dismiss

  核心词汇  
[dɪs'mɪs]     [dɪs'mɪs]    
  • vt. 开除;解散;屏除;(法律)驳回
dismissible dismission dismissed dismissed dismissing dismisses
new

dismiss的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 开除,解雇,把...免职
  2. 消除,去除,抛弃,摒弃
  3. 不考虑
  4. 让...走开,打发走
  5. 放弃,断(念)
  6. 忘掉
  7. 草草了结
  8. 【律】驳回,拒绝受理
  9. 解散,遣散
  10. 对…不屑一提

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 解雇; 撤职; 开除 send away from one's employment, from service
  2. vt. 使退去; 解散 allow to go
  3. vt. 自心中摒除,不再考虑或谈论 put away from the mind; stop thinking or talking about

英英释义

Verb:
  1. bar from attention or consideration;

    "She dismissed his advances"

  2. cease to consider; put out of judicial consideration;

    "This case is dismissed!"

  3. stop associating with;

    "They dropped her after she had a child out of wedlock"

  4. terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position;

    "The boss fired his secretary today"
    "The company terminated 25% of its workers"

  5. end one's encounter with somebody by causing or permitting the person to leave;

    "I was dismissed after I gave my report"

  6. declare void;

    "The President dissolved the parliament and called for new elections"

dismiss的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. If you are late again, you will be dismissed.
    如果你再迟到,你将被解雇。
  2. Let us dismiss and return in an hour.
    让我们先解散,一个钟头后再回来。
  3. We should dismiss all thought of revenge.
    我们应该屏除一切报复的念头。
  4. The justice dismissed his evidence out of hand.
    法官当即驳回了他的证据。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The new governor dismissed the staff that served his predecessors.
    新州长将前任州长的职员全部解雇。
  2. They dismissed him and made no bones about it.
    他们毫不犹豫地把他开除了。
  3. Race dismissed him with a curt nod.
    雷斯微微点了一下头,就把他打发走了。
  4. We dismissed the cook because her cooking was so poor.
    我们把厨娘解雇了,因为她的烹调技术太差了。
  5. The teacher dismissed the class ten minutes early.
    老师提前了10分钟下课。
  6. I dismissed the carriage and walked the last mile.
    我把马车打发走了,徒步走完最后一英里路。
  7. Please dismiss all doubts about it.
    请打消对此的一切顾虑。
  8. Let's dismiss the subject and talk of something else.
    我们不要再谈论这个题目了,谈点别的什么吧。
  9. Let's dismiss our troubles.
    咱们别想这些烦人的事了。
  10. Dismiss the meeting.
    散会。
  11. 1
  12. The members who had voted against the court were dismissed.
    曾投票反对宫廷者均遭免职。
  13. No, he's been installed in the chairmanship for too long to be dismissed now.
    不,他任主席的时间太长了,现在无法撤销他的职务。
  14. Jones was dismissed because he got across the foremen.
    琼斯因得罪了工头而被解雇了。
  15. If you are late again, you'll be dismissed.
    如果你再迟到,你将被解雇。
  16. He was dismissed without notice.
    他未得到预先通知就被辞退了。
  17. The possibility of a last-ditch on the part of the enemy should not be lightly dismissed.
    敌人负隅顽抗的可能性是不容轻易忽视的。
  18. Papa dismissed the idea with a shake of his head.
    爸爸摇了摇头打消了这个念头。
  19. He dismissed the idea as suddenly as it had risen.
    他的这个念头产生得突然,打消得也突然。
  20. When the war ends, we should dismiss all thoughts of revenge.
    当战争结束时我们应摒弃一切报复的念头。
  21. His appeal was dismissed.
    他的上诉被驳回了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as n./adj.
  1. He dismissed the story as a rumor.
    他把这个消息当作谣言而没有理会。
  2. He just laughed, and dismissed the question as unimportant.
    他只是笑了笑,认为问题无足轻重而不予考虑。
  3. He dismissed the idea as impossible.
    他认为那个主意不现实而断然拒绝。
  4. He dismissed my argument contemptuously as not worth refuting.
    他把我的论证轻蔑地一笔抹杀,认为不值一驳。
  5. The tourists dismissed the Irish weather as merely wet and cold.
    旅游者认为爱尔兰的天气又冷又潮,很不适应。
  6. 1
  7. The question can't be lightly dismissed as a fad or a dream.
    不可轻率地认为这个问题是一个怪念头或空想而不予考虑。
  8. He was dismissed as incompetent.
    他被认为无能而遭辞退。
  9. Their theories were once dismissed as erroneous.
    他们的理论曾一度被认为是错误的而不予考虑。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
dismiss for (v.+prep.)
    因…而解雇,开除(某人) make (sb) leave sb's job or place of work for (a reason or doing sth wrong)
    dismiss sb for sth/v-ing

    The worker was dismissed for laziness.

    这个工人因懒惰而被解雇了。

    He was dismissed for neglect of his duty.

    他因玩忽职守而遭开除。

    The servant was dismissed for being lazy and dishonest.

    侍者又懒又不老实,被解雇了。

    He was dismissed for stealing bicycle parts.

    他因偷盗自行车零件而被解雇了。

dismiss from (v.+prep.)
    使退去 allow to go
dismiss from one's mind (v.+prep.+n.)
    试图忘记某事或某人 try to forget sth or sb
    dismiss sb/sth from one's mind

    She tried to dismiss him from her mind.

    她试图把他忘掉。

    The judge asked the whole group to dismiss the lawyer's remark from their minds.

    法官要求全体组员忘记这个律师所说的话。

    The doctor urged the patient to dismiss all worries from her mind and take a good rest.

    医生力劝那位病人消除一切忧虑好好休息。

    The matter was so unimportant that she dismissed it from her mind.

    此事太无足轻重,她将它置之脑后。

    I did not sleep much.A feeling unreality could not be dismissed from my mind.

    我没睡多久。一种不清醒的感觉并未从我心中消失。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Blushing Aurora had yet scarce dismist Mount Libanus from the Nights gloomy Mist.

    出自: transf.

dismiss的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. dismiss的基本意思是“不再保有或同意离开”,指自动或被迫脱离所负的责任或所任的职务。引申可作“置之不理”“不加考虑”解。
  2. dismiss作“解雇”解时,并不追究事情的前因后果,故双方均可接受,语气较为平和。
  3. dismiss用作及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语,还可接以as短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
  4. dismiss在其宾语后面接介词as时,动词宾语和介词宾语都指事,表示“当作…时而不予考虑”。宾语后接介词for,介词宾语指事(可以是名词或动名词),表示解雇的原因。宾语后接介词from,介词宾语指地位和职务时,表示“解雇,免职”; 介词宾语指思想时,表示“打消念头”。
  5. dismiss用于法律上时,还有“驳回”的意思,常用于被动式。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
dismiss, cashier, discard, discharge
  • 这组词都有“抛弃”“丢弃”或“除掉”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.dismiss和discharge一般用以指人; 而discard和cashier则既可指人,也可指物。
  • 2.指人时, dismiss通常指“开除”“解雇”或“解散”职员、工人或学生等; discharge特指开除处于从属地位的人、释放刑满的犯人等; discard指将无用的或不喜欢的人“抛弃”或“遗弃”,有时含“裁撤”之意; cashier主要指将雇员撤职、免职或开除。
  • 3.指物时, discard指把无用的或不喜欢的东西丢弃掉; cashier是把用旧的、废的东西抛弃掉或处理掉。
  • 4.dismiss还可引申为“摒弃”某种思想、概念、疑虑等。
  • dismiss, eject, evict, expel, oust
  • 这组词都可表示“把某人赶出”“把某物去掉”。它们之间的区别是:eject含义最广,常可与其他词换用,强调用力从里面抛出某物或赶走某人; expel指有意地、永久地正式开除某人或彻底排出某物; oust指非法剥夺某人的权利/力或用暴力把某人赶走; evict指依法从不付房租的房客那里收回租屋并把房客赶出; dismiss指依法驳回申诉或请求,也指解除某人的职务、企图或消除顾虑、仇恨、忌妒等。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的desmis;最初源自古典拉丁语的dimissus(dimittere的过去分词):di (分开) + mittere (送出),意为分别送出。

    dismiss的相关资料:

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