-u-g-h”.
    他问单词“c-o-u-g-h”怎样发音。
  2. She asked what to do next.
    她问下一步干什么。
  3. I'll ask how to get there.
    我要打听去那边该怎么走。
  4. Did you ask what to do?
    你问该做什么了吗?
  5. He asks when to start work.
    他问什么时候开始工作。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He asked that he might get up.
    他请求起床。
  2. The headmaster asks that we go in one by one.
    校长要求我们一个接一个地进去。
  3. The boy earnestly asked that his application be granted.
    那孩子恳切地要求批准他的申请。
  4. He asked that he be allowed to do the experiment.
    他请求让他做那项实验。
  5. He asks that he be given an opportunity to try this method.
    他要求给他一个机会来试验这个办法。
  6. He asked that he be given an opportunity to explain his case.
    他要求给他一个机会解释他的案情。
  7. I asked that the proposal be submitted to a special committee in Shenyang.
    我要求把这个建议交给沈阳的一个特别委员会考虑。
  8. She asked that the message be taken to the school immediately.
    她要求把这封信立即送到学校去。
  9. I ask that he leave.
    我要求他离开。
  10. I ask that my request may be granted.
    我要求我的请求能得到满足。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Mary asks what you actually want her to do.
    玛丽问的是你到底想让她做什么事。
  2. I'll ask when the train leaves.
    我去问火车何时开。
  3. She asks when you will be back in Beijing.
    她问你什么时候回北京。
  4. She asked whether I took sugar in my tea.
    她问我是否在茶中加糖。
引出直接引语
  1. “How many languages can you speak?” he asked.
    他问,“你能说多少种语言?”
  2. “Have you met him before?” I asked.
    “你以前见过他吗?”我问。
  3. “What's the meaning of all that?” he asked.
    “这都是怎么回事?”他问道。
  4. “Where do you live?”he asked.
    “你住在哪儿?”他问道。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Ask him his name.
    问问他的姓名。
  2. May I ask you a question?
    我可以向你提个问题吗?
  3. I want to ask you something.
    我想问你点事。
  4. I came to ask you a favour.
    我来找你帮个忙。
  5. He asked me £5 a month as rent for that house.
    那间房他每月向我要5镑的租金。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. I was asked many questions.
    问了我很多问题。
  8. At the news conference he was asked all kinds of questions.
    在记者招待会上,人们向他提了各种各样的问题。
S+~+ pron./n. +wh-to- v
  1. He asked the farmer how to drive the tractor.
    他问那个农民怎样开拖拉机。
  2. He asked me how to open the box.
    他问我怎样开这个盒子。
  3. He asked me how to start the machine.
    他问我这机器怎样开动。
  4. Go and ask the manager what to do tomorrow.
    去问问经理明天做什么。
  5. Did you ask them what to do next?
    你问没问他们下一步干什么了吗?
  6. Ask him where to go.
    问他到哪儿去。
  7. You'd better ask her where to get such records.
    你最好问问她这样的唱片到哪里买。
  8. Did you ask her which to buy?
    你问过她买哪一个吗?
S+~+ pron./n. +wh-clause
  1. I asked her if I might call and see her that afternoon.
    我问她我是否可以这天下午来看望她。
  2. I asked him what he wanted.
    我问他需要什么。
  3. They asked me what my name was, where I came from, and why I had come.
    他们问我叫什么名字,从哪儿来,为什么到这儿来。
  4. Please ask her when she will be back.
    请问她何时才能回来。
  5. I asked John why he didn't go to see a lawyer for the matter.
    我问约翰为什么不去找个律师来处理那事。
  6. I asked her whether she believed in God.
    我问她信不信上帝。
  7. I asked him whether he would accept the post.
    我问他是否愿意就任该职。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I ask you to do this for me.
    我请你为我做这件事。
  2. I must ask you to excuse me.
    我必须请你原谅。
  3. I ask you to do it at once.
    我请你立即做这件事。
  4. He asked me to wait a moment.
    他请我等一会儿。
  5. He asked her to wake him up at six.
    他让她6点叫醒他。
  6. He hospitably asked me to step in and have a talk.
    他殷勤地邀请我进去谈谈。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. I was asked to hand this letter to you.
    别人求我把这封信交给你。
  9. I was asked to see them off.
    让我去给他们送行。
  10. He was asked to lecture on Irish Folklore.
    他们请他讲一讲爱尔兰民歌。
  11. They were asked to attend the meeting.
    他们应邀出席会议。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
ask about (v.+prep.)
  1. 询问,打听 request information concerning (sth/sb) ask about sb/sth

    Uncle Hill asked about you the other day.前些日子希尔大叔问到过你。

    Newspaper reporters have been asking about the missing child all day.新闻记者一整天都在打听那个失踪的孩子的消息。

    I'll ask about it when I go to town.我进城时去问问这事。

    He went to the station to ask about the trains.他到火车站去了解火车情况。

    The director is asking about those papers that you promised to have ready.主任正在询问你早先为他准备的那些文件。

    ask sb about sth

    We must ask him about it.我们必须问问他这件事。

    I have nothing more to ask you about apart from these questions.除了这些问题,我没有别的要了解了。

ask after (v.+prep.)
  1. 询问…的健康 enquire about the health of sb ask after sb

    When I met Mrs. Smith this morning she asked after you and the children.今天早上我遇见史密斯太太时,她问候你和孩子们。

    Jones has been asking after you; he's heard you've been ill.琼斯一直在探问你的健康状况,他听说你病了。

    He asked after your health.他向你问候。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Was Aunt Sarah asked after, too?也向萨拉婶婶问好了吗?

ask for (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 ask for通常不用于被动结构。
  2. 请求…,要求… request sth ask for sth

    Might I ask for a photograph of your little daughter?我能要一张你小女儿的照片吗?

    They all asked for the job.他们都要求做这个工作。

    The miners are asking for another increase in pay.矿工们要求再增加工资。

    He asked for time to think all this over.他要求给他点时间把这一切仔细想一想。

    If you get into difficulties, don't hesitate to ask for advice.你要是碰到困难,要赶紧向人求教。

    I asked for the taxi to come at 8 o'clock.我要出租车8点钟来。

    He asked for an interview with the Premier.他要求会见总理。

    May I ask for your views on a few questions?我能否请你谈谈对几个问题的看法?

    She sent me a postcard asking for your address.她寄给我一张明信片要你的地址。

    He has written to his friends in Ha'erbin, asking for information.他已经给他哈尔滨的朋友写了信去了解情况。

    ask sb for sth

    We often asked the veteran workers for advice.我们常常向老工人求教。

    He constantly asked them for criticism.他经常要求他们对他提出批评意见。

    Why don't you go and ask her for help?你何不去找她帮忙?

    They asked the waiter for their bill.他们向服务员要账单。

    I'll ask the leadership for half a day's leave.我要向领导请半天假。

    They asked him for his address.他们找他要他的地址。

    I should have asked him for a shot of penicillin.我应当让他给我打一针青霉素的。

  3. 找…,要求见到… look for; try to find sb especially to speak to him ask for sb

    He is very ill and keeps asking for his daughter.他病得很厉害,再三要求见他的女儿。

    There's a woman at the door, asking for Mr.Sharp.门口有位妇女要见夏普先生。

    There's been someone here asking for you.刚才有人来找你。

    Go to the office and ask for the secretary.到办公室去找秘书。

  4. 自找麻烦 behave so as to cause trouble ask for it

    She has been teasing the dog for weeks, and I'm not surprised it bit her— she certainly asked for it.好几个星期以来,她一直在逗弄那条狗,这狗咬了她我一点都不感到奇怪——这是她自找的。

    They asked for it by using that rude manner with me.他们对我态度粗野,想找麻烦。

    She's asking for it in acting like that.她这样做是自寻烦恼。

    What made you do that?It was asking for it.你为什么这样做?这是自找麻烦。

ask in (v.+adv.)
  1. 请(某人)进来 invite sb to enter ask sb ⇔ in

    Mr.Brown is at the door, shall I ask him in?布朗先生在门口,我可以请他进来吗?

    I asked him in for a drink.我请他进来喝点饮料。

ask of (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…要求,要求… request sth from sb ask of sb

    It's not too much to ask of you to clean your own shoes.让你刷自己的鞋,这要求并不过分。

    You are asking too much of them.你对他们要求太高。

    She's not strong.We can't ask too much of her.她身体比较弱,对她要求不能太高。

    You asked of me more than you asked of the others.你要求我的比要求别人的多。

    ask sth of sb/sth

    I would like to ask a favour of you.我想求你帮个忙。

    I asked my way of a passer-by.我向一位过路人问了路。

    He asked my opinion of the pictures.他请我对那些画提提意见。

ask out (v.+adv.)
  1. 请(某人)外出 invite sb to a show, meal, etc. ask sb out

    Mr. and Mrs. Brown are not at home, some friends have asked them out.布朗先生和布朗太太都不在家,有几个朋友邀他们出去了。

    I asked her out to lunch.我请她出去吃饭。

    This is the third time he asked me out.这是他第三次请我外出。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She's busy tonight; she's been asked out to dinner.今晚她没空,有人请她外出吃饭。

    I've been asked out to a dance on Saturday.有人请我星期六去参加舞会。

ask over (v.+adv.)
  1. 请(某人)来自己家 invite sb to one's home, usually for a short time ask sb over

    I asked her over to my house.我邀请她到我家来。

    They asked us over to dinner.他们邀请我们到他们家吃饭。

    We haven't seen them for ages; why not ask them over for lunch on Sunday?我们很久没有见到他们了,何不星期天请他们到家里吃午饭呢?

ask to (v.+prep.)
  1. 邀请…参加… invite sb to be one's guest at (an event or occasion) ask sb to sth

    Do I have to ask all my relatives to the wedding?我必须邀请所有的亲戚参加婚礼吗?

    They asked me to their wedding party.他们请我参加他们的婚礼。

    When Jerry asked me to her house I usually made some excuse.每当杰瑞请我到她屋子里去时,我总是借口推托。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I am asked to more social affairs than I have time to attend.邀请我参加的社会活动太多,我没有时间都去参加。

ask up (v.+adv.)
  1. 请(某人)上楼 invite sb to come upstairs ask sb up

    Please ask him up.请把他请到楼上来。

    They asked me up.他们把我请到了楼上。

    When the doctor arrives, ask him up.医生来了请他上楼。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Asking to her why she had trespaced his commaundments.

    出自:Caxton
  • It is axed at the mouth of the wyse.

    出自:Bible (Coverdale): Ecclesiasticus
  • The other axed ye price, he sayed: xx. nobles.

    出自:H. Latimer
  • Knocking at the taverns, And asking every one for Sir John Falstaff.

    出自:2 Henry IV,Shakespeare
  • They asked them, saying, Is this your son?

    出自:Bible (AV): King John
  • Ask your own heart; and nothing is so plain.

    出自:Pope
  • Ask me no questions and I'll tell you no fibs.

    出自:Goldsmith
  • Once I ask'd him of his early life.

    出自:Tennyson
  • I..asked him what o'clock it was.

    出自:Dickens
  • I asked her her maiden name.

    出自:G. Borrow
  • Animals are such agreeable friendssthey ask no questions, they pass no criticisms.

    出自:George Eliot
  • A farmer of whom I asked the way.

    出自:Oxford English Dictionary
  • 'Dost thou give news for love, or dost thou sell it?' Kim asked.

    出自:R. Kipling
  • If you want to know the time, ask a P'liceman!

    出自:E. W. Rogers
  • Often Jeff would ask her, did she really love him.

    出自:G. Stein
  • Where was he this morning, for instance? Some committee, she never asked what.

    出自:V. Woolf
  • If Hitler had come into the conversation she would have interrupted to ask who he was.

    出自:G. Greene
  • It was the question that Nessim asked himself repeatedly.

    出自:L. Durrell
  • I seldom asked my father..about our relations near or distant.

    出自:Day Lewis
  • Father Patrick asked me if I'd like to be a priest.

    出自:K. Laffan

ask的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. ask在大部分情况下是指“问”,如ask her name(问她的名字),ask the way(问路),但在于price搭配时,表达两种意思,“问价”和“讨价”。

    I asked her the price.
    这里指问价。

    I asked the price of ¥20.
    这里指讨价。

  2. ask后可带直接宾语和间接宾语,如ask his name和ask him。也可带双宾语,但是要注意将间接宾语(指人的词)先放在前面,中间不需要任何介词连接。

    She asked me my opinion.
    她问我的意见。

  3. ask后可接of,但多半情况下,省略of。如句子I asked him a question比I asked a question of him的用法普遍,而 She has a question to ask (of) you和she asked (of) me中的of均可省略。不过,在特定的句子中,of 不可省略。

    I am afraid it is too much to ask of him.
    句中的ask做请求的意思。

  4. askask for都有“请求”的意思,而前者常用在无形的物体上,后者则可同时用在有形和无形的物体上。如ask a favour,ask advice和ask for bread,ask for money。如果在这两种表达方式后加被请求的人,那么用ask时该在宾语后加of 和人,而用ask for时该在ask和for中间加人,如ask a favour of her和ask him for meat。通常情况下,ask在指“请求”时,后要求带双宾语,但比较特殊的是,favour是直接宾语,所以可以将ask a favour of him改为ask him a favour,不能说ask him advice或ask him permission;
  5. ask 指“请求”时,后可接that从句,句中用shall,should或虚拟现在式。

    I ask that he shall/should call this evening.
    I ask that he call (不用calls) this evening.

  6. ask后还可以带不定式。

    I asked to go home.
    I asked John to go home.
    I asked for the children to have extra milk.

  7. 注意下列各句的意思:

    She asked me something.
    她问我一个问题,一些事。

    She asked me for something.
    她向我要些东西。

    He asked about her.
    他问起她。

    He asked after she.
    他问起她的健康情况。

    He asked for her.
    他问起要见她,与其联系。

v.(动词)
  1. ask的基本意思是“问,询问”,指对不知道或不明白的事情、道理、情况提出问题请别人解答,或向别人打听、探询以便了解,所问之事与被询问者可能有关,也可能无关。ask还可作“请求,要求”解,指说明自己的请求和愿望,以获得所要的东西或所要达到的目的,有期望答复(特别是肯定的答复)的含义。ask还可引申表示“邀请”。ask是最普通的不带感情色彩的用词,使用范围广,无论是下级对上级,晚辈对长辈,学生对老师均可使用。
  2. ask用作及物动词,其后可接名词、代词、带或不带疑问词的动词不定式或that/wh-从句作宾语, that从句中常使用虚拟式。
  3. ask还可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。ask也可接双宾语,这时两个宾语都是直接宾语,指物的直接宾语可由名词、代词、带疑问词的动词不定式或wh-从句充当。ask接两个宾语转换成被动结构时多以表示人的宾语作主语,且by可省略。此外还可接以副词或介词短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
  4. ask的宾语后常接介词短语表示附加意义,如接about表示询问的内容,接of表示询问的对象,接for表示索要的物品,接from表示“要求得到或见到”。
  5. ask也可用作不及物动词,其后一般接介词after〔for〕。ask after表示“问候”, ask for表示“要求得到或见到”。
  6. 一般语法学家都把“ask sb+to- v ”结构分析为复合宾语,但有人认为to- v 是直接宾语,而sb 是间接宾语。参见advise条。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
ask, ask for
二者都有“请求”之意。其区别是:
1.搭配范围不同:ask后接抽象名词作宾语。例如:
She asked a favour of me.她请求我帮忙。
而ask for的宾语既可是抽象的,也可是具体的东西。例如:
The beggar asked him for bread.那个要饭的向他要面包吃。
He asked me for my address.他向我要地址。
2.使用句型不同:如果要说出被请求的人,前者可用ask sb sth 或ask sth of sb; 而后者则用asked for sb's sth 或asked sb for sth。
ask, ask about
这两个词(组)都表示“询问”。其区别是:
ask后的宾语很有限,如question, price, name, time, reason, way等名词,其他名词则一般放在ask about之后。
ask after, give one's regards to, say hello to
这三个短语的意思是“问候”。其区别在于:ask after指向某人问起(另一人的)健康状况或福利、兴盛等情况,但所问候的人并不想知道详细情况,只表示一般的关心而已,例如:
He asked after your health.他向你问候。
say hello to与give one's regard to的意思和用法基本相同,后面都接被问候的对象,有时,这种问候是礼节性的说法,例如:
Say hello to your parents for me, please.请代我问候你父母。
Please give my kind regards to your brother.请代我向令兄问候。
ask, inquire, interrogate, query, question
这组词都有“问,询问”之意。其区别是:
ask是最常用词,指对不了解的事情提出问题,并期望得到答复,常用在口语中,例如:
Did you ask him his name and address?你问他的姓名和地址了吗?
inquire多用作书面语,比ask正式,常译作“询问,调查”,指为得到某人或某物的真实确切情况而详细“询问”,但不一定要有被问者,例如:
The police are trying to inquire into the cause of his death.警察正在设法查出他的死因。
question指对某人或某物主动提出问题,以便了解详细情况,意思为“提出,质问”,含有审问的意思,例如:
The prisoner was questioned by the police.犯人被警察所质问。
interrogate意为“盘问,提问题”,多指为了某种特殊目的,希望把一切搞清楚而进行的有条理的询问,可与question互换,例如:
The lawyer took a long time to interrogate the witness fully.律师花了很长的时间来彻底地盘问证人。
query作“质问”或“提出疑问”解,这种“质问”多指向自己的上级或有权势的人提出的质问,目的在于消除疑问,例如:
They queried the President about his intentions.他们对总统的想法提出了疑问。
ask, beg, demand, order, request, require
这组词的共同含义是“请求”。其区别是:
1.从语气上看, beg最弱,有“恳求”的意味,如ask后仍达不到愿望,就要进一步beg了。例如:
He begged me to excuse him.他乞求我原谅他。
request表示较客气,是有礼貌、谦虚地“请求”。例如:
Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits.请观众不要抚摸展品。
ask的“请求”有时委婉,有时强烈。例如:
The boy asked timidly if he might see the book.那男孩怯生生地问能否看一下这本书。
He asked curtly for a cup of water.他粗声粗气地要一杯水喝。
require语气较request强烈,但较demand缓和。例如:
This plan requires secrecy.这计划要求保密。
demand已是不折不扣的要求。例如:
The guard demanded his business.警卫查问他来干什么。
而order则比demand更强烈,丝毫不让步。例如:
If you make any more noise,I shall order you out of the classroom.你如果再叫,我就命令你从教室里出去。
2.从目的上看,这组词都表示要求对方满足自己的某种愿望, ask希望对方能给予肯定的答复,而request则对能否得到肯定的答复把握不大。例如:
The meeting will take place at 8 o'clock. Your presence is requested.会议将于8时召开,敬请光临。
3.从根据上说, demand一般指客观上必要,缺此不可,多来自权威方面。例如:
The work demands care and patience.这工作需要细心和耐心。
require则指基于事物内在原因提出的要求。例如:
His health requires that he go to bed earlier.他的健康状况要求他早睡。
4.从感情色彩上看, beg含有浓厚的感情色彩,表示“一再要求”。例如:
The boy begged his mother not to punish him.那孩子要求他妈妈不要惩罚他。
demand含有“愤怒”“焦急”等义。例如:
The father demanded knowledge of what had occurred during his absence from home.父亲要求说明他不在家时究竟发生了什么事。
require则强调铁面无私。例如:
This requires great attention in our work.这一点我们在工作中要特别注意。
5.从使用场合看, ask使用范围最广; order则多限于军队中或医生对病人。例如:
The officer ordered that the men should fire the guns.长官命令士兵开火。
ask for, invite
这两个词(组)的共同意思是“邀请,请求”。其区别是:
invite多指请人做不很劳累甚至有时是使人高兴的事,如请跳舞,参加晚会、吃饭、谈谈意见等; ask for意为“请,请求”,多指请求做需要付出努力的事。例如:
He felt sore about not being invited to the party.他为没有被邀请参加晚会而恼火。
With that he asked for their help.他接着就请求他们帮助。
注意下面两个句子意思不同:
  • He asked me something.
  • 他问我一些问题。
  • He asked me for something.
  • 他向我要些东西。
注意下面三个句子意思不同:
  • He asked about you.
  • 他问起你。
  • He asked after you.
  • 他问候你。
  • He asked for you.
  • 他要见你。
ask demand inquire question
这些动词均含有“问,询问”之意。
  • ask:ask最普通用词,可与demand, inquire和question换用,但ask用于口语中,指提出问题让人回答。
  • demand:demand指根据自己的权利、职责或身份认为有必要弄清情况而正式发问,常隐含命令对方回答的意味。
  • inquire:inquire较正式用词,指为得到真实情况而详细询问或调查了解。
  • question:question指因感到可疑或为了解情况,弄清究竟而发问,有时指一连串的发问。
ask beg demand require request implore claim pray entreat
这些动词均有“要求,请求”之意。
  • ask:ask最普通用词,指向对方提出要求或请求,长、晚辈,上下级之间都可使用。
  • beg:beg指恳切地或再三地请求或要求,常含低三下四意味,也多用于应酬场合。
  • demand:demand一般指理直气壮地提出强烈要求,或坚持不让对方拒绝的要求。
  • require:require强调根据事业、需要或纪律、法律等而提出的要求。
  • request:request正式用词,指非常正式,有礼貌的请求或恳求,多含担心因种种原因对方不能答应的意味。
  • implore:implore书面用词,着重指迫切、焦急或痛苦地恳求或哀求,常含较强的感情色彩。
  • claim:claim指有权或宣称有权得到而公开提出的要求。
  • pray:pray语气庄重,指热情、诚恳和敬祈的要求,现不很常用。
  • entreat:entreat泛指一般“恳求或哀求”,含企图说服对方或用热烈的请求软化反对意见的意味。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我们要求见经理。

    We asked seeing the manager.

    We asked to see the manager.

    ask后可接动词不定式作宾语,但不可接动名词作宾语。

  2. 是汤姆开门让我进来的。

    It is Tom who opened the door and asked me to come in.

    It is Tom who opened the door and asked me in.

    ask作“邀请”解时已含有“进去”或“出来”的意味,后面不用再加to come或to go。

  3. 他问我火车什么时候离开。

    He asked me when was the train leaving.

    He asked me when the train was leaving.

    ask在接转述的wh-从句中主语和谓语动词不调换位置,也就是说,在wh-从句中应该使用陈述句语序,不用疑问句语序。

  4. 他问我的名字。

    He asked to me my name.

    He asked me my name.

    在ask后不能用to来引出被问者是谁。

  5. 我请他今晚来访。

    I ask him that he calls on me this evening.

    I ask him that he call on me this evening.

    ask作“请求”解接that从句时,从句须用虚拟语气, should常可省略。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:some general questions to ask of your software .

    纠正:some general questions to ask about your software include the following.

    翻译:就你们的软件问下面这些基本的问题

    分析:一般用ask a favour of somebody或是ask certain uses of software,但不能直接说questions of software。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的ascain,意为问。

ask的相关资料:

正版词典

ask : 询问,打听 ...
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