- n. 火；失火；炉火；开火；热情
- v. 开火；解雇；点燃；急速地连续说
- [U]火 the condition of burning, flames, light, or great heat
- [C]火灾,炉火,火堆 a mass of burning material, lit either on purpose for cooking, heat, etc., or by accident
- [U]射击,炮火,火力 shooting by guns; firing
- [U]热情,怒火,热心 strong emotion, angry or excited feeling, enthusiasm
- vt. & vi. 开火; 射击 shoot off bullets; discharge; explore
- vt. 〈口〉解雇 dismiss from a job
the event of something burning (often destructive);
"they lost everything in the fire"
the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy;
"hold your fire until you can see the whites of their eyes"
"they retreated in the face of withering enemy fire"
the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke;
"fire was one of our ancestors' first discoveries"
a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning;
"they sat by the fire and talked"
once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)
feelings of great warmth and intensity;
"he spoke with great ardor"
fuel that is burning and is used as a means for cooking;
"put the kettle on the fire"
"barbecue over an open fire"
a severe trial;
"he went through fire and damnation"
intense adverse criticism;
"Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party"
"the government has come under attack"
"don't give me any flak"
start firing a weapon
cause to go off;
"fire a gun"
"fire a bullet"
bake in a kiln so as to harden;
terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position;
"The boss fired his secretary today"
"The company terminated 25% of its workers"
go off or discharge;
"The gun fired"
drive out or away by or as if by fire;
"The soldiers were fired"
"Surrender fires the cold skepticism"
call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses);
"raise a smile"
destroy by fire;
"They burned the house and his diaries"
provide with fuel;
"Oil fires the furnace"
- The fire flared up as I put more firewood on it.
- The house is on fire!
- A cigarette thrown into the woods in dry weather may start a fire.
- She curled up in front of the fire with a book.
- They regrouped and were ordered to open fire.
- His speech lacked fire.
- She fired her gun at them.
- The officer commanded his men to fire.
- He was fired by his boss.
- The engine is only firing on three cylinders.
- You'll have an opportunity to fire off questions at the end of the lecture.
- There is no smoke without fire.
- Don't play with fire.
- Animals are afraid of fire.
- Keep away from fire!
- A house is on fire in the next street.
- A fire broke out.
- The fire captain with his loyal men were cheered.
- The weather is too warm for a fire.
- Warm yourself by a fire.
- Put some more coal on the fire.
- He has spent a lifetime fighting fires.
- Look out for fire.
- Have you insured your house against fire?
- The enemy were exposed to our machine gun fire.
- The enemy plane was forced down by our ground fire.
- We gave him covering fire as he dashed across the clearing.
- His speech lacked fire.
- Her eyes were full of fire.
- The fire of his speech is concentrated on recisionism.
- This article is full of words of fire.
- This bittersweet quality fuels his artistic fires.
- There was no one to fire for them.
- Damp wood will not fire.
- The gun fired.
- The officer ordered his men to fire.
- We'll fire if you come any nearer.
- The captain ordered his man to start firing.
- The engine will not fire.
- The engine is only firing on three cylinders.
- The police fired in an attempt to disperse the crowd.
- The bandits fired a house.
- He fired a shot.
- He fired two shots, both missed.
- Who fired the first shot?
- The captain ordered his men to fire a salute.
- They fired poisoned arrows at us.
- They fired 1500 shells.
- His laziness fired her temper.
- What fired your ambition to write the novel?
- Her stories fired the little boy's imagination.
- Her speech fired the crowd's admiration.
- I fired him.
- The manager fired Bob because he was always late for work.
- The gun was fired.
- Modern missiles can be fired from air, land or sea.
- He was fired by patriotism.
- She was fired on the spot.
- He was fired when he loafed on the job.
- Jim was fired for inciting other workers to rise against their boss.
- Workers who breathed a word of it were instantly fired.
- The cook was fired for being incompetent.
- Tom was fired for his carelessness.
- Sorry to tell you, but you are fired from the office.
- be on fire
情绪激昂 be excited
- between two fires
腹背受敌 being shot at from two directions
- catch fire
着火,燃烧 be burning
- get on like a house on fire
一见如故 feel like old friend at the first meeting
- go through fire and water
赴汤蹈火 face great hardship and danger
- open fire on
向…开枪 start shooting
- play with fire
玩火,铤而走险 take great risks
- pull out of the fire
(使)转败为胜 make sth successful in spite of difficulties
pull sth out of the fire
We just managed to pull the game out of the fire.
- set fire to
放火烧,点着了… be burning
- set on fire
使情绪激动 make sb have excited feeling
- take fire
激动起来,激情冲动 become excited
- under fire
受到指责 be blamed
- fire at (v.+prep.)
向(某人)提出(问题等) direct sth to sb
fire at sb/sth
The robber fired at him but missed him.
She learns to fire at birds.
The soldiers fired at the house until the enemy came out.
He took careful aim and fired at the rabbit.
The soldiers were firing at the target.
士兵们向目标连续射击。fire sth at sb/sth
He fired his pistol at me.
Fire the gun at the enemy.
He fired his gun at the target.
Fire most of your shots at the middle of the ship.
The gunman fired three bullets at the police.
那个持枪歹徒向警察开了三枪。fire sth at sb
From time to time he fired questions at me.
A young American fired questions at us about agriculture.
The lawyer fired questions at the witness.
- fire away (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉开始; 热烈地谈; 发问 begin especially speak; talk actively or ask question
fire away at sb/sth
We kept firing away at the enemy until they retreated.
The troops were firing away at the advancing enemy.
The enemy were firing away at nothing.
We are all ready to listen to you, so fire away !
All right, fire away with your questions.
All right, fire away, old chap,I'm listening.
He hesitated for a time, but I told him to fire away and tell me what had happened.
I'm ready to answer questions, fire away.
If anyone has any question, fire away.
- fire into (v.+prep.)
朝…里射击 (cause to) shoot into (sth such as the air or a group)
fire into sb/sth
The police fired into the crowd.
The police fired into the air in an attempt to disperse the crowd.
警察朝天鸣枪以驱散人群。fire sth into sth
He ran into the bank and fired his gun into the air.
The huge rockets were fired into the air from a place in Europe.
- fire off (v.+adv.)
接二连三地提问〔射击〕 make them rapidly, one after another
Our militia fired off volley after volley from anti-aircraft artillery.
我民兵的高射炮连续进行射击。fire sth ⇔ off
They fired off so many questions at him that he hardly knew what to do.
No sooner had the speaker finished than a person in the audience fired off half a dozen questions at him.
His answers were fired off even more quickly than the questions had been.
- fire on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
朝…射击 shoot at (sb/sth)
fire on〔upon〕 sb/sth
When ordered to fire on the mobs some of the soldiers refused to do so.
The enemy fired on the town.
Fire upon the fort.
They are firing upon the enemy works.
- fire over (v.+prep.)
朝…的上方射击 shoot in a direction above (sth)
fire over sth
The soldiers were ordered to fire over the head of the crowd.
- fire up (v.+adv.)
突然生气,勃然大怒 get up
fire sth ⇔ up
We had better fire up the furnace.
He fired up a cigarette and went on with his work.
他点了一支香烟,然后又接着工作了。fire sth ⇔ up
We are having difficulty in firing up the ship's engines.
Don't fire up like that, no one wants to hurt your feelings.
She often fired up for trifles.
He fired up as soon as he saw me.
他一见到我就发火。fire up at sth
He hated the noise and always fired up at the sound.
She fired up at the least thing.
她为一点点的小事就会发怒。fire sb ⇔ up
She has a quick temper; such little things will fire her up.
- fire with (v.+prep.)
使(某人)满怀(某种激情) fill (sb) with (an excited feeling)
fire sb with sth
His speech fired the people with keenness for the plan.
He was fired with the wish to visit China.
He demanded that he himself be fired with the spirit of whole-heartedly serving the people.
- arouse sb's fire 唤起某人的热情
- bring the fire under control 把火势控制住
- build a fire 生火
- catch fire 着火
- cause a fire 引起火灾
- cease fire 停火
- escape a fire 幸免于火灾,未被大火烧死
- fan a fire 煽火
- fight a fire 救火,同火搏斗
- go through fire and water 赴汤蹈火
- hang fire 犹豫不决,迟迟不动
- hold fire 忍着不表态
- keep away from fire 切勿近火
- light a fire 点火
- make a fire 生火
- open fire 开始,开火
- play with fire 玩火
- pour oil on fire 火上浇油
- prevent a fire 防止火灾,防火
- pull sth out of the fire 把某物从火中救出,转败为胜
- put in a fire 生气
- put out a fire 把火熄灭,扑灭火
- set fire to sth 把某物点燃,使某物燃烧
- set sth on fire 放火烧某物
- start a fire 点火
- stop a fire 灭火,停火
- take fire 着火
- accidental fire 偶然的火灾
- blazing fire 熊熊烈火
- bright fire 明亮的火焰
- dangerous fire 危险的大火
- great fire 大火
- hot fire 烈火,炽热的火焰
- running fire 连发,连射,一连串的指责
- air-raid fire 空袭火力
- artillery fire 炮火
- camp fire 篝火
- forest fire 森林火灾
- ground fire 地面炮火
- machine-gun fire 机枪火力
- prairie fire 星星之火
- warm oneself at the fire 烤火
- between two fires 腹背受敌
- full of fire 充满怒火
- the cause of the fire 火灾的原因
- on fire 失火,在燃烧
- cook the meat over the fire 在炉火上煮肉
- under fire 遭到炮火袭击,受到攻击
- burn it with fire 用火烧掉它
- fire ahead 开始提问,继续射击
- fire fearfully 可怕地发火
- fire mortally 极其生气
- fire suddenly 突然爆发出
- fire away 开始提问,继续射击
- fire away at the enemy 不断向敌人开火
- fire away with sb's questions 提问题
- fire back in self-defence 自卫还击
- fire off 结束
- fire sb out 把…开除
- fire up 生火,点火,发火,突然爆发
A face as red as fire.出自： J. Mabbe
Dead and decaying things seemed to..fire his imagination.出自： R. K. Narayan
To fire me with a sense of wonder at the marvels of science and technology.出自： M. Moorcock
- set on fire, catch fire
- 前者表示使动,意思是“使燃烧”,可以是故意的或意外的; 后者表示自动,意思是“燃烧”,一般是意外的。例如:
- The house caught fire.这房子失火了。
- The despot set his house on fire before he took to flight.恶霸逃跑前,放火烧了自己的房子。
- set on fire, be on fire
- 前者强调动作; 后者强调状态。例如:
- The houses were set on fire by the enemy.房子被敌人放火烧了。
- The houses were on fire.房子着火了。
- on fire, on the fire
- 这两个短语的意思有区别:on fire的意思是“着火”“情绪激昂”; on the fire的意思是“尚未决定”“在准备中”。例如:
- His voice sounded louder and higher, as if he were on fire with eagerness and anger.他的声音越来越大,越来越尖,好像他很生气,非常激动的样子。
- He has a new novel on the fire.他正准备写一部新小说。
- set fire, light
- set fire可表示意外或故意烧着了或点燃了某东西,如房子、衣服等; 而light表示点燃香烟、炉灶、蜡烛等。例如:
- He lit a cigarette.他点燃了一支香烟。
- Who set fire to the house?是谁纵火烧这房子的?
- fire at, fire on
- fire on后面常接炮击的对象往往是炮台、船只、城市、人群等; fire at射击的对象往往是人、动物或某一场合。
- fire, ignite, inflame, kindle, light
- 1.fire多用于口语中,表示迅速燃烧起来,并产生通红的颜色; light是普通用语,指发光或发热; kindle指需较长时间或事先要做一定准备方能点燃。例如:
- Someone fired the building.有人放火烧了那栋楼房。
- She lighted the candles.她把蜡烛点燃。
- The spark kindled the dry wood.火星燃着干柴。
- 2.ignite多用于科技方面,指来势凶猛的燃烧,或与易燃物接触后所引起的燃烧; inflame则多用于文学作品中,指激起强烈的感情。例如:
- Spontaneous combustion ignited the heap of oil-soaked rags in the basement.自燃使得地下室渍油的破布堆燃烧起来了。
- Her question seemed to inflame him all the more.她的问题似乎使他更加恼火了。
误 Tell him to do a fire.
正 Tell him to make a fire.
误 Give me a fire for my pipe.
正 Give me a light for my pipe.
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的fyr；最初源自原始日耳曼语的fuir，意为火，火把。
- hire 雇用