fire

  基本词汇  
['faɪə(r)]     ['faɪər]    
  • n.火;失火;炉火;开火;热情
  • v.开火;解雇;点燃;急速地连续说
fireable firer fired fired firing fires
new

fire是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 火,火灾,炉火,篝火,火花,火焰
  2. 热情,热心,激情,热烈
  3. 射击
  4. 火力
  5. 取暖器
  6. 炮火
  7. 磨难,苦难
  8. 闪光,光辉
  9. 燃烧
  10. 烽火
v.(动词)
  1. 点燃,起火,着火,燃烧
  2. 给加添燃料
  3. 激起,激起热情,使激动,激动
  4. 烘制,烧制,烧,烤
  5. 突然发怒
  6. 射击,开(枪、炮),将...射向
  7. <口>解雇,开除
  8. 生(炉子)
  9. 扔石头
  10. 射(箭)
  11. 激励
  12. 使充满热情
  13. 发动
  14. 使发光
  15. 烧火,司炉
  16. 过早地变黄

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]火 the condition of burning, flames, light, or great heat
  2. [C]火灾,炉火,火堆 a mass of burning material, lit either on purpose for cooking, heat, etc., or by accident
  3. [U]射击,炮火,火力 shooting by guns; firing
  4. [U]热情,怒火,热心 strong emotion, angry or excited feeling, enthusiasm
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 开火; 射击 shoot off bullets; discharge; explore
  2. vt. 〈口〉解雇 dismiss from a job

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
fire : 火, 火灾, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
fire : 火, 炮火, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
fire : 火, 火焰, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
fire : 爆破 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
fire : 火, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the event of something burning (often destructive);

    "they lost everything in the fire"

  2. the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy;

    "hold your fire until you can see the whites of their eyes"
    "they retreated in the face of withering enemy fire"

  3. the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke;

    "fire was one of our ancestors' first discoveries"

  4. a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning;

    "they sat by the fire and talked"

  5. once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)

  6. feelings of great warmth and intensity;

    "he spoke with great ardor"

  7. fuel that is burning and is used as a means for cooking;

    "put the kettle on the fire"
    "barbecue over an open fire"

  8. a severe trial;

    "he went through fire and damnation"

  9. intense adverse criticism;

    "Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party"
    "the government has come under attack"
    "don't give me any flak"

Verb:
  1. start firing a weapon

  2. cause to go off;

    "fire a gun"
    "fire a bullet"

  3. bake in a kiln so as to harden;

    "fire pottery"

  4. terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position;

    "The boss fired his secretary today"
    "The company terminated 25% of its workers"

  5. go off or discharge;

    "The gun fired"

  6. drive out or away by or as if by fire;

    "The soldiers were fired"
    "Surrender fires the cold skepticism"

  7. call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses);

    "arouse pity"
    "raise a smile"
    "evoke sympathy"

  8. destroy by fire;

    "They burned the house and his diaries"

  9. provide with fuel;

    "Oil fires the furnace"

fire的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The fire flared up as I put more firewood on it.
    我加上了几块木柴, 火顿时旺起来。
  2. The house is on fire!
    房子着火了!
  3. A cigarette thrown into the woods in dry weather may start a fire.
    在天气干燥时把点燃的香烟扔进树林可能会引起火灾。
  4. She curled up in front of the fire with a book.
    她蜷曲在炉火前看书。
  5. His speech lacked fire.
    他的讲话缺乏热情。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. She fired her gun at them.
    她用枪向他们射击。
  2. The officer commanded his men to fire.
    军官下令他的士兵开枪。
  3. He was fired by his boss.
    他被他的老板解雇了。
  4. The engine is only firing on three cylinders.
    这发动机只有三个汽缸工作。
  5. You'll have an opportunity to fire off questions at the end of the lecture.
    你们将有机会在讲座结束后连续提问题。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. There is no smoke without fire.
    无火不生烟,无风不起浪。
  2. Don't play with fire.
    不要玩火。
  3. Animals are afraid of fire.
    动物怕火。
  4. Keep away from fire!
    切勿近火!
  5. A house is on fire in the next street.
    邻街有间房子失火了。
  6. A fire broke out.
    发生了一场火灾。
  7. The fire captain with his loyal men were cheered.
    人们向消防队长和他的忠实队员欢呼致意。
  8. The weather is too warm for a fire.
    天气很暖和,不用生火。
  9. Warm yourself by a fire.
    在炉旁暖和暖和吧。
  10. Put some more coal on the fire.
    给炉子加点煤。
  11. He has spent a lifetime fighting fires.
    他干了一辈子消防工作。
  12. Look out for fire.
    小心火灾。
  13. Have you insured your house against fire?
    你为自己的房子投保火险了吗?
  14. The enemy were exposed to our machine gun fire.
    敌人暴露在我军的机枪火力之下。
  15. The enemy plane was forced down by our ground fire.
    我们的地面火力迫使敌机降落。
  16. We gave him covering fire as he dashed across the clearing.
    我们用火掩护他冲过空地。
  17. His speech lacked fire.
    他的讲话缺乏热情。
  18. Her eyes were full of fire.
    她的眼中充满了怒火。
  19. The fire of his speech is concentrated on recisionism.
    他的讲话集中火力批判修正主义。
  20. This article is full of words of fire.
    这是一篇激情语言的文章。
  21. This bittersweet quality fuels his artistic fires.
    这种悲喜交加的音色激起了他的艺术激情。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. There was no one to fire for them.
    没有人替他们烧火。
  2. Damp wood will not fire.
    潮湿的木头不会着火。
  3. The gun fired.
    这门炮开火了。
  4. The officer ordered his men to fire.
    军官命令他的士兵开枪。
  5. We'll fire if you come any nearer.
    你再走近,我们就要开枪了。
  6. The captain ordered his man to start firing.
    上尉命令士兵开火。
  7. The engine will not fire.
    这台发动机发动不起来。
  8. The engine is only firing on three cylinders.
    这发动机只有三个汽缸工作。
S+~+to- v
  1. The police fired in an attempt to disperse the crowd.
    警察开枪想驱散群众。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The bandits fired a house.
    土匪们烧了一所房子。
  2. He fired a shot.
    他开了一枪。
  3. He fired two shots, both missed.
    他打了两枪,都没有打中。
  4. Who fired the first shot?
    谁开的第一枪?
  5. The captain ordered his men to fire a salute.
    船长命令部下鸣放礼炮。
  6. They fired poisoned arrows at us.
    他们向我们射出毒箭。
  7. They fired 1500 shells.
    他们发射了1500发炮弹。
  8. His laziness fired her temper.
    他的懒惰使她发了脾气。
  9. What fired your ambition to write the novel?
    是什么激发了你的雄心去写那部小说的?
  10. Her stories fired the little boy's imagination.
    她的故事激发起小男孩的想象力。
  11. Her speech fired the crowd's admiration.
    她的讲话引起了众人的赞赏。
  12. I fired him.
    我辞退了他。
  13. The manager fired Bob because he was always late for work.
    鲍勃因上班总迟到而被经理解雇。
  14. 用于be ~ed结构
  15. The gun was fired.
    开枪了。
  16. Modern missiles can be fired from air, land or sea.
    现代的导弹可以从空中、地面或海上发射。
  17. He was fired by patriotism.
    爱国主义激情在他胸中燃烧。
  18. She was fired on the spot.
    她被当场解雇了。
  19. He was fired when he loafed on the job.
    他因工作不认真而被开除。
  20. Jim was fired for inciting other workers to rise against their boss.
    吉姆因鼓动其他工人反对老板而被解雇了。
  21. Workers who breathed a word of it were instantly fired.
    工人们谁对此事说一个字马上就被开除。
  22. The cook was fired for being incompetent.
    那位厨师因没有能力而被解雇。
  23. Tom was fired for his carelessness.
    汤姆由于粗心大意而被解雇了。
  24. Sorry to tell you, but you are fired from the office.
    很遗憾地告诉你,你被解雇了。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
be on fire
  1. 〔说明〕 本习语中fire是火的统称,不可数。
  2. 着火,失火 be burning

    The house is on fire! 房子着火了!

    Noticing that the building was on fire, a passer-by summoned the fire brigade. 一个过路人发现楼房着火了,就报告给消防队。

  3. 情绪激昂 be excited

    The islanders were on fire and determined to fight against the attackers. 岛上的人情绪激昂,决心与入侵者战斗一场。

between two fires
  1. 腹背受敌 being shot at from two directions

    They decided to retreat lest they would be between two fires. 他们决定退却,否则就要受两面夹击。

catch fire
  1. 着火,燃烧 be burning

    Paper is apt to catch fire. 纸容易着火。

    The little girl was severely burned when her dress caught fire. 小女孩的衣服着了火,被严重烧伤了。

get on like a house on fire
  1. 发展迅速 develop fast

    Johnny is getting on like a house on fire in French. 约翰尼的法语进步十分快。

  2. 一见如故 feel like old friend at the first meeting

    We got on like a house on fire. 我们一见如故。

go through fire and water
  1. 赴汤蹈火 face great hardship and danger

    They were always ready to go through fire and water for the sake of the friends. 他们随时准备为朋友赴汤蹈火。

    I go through fire and water for my Mildred. 为了我的米尔列德我愿意赴汤蹈火。

    Jim worships Mary, he would go through fire and water for her. 吉姆崇拜玛丽,他愿意为她赴汤蹈火。

open fire on
  1. 向…开枪 start shooting

    It would not have surprised me if someone had opened fire on us from an upstairs window. 假如有人从楼上的窗户向我们开枪,我不会觉得意外。

play with fire
  1. 玩火,铤而走险 take great risks

    Any student who tries to cheat the examiner is playing with fire. 想要欺骗监考老师的任何学生都是冒险。

pull out of the fire
  1. (使)转败为胜 make sth successful in spite of difficulties pull sth out of the fire

    We just managed to pull the game out of the fire.我们好不容易才扭转了这场比赛的败局。

set fire to
  1. 放火烧,点着了… be burning

    The police hasn't found out who set fire to the storehouse. 警方还没查出是谁放火烧了仓库。

    Setting fire to the letter, he made her watch it burn. 他点火烧那些信时让她看着那信燃烧。

set on fire
  1. 使燃烧 make sth burning

    Some sparks from a passing train set the haystack on fire. 一列过往的火车迸发出一些火花点着了干草堆。

  2. 使情绪激动 make sb have excited feeling

    The orator set the audience on fire. 演讲者使听众情绪激昂。

take fire
  1. 着火,燃烧 be burning

    First the curtains took fire and then the bedclothes. 窗帘首先着了火,接着被单也着火了。

  2. 激动起来,激情冲动 become excited

    The audience took fire at his words. 观众听了他的话群情激昂。

    When the eye perceives a lovely being, the heart takes fire. 一见美人,欲火熊熊。

under fire
  1. 在炮火攻击下,受到攻击 being shot

    The government's plans came under fire from the opposition. 政府的计划受到反对派的猛烈攻击。

  2. 受到指责 be blamed

    The Government's plans came under fire from the opposition. 政府的计划受到反对派的攻击。

    The basic policy is under fire. 这项基本政策受到了攻击。

用作动词 (v.)
fire at (v.+prep.)
  1. 瞄准(某人或某物); 朝(某人或某物)射击 aim; shoot at fire at sb/sth

    The robber fired at him but missed him.那强盗向他开枪,但没有打着。

    She learns to fire at birds.她学着开枪打鸟。

    The soldiers fired at the house until the enemy came out.战士们朝那所房子射击,直到敌人出来。

    He took careful aim and fired at the rabbit.他仔细瞄准,然后向兔子开枪射击。

    The soldiers were firing at the target.士兵们向目标连续射击。

    fire sth at sb/sth

    He fired his pistol at me.他向我开枪。

    Fire the gun at the enemy.对着敌人开炮。

    He fired his gun at the target.他朝着目标开了枪。

    Fire most of your shots at the middle of the ship.集中火力,朝船的中部射击。

    The gunman fired three bullets at the police.那个持枪歹徒向警察开了三枪。

  2. 向(某人)提出(问题等) direct sth to sb fire sth at sb

    From time to time he fired questions at me.他不时向我提出许多问题。

    A young American fired questions at us about agriculture.一位年轻的美国人向我们提出了许多关于农业的问题。

    The lawyer fired questions at the witness.律师向证人提出一连串的问题。

fire away (v.+adv.)
  1. 连续射击 shoot continuously fire away at sb/sth

    We kept firing away at the enemy until they retreated.直到敌人撤退后,我们才停止射击。

    The troops were firing away at the advancing enemy.部队连续不断地向步步进逼的敌人开火。

    The enemy were firing away at nothing.敌人漫无目标地一个劲儿开枪。

  2. 〈非正〉开始; 热烈地谈; 发问 begin especially speak; talk actively or ask question fire away

    Fire away!赶快讲吧!

    We are all ready to listen to you, so fire away !我们都准备好听你说,快讲吧!

    All right, fire away with your questions.好吧,你们尽管问吧。

    All right, fire away, old chap,I'm listening.好吧,伙计,说吧,我听着呢。

    He hesitated for a time, but I told him to fire away and tell me what had happened.他犹豫了一会儿,但我让他快说,把发生的情况告诉我。

    I'm ready to answer questions, fire away.我准备回答问题,请随便问吧。

    If anyone has any question, fire away.如果谁还有什么问题,尽管提出来吧!

fire into (v.+prep.)
  1. 朝…里射击 (cause to) shoot into (sth such as the air or a group) fire into sb/sth

    The police fired into the crowd.警察向人群里开枪。

    The police fired into the air in an attempt to disperse the crowd.警察朝天鸣枪以驱散人群。

    fire sth into sth

    He ran into the bank and fired his gun into the air.他冲进银行,向空中开枪。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The huge rockets were fired into the air from a place in Europe.巨型火箭从欧洲发射基地发射到空中。

fire off (v.+adv.)
  1. 接二连三地提问〔射击〕 make them rapidly, one after another fire off

    Our militia fired off volley after volley from anti-aircraft artillery.我民兵的高射炮连续进行射击。

    fire sth ⇔ off

    They fired off so many questions at him that he hardly knew what to do.他们连珠炮似地问了他许多问题,弄得他不知所措。

    No sooner had the speaker finished than a person in the audience fired off half a dozen questions at him.演讲者刚刚讲完话,一个听众一连向他提出了六个问题。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His answers were fired off even more quickly than the questions had been.他的答复一个接着一个,甚至比人家提问还要快。

fire on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 朝…射击 shoot at (sb/sth) fire on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    When ordered to fire on the mobs some of the soldiers refused to do so.当被命令向暴民射击时,有一些士兵拒绝这样做。

    The enemy fired on the town.敌人向城市里开火。

    Fire upon the fort.向那座碉堡开火。

    They are firing upon the enemy works.他们正向敌人的工事开火。

fire over (v.+prep.)
  1. 朝…的上方射击 shoot in a direction above (sth) fire over sth

    The soldiers were ordered to fire over the head of the crowd.士兵们受命朝人群头顶上射击。

fire up (v.+adv.)
  1. 点火,点燃 light sth up fire sth ⇔ up

    We had better fire up the furnace.我们最好把炉子生起来。

    He fired up a cigarette and went on with his work.他点了一支香烟,然后又接着工作了。

  2. 发动(机器) start fire sth ⇔ up

    We are having difficulty in firing up the ship's engines.我们很难发动这台机器的引擎。

  3. 突然生气,勃然大怒 get up fire up

    Don't fire up like that, no one wants to hurt your feelings.别发那么大的火,没人想使你伤心。

    She often fired up for trifles.她常为小事生气。

    He fired up as soon as he saw me.他一见到我就发火。

    fire up at sth

    He hated the noise and always fired up at the sound.他讨厌噪音,经常一听到声音就发火。

    She fired up at the least thing.她为一点点的小事就会发怒。

    fire sb ⇔ up

    She has a quick temper; such little things will fire her up.她脾气暴躁,这种小事就会使她发火。

fire with (v.+prep.)
  1. 使(某人)满怀(某种激情) fill (sb) with (an excited feeling) fire sb with sth

    His speech fired the people with keenness for the plan.他的发言引起了人们对这个计划的强烈兴趣。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was fired with the wish to visit China.他被激起了访问中国的希望。

    He demanded that he himself be fired with the spirit of whole-heartedly serving the people.他要求自己具备全心全意为人民服务的精神。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • A face as red as fire.

    出自:J. Mabbe
  • Dead and decaying things seemed to..fire his imagination.

    出自:R. K. Narayan
  • To fire me with a sense of wonder at the marvels of science and technology.

    出自:M. Moorcock

fire的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. fire作为物质名词表示“火”时是不可数名词,一般不加冠词,也不能用于复数形式。fire表示具体的炉火、火堆、一次火灾时是可数名词,表示“火灾”这一抽象事件时是不可数名词。fire引申可表示“射击”“炮火”“火力”,是不可数名词。
  2. fire用于比喻,意思是“热情”“怒火”“热心”,通常不可数,偶尔也用于复数形式,表示各种各样的强烈感情。
v.(动词)
  1. fire用作名词的意思是“火”,转化为动词意思是“烧”“点燃”“开火”“射击”。引申可表示“激动”“发火”“发动”。
  2. fire可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. fire后接介词at或on,表示“朝…开枪”,但未必打中。fire的进行体可表示“持续射击”。
  4. fire在口语中还可作“解雇”解。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
set on fire, catch fire
这两个短语都可表示“燃烧”。其区别是:
前者表示使动,意思是“使燃烧”,可以是故意的或意外的; 后者表示自动,意思是“燃烧”,一般是意外的。例如:
The house caught fire.这房子失火了。
The despot set his house on fire before he took to flight.恶霸逃跑前,放火烧了自己的房子。
set on fire, be on fire
这两者都表示“使燃烧”。其区别是:
前者强调动作; 后者强调状态。例如:
The houses were set on fire by the enemy.房子被敌人放火烧了。
The houses were on fire.房子着火了。
on fire, on the fire
这两个短语的意思有区别:on fire的意思是“着火”“情绪激昂”; on the fire的意思是“尚未决定”“在准备中”。例如:
His voice sounded louder and higher, as if he were on fire with eagerness and anger.他的声音越来越大,越来越尖,好像他很生气,非常激动的样子。
He has a new novel on the fire.他正准备写一部新小说。
set fire, light
这两个词(组)都可表示“点燃”。其区别是:
set fire可表示意外或故意烧着了或点燃了某东西,如房子、衣服等; 而light表示点燃香烟、炉灶、蜡烛等。例如:
He lit a cigarette.他点燃了一支香烟。
Who set fire to the house?是谁纵火烧这房子的?
v.(动词)
fire at, fire on
这两个短语都表示“向…射击〔开火〕”。其区别是:
fire on后面常接炮击的对象往往是炮台、船只、城市、人群等; fire at射击的对象往往是人、动物或某一场合。
fire, ignite, inflame, kindle, light
这组词的意思都与“燃烧”有关。其区别是:
1.fire多用于口语中,表示迅速燃烧起来,并产生通红的颜色; light是普通用语,指发光或发热; kindle指需较长时间或事先要做一定准备方能点燃。例如:
Someone fired the building.有人放火烧了那栋楼房。
She lighted the candles.她把蜡烛点燃。
The spark kindled the dry wood.火星燃着干柴。
2.ignite多用于科技方面,指来势凶猛的燃烧,或与易燃物接触后所引起的燃烧; inflame则多用于文学作品中,指激起强烈的感情。例如:
Spontaneous combustion ignited the heap of oil-soaked rags in the basement.自燃使得地下室渍油的破布堆燃烧起来了。
Her question seemed to inflame him all the more.她的问题似乎使他更加恼火了。
discharge dismiss fire
这些动词都有“解雇,开除”之意。
  • discharge:discharge语气较重,指有理由的解雇,含几乎不再复用的意味。
  • dismiss:dismiss正式用词,是这组词中语气最轻的一个词,一般只有从上文才能看解雇的原因或理由。
  • fire:fire口语用词,多指被断然地突然解雇,其行动犹如开枪一样干净利落。
kindle fire ignite light
这些动词均含“点燃、着火”之意。
  • kindle:kindle指艰难或缓慢地把可燃料点燃,可用于比喻。
  • fire:fire普通用词,指将某物点燃使其燃烧起来,火势可大可小。
  • ignite:ignite多用于科技文体,指使某物受热直到燃烧或发光,也可指用火花使易燃物迅速燃烧起来。
  • light:light普通用词,指点燃易燃物,使其能发光,满足各种需要。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 告诉他生个火。

    Tell him to do a fire.

    Tell him to make a fire.

    表示“生火”动词用make,而不能用do。

  2. 请借个火点烟。

    Give me a fire for my pipe.

    Give me a light for my pipe.

    点烟用的火用light,不用fire。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的fyr;最初源自原始日耳曼语的uifr,意为火,火把。

fire的相关资料:

正版词典

fire : 火 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
fire : 火,火焰, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

fire的相关缩略词,共有43

互动百科

  • fire:fire n.火, 炉火, 火灾, 失火, 闪光, 炮火, 热情, 激情 vt.点燃, 烧制, 使发光, 给(炉子等)加燃料, 放枪, 激动, 口解雇 vi.开枪, 射击, 着火, 烧火, 激动fir…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词