sack

  核心词汇  
[sæk]     [sæk]    
  • n. 袋子;解雇
  • vt. 解雇;把 ... 装入袋子;劫掠
sacked sacked sacking sacks
new

sack的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 麻袋,袋,硬纸袋,粗布袋,麻布大袋
  2. <口>开除,解雇
  3. <美俚>床,睡袋
  4. 劫掠
  5. 【棒】垒
  6. 掠夺(物)
  7. 宽身长袍,宽短外衣
  8. 卧铺铺位
  9. 一袋
  10. 萨克葡萄酒,干白葡萄酒
v. (动词)
  1. <口>开除,解雇,炒鱿鱼
  2. 胜过,战胜,打败
  3. 抛弃
  4. 洗劫,劫掠,抢劫,掠夺,侵吞,破坏
  5. 把...装进袋里,装…入袋
  6. 装袋运输
  7. 把...驱逐出校
  8. <美俚>上床,睡觉,入睡
  9. 【美式足球】撞倒四分卫,踢足球时把某人扭倒

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C] 麻袋,包 a large bag, usually of strong rough cloth, strong paper, or plastic used for storing or carrying flour, coal, etc.
  2. [C] 一袋之量 the amount that a sack contains
  3. [S] 开除,解雇 dismissal from one's job
  4. [S] 洗劫,劫掠 act or process of sacking a town, etc.
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 装入袋中 put into a sack or sacks
  2. vt. 洗劫 plunder violently
  3. vt. 开除 dismiss from employment or office; fire

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases

  2. an enclosed space;

    "the trapped miners found a pocket of air"

  3. the quantity contained in a sack

  4. any of various light dry strong white wine from Spain and Canary Islands (including sherry)

  5. a woman's full loose hiplength jacket

  6. a hanging bed of canvas or rope netting (usually suspended between two trees); swings easily

  7. a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist

  8. the plundering of a place by an army or mob; usually involves destruction and slaughter;

    "the sack of Rome"

  9. the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)

Verb:
  1. plunder (a town) after capture;

    "the barbarians sacked Rome"

  2. terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position;

    "The boss fired his secretary today"
    "The company terminated 25% of its workers"

  3. make as a net profit;

    "The company cleared $1 million"

  4. put in a sack;

    "The grocer sacked the onions"

sack的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. There is a sack of potatoes in the corner of the room.
    屋子一角有一袋马铃薯。
  2. He tumbled his clothes and books into a big sack.
    他把他的衣服和书胡乱装进一只大口袋。
  3. The poor guy got the sack yesterday.
    那个可怜的家伙昨天给辞退了。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. If you are late again, the boss will sack you.
    如果你再迟到,老板就会解雇你。
  2. The child sacked the toys and went to bed.
    那个孩子把玩具装进了袋子,然后上床睡觉。
  3. Imperial troops sacked Rome in 1527.
    皇家军队于1527年洗劫了罗马城。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Coal used to cost 3 shillings a sack.
    以往一袋煤值三先令。
  2. There are many sacks of corn.
    有许多袋玉米。
  3. He bought a sack of potatoes.
    他买了一袋土豆。
  4. I bought three sacks of rice.
    我买了三袋米。
  5. He got the sack for petty thieving.
    他因小偷小摸而被开除了。
  6. The invaders put all to the sack.
    入侵者把所有的东西洗劫一空。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The old lady was sacking the rice.
    那位老妇人在装大米。
  2. I got hired one summer to sack grain.
    有一年夏季,我受雇替人把粮食装袋。
  3. They were sacking the potatoes in the field.
    他们正在地里把土豆装袋。
  4. The invaders sacked the city.
    侵略者把这座城市洗劫一空。
  5. The boss sacked a dilatory worker yesterday.
    昨天老板开除了一个凡事都爱拖延的人。
  6. 1
  7. All my books were sacked and sent to London.
    我的书都装在袋子里寄到伦敦去了。
  8. Thousands of people were killed when the town was sacked.
    该镇被劫掠之时,成千上万的人惨遭杀害。
  9. Facer was sacked five days ago.
    费塞五天前被解雇了。
  10. Three railwaymen were sacked because they would not join a union.
    三名铁路工人因不愿加入工会而被解雇。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
sack for (v.+prep.)
    因…而解雇(某人) fire (sb) because of (sth)
    sack sb for sth

    One of the workers was sacked for drunkenness.

    一名工人因醉酒而被炒鱿鱼。

    She was sacked for incompetence.

    她因不称职而被解雇。

sack in〔out〕 (v.+adv.)
    〈美口〉上床睡觉 go to sleep
    sack in〔out〕

    Where did you sack in last night?

    昨晚你们在哪儿睡觉的?

    Where are you going to sack out?

    你们准备去哪里好好睡一觉?

sack up (v.+adv.)
    〈美口〉获取利润 gain a profit
    sack up

    How much did we sack up this time?

    这次我们获得多少利润?

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 名词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • A small part of his wheat..had been sacked.

    出自: F. Norris
  • The town refused to surrender, and after an eight days' siege it was sacked.

    出自: C. Hill

sack的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. sack可用作单位词,如果sack of修饰不可数名词,则只需将sack变成复数形式; 如果修饰可数名词,则名词要变成复数形式, sack也要变成复数形式。sack of前还可有数词和不定冠词a修饰。
v. (动词)
  1. sack用作名词时意思是“袋”,转化为动词意为把某物“装入袋中”,引申可表示“洗劫”“开除”等。
  2. sack一般只用作及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。作“开除”解时,常用于被动结构,用for引出被开除的原因。
  3. sack在美国俚语里有时也可用作不及物动词,常与in或out连用表示“上床睡觉”,较粗俗。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
sack, bag
  • 这两个词都有“包”“口袋”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.sack指由结实材料制成的大袋子,而bag指由皮革或纸制成的包袋。
  • 2.sack多用于储运谷物等笨重的大件物品,而bag则用来装小一些东西的物品,并能随身携带。例如:
  • Your bag is on the desk.你的提包在桌上。
  • There are many sacks of corn.有许多袋玉米。
  • bag,sack,handbag,purse
  • 这些名词均含“袋”之意。
  • bag普通用词,指一般的口袋,有时也指手提包。
  • sack应用范围较窄,指较大的袋子,如麻袋等。
  • handbag指手提包,尤指女人用的手提包。
  • purse指钱包或小钱袋,在美国相当于bandbag。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的sacc,意为大的布包,粗麻布;最初源自原始日耳曼语的sakkiz。

    sack的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】

    临近单词

    今日热词
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