comprise

  核心词汇  
[kəm'praɪz]     [kəm'praɪz]    
  • vt. 构成;包含
comprisable comprised comprised comprising comprises
new

comprise的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 由...构成,由…组成
  2. 包罗,包含,包括
  3. 概括
  4. 形成,构成
  5. 有,具有

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. link v. 包含,包括,由…组成 consist of (parts)
  2. vt. 组成,构成 (of parts) to form

英英释义

Verb:
  1. be composed of;

    "The land he conquered comprised several provinces"
    "What does this dish consist of?"

  2. include or contain; have as a component;

    "A totally new idea is comprised in this paper"
    "The record contains many old songs from the 1930's"

  3. form or compose;

    "This money is my only income"
    "The stone wall was the backdrop for the performance"
    "These constitute my entire belonging"
    "The children made up the chorus"
    "This sum represents my entire income for a year"
    "These few men comprise his entire army"

comprise的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. This month's figures are comprised in the total.
    这个月的数字已包含在总数之内。
  2. Fifteen separate republics comprised the Soviet Union.
    苏联由十五个加盟共和国组成。
  3. Fifty states comprise the Union.
    五十个州组成美国。
  4. Twelve departments comprise this university.
    12个系组成了这所大学。
  5. The chapters that comprise the first part of the novel are especially good.
    构成那部小说开头部分的几章特别好。
  6. A cricket team is comprised of eleven players.
    一个板球队由11名队员组成。
  7. The company will comprise the flash memory units of Intel and STMicro.
    新公司由英特尔和意法半导体的闪存部门组成。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作系动词 S+~+ n.
  1. The force comprised two battalions and a battery.
    这个部队包括两营步兵及一连炮兵。
  2. The committee comprise ten persons.
    委员会由10个人组成。
  3. A full deck comprises 52 cards.
    一副纸牌共有52张。
  4. The fishing fleet comprises around 70 boats.
    捕鱼船队由大约70艘渔船组成。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Twelve departments comprise this university.12
    个系组成了这所大学。
  2. Fifteen articles comprise the Volume One of this book.
    这本书的第一卷有15篇文章。
  3. 1
  4. The fountain was comprised of three stone basins.
    那个喷泉由三个石砌水池组成。

经典引文

  • Comprising what he delivered within a small compass.

    出自: W. Paley

comprise的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. comprise包括两层意思:一是“包含,包括”; 二是“组成,构成”。当其主语表示整体而宾语表示部分时,译为“包括”,此时用于系动词,不用于进行时态; 当其主语表示部分而宾语表示整体时,则可译为“组成…”,是及物动词。
  1. comprise同include的比较:表示出什么问题时,comprise常表示整体内容出错,而include只是其中的一个被允许或是出现的小部分出错。用include时,一般不会假设它包含了全部或者时大部分的内容,但是用comprise时,确认列表上的全部的信息都会被包含进去;
  2. be composed of表示“由……组成”,没有be comprised up of的表达方式。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
comprise, compose, consist of, constitute
  • 这组词都是“包括”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.compose多用于被动结构,其主语多为物质名词或集合名词; comprise和constitute既可用于主动结构,也可用于被动结构; consist of则不能用于被动结构,意思与被动结构的compose完全相同。
  • 2.compose偶尔也用于主动结构,其主语通常为复数名词或集合名词。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1423年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的compris,意为包含,包括;最初源自古典拉丁语的comprehendere。
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