include

  基本词汇  
[ɪn'kluːd]     [ɪn'kluːd]    
  • vt.包括;包含;列入
includable included included including includes
new

include是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 包括,包含
  2. 算入,列为...的一部分,加进
  3. 包住,关住
  4. <废>监禁,禁闭
  5. 将...考虑在内
  6. 列举,罗列

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 包括,包含 have as a part; contain in addition to other parts

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
include : 包括 ...
include : 包含 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
include : 包括(含) ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
include : 包括, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. have as a part, be made up out of;

    "The list includes the names of many famous writers"

  2. consider as part of something;

    "I include you in the list of culprits"

  3. add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category;

    "We must include this chemical element in the group"

  4. allow participation in or the right to be part of; permit to exercise the rights, functions, and responsibilities of;

    "admit someone to the profession"
    "She was admitted to the New Jersey Bar"

include的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. His writings include poetry and prose.
    他的作品包括诗和散文。
  2. The graphic arts include calligraphy and lithography.
    平面造型艺术包括书法和平版印刷术。
  3. Is service included in the blil?
    帐单中包含服务费吗?
  4. Please include me in the list.
    请把我列入名单中。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Their course of study includes elementary hygiene and medical theory.
    他们的课程包括基础卫生学和医疗理论。
  2. We watched a performance which included a puppet show and acrobatics.
    我们观看了一场演出,内容有木偶和杂技。
  3. Our text ̄book includes eight stories, two short plays and two essays.
    我们的课本包括8篇故事,2篇短剧和2篇杂文。
  4. This package contains 500 sheets of notepaper and among them are included 400 of white paper and 100 of yellow.
    这包内装有500页纸,其中400页白纸和100页黄纸。
  5. The South China Sea Islands include more than 200 islands, sand cays, reefs and banks.
    我国南海诸岛包括200多个岛礁和沙滩。
  6. Great Britain includes England,Scotland,Wales and Northern Ireland.
    大不列颠包括英格兰、苏格兰、威尔士和北爱尔兰。
  7. The Chinese nation includes more than 50 ethnic minorities besides the Hans.
    中华民族除了汉族外,还包括五十多个少数民族。
  8. Other exhibits include precision instruments and chemical products.
    其他展品有精密仪器、化工产品等等。
  9. The grammer lessons include over 80 sentence patterns.
    语法部分的课文,包括80多个句式。
  10. A host should try to include all his guests in the conversation.
    主人应当设法叫所有的客人都参加谈话。
  11. We include a refill with every ballpointed pen we sell.
    我们出售的每支圆珠笔都带有一个备用笔芯。
  12. 用于be ~ed结构
  13. These people cannot be included in the United Front.
    这些人当然不能包括在统一战线之内。
  14. The expenses of the journey are included in the account.
    旅行的各种费用都包括在费用内。
  15. An order form was included with the prospectus.
    订单附在说明书上。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. Her duties include sending and receiving letters.
    她的职责包括收发信件。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron.+prep. -phrase
  1. I include you among my friends.
    我把你看作朋友。
  2. I included eggs on the list of things to buy.
    我把鸡蛋列在购物单上。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. You are included among my friends.
    你是我的朋友之一。
  5. These works are included among the great English novels.
    这些作品是英国小说杰作的一部分。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词

经典引文

  • A power of appointment..includes a right to appoint..absolutely.

    出自:W. Cruise
  • Nor is it true that bananas include moisture as well as sustenance.

    出自:V. Woolf
  • An underground organization which had included almost every human being he had ever known.

    出自:G. Orwell

include的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 参见:comprise
  2. include后接的宾语可能指整体,也可能指一部分。

    The body includes five men and four women.
    The body includes five men.
    The body includes four women.

  3. comprise同include的比较:表示出什么问题时,comprise常表示整体内容出错,而include只是其中的一个被允许或是出现的小部分出错。用include时,一般不会假设它包含了全部或者时大部分的内容,但是用comprise时,确认列表上的全部的信息都会被包含进去。
v.(动词)
  1. include的基本意思是“包含”“包括”,其宾语经常是构成整体的一部分,有时也可以指构成整体的全部。
  2. include不用于进行体中。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
include, involve
这组词的共同意思是“包含”“包括”。其区别是:
1.involve所指的事物往往是抽象的,而include所指的事物则可以是抽象的,也可以是具体的。
2.involve指必然包括某种结果,而include则指包括属于整体的部分。
3.include可详细罗列内容,也可只列举其中一二,而involve则没有此用法。
contain include embrace involve comprehend hold comprise
这些动词均含有“包括,包含”之意。
  • contain:contain普通用词,所涉及的物体常常是其组成部分或内容。强调包容关系。既可指具体有形的东西,也可指抽象无形的东西。
  • include:include普通用词,指一整体包含着各独立的部分,也指某东西包含另一东西的某一部分。
  • embrace:embrace正式用词,指把某事物纳入整个之中。
  • involve:involve指包含因整体的性质决定的成分或结果。所包括的往往是无形的,不可触知的东西,多用作引申。
  • comprehend:comprehend正式用词,指包含在整体范围以内。
  • hold:hold常和contain换用。指能够容纳或有足够的容纳量。强调包容能力。
  • comprise:comprise书面用词,暗指一个整体包括不同部分所组成,可与include交换使用。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我们大学有23个系,包括两个研究所。

    Our university consists of 23 departments, included two research institutes.

    Our university consists of 23 departments, including two research institutes.

    Our university consists of 23 departments, two research institutes included.

    include放在其宾语之前,构成动宾结构就要用表示主动意义的现在分词; 如果include放在其宾语之后,作宾语的后置定语,构成被动关系的主谓结构就用表示被动意义的过去分词。

  2. 我发现目前这个计划包含了我绝大多数的建议。

    I find that now the plan is including most of my suggestions.

    I find that now the plan includes most of my suggestions.

    include属于静态动词(static verbs)一类,表示状态,所以不能用进行时态。

  3. 她的职责应包括寻找这一学科的参考书目。

    Her duties include to find out a bibliography of the subject.

    Her duties include finding out a bibliography of the subject.

    include不接动词不定式作宾语,但可接动名词短语。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:my business trips included not only my camera but my trusty recorder.

    纠正:on my business trips i took not only my camera but my trusty recorder.

    翻译:在我的商业旅行中,不但带照相机,而且带上我所信赖的录音机。

    分析:—次旅行可以包含访问希腊,但通常不能包括照相机和录音机。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1400年左右进英入语,直接源自古典拉丁语的includere,意为关,插入。

include的相关资料:

正版词典

include : 包括,包含 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • include:基本介绍Include 指命在JSP中包含一个静态的文件,同时解析这个文件中的JSP语句. JSP 语法 %@ include file="relativeURL" % 举例说明例子 include.…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词