discharge

  常用词汇  
[dɪs'tʃɑːdʒ]     [dɪs'tʃɑːrdʒ]    
  • v. 排出;释放;解雇;放电;解除;清偿债务
  • n. 卸货;释放;发射;放电;准许离开;排出物
dischargeable dischargee discharged discharged discharging discharges
new

discharge的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 卸下(船)上的货物,卸掉…的负载
  2. 卸(货)
  3. 下(客)
  4. 打(枪),射(箭),发射(导弹)
  5. 放出,排出,排泄
  6. 允许…离开,准许(某人)离开
  7. 清偿(债务等)
  8. 【律】撤销(法院命令),免除(债务人或破产者的)债务
  9. 履行(义务、职责、誓约等),尽(职),完成
  10. 【法律】释放(被拘留的被告)
  11. 解散
  12. 【图书馆学】销掉借阅记录
  13. 【电】使(蓄电池等)放电
  14. 【纺】为(织物)拔染
  15. 【建筑】分布(载荷),转移(载荷)
  16. 解除负担
  17. 出脓,流浓,出水
  18. 开火,开枪,射击,发射,爆炸
  19. (颜料等)渗开
  20. 【电】放电,失去蓄有的电
n. (名词)
  1. 卸货,起货
  2. 释放
  3. 解雇,免职
  4. 解职令
  5. 发射,射出
  6. 退伍证明书
  7. 放出的电
  8. 退伍
  9. 排出,流出,排泄
  10. 执行,履行
  11. 发射,开炮
  12. 放出气体、液体
  13. 流量

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]获准离开,释放 discharging or being discharge
  2. [U]排出,放出,放电 that which is discharged
v. (动词)
  1. vi. 卸船 unload cargo from a ship
  2. vt. & vi. 放出; 流出 give or send out liquid, gas, electric current, etc.
  3. vt. 开枪; 发射 fire a gun, etc.; let fly an arrow or other missile
  4. vt. 偿还 pay a debt
  5. vt. 执行; 履行 perform a duty

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the sudden giving off of energy

  2. the act of venting

  3. a substance that is emitted or released

  4. any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body;

    "the discharge of pus"

  5. electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field

  6. the pouring forth of a fluid

  7. the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)

  8. a formal written statement of relinquishment

  9. the act of discharging a gun

Verb:
  1. complete or carry out;

    "discharge one's duties"

  2. pour forth or release;

    "discharge liquids"

  3. free from obligations or duties

  4. remove the charge from

  5. go off or discharge;

    "The gun fired"

  6. pronounce not guilty of criminal charges;

    "The suspect was cleared of the murder charges"

  7. eliminate (a substance);

    "combustion products are exhausted in the engine"
    "the plant releases a gas"

  8. leave or unload;

    "unload the cargo"
    "drop off the passengers at the hotel"

  9. cause to go off;

    "fire a gun"
    "fire a bullet"

  10. release from military service

  11. become empty or void of its content;

    "The room emptied"

discharge的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The Nile discharge itself into the Mediterranean.
    尼罗河水注入地中海。
  2. The water pipe doesn't discharge freely.
    水管排水不畅。
  3. The judge discharged the prisoner.
    法官把囚犯释放了。
  4. I am going to discharge our chauffeur.
    我要解雇我们的司机。
  5. Severe variations deform the discharge curves.
    严重者使放电曲线发生畸变。
  6. Thus, the discharge lamp starts with certainty.
    如此,可以确定地启动放电灯。
  7. The carrier may discharge the goods into any depot.
    承运人可将货物卸入任何仓库。
  8. We have to discharge our debts.
    我们必须偿还债务。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. How long will the discharge of the cargo take?
    卸货需要多久?
  2. The prisoner was glad to get his discharge.
    囚犯获准释放,感到很高兴。
  3. The simultaneous discharge of these guns destroyed enemy's defence.
    这些枪炮的同时开火,摧毁了敌人人防守。
  4. According to the electron collision ionization theory of Townsend, the electron avalanche is the basic process in gas discharge.
    根据汤逊电子碰撞电离理论,电子崩是气体放电最基本的过程。
  5. So far,China has designated 34 dumping areas for dredged materials of the third category and four areas for midair oil discharge.
    到目前为止,中国已建立了34个三类疏浚物倾倒区,4个空中放油区。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. After his discharge from the school, he went to Hongkong.
    他离开学校后去了香港。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The ship discharged at Shanghai Dock.
    这艘船在上海卸货。
  2. The pistol discharged accidentally.
    手枪走火了。
  3. The wound discharges constantly.
    伤口不断流脓。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The workers were discharging cargoes.
    工人们正在卸货。
  2. The wound is still discharging pus.
    这伤口仍在流脓。
  3. Where do the sewers discharge their contents?
    阴沟的水流到哪里?
  4. The children were discharging stones.
    孩子们在投掷石头。
  5. The army discharge a torpedo.
    部队发射鱼雷。
  6. The policeman discharged his gun at the fleeing robbers.
    警察向逃跑的强盗开了枪。
  7. She discharged all the responsibilities of a minister conscientiously.
    她自觉地履行部长的一切职责。
  8. He'll discharge the duties of postman.
    他将成为一名邮差。
  9. He has discharged his debts.
    他已把债务偿清。
  10. 1
  11. All his accumulated nervous agitation was discharged on Maud like a thunderbolt.
    他那蓄积已久的怒气,就像雷电般倾泻在莫德身上。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
discharge from (v.+prep.)
    遣走…,让…离走 send (sb) away; allow (sb) to leave
    discharge sth from sth

    A lot of people discharged the cargo from a ship.

    一些人从船上卸下货物。

    The captain ordered his men to discharge the cargo from the ship at Keelung Dock.

    船长命令下级在基隆卸下船上的货物。

    discharge sth from sth

    The boy discharged a stone from a sling.

    这个男孩用弹弓把石头射了出去。

    discharge sb from sth

    They discharged him from prison.

    他们把他从监狱里放了出来。

    The man was discharged from his post.

    这个人被解除了职务。

    She was discharged from the company.

    她被公司解雇了。

discharge into (v.+prep.)
    放出,流出 give or send out
    discharge sth into sth

    The Nile discharges itself into the Mediterranean.

    尼罗河水注入地中海。

    The river Thames discharges itself into the sea some miles east of London.

    泰晤士河在伦敦东面数英里处流入大海。

    The factory discharge its waste into the river.

    这个工厂将废物倾泻到河里。

    Factories chimneys discharge smoke into the atmosphere.

    工厂的烟囱向高空排烟。

discharge of (v.+prep.)
    执行(职责) perform
    discharge oneself of sth

    We have to discharge ourselves of our duties.

    我们要尽我们的职责。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
形容词+~ ~+名词 ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I sent for a notary, and caused him to draw up a general release or discharge.

    出自: Defoe
  • I discharge thee of thy prisoner.

    出自:Much Ado about Nothing , Shakespeare

discharge的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. discharge的基本意思是指把处于限制、管事下或处于某范围内的人或物释放出来; 也指从一出口或出气道流出,射出,放出; 还可指财务上的支出与结算。
  2. discharge可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. discharge还可作“履行”解。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
discharge, achieve, effect, execute, fulfil, perform
  • 这组词都可作“执行”解。其区别是:
  • perform表示“执行”“完成”时间较长、难度较大或较正式的任务,通常强调过程和目的,而不重视所采取的行为和手段; achieve暗示在克服困难或经过一系列曲折后“完成了任务”或“达到了目的”或指“成就”了某项意义重大或对一个人的精力、意志、才略有不寻常要求的事业; discharge用于执行必须的行为以达到履行职责或义务; effect强调发挥内在的力量主动克服或清除障碍来“达到”“实现”预定目的,可以指人,也可指事物; execute主要用于实施计划、建设或执行命令,比perform更强调完成; fulfil指完美无缺地“实现”“履行”保证或诺言,也指不折不扣地“完成”任务或“尽”责任或义务等。例如:
  • He will never achieve any objectives if he doesn't work harder.如果他不加紧努力工作,他会一事无成。
  • She undertook to discharge all the responsibilities of a Minister.她承担了做部长的所有责任。
  • I shall effect my purpose; no one shall stop me!我决心实现我的目的,谁也阻挡不住我。
  • The nurse executed the doctor's orders.护士执行医生的吩咐。
  • We must fulfil our parents' expectations.我们必须实现父母的期望。
  • discharge, cashier, discard, dismiss
  • 这组词都有“抛弃”“丢弃”或“除掉”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.dismiss和discharge一般用以指人; 而discard和cashier则既可指人,也可指物。
  • 2.指人时, dismiss通常指“开除”“解雇”或“解散”职员、工人或学生等; discharge特指开除处于从属地位的人、释放刑满的犯人等; discard指将无用的或不喜欢的人“抛弃”或“遗弃”,有时含“裁撤”之意; cashier主要指将雇员撤职、免职或开除。
  • 3.指物时, discard指把无用的或不喜欢的东西丢弃掉; cashier是把用旧的、废的东西抛弃掉或处理掉。
  • 4.dismiss还可引申为“摒弃”某种思想、概念、疑虑等。
  • discharge,dismiss,fire
  • 这些动词都有“解雇,开除”之意。
  • discharge语气较重,指有理由的解雇,含几乎不再复用的意味。
  • dismiss正式用词,是这组词中语气最轻的一个词,一般只有从上文才能看解雇的原因或理由。
  • fire口语用词,多指被断然地突然解雇,其行动犹如开枪一样干净利落。
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