- [U]火 the condition of burning, flames, light, or great heat
- [C]火灾,炉火,火堆 a mass of burning material, lit either on purpose for cooking, heat, etc., or by accident
- [U]射击,炮火,火力 shooting by guns; firing
- [U]热情,怒火,热心 strong emotion, angry or excited feeling, enthusiasm
- vt. & vi. 开火; 射击 shoot off bullets; discharge; explore
- vt. 〈口〉解雇 dismiss from a job
- the event of something burning (often destructive);
"they lost everything in the fire"
- the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy;
"hold your fire until you can see the whites of their eyes"
"they retreated in the face of withering enemy fire"
- the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke;
"fire was one of our ancestors' first discoveries"
- a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning;
"they sat by the fire and talked"
- once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)
- feelings of great warmth and intensity;
"he spoke with great ardor"
- fuel that is burning and is used as a means for cooking;
"put the kettle on the fire"
"barbecue over an open fire"
- a severe trial;
"he went through fire and damnation"
- intense adverse criticism;
"Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party"
"the government has come under attack"
"don't give me any flak"
- start firing a weapon
- cause to go off;
"fire a gun"
"fire a bullet"
- bake in a kiln so as to harden;
- terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position;
"The boss fired his secretary today"
"The company terminated 25% of its workers"
- go off or discharge;
"The gun fired"
- drive out or away by or as if by fire;
"The soldiers were fired"
"Surrender fires the cold skepticism"
- call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses);
"raise a smile"
- destroy by fire;
"They burned the house and his diaries"
- provide with fuel;
"Oil fires the furnace"
- The fire flared up as I put more firewood on it.
- The house is on fire!
- A cigarette thrown into the woods in dry weather may start a fire.
- She curled up in front of the fire with a book.
- His speech lacked fire.
- She fired her gun at them.
- The officer commanded his men to fire.
- He was fired by his boss.
- The engine is only firing on three cylinders.
- You'll have an opportunity to fire off questions at the end of the lecture.
There is no smoke without fire.
Don't play with fire.
Animals are afraid of fire.
Keep away from fire!
A house is on fire in the next street.
A fire broke out.
The fire captain with his loyal men were cheered.
The weather is too warm for a fire.
Warm yourself by a fire.
Put some more coal on the fire.
He has spent a lifetime fighting fires.
Look out for fire.
Have you insured your house against fire?
The enemy were exposed to our machine gun fire.
The enemy plane was forced down by our ground fire.
We gave him covering fire as he dashed across the clearing.
His speech lacked fire.
Her eyes were full of fire.
The fire of his speech is concentrated on recisionism.
This article is full of words of fire.
This bittersweet quality fuels his artistic fires.
There was no one to fire for them.
Damp wood will not fire.
The gun fired.
The officer ordered his men to fire.
We'll fire if you come any nearer.
The captain ordered his man to start firing.
The engine will not fire.
The engine is only firing on three cylinders.
The police fired in an attempt to disperse the crowd.
The bandits fired a house.
He fired a shot.
He fired two shots, both missed.
Who fired the first shot?
The captain ordered his men to fire a salute.
They fired poisoned arrows at us.
They fired 1500 shells.
His laziness fired her temper.
What fired your ambition to write the novel?
Her stories fired the little boy's imagination.
Her speech fired the crowd's admiration.
I fired him.
The manager fired Bob because he was always late for work.
The gun was fired.
Modern missiles can be fired from air, land or sea.
He was fired by patriotism.
She was fired on the spot.
He was fired when he loafed on the job.
Jim was fired for inciting other workers to rise against their boss.
Workers who breathed a word of it were instantly fired.
The cook was fired for being incompetent.
Tom was fired for his carelessness.
Sorry to tell you, but you are fired from the office.
- be on fire
- 〔说明〕 本习语中fire是火的统称,不可数。
着火,失火 be burning
The house is on fire! 房子着火了!
Noticing that the building was on fire, a passer-by summoned the fire brigade. 一个过路人发现楼房着火了,就报告给消防队。
情绪激昂 be excited
The islanders were on fire and determined to fight against the attackers. 岛上的人情绪激昂,决心与入侵者战斗一场。
- between two fires
腹背受敌 being shot at from two directions
They decided to retreat lest they would be between two fires. 他们决定退却,否则就要受两面夹击。
- 腹背受敌 being shot at from two directions
- catch fire
着火,燃烧 be burning
Paper is apt to catch fire. 纸容易着火。
The little girl was severely burned when her dress caught fire. 小女孩的衣服着了火,被严重烧伤了。
- 着火,燃烧 be burning
- get on like a house on fire
发展迅速 develop fast
Johnny is getting on like a house on fire in French. 约翰尼的法语进步十分快。
一见如故 feel like old friend at the first meeting
We got on like a house on fire. 我们一见如故。
- 发展迅速 develop fast
- go through fire and water
赴汤蹈火 face great hardship and danger
They were always ready to go through fire and water for the sake of the friends. 他们随时准备为朋友赴汤蹈火。
I go through fire and water for my Mildred. 为了我的米尔列德我愿意赴汤蹈火。
Jim worships Mary, he would go through fire and water for her. 吉姆崇拜玛丽,他愿意为她赴汤蹈火。
- 赴汤蹈火 face great hardship and danger
- open fire on
向…开枪 start shooting
It would not have surprised me if someone had opened fire on us from an upstairs window. 假如有人从楼上的窗户向我们开枪,我不会觉得意外。
- 向…开枪 start shooting
- play with fire
玩火,铤而走险 take great risks
Any student who tries to cheat the examiner is playing with fire. 想要欺骗监考老师的任何学生都是冒险。
- 玩火,铤而走险 take great risks
- pull out of the fire
(使)转败为胜 make sth successful in spite of difficulties pull sth out of the fire
We just managed to pull the game out of the fire.我们好不容易才扭转了这场比赛的败局。
- (使)转败为胜 make sth successful in spite of difficulties pull sth out of the fire
- set fire to
放火烧,点着了… be burning
The police hasn't found out who set fire to the storehouse. 警方还没查出是谁放火烧了仓库。
Setting fire to the letter, he made her watch it burn. 他点火烧那些信时让她看着那信燃烧。
- 放火烧,点着了… be burning
- set on fire
使燃烧 make sth burning
Some sparks from a passing train set the haystack on fire. 一列过往的火车迸发出一些火花点着了干草堆。
使情绪激动 make sb have excited feeling
The orator set the audience on fire. 演讲者使听众情绪激昂。
- 使燃烧 make sth burning
- take fire
着火,燃烧 be burning
First the curtains took fire and then the bedclothes. 窗帘首先着了火,接着被单也着火了。
激动起来,激情冲动 become excited
The audience took fire at his words. 观众听了他的话群情激昂。
When the eye perceives a lovely being, the heart takes fire. 一见美人,欲火熊熊。
- 着火,燃烧 be burning
- under fire
在炮火攻击下,受到攻击 being shot
The government's plans came under fire from the opposition. 政府的计划受到反对派的猛烈攻击。
受到指责 be blamed
The Government's plans came under fire from the opposition. 政府的计划受到反对派的攻击。
The basic policy is under fire. 这项基本政策受到了攻击。
- 在炮火攻击下,受到攻击 being shot
- fire at (v.+prep.)
瞄准(某人或某物); 朝(某人或某物)射击 aim; shoot at fire at sb/sth
The robber fired at him but missed him.那强盗向他开枪,但没有打着。
She learns to fire at birds.她学着开枪打鸟。
The soldiers fired at the house until the enemy came out.战士们朝那所房子射击,直到敌人出来。
He took careful aim and fired at the rabbit.他仔细瞄准,然后向兔子开枪射击。
The soldiers were firing at the target.士兵们向目标连续射击。fire sth at sb/sth
He fired his pistol at me.他向我开枪。
Fire the gun at the enemy.对着敌人开炮。
He fired his gun at the target.他朝着目标开了枪。
Fire most of your shots at the middle of the ship.集中火力,朝船的中部射击。
The gunman fired three bullets at the police.那个持枪歹徒向警察开了三枪。
向(某人)提出(问题等) direct sth to sb fire sth at sb
From time to time he fired questions at me.他不时向我提出许多问题。
A young American fired questions at us about agriculture.一位年轻的美国人向我们提出了许多关于农业的问题。
The lawyer fired questions at the witness.律师向证人提出一连串的问题。
- 瞄准(某人或某物); 朝(某人或某物)射击 aim; shoot at fire at sb/sth
- fire away (v.+adv.)
连续射击 shoot continuously fire away at sb/sth
We kept firing away at the enemy until they retreated.直到敌人撤退后,我们才停止射击。
The troops were firing away at the advancing enemy.部队连续不断地向步步进逼的敌人开火。
The enemy were firing away at nothing.敌人漫无目标地一个劲儿开枪。
〈非正〉开始; 热烈地谈; 发问 begin especially speak; talk actively or ask question fire away
We are all ready to listen to you, so fire away !我们都准备好听你说,快讲吧!
All right, fire away with your questions.好吧,你们尽管问吧。
All right, fire away, old chap,I'm listening.好吧,伙计,说吧,我听着呢。
He hesitated for a time, but I told him to fire away and tell me what had happened.他犹豫了一会儿,但我让他快说,把发生的情况告诉我。
I'm ready to answer questions, fire away.我准备回答问题,请随便问吧。
If anyone has any question, fire away.如果谁还有什么问题,尽管提出来吧!
- 连续射击 shoot continuously fire away at sb/sth
- fire into (v.+prep.)
朝…里射击 (cause to) shoot into (sth such as the air or a group) fire into sb/sth
The police fired into the crowd.警察向人群里开枪。
The police fired into the air in an attempt to disperse the crowd.警察朝天鸣枪以驱散人群。fire sth into sth
He ran into the bank and fired his gun into the air.他冲进银行,向空中开枪。用于 be ～ed 结构
The huge rockets were fired into the air from a place in Europe.巨型火箭从欧洲发射基地发射到空中。
- 朝…里射击 (cause to) shoot into (sth such as the air or a group) fire into sb/sth
- fire off (v.+adv.)
接二连三地提问〔射击〕 make them rapidly, one after another fire off
Our militia fired off volley after volley from anti-aircraft artillery.我民兵的高射炮连续进行射击。fire sth ⇔ off
They fired off so many questions at him that he hardly knew what to do.他们连珠炮似地问了他许多问题,弄得他不知所措。
No sooner had the speaker finished than a person in the audience fired off half a dozen questions at him.演讲者刚刚讲完话,一个听众一连向他提出了六个问题。用于 be ～ed 结构
His answers were fired off even more quickly than the questions had been.他的答复一个接着一个,甚至比人家提问还要快。
- 接二连三地提问〔射击〕 make them rapidly, one after another fire off
- fire on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
朝…射击 shoot at (sb/sth) fire on〔upon〕 sb/sth
When ordered to fire on the mobs some of the soldiers refused to do so.当被命令向暴民射击时,有一些士兵拒绝这样做。
The enemy fired on the town.敌人向城市里开火。
Fire upon the fort.向那座碉堡开火。
They are firing upon the enemy works.他们正向敌人的工事开火。
- 朝…射击 shoot at (sb/sth) fire on〔upon〕 sb/sth
- fire over (v.+prep.)
朝…的上方射击 shoot in a direction above (sth) fire over sth
The soldiers were ordered to fire over the head of the crowd.士兵们受命朝人群头顶上射击。
- 朝…的上方射击 shoot in a direction above (sth) fire over sth
- fire up (v.+adv.)
点火,点燃 light sth up fire sth ⇔ up
We had better fire up the furnace.我们最好把炉子生起来。
He fired up a cigarette and went on with his work.他点了一支香烟,然后又接着工作了。
发动(机器) start fire sth ⇔ up
We are having difficulty in firing up the ship's engines.我们很难发动这台机器的引擎。
突然生气,勃然大怒 get up fire up
Don't fire up like that, no one wants to hurt your feelings.别发那么大的火,没人想使你伤心。
She often fired up for trifles.她常为小事生气。
He fired up as soon as he saw me.他一见到我就发火。fire up at sth
He hated the noise and always fired up at the sound.他讨厌噪音,经常一听到声音就发火。
She fired up at the least thing.她为一点点的小事就会发怒。fire sb ⇔ up
She has a quick temper; such little things will fire her up.她脾气暴躁,这种小事就会使她发火。
- 点火,点燃 light sth up fire sth ⇔ up
- fire with (v.+prep.)
使(某人)满怀(某种激情) fill (sb) with (an excited feeling) fire sb with sth
His speech fired the people with keenness for the plan.他的发言引起了人们对这个计划的强烈兴趣。用于 be ～ed 结构
He was fired with the wish to visit China.他被激起了访问中国的希望。
He demanded that he himself be fired with the spirit of whole-heartedly serving the people.他要求自己具备全心全意为人民服务的精神。
- 使(某人)满怀(某种激情) fill (sb) with (an excited feeling) fire sb with sth
- arouse sb's fire 唤起某人的热情
- bring the fire under control 把火势控制住
- build a fire 生火
- catch fire 着火
- cause a fire 引起火灾
- cease fire 停火
- escape a fire 幸免于火灾,未被大火烧死
- fan a fire 煽火
- fight a fire 救火,同火搏斗
- go through fire and water 赴汤蹈火
- hang fire 犹豫不决,迟迟不动
- hold fire 忍着不表态
- keep away from fire 切勿近火
- light a fire 点火
- make a fire 生火
- open fire 开始,开火
- play with fire 玩火
- pour oil on fire 火上浇油
- prevent a fire 防止火灾,防火
- pull sth out of the fire 把某物从火中救出,转败为胜
- put in a fire 生气
- put out a fire 把火熄灭,扑灭火
- set fire to sth 把某物点燃,使某物燃烧
- set sth on fire 放火烧某物
- start a fire 点火
- stop a fire 灭火,停火
- take fire 着火
- accidental fire 偶然的火灾
- blazing fire 熊熊烈火
- bright fire 明亮的火焰
- dangerous fire 危险的大火
- great fire 大火
- hot fire 烈火,炽热的火焰
- running fire 连发,连射,一连串的指责
- air-raid fire 空袭火力
- artillery fire 炮火
- camp fire 篝火
- forest fire 森林火灾
- ground fire 地面炮火
- machine-gun fire 机枪火力
- prairie fire 星星之火
- warm oneself at the fire 烤火
- between two fires 腹背受敌
- full of fire 充满怒火
- the cause of the fire 火灾的原因
- on fire 失火,在燃烧
- cook the meat over the fire 在炉火上煮肉
- under fire 遭到炮火袭击,受到攻击
- burn it with fire 用火烧掉它
- fire ahead 开始提问,继续射击
- fire fearfully 可怕地发火
- fire mortally 极其生气
- fire suddenly 突然爆发出
- fire away 开始提问,继续射击
- fire away at the enemy 不断向敌人开火
- fire away with sb's questions 提问题
- fire back in self-defence 自卫还击
- fire off 结束
- fire sb out 把…开除
- fire up 生火,点火,发火,突然爆发
A face as red as fire.出自：J. Mabbe
Dead and decaying things seemed to..fire his imagination.出自：R. K. Narayan
To fire me with a sense of wonder at the marvels of science and technology.出自：M. Moorcock
- set on fire, catch fire
这两个短语都可表示“燃烧”。其区别是：前者表示使动,意思是“使燃烧”,可以是故意的或意外的; 后者表示自动,意思是“燃烧”,一般是意外的。例如:The house caught fire.这房子失火了。The despot set his house on fire before he took to flight.恶霸逃跑前,放火烧了自己的房子。
- set on fire, be on fire
这两者都表示“使燃烧”。其区别是：前者强调动作; 后者强调状态。例如:The houses were set on fire by the enemy.房子被敌人放火烧了。The houses were on fire.房子着火了。
- on fire, on the fire
这两个短语的意思有区别:on fire的意思是“着火”“情绪激昂”; on the fire的意思是“尚未决定”“在准备中”。例如:His voice sounded louder and higher, as if he were on fire with eagerness and anger.他的声音越来越大,越来越尖,好像他很生气,非常激动的样子。He has a new novel on the fire.他正准备写一部新小说。
- set fire, light
这两个词(组)都可表示“点燃”。其区别是：set fire可表示意外或故意烧着了或点燃了某东西,如房子、衣服等; 而light表示点燃香烟、炉灶、蜡烛等。例如:He lit a cigarette.他点燃了一支香烟。Who set fire to the house?是谁纵火烧这房子的?
- fire at, fire on
这两个短语都表示“向…射击〔开火〕”。其区别是：fire on后面常接炮击的对象往往是炮台、船只、城市、人群等; fire at射击的对象往往是人、动物或某一场合。
- fire, ignite, inflame, kindle, light
这组词的意思都与“燃烧”有关。其区别是：1.fire多用于口语中,表示迅速燃烧起来,并产生通红的颜色; light是普通用语,指发光或发热; kindle指需较长时间或事先要做一定准备方能点燃。例如:Someone fired the building.有人放火烧了那栋楼房。She lighted the candles.她把蜡烛点燃。The spark kindled the dry wood.火星燃着干柴。2.ignite多用于科技方面,指来势凶猛的燃烧,或与易燃物接触后所引起的燃烧; inflame则多用于文学作品中,指激起强烈的感情。例如:Spontaneous combustion ignited the heap of oil-soaked rags in the basement.自燃使得地下室渍油的破布堆燃烧起来了。Her question seemed to inflame him all the more.她的问题似乎使他更加恼火了。
- discharge dismiss fire
误 Tell him to do a fire.
正 Tell him to make a fire.
误 Give me a fire for my pipe.
正 Give me a light for my pipe.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的fyr；最初源自原始日耳曼语的uifr，意为火，火把。
- fire:fire n.火, 炉火, 火灾, 失火, 闪光, 炮火, 热情, 激情 vt.点燃, 烧制, 使发光, 给(炉子等)加燃料, 放枪, 激动, 口解雇 vi.开枪, 射击, 着火, 烧火, 激动fir…