involve

  基本词汇  
[ɪn'vɒlv]     [ɪn'vɑːlv]    
  • vt.包含;使忙于;牵涉;使卷入;使陷入
involvement involved involved involving involves
new

involve是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 需要
  2. 包含,包围,包括,包缠
  3. 使忙于,使从事于,使专注
  4. 意味着,表明
  5. 卷缠,使卷入(漩涡),使陷入
  6. 拖累,连累,牵连
  7. 笼罩
  8. 涉及,引起,牵涉
  9. 含有…的意义
  10. 使某事物成为必要条件或结果
  11. 使参与
  12. 与…有关联,影响
  13. 使忙于,使从事于,使专注

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 使参与,牵涉 cause to be caught or mixed up in trouble, etc.; relate closely
  2. vt. 使埋头,使专注 cause to immerse oneself in

英英释义

Verb:
  1. connect closely and often incriminatingly;

    "This new ruling affects your business"

  2. engage as a participant;

    "Don't involve me in your family affairs!"

  3. have as a necessary feature;

    "This decision involves many changes"

  4. require as useful, just, or proper;

    "It takes nerve to do what she did"
    "success usually requires hard work"
    "This job asks a lot of patience and skill"
    "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"
    "This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"
    "This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent"

  5. contain as a part;

    "Dinner at Joe's always involves at least six courses"

  6. occupy or engage the interest of;

    "His story completely involved me during the entire afternoon"

  7. make complex or intricate or complicated;

    "The situation was rather involved"

involve的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. A letter of credit will involve unnecessary extra charges.
    信用证包含有不必要的额外开支。
  2. The Genius is a lovable physicist who is deeply involved in defining the workings of the universe.
    老天才是一位可爱的学者,他整天忙于解释天地间的各种现象。.
  3. Don't involve other people in your trouble.
    别把别人牵涉进你的麻烦中去。
  4. I got involved in a quarrel about the price.
    我被卷入了一场有关价格的争吵。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The demonstration involved about 20000 students.
    约有两万学生参加了这次示威游行。
  2. This problem involves us all.
    这个问题把我们都牵连进去了。
  3. Certainly, he wasn't going to involve his wife unnecessarily.
    当然他不想让妻子不必要地介入。
  4. These changes in the business involve the interest of all owners.
    这些营业上的变更涉及所有股东的利益。
  5. All this involves their interests in Europe.
    所有这些都牵涉他们在欧洲的利益。
  6. The business seemed to involve an enormous amount of sales.
    这项生意的销售量似乎很大。
  7. The exploration involves danger.
    那项探险带有危险性。
  8. The earthquake has involved great damage.
    这次地震造成重大损失。
  9. A war involves an increase of the national debt.
    战争导致增加外债。
  10. Higher positions involve greater responsibilities.
    职位越高,责任越大。
  11. Building this road will involve the construction of ten bridges.
    造这条路须建10座桥。
  12. His work involves occasional journey.
    他的工作要求他偶尔出差。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. The job involves travelling abroad for three months each year.
    这项工作包括每年三个月的国外旅行。
  2. To carry on the work would involve living in desolate lands.
    要进行这项工作,他们就必须居住在荒天野地里。
  3. Housework involves cooking, washing dishes, sweeping and cleaning.
    家务事包括做饭、洗盘子、搞卫生。
  4. To get there involved crossing a number of mountains.
    要到达那里,必须翻越许多道大山。
用作宾补动词 S+~+sb's/sb+ v -ing
  1. It would involve my living in the countryside to perform the duty you assigned.
    要完成你分配的任务,我势必要住到农村去。
  2. To accept the position, your offer would involve me living in London.
    若接受你提供的职位,我必然得住在伦敦。
  3. To marry this man would involve her living in America.
    和这个人结婚意味着她不得不住在美国。
其他
  1. They are very seriously concerned about the problems involved.
    他们对涉及的问题非常关心。
  2. The expense involved will be shared among us.
    所花费用将由我们共同负担。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
involve in (v.+prep.)
  1. 使参与,陷入或牵扯到 cause sb/sth to be part of, include in, mixed with, or deeply concerned in sth or doing sth involve sb/sth in sth/v-ing

    Don't involve me in your quarrel.不要把我卷进你们的争吵中。

    John would, sooner or later, involve himself in serious trouble.约翰迟早会把他自己卷入危险的困境中去。

    They continue to involve themselves deeply in community affairs.他们继续十分投入地参与社区事务。

    It is involving me in a lot of extra work.这使我做了一些额外的工作。

    The war involved an enormous increase in their national debt.这次战争使他们大量增加了国债。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    More women should be involved in decision-making.应有更多的妇女参与决策。

    He was involved in the crime.他卷入了那次犯罪。

    Poverty involved his family in misfortune.贫困使他的家庭陷入不幸。

    These two countries have been deeply involved in difficulty.这两个国家困难重重。

    This country was successively involved in war.这个国家接二连三地卷入战争。

    Artillery and aircraft were involved in the action.在这次战斗中,使用了大炮和飞机。

    The outcome of the war is involved in doubt.这场战争的结果如何尚属疑问。

    She was involved in working out a puzzle.她在聚精会神地解一道难题。

    He was involved in working out a plan.他专心制订一项计划。

involve with (v.+prep.)
  1. 与(某人)有密切关系 have a close relationship with sb involve sb with sb

    Don't involve yourself with those people.不要和那些人混在一起。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    How long has Grace been involved with that red-haired boy?格雷斯与那个红头发的小伙子来往多久了?

    I don't want my son to be involved with criminals.我不想让我的儿子同犯罪分子来往。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I saw Fog only, the great tawny weltering fog, Involve the passive city.

    出自:E. B. Browning

involve的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. involve的基本意思是如在网中一般“拿住”或“抓住”。可以表示整体性质的包括(可以是自然的包括,也可以是必然的结果); 对必不可少的要素的包括和对必要条件的涉及; 也可以表示将人或物带入不易挣脱的境地之中(通常强调复杂纷乱和窘迫); 还可以表示有意或额外增加一些观点和项目,使事物复杂化或混淆,从而给自己或他人增加困难。
  2. involve只用作及物动词,可接名词、代词或动名词作宾语。动名词前通常有物主代词或人称代词的宾语表示动名词的逻辑主语。
  3. involve常用于被动结构。
  4. involve后接介词in表示“使…参与,使…陷入”; 接介词with表示“牵连,涉及”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
involve, include
这组词的共同意思是“包含”“包括”。其区别是:
1.involve所指的事物往往是抽象的,而include所指的事物则可以是抽象的,也可以是具体的。
2.involve指必然包括某种结果,而include则指包括属于整体的部分。
3.include可详细罗列内容,也可只列举其中一二,而involve则没有此用法。
involve, imply, mean
这组词的共同意思是“意味着”。其区别是:
mean使用范围广,可指专门的、具体的事情,也可指暗示的意义或态度; imply含有不直接用文字或语言作充分表示而是靠听话人理解、领会出暗含的意思; involve表示必然产生某种结果。
involve, implicate
这组词都表示“纠缠使…陷入不能自拔”。其区别是:
involve是使某人或某事物处于麻烦、混乱、复杂而且难以解决的境况; implicate表示某人与某事有纠葛或发生密切的关系,这种事往往指不名誉或不好的事。
contain include embrace involve comprehend hold comprise
这些动词均含有“包括,包含”之意。
  • contain:contain普通用词,所涉及的物体常常是其组成部分或内容。强调包容关系。既可指具体有形的东西,也可指抽象无形的东西。
  • include:include普通用词,指一整体包含着各独立的部分,也指某东西包含另一东西的某一部分。
  • embrace:embrace正式用词,指把某事物纳入整个之中。
  • involve:involve指包含因整体的性质决定的成分或结果。所包括的往往是无形的,不可触知的东西,多用作引申。
  • comprehend:comprehend正式用词,指包含在整体范围以内。
  • hold:hold常和contain换用。指能够容纳或有足够的容纳量。强调包容能力。
  • comprise:comprise书面用词,暗指一个整体包括不同部分所组成,可与include交换使用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1382年进英入语,直接源自古典拉丁语的involvere:in (里) + volvere (滚,卷),意为滚进,引申为纠缠,信封。

involve的相关资料:

正版词典

involve : 累及, 牵 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
involve : 使卷入,使 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

互动百科

  • involve:involve vt. 包括, 笼罩, 潜心于, 使陷于习惯用语be involved in 包含在...; 与...有关; 被卷入; 专心地(做)be involved with 涉及become…

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