expel

  常用词汇  
[ɪk'spel]     [ɪk'spel]    
  • vt. 驱逐;开除;排出
expellable expeller expelled expelled expelling expels
new

expel的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 排出,排放
  2. 喷出,喷射,射出
  3. 赶出,驱逐,赶走,逐出
  4. 输出
  5. 排除
  6. 把…除名,开除
  7. 放逐
  8. 驱逐出境
  9. 剥夺…的权利

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 驱逐,赶走,放逐 send away by force; force to leave
  2. vt. 把…除名,把…开除 dismiss officially from a school, club, etc.
  3. vt. 排出 force out from the body or container

英英释义

Verb:
  1. force to leave or move out;

    "He was expelled from his native country"

  2. remove from a position or office;

    "The chairman was ousted after he misappropriated funds"

  3. cause to flee;

    "rout out the fighters from their caves"

  4. eliminate (a substance);

    "combustion products are exhausted in the engine"
    "the plant releases a gas"

expel的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Russia has lately decided to expel a US diplomat from its land, .
    俄国最近驱逐了一名美国外交官。
  2. He was expelled from the school.
    他被学校开除了。
  3. The headmaster decided to make an example of the pupil and expel him from the school.
    校长决定开除该生以儆效尤。
  4. The lungs expel carbon dioxide when we exhale.
    当我们呼气时,肺所排出来的是二氧化碳。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They expelled the enemy.
    他们打退了敌人。
  2. They expelled a foreign spy from their country.
    他们把一个外国间谍驱逐出境。
  3. He expelled smoke from his lungs.
    他用力呼出肺里的烟。
  4. The whale expelled water from his blowhole.
    鲸鱼从喷水孔排出水。
  5. 1
  6. After the outbreak of fighting, all foreign journalists were expelled.
    战斗开始后,所有的外国记者都被驱逐出境。
  7. The body was expelled from school.
    这男孩被学校开除了。
  8. He was expelled from the club for breaking the rules.
    他因违反了规定而被开除出该俱乐部。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • In 1290 Edward I expelled the Jews.

    出自: E. Huxley
  • She drew, puffed, expelled long coils of smoke.

    出自: W. Golding
  • They were expelled on a flight leaving for Namibia later in the day.

    出自:Daily Telegraph
  • He strove..to expel even from his mind all that might be incriminating or unseemly.

    出自: P. Norman

expel的详细讲解:

词义辨析

v. (动词)
expel, banish, exile
  • 这组词的共同含义是“驱逐”“放逐”。其区别是:
  • 1.从行为主体上说:banish是法律;exile是政府;而expel则指一般机关或企事业单位。
  • 2.从地点上说:banish指驱逐出境;exile可指驱逐出境,也可指流放某地;expel既可指驱逐出境,也可指开除离校或开除离岗。
  • 3.从含义上说:exile不一定含有耻辱的意味;expel则往往含耻辱的意味;而banish则既可含也可不含耻辱的意味。
  • 4.exile一般不用于比喻;banish用于比喻可表示“排除”某种疑虑、恐惧等,指不存在;expel用于比喻可表示“排出”某种物质如空气、污水等,指由内到外的位置变化。
  • expel, dismiss, eject, evict, oust
  • 这组词都可表示“把某人赶出”“把某物去掉”。它们之间的区别是:eject含义最广,常可与其他词换用,强调用力从里面抛出某物或赶走某人; expel指有意地、永久地正式开除某人或彻底排出某物; oust指非法剥夺某人的权利/力或用暴力把某人赶走; evict指依法从不付房租的房客那里收回租屋并把房客赶出; dismiss指依法驳回申诉或请求,也指解除某人的职务、企图或消除顾虑、仇恨、忌妒等。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的expellen,意为驱逐,开除,赶出。
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