set

  基本词汇  
[set]     [set]    
  • v.放置;设定;确定;规定;调整;分配;(太阳)落下去;将(宝石)镶嵌到(某物);配乐
  • n.集合;组合;日落;一套;一副;一局比赛;舞台;姿态;头发的定型
  • adj.规定的;固定的;不变的;做好准备的;固执的;不自然的
set set setting sets
new

set是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 安排
  2. 安置,调整,整理
  3. 设置
  4. 使处于
  5. 下沉
  6. 安装
  7. 接合
  8. 孵蛋
  9. 出发,动身,启程
  10. 结(果实、籽等)
  11. 规定
  12. 放,搁,置,贴,靠,落
  13. 竖立
  14. 使接触
  15. 使坐落
  16. 为设置背景
  17. 凝固,凝结
  18. 布置
  19. 使就座
  20. 使凝结
  21. 衰落
  22. 树立
  23. 确定
  24. 镶嵌
  25. 使开始
  26. 定型,固定
  27. 指定
  28. 陈述,阐明
  29. 引发
  30. 偏西
  31. 使着手做
  32. 校正,调正
  33. 装置
  34. 着手于,开始
  35. 固着,不褪
  36. 趋向
n.(名词)
  1. 布景
  2. 姿势
  3. 摄影场
  4. 一伙人
  5. 阶层
  6. 凝结
  7. 收音机
  8. 电视机
  9. 插枝
  10. 一盘比赛
  11. 爵士乐组
  12. 发型
  13. 一盘,一套,一副
  14. 球茎
  15. 下沉
adj.(形容词)
  1. 固定的,确定的,不变的
  2. 指定的
  3. 规定的,既定的
  4. 固执的,顽固的,下定决心的,强硬的,坚决的
  5. 准备好的
  6. 很有可能的
  7. 呆板的
  8. 装好的
  9. 预定的
  10. 不动的
  11. 急切的
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =Selective Employment Tax 选择性职业税
  2. =Secure Electronic Transaction 【计】安全电子交易标准

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 放,搁置 put sth somewhere; fix; arrange
  2. vi. (日、月等)落,下沉 (sun, moon etc.) go down from the sky
  3. vi. (植物)结子,结果 (of plants) form and develop seed or fruit
n.(名词)
  1. [C] (一)套,(一)副 a group of similar things that belong together in some way
  2. [U] 装置,机组 device for receiving radio or television signals
adj.(形容词)
  1. 固定的 arranged in advance or settled
  2. 不变的 fixed and unchanging

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
set : 装置,仪器 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 集( ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 安置, 配置 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 凝固 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : =Securitie ...
set : 放, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 规定, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
set : 布景;舞者 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 长插穗;组 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 字宽 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 装置,设备 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used;

    "a set of books"
    "a set of golf clubs"
    "a set of teeth"

  2. (mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols;

    "the set of prime numbers is infinite"

  3. several exercises intended to be done in series;

    "he did four sets of the incline bench press"

  4. representation consisting of the scenery and other properties used to identify the location of a dramatic production;

    "the sets were meticulously authentic"

  5. an unofficial association of people or groups;

    "the smart set goes there"
    "they were an angry lot"

  6. a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular way;

    "the set of his mind was obvious"

  7. the act of putting something in position;

    "he gave a final set to his hat"

  8. a unit of play in tennis or squash;

    "they played two sets of tennis after dinner"

  9. the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization;

    "the hardening of concrete"
    "he tested the set of the glue"

  10. evil Egyptian god with the head of a beast that has high square ears and a long snout; brother and murderer of Osiris

  11. the descent of a heavenly body below the horizon;

    "before the set of sun"

  12. (psychology) being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way;

    "the subjects' set led them to solve problems the familiar way and to overlook the simpler solution"
    "his instructions deliberately gave them the wrong set"

  13. any electronic equipment that receives or transmits radio or tv signals;

    "the early sets ran on storage batteries"

Adjective:
  1. (usually followed by `to' or `for') on the point of or strongly disposed;

    "in no fit state to continue"
    "fit to drop"
    "laughing fit to burst"
    "she was fit to scream"
    "primed for a fight"
    "we are set to go at any time"

  2. fixed and unmoving;

    "with eyes set in a fixed glassy stare"
    "his bearded face already has a set hollow look"
    "a face rigid with pain"

  3. situated in a particular spot or position;

    "valuable centrally located urban land"
    "strategically placed artillery"
    "a house set on a hilltop"
    "nicely situated on a quiet riverbank"

  4. set down according to a plan:

    "a carefully laid table with places set for four people"
    "stones laid in a pattern"

  5. being below the horizon;

    "the moon is set"

  6. determined or decided upon as by an authority;

    "date and place are already determined"
    "the dictated terms of surrender"
    "the time set for the launching"

  7. converted to solid form (as concrete)

Verb:
  1. put into a certain place or abstract location;

    "Put your things here"
    "Set the tray down"
    "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"
    "Place emphasis on a certain point"

  2. fix conclusively or authoritatively;

    "set the rules"

  3. decide upon or fix definitely;

    "fix the variables"
    "specify the parameters"

  4. establish as the highest level or best performance;

    "set a record"

  5. put into a certain state; cause to be in a certain state;

    "set the house afire"

  6. fix in a border;

    "The goldsmith set the diamond"

  7. make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc;

    "Get the children ready for school!"
    "prepare for war"
    "I was fixing to leave town after I paid the hotel bill"

  8. set to a certain position or cause to operate correctly;

    "set clocks or instruments"

  9. locate;

    "The film is set in Africa"

  10. disappear beyond the horizon;

    "the sun sets early these days"

  11. adapt for performance in a different way;

    "set this poem to music"

  12. put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground;

    "Let's plant flowers in the garden"

  13. apply or start;

    "set fire to a building"

  14. become gelatinous;

    "the liquid jelled after we added the enzyme"

  15. set in type;

    "My book will be typeset nicely"
    "set these words in italics"

  16. put into a position that will restore a normal state;

    "set a broken bone"

  17. insert (a nail or screw below the surface, as into a countersink)

  18. give a fine, sharp edge to a knife or razor

  19. urge to attack someone;

    "The owner sicked his dogs on the intruders"
    "the shaman sics sorcerers on the evil spirits"

  20. estimate;

    "We put the time of arrival at 8 P.M."

  21. equip with sails or masts;

    "rig a ship"

  22. get ready for a particular purpose or event;

    "set up an experiment"
    "set the table"
    "lay out the tools for the surgery"

  23. alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard;

    "Adjust the clock, please"
    "correct the alignment of the front wheels"

  24. bear fruit;

    "the apple trees fructify"

  25. arrange attractively;

    "dress my hair for the wedding"

set的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He set aside the book and lit a cigarette.
    他把书放置在一边,点燃了香烟。
  2. How do we set the enrollment criteria?
    我们如何设定录取标准?
  3. We have set the date for the wedding.
    我们已经确定了婚期。
  4. We set a limit on the expenses of the trip.
    我们规定了这次旅游的费用。
  5. These instruments have been finely set.
    这些仪器是经过精密调整的。
  6. The manager set various tasks to the clerks.
    经理向职员们分配各项任务。
  7. I saw the sun set down inch by inch in the courtyard.
    我在院子里看到太阳慢慢地落下去。
  8. She had the sapphire set in a gold ring.
    她把那枚蓝宝石镶在金戒指上了。
  9. The famous musician was invited to set music for the film.
    那位著名的音乐家受邀为那部电影配乐。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. It may be a very simple or complicated set of instructions.
    这个指令的集合可能非常简单,也可能十分复杂。
  2. The sun has rise and set.
    太阳总要有日出日落的。
  3. I received a set of gardening tools on my birthday.
    生日那天,我收到一套园艺工具。
  4. She has a set of false teeth.
    她有一副假牙。
  5. How many points is the winner to get before one set ends?
    要取得多少分才能算赢一局?
  6. The cast must all be on the set by 7 in the moring.
    全体演员必须在早上7点钟到场。
  7. She admired the firm set of his jaw.
    她喜欢他那副紧绷着下巴的刚毅神态。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Please follow the set procedures when you use this product.
    使用该产品时请遵循规定的步骤。
  2. There is no set time limit on this.
    这个没有固定的时间限制。
  3. He is old and stubborn and set in his ways.
    他年老气衰,固执己见,做事方式一成不变。
  4. Are you set for the party tonight?
    你准备好了参加今天晚上的宴会吗?
  5. As people get older, they get set in their ways.
    随着年龄的增长,人就积习成性。
  6. His face took on a set expression.
    他脸上现出凝滞的神态。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. It will be cooler when the sun has set.
    太阳落山之后会凉快一点。
  2. We must get home before the sun sets.
    我们必须在太阳落山之前到家。
  3. The round sun was setting.
    圆圆的太阳正在落山。
  4. Outside the night was very quiet and still, and the new moon was setting.
    外面是寂静的深夜,一弯新月正在下沉。
  5. Dusk sets early in winter.
    冬季天黑得早。
  6. That star sets very early in summer.
    夏天那颗星落下很早。
  7. His star has set.
    他的好运已过。
  8. The jelly hasn't set yet.
    果冻尚未凝固。
  9. Use up the cement before it sets.
    要在水泥凝固之前把它用完。
  10. Concrete soon sets in dry, warm weather.
    在干燥而热的天气里,混凝土不久即凝固。
  11. Some kinds of concrete set more quickly than others.
    某些混凝土比其他混凝土凝结得快。
  12. His eyes set.
    他的眼神发呆。
  13. His character has set.
    他的性格已经定型。
  14. The apple won't set this year.
    今年苹果不结果。
  15. The apple blossom hasn't set well this year.
    苹果花今年没结多少果实。
  16. Our apple trees set well last year even though there was a water shortage.
    尽管缺水,我们的苹果树去年还是结了不少果实。
  17. The current sets strongly eastwards.
    急流迅猛东去。
  18. The new dress sets well.
    那件新连衣裙非常合适。
  19. Her behaviour does not set well with her age.
    她的行为和她的年龄不相称。
用作及物动词 S+~+ pron./n.
  1. While her mother prepared the dinner,Mary set the table.
    母亲在做饭时,玛丽在桌子上摆上餐具。
  2. She set the food and drink before the guests.
    她把食物和饮料放在客人面前。
  3. She set the milk.
    她使牛奶凝固。
  4. The cook set the white of an egg by boiling it.
    厨师煮蛋使蛋白变硬。
  5. The doctor set his broken leg.
    医生把他骨折的腿接好了。
  6. The surgeon set her broken arm.
    外科医生为她接好断臂。
  7. The old man can set a broken bone.
    这位老汉会接骨。
  8. The boy set an insect butterfly.
    那个男孩把蝴蝶固定起来作标本。
  9. The girl likes very much to set a butterfly.
    这位姑娘十分喜欢用蝴蝶作标本。
  10. I help my wife to set her hair.
    我帮我妻子做了一个发型。
  11. The hunter sets his traps.
    猎人布置陷阱。
  12. They set the last week in July as the deadline for going to press.
    他们确定7月的最末一周为付印的最后期限。
  13. I'm setting a limit of three hours that you may spend on this essay.
    我规定你在这篇文章上花的时间不得超过3个小时。
  14. The club set $100 as the membership fee.
    该俱乐部规定会费为100美元。
  15. I'll do that, but only if we set a few rules.
    我可以干,但我们得定几条规矩。
  16. We can set some rules.
    我们制定了一些规则。
  17. Who will set the paper this year?
    今年谁出题?
  18. Let's set the alarm clock.
    咱们定好闹钟吧。
  19. He set the alarm for six o'clock.
    他把闹钟调在6点响。
  20. Please set the clock ahead.
    请把钟朝前拨。
  21. After winding the watch, he set it at eight o'clock.
    他上紧表的发条后,就把表针调到8点。
  22. When your plane lands in New York, set your watch forward two hours.
    飞机到纽约后,把手表拨快两小时。
  23. I always set my watch by the time given on the radio.
    我总是根据电台的报时校准我的表。
  24. She set the camera for a long-distance shot.
    她调好相机焦距,准备拍摄远处的目标。
  25. He set a new land speed record.
    他创造了一项陆上速度的新纪录。
  26. By allowing them to go unpunished we are setting a dangerous precedent.
    让他们不受惩罚,我们将开创一个危险的先例。
  27. I rely on you to set a good example.
    我全靠你来树立个好榜样。
  28. Rock stars often set popular clothes.
    摇滚乐歌星往往推出流行的时装。
  29. Have the printers set the type yet?
    排字工人把字排好了吗?
  30. 用于be ~ed结构
  31. The bone in his leg has not been properly set.
    他的腿骨没有接好。
  32. Has the date for the competition been set?
    比赛的日期定下来没有?
  33. The time and date of the meeting have not been set.
    开会的时间和日期尚未确定。
  34. What books have been set?
    规定哪些书要读一读?
用作双宾动词 S+~+ n./pron. + n.
  1. Set Bob a task.
    给鲍勃分配一项工作。
  2. He set the boys some work.
    他给男孩子们指派了一些活儿。
  3. The teacher set the class various exercises.
    老师叫学生们做各种练习。
  4. The teacher set her students a hard problem.
    这位老师给她的学生们出了一道难题。
  5. Her behaviour sets us all a good example.
    她的行为为我们大家树立了良好的榜样。
  6. The old should try and set the younger children a good example.
    老年人应努力为年轻的孩子们树立一个好榜样。
  7. The teacher set the pupils a fine example.
    教师为学生们树立了好榜样。
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. He was set the task of finding a way to balance the budget.
    分派给他的任务是叫他设法使预算的收支平衡。
S+~+ n. +to pron./n.
    用于be ~ed结构
  1. A noble example was set to us.
    我们有了一个崇高的榜样。
S+~+ n. +for pron./n.
  1. It seems foolish to set that book for such young students.
    这么年幼的学生选用那本书是可笑的。
  2. Shall I set the table for dinner?— Yes, please, set it for six people.
    要我准备餐桌吗?——对,请准备6个人用餐的。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj./adv.
  1. They made a raft and set it afloat.
    他们做了一个筏子,使它漂浮在水上。
  2. She untied the rope and set the boat adrift .
    她把绳索解开,放开小船。
  3. The fire was started by a small child who had set some paper alight while playing with matches.
    火是由一个玩火柴把纸点燃的小孩引起的。
  4. Please set the bird free.
    请把鸟放掉吧。
  5. They set those prisoners free.
    他们释放了那些囚犯。
  6. They loosened the prisoners' chains and set them free.
    他们打开犯人的镣铐把他们释放了。
  7. Who will set the people free from these cruel rulers?
    谁来解放这些受着残酷的统治者压迫的人民?
  8. They set him mad.
    他们使他疯了。
  9. If I make a mistake when I read out the results, please set me right.
    我读结果,如有错请指正。
  10. A good night's rest will set you right.
    好好睡一觉,你就会恢复的。
  11. The medicine will quickly set you right after your illness.
    这药将使你病后很快恢复正常。
  12. He set the mistake right.
    他把错误改正了。
  13. She set the matter right.
    她把这件事处理好了。
  14. We can set tihngs right if we act immediately.
    如果我们马上采取措施,我们可以纠正错误。
  15. She said my name wrongly so I set her straight.
    她把我的名字说错了,我纠正了她。
  16. Set your hat straight.
    把你的帽子戴端正。
  17. They set the office straight before going home.
    回家之前他们把办公室收拾整齐。
  18. They set a post upright.
    他们把一根柱子竖起来。
  19. 用于be ~ed结构
  20. The dry undergrowth was set alight by the hot sun.
    干燥的林下植物被炎热的太阳点燃了。
  21. Her eyes are set very close together.
    她的两只眼睛长的距离很近。
  22. The general made the suggestion that the political prisoners should be set free.
    将军提议释放政治犯。
  23. Because of his good conduct in prison, he was set free before the end of his term of imprisonment.
    由于在狱中表现良好,他被提前释放了。
  24. He gave the command that the prisoners should be set free.
    他下令释放囚徒。
  25. Through the agency of friends, he was set free.
    在朋友的帮助下,他获释了。
  26. When an atom of U ̄235 is split, several neutrons are set free.
    一个铀235原子分裂时,释放出几个中子。
  27. The dog mustn't be set loose.
    这只狗不可以放开。
S+~+ n. + prep. -phrase
  1. He set his house in order.
    他把他的房子收拾得很整齐。
S+~+ pron./n. +to- v
  1. He set the boy to cut the tree.
    他指使那男孩把树砍掉。
  2. We set him to write a report.
    我们叫他写报告。
  3. He then set them to write reports on what they had done.
    他然后叫他们把自己所做的事写个报告。
  4. The teacher set the students to write a composition.
    老师布置学生写一篇作文。
  5. His appearance set people to stare at him.
    他的外表使人们都盯着他看。
  6. I've set myself to finish the job by the end of May.
    我已决心在5月底以前完成工作。
  7. Mrs. Smith set herself to produce a pleasant atmosphere.
    史密斯太太竭力想使气氛活跃。
  8. They set themselves to hunt down the traitor.
    他们自己去追踪叛徒。
  9. She set a match to fire.
    她用火柴点火。
  10. Set a thief to catch a thief.
    以毒攻毒。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. These books were set to be read by the class during the term.
    这些书是规定这班学生本学期要读的。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
  1. The joke he said set me laughing loud.
    他讲的那个笑话逗得我哈哈大笑。
  2. His funny performance set everybody laughing.
    他滑稽的表演使每个人大笑起来。
  3. His clumsy mistake set all the girls giggling.
    他的笨拙的动作引得姑娘们咯咯地笑了起来。
  4. His behaviour set people talking.
    他的行动引起了人们的议论。
  5. The sudden noise set the dog barking.
    这突然的声响惊得狗汪汪叫起来。
  6. It's time we set the machine going.
    是我们发动机器让它运转的时候了。
  7. At that same instant, a deafening explosion set the windows rattling.
    正在这时,一声震耳欲聋的爆炸突然袭来,把窗玻璃震得当当地响。
  8. He set the factory going again.
    他使这家工厂又重新开工了。
  9. Blow, bugles, blow, set the wild echoes flying.
    响起来,号角,响起来,让激昂的回声在空中震荡。
  10. We must set things going.
    我们必须使事情有个开始。
  11. The old men having set the ball rolling, the others began to throw in their suggestions.
    老头儿们开了头,别人都纷纷出起主意来。
  12. 用于be ~ed结构
  13. We were set laughing.
    我们被逗得大笑起来。
  14. In the next few months the movement was set going throughout the country.
    在以后几个月中,运动就在全国开展起来了。
  15. I was set wondering by the remark that he let fall.
    他有意无意说出的那番话令我感到惊异。
其他 v -ed as o-Compl.
  1. She is having her hair set for the party.
    她正在为参加聚会做头发。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I want one more stamp to complete my set.
    我再有一枚邮票就凑成一套了。
  2. This set of the furniture is very good.
    这套家具非常好。
  3. These sets of machines are out of date.
    这几套机器过时了。
  4. Don't adjust your TV set.
    请勿自行调试电视机。
  5. I don't see your TV set.What happened to it?
    我没看到你的电视机,到哪儿去了?
  6. She went there to mend the radio set.
    她去那里修理收音机。
  7. He's not of our set.
    他不是我们一伙里的人。
  8. His is the sporting set.
    他那一伙人是体育运动爱好者。
  9. He used to be with a very fast set.
    他过去经常和一些不务正业的人在一起。
  10. He goes round with a rather wild set.
    他常和一群放荡人在一起。
  11. Hollywood has many old movie sets.
    好莱坞有许多电影布景。
  12. We need volunteers to help build and paint the set.
    我们需要有人自愿帮忙把布景搭起、画好。
  13. He was a set designer.
    他是一个布景设计者。
  14. Everyone must be on the set ready to begin filming at 10 o'clock.
    每个人都须在10点前到场作好拍摄的准备。
  15. Becker won the second set 6-4.
    贝克以6比4赢了第二盘。
  16. The group played a very impressive set.
    乐队演奏了一组非常动人的乐曲。
  17. Please I'd like a shampoo and set.
    请给我先洗头,然后做头发。
  18. A shampoo and set costs 8 pounds.
    洗头、做头发共8英镑。
  19. You'll get a better set if you use gelatine.
    如果你用明胶,会凝结得好些。
  20. You won't get a good set if you put too much water in the jelly.
    果冻掺水太多就凝固不好了。
  21. The wind had a western set.
    风一直在向西吹。
  22. The current had a northeasterly set.
    水朝东北方流去。
  23. The set of the tide is towards the shore.
    潮水正涌向海岸。
  24. Some fish like to swim against the set of the current.
    有些鱼喜欢逆水而游。
  25. The set of public opinion was now strongly toward peace.
    现在舆论趋势是强烈地要求和平。
  26. She's in the top set in maths.
    她在数学成绩最好的班上。
  27. The set {x, y} has two members.
    这个集{x, y}有两个项。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Are the meals at set times in this hotel?
    这家旅馆是在固定的时间开饭吗?
  2. All his children must study at set hours each day.
    他所有的孩子都必须在规定的时间里学习。
  3. I was there before the set time.
    我在规定的时间之前到达那儿。
  4. The examination will have questions on the set books.
    考试将就指定的课本出一些问题。
  5. There is a set procedure for making formal complaints.
    要正式提出投诉是有固定程序的。
  6. She greeted her guests with a set smile.
    她作出一副微笑的样子向客人致意。
  7. He had a set smile on his face.
    他脸上带着假笑。
  8. He looked at me with a set stare.
    他凝视着我。
  9. Her face wore a grim, set look.
    她脸上显出严厉、木然的神情。
  10. She looked at the picture with set eyes.
    她目不转睛地盯着那张照片。
  11. The hotel offers a set form of service.
    这家旅馆按照一成不变的方式服务。
  12. He is an old man of set opinions and won't change his mind now.
    他是一位有固定见解的老人,现在他不会改变看法。
  13. I'll have the set lunch, please.
    请给我来个午餐套餐。
  14. We have come here for a set purpose.
    我们来到这里是有目的的。
  15. He thanked me in a number of set phrases for my help.
    他说了很多客套话感谢我的帮助。
n. +~
  1. There is a house set on a wooded hillside.
    在树木丛生的山坡上有一栋房子。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Our plans for the new corporation are all set.
    我们对新公司的筹划已经准备妥当。
  2. Get set!
    各就各位!
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. Are you all set for the journey?
    你们都为旅行准备好了吗?
  2. The building is set back from the road.
    这栋房子离道路有一段距离。
  3. The house is set in beautiful grounds.
    这栋房子在一座美丽的庭院里。
  4. The woman is set in her opinions.
    这个女人很固执。
  5. The government are set against raising taxes.
    内阁坚决反对增加税收的意见。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. I was set to leave home when the news came.
    消息传来时,我正要离家外出。
  2. Are you all set to go to work?
    你们都准备好去上班了吗?
  3. The government is set to introduce new tax laws soon.
    政府打算很快就实行新税法。
  4. The temperature is set to drop very low tonight.
    今夜气温很可能降得很低。
  5. This issue seems set to cause serious embarrassment to the government.
    这个问题似乎有可能给政府造成很尴尬的局面。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
set about1( v.+adv. )
  1. 〈非正〉散布(谣言) spread bad news, rumors, etc. set sth ⇔ about

    Someone is always setting stories about that the Prince is to be married.有人总是在散布谣言说什么王子要结婚。

set about2( v.+prep. )
  1. 开始做(某事) begin to do sth set about n./v-ing

    How should we set about our work?我们该怎样做这工作?

    We set about our task at once with great enthusiasm.我们立刻兴致勃勃地干起来。

    I must set about my packing.我得开始收拾行李了。

    Mother set about making tea.妈妈张罗着沏茶。

    He set about writing his report.他开始写报告。

    He asked me how he should set about learning the German language.他问我他该如何着手学习德语。

    I will set about seeing him off.我就去送他。

  2. 攻击(某人),抨击(某人) attack sb verbally or physically set about sb

    If those boys steal any more of my fruit,I'll set about them with my spade.如果那些男孩子再偷我的水果,我就要用铁锹揍他们了。

    In a very forceful speech he set about his critics.他以有力的发言驳斥了他的批评者。

    Don't set about him; he doesn't know what's been going on.别怪罪于他,他对发生的事情一无所知。

set above( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…置于…上方 place sth in a position higher than sth用于 be ~ed 结构

    The notice was set above the door, and I didn't see it. 通知贴在门的上方,我没看见。

  2. 认为…高于… consider sth/sb as being more important or worthy of attention than sth/sb elseMothers are well-known for setting the needs of the family above their own interests.众所周知,做母亲的总是把家庭需要置于个人的利益之上。

    Getting out of debt must be set above buying anything new. 首先要还清债务,然后才能购置新东西。

set across( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…横在…上 place or move sth/sb into place or move sth/sb into a position across sth set sb/sth across sth

    If you do that again,I'll set you across my knee and beat you.如果你再干那种事,我就把你横在我的膝盖上揍你。

set against( v.+prep. )
  1. (使)靠着… place sth/sb next up sth/sb set sb/sth against sb/sth

    Set the sleeping child against his brother.把睡着的孩子放到他哥哥身旁。

    I set the basket against the door, hoping that the housekeeper would find it.我把篮子靠门放着,希望管家能够找得到。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The plank was set against the wall.木板靠着墙壁。

  2. (使)在…的映衬下 show sth in front of a background set against sth

    The trees looked bare and threatening, set against the darkening sky.那些树在灰暗的天空映衬下,显得裸秃可怕。

    set sth against sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Diamonds look best when they are set against black cloth.钻石用黑纱映衬显得最美。

  3. 把…与…相比 compare sth with sth else set sth against sth

    Setting the results against those of the last election, we can see a clear improvement.把这次的选举结果和上次的相比较,我们可以看到明显的进步。

  4. (使)与…平衡 balance sth against sth opposite set sth against sth

    We must set the cost against the advantages of the new invention.我们必须权衡那项发明的代价与利益。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    But there is a disadvantage to be set against this fact.尽管事实如此,相比之下,仍有不利之处。

  5. (使)与…为敌; 反对… make sb an enemy of sb else; oppose sth firmly set sb/sth against sb/sth

    The civil war set brother against brother.内战使同胞兄弟反目成仇。

    She accused her husband of setting their children against her.她指责丈夫使子女反对她。

set ahead( v.+adv. )
  1. 前进,生长 make sth advanceThe warm weather has set the crops ahead by a month.暖和的天气使庄稼提前一个月就长了起来。
  2. 提前 move or change sth such as an event to an earlier time or dateWe were able to set the meeting ahead because the report was prepared earlier than we expected.我们提前召开了会议,因为报告比预定日期提前准备好了。
  3. 往前拨 move the hands of a clock or watch to a later timeIn spring we usually set the clocks ahead one hour to take advantage of the summer daylight.春季我们通常把钟往前拨一小时以充分利用夏天的白昼。
set among( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…置于…中 place sth/sb in the middle of a group set sb/sth among sb/sth

    If you set the boy among all those tall children, he looks even shorter.你若让这孩子站在大个孩子中,他看上去显得更矮。

    Let's set some white flowers among the blue ones.咱们在蓝色的花中间插一些白花吧。

set apart( v.+adv. )
  1. 〔说明〕 set apart通常不用于进行体。 set sb/sth ⇔ apart
  2. 分开放,隔离开 place sth/sb separatelySet the fighting boys apart.把打架的男孩拉开。

    People suffering from highly infectious disease are set apart until they are better. 人们得了极易使人感染的病就会被隔离起来直到病情好转。

    The chair was set apart from the others for the special guest. 另外设置的这把椅子是为那位特殊客人专设的。

  3. 留出,拨出 keep sth for sthSet apart a sum for new equipment.留出一笔款项添置新设备。
  4. 突出,区别 make noticeable or outstanding; distinguishHer bright red scarf set her apart from the other girls.她那鲜红的围巾使她在姑娘们中间显得特别突出。
set aside( v.+adv. )
  1. 把…放置一旁,不理会 set sth especially money or time aside for a special use, purpose; keep available for that use or purposeLet's set aside our personal feelings.咱们把个人感情放在一边。

    The judge set aside the decision of the lower court. 法官对下级法庭所作的决定不予理会。

    Setting the chair aside, he sat on the floor. 他把椅子搁到一旁,坐在地板上。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    I warned them not to do it, but my objections were set aside. 我警告他们不要那样做,但他们没有理会。

  2. 取消,驳回 cancel or reject sthThe Appeal Court set aside the prisoner's sentence. 上诉法院撤销了对刑事被告的判决。

    The original verdict was eventually set aside by the Supreme Court. 原判最后被最高法院撤销了。

  3. 留出 keep sth for sthHe tries to set aside at least half an hour every day for jogging.他尽量每天留出半个小时用于慢跑。

    She set aside five hours a week to learn French. 她每星期留出5个小时的时间来学法语。

    Each week she tried to set aside a few dollars. 她每周设法存下几美元。

    The hotel manager set aside two pleasant rooms for us. 旅馆经理给我们留出两间舒适的房间。

set at( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 set at通常不用于进行体。
  2. 置…于…一旁 place sth/sb in position next to or in front of sth set sth at sth

    The worshippers set their sacrifices at the feet of the god.朝拜的人们把他们的供品置于神像的脚下。

  3. 把…固定在… fix sth measurable such as a price or temperature at set sth at sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The rate of interest is set at 11.5%.利率定为11.5%。

  4. 猜测…达到… guess sth to be an amount number, etc. set sth at sth

    I set the value of the horse at 134 pounds.我估计这匹马值134镑。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His income can be set at £9000 a year.估计他的收入每年大约能达到9000英镑。

  5. 试图吸引… try to attract sb of the opposite sex set one's cap at sb

    It's no use that new secretary set her cap at the director, he's not interested in women.新秘书想勾引主任,那是徒劳的,他对女人不感兴趣。

  6. 违抗…,蔑视 refuse to obey sth such as a law set sth at defiance

    One mustn't set the law at defiance.任何人不得蔑视法律。

    The prisoner's refusal to answer has set the court at defiance, and he must be punished.囚犯拒绝回答,实属蔑视法庭,必须予以惩处。

  7. 使…安心 make sb feel comfortable, not nervous set sb at his ease

    His behaviour did nothing to set me at my ease.他的行为无法使我安心。

  8. 认为…没有价值 consider sth to be of little value set sth at naught 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Most election promises can be set at naught.竞选时所做的许诺大都没有什么价值。

    All our victories are set at naught if we lose sight of our principles.如果我们无视我们的原则,我们所有的胜利都无多大意义。

set back( v.+adv. )
  1. 〔说明〕 set back通常不用于进行体。 set sb/sth ⇔ back
  2. 向后移 move sth in a backward directionWhy don't you set your chair back a little to get a better view?你怎么不把椅子向后移一下,好看得更清楚点儿?

    The crisis set back the entire economy of the world. 那次经济危机使整个世界的经济全面衰退。

  3. 靠后坐落 place sth distance away from a road, etc.用于 be ~ed 结构

    The house is set back some distance from the street. 这房屋离街面有一段距离。

  4. 推迟,耽搁 delayFinancial problems have set back our building programme.财政困难使我们的建造计划推迟了。

    The accident has set them back several weeks. 那次事故已使他们耽搁了几个星期。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    All their efforts at reform have been set back. 他们所有的改革努力都遭受挫折。

  5. 往后拨 put backThis clock is not telling the right time. Please set its hands back ten minutes.这只钟报时不准,请往回拨十分钟。
  6. 花费 costHow much did your new bicycle set you back?你的新自行车花掉了你多少钱?

    This house will set us back a fair sum. 这房子得花费我们相当大的一笔钱。

set before( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…置于…之前 place (usually sth) in position in front of sthShe set her money before her mother.她把钱放到她妈妈面前。
  2. 提出…供…参考 offer sth such as an idea for consideration or approval by sb or a group in powerThe government has set two choices before the voter.政府为选民提供两项选择。

    Your suggestion will be set before the board of directors at their next meeting. 你的建议将提交董事会的下次会议审议。

set beside( v.+prep. )
  1. 挨着,靠近 place sth/sb next to sth/sbSet the baby beside his mother.让婴儿挨着他母亲。

    The bread mixture was set beside the fire to rise. 和好的做面包的面团靠火放着,好让它发起来。

  2. 把…与…相比较 compare sth/sb with sth/sbSet beside the attractions of a place with continuous sunshine, living in this city seems very dull.与一个总是阳光明媚的地方相比,这个城市的生活显得十分阴郁。

    Money seems unimportant when sets beside the joys of family life. 与天伦之乐相比,金钱显得微不足道。

set by1( v.+adv. )
  1. 搁在一旁 put sth on one side, especially for a short timeShe was reading a book, but set it by when the telephone rang.她正在看书,电话铃一响,她就把书搁到一旁。
  2. 中断 discontinue sth such as work for a timeHe set his new book by for a year while he wrote some magazine articles to make a bit of money.他把新书的写作搁置了一年,在此期间,他给杂志写点文章赚点钱。
  3. 抛开,撇开 cease paying attention to sth such as a habit or feelingIt's time to set our differences by and work together for a common purpose.该是我们抛开分歧,为一个共同的目的而协力工作的时候了。
  4. 留出,拨出 save (usually money or time)I set the whole afternoon by for work on the book.我留出整整一个下午的时间来攻读那本书。
set by2( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…置于…旁边 place beside sth/sb set sb/sth by sb/sth

    The mother set the toy gently by the side of the sleeping child.母亲把玩具轻轻地放在入睡的孩子身旁。

    Please set these chairs by the window.请把这些椅子放在窗户旁。

set down( v.+adv. )
  1. (使)放下,(使)坐下 put down; cause to sit down set sb/sth ⇔ down

    He set down the heavy box and rested for a while.他放下沉重的箱子歇一会儿。

    He set me down in a comfortable chair.他让我坐在一张舒适的椅子里。

    They bought some drinks at the bar then set themselves down at a table.他们在酒吧买了些饮料,然后在桌旁坐下。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The desk was set down before the window.把写字台放在窗前。

  2. 制定,确定 establish; choose sth set sth ⇔ down

    We had to set down the rules for the behaviour of the members.我们不得不制定规则来约束会员们的行为。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    You knew the hearing was set down today.你当时知道审讯于今天举行。

  3. 降落 land set down

    We set down in a heavy fog.我们在浓雾中降落。

    set sth ⇔ down

    The pilot was able to set the damaged plane down safely in a field.那位飞行员终于把已损坏的飞机安全地降落在一片旷野上。

  4. (叫…)下车 allow or cause to get down set sb ⇔ down

    Please set me down at the street corner.到街头拐角处请让我下车。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The second passenger asked to be set down at the church.第二位乘客请求在教堂前下车。

  5. 记下 write down set sth ⇔ down

    She listened attentively and set down every word he said.她专心听着,把他说的话一字不漏地记下来。

  6. 标出 mark sth on a plan, map, etc. set sth ⇔ down 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The areas of future redevelopment are set down clearly on the map.要重新开发的地区已在地图上清清楚楚地标了出来。

set down as( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 set down as通常不用于进行体。 set sb/sth ⇔ down as sb/sth
  2. 把…登记为… record as being or doing sthYou can set the telephone bill down as a business cost.你可把电话费登记为办公费。

    I see that you're set down as a former police officer; why do you want this job? 我从登记上看到你原来是一位警官,你为什么要来干这份工作呢?

  3. 把…认作为 judge sb to be a certain kind of personAs the man had rough hands,I set him down as a farm worker.这人双手粗糙,我认为他是个农场工人。
set down for( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 为…确定… fix (a date) for (an event such as a trial); decide to hold (an event such as a trial) on (a certain day) set sth ⇔ down for sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    13 April has been set down for the trial.审判定于4月13日举行。

    Monday has been set down for the next meeting.确定星期一召开下次会议。

set down to( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 把…归于… consider sth to be the result of sth set sth ⇔ down to sth

    I set his bad temper down to his recent illness.我认为他脾气不好是因为他最近生病的缘故。

set fire to
  1. 放火烧,使着火 make sth catch fire

    The demonstrators set fire to the mayor's house. 示威群众放火烧了市长的房子。

set for( v.+prep. )
  1. 为…确定或选定 decide on sth such as books or questions to be used in an examination or for studentsWho is setting the questions for the examination?谁来确定考题?

    It seems foolish to set that book for such young students. 为这么年幼的学生选用那本书是愚蠢的。

  2. 为…定时 arrange the controls of a machine so that it works at a certain timeI've set the clock for 6:30 so that we can be up early to swim before breakfast.我把闹钟定在六点半,这样我们可以早早起床,在早饭前游泳。
  3. 为…准备 prepare a table for a mealCan you set the table for supper?你摆好桌子准备吃晚饭好吗?

    The table is set for six guests. 桌子上摆好了六位客人的餐具。

set forth( v.+adv. )
  1. 起程,出发 begin a journey or start set forth

    They set forth on their bike at once after breakfast.一吃完早饭,他们就骑车动身。

    The troop set forth on their ten-mile hike early.军队一早就开始他们的10英里徒步行军。

    They set forth in three small boats.他们分乘三条小船出发了。

  2. 详尽地解释 explain fully; give details of; show clearly set forth sth

    The Prime Minister set forth the aims of his government in a television broadcast.首相在一次电视讲话中阐明了政府的目标。

    In his preface the author set forth his reasons for writing the book.作者在前言中阐明了他写这本书的原因。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His views were fully set forth in a written statement.他的观点在一篇书面声明中得到了充分的阐述。

  3. 展示,陈列 exhibit or display set forth sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Many newly-unearthed cultural relics are set forth in the exhibition hall.展览馆里陈列着许多新出土的文物。

set forward( v.+adv. )
  1. 往前移动 move sth into a position further in front set sth ⇔ forward

    Why not set the table forward?为什么不把桌子向前移动一点呢?

  2. 起程 begin a journey or start set forward

    The climbers set forward towards the mountain in bright weather.天气晴朗,登山运动员向着那座山出发了。

  3. 提出,阐述 put forward; declare set sth ⇔ forward

    He set forward several practical proposals.他提出了几项切实可行的建议。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The committee's plans are set forward in the report.报告中阐述了委员会的计划。

  4. 提前 make sth advance set sth ⇔ forward

    We shall have to set the meeting forward because of the holiday next week.下周休假,我们得把会议提前。

  5. 往前拨 move or change (sth such as an event) to an earlier time or date set sth ⇔ forward

    Please set forward your watches an hour.请把你们的表往前拨一个小时。

set in1( v.+adv. )
  1. 嵌入 insert set sth ⇔ in

    The builders set the panels in very carefully.建筑工人把嵌板非常小心地镶进去。

    Set the glass in carefully so that it fits the window frame exactly.把玻璃小心地嵌入,使其与窗框恰好吻合。

  2. 开始出现并可能持续 begin and seem likely to continue set in

    Commerce in the urban districts has been carried on smoothly since winter set in.自从冬季来临后,市区的商业一直在顺利开展着。

    Fungus set in and killed the plants.霉菌开始生长并把植物弄死了。

    You'd better paint the woodwork before decay sets in.你最好在木制品腐朽之前就上漆。

    An infection has set in, and his leg will have to be removed.伤口受到感染,他的腿只好锯掉。

  3. 缝上 stitch set sth ⇔ in

    You'd better set in the sleeves first.你最好先把衣袖缝上去。

  4. 背景设置 give a background set sth ⇔ in

    The scenery does not fill the space properly, we should set in an additional piece here.这布景不能把舞台布置完满,我们应该在这儿另加一个布景。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The novel is set in pre-war London.这部小说以战前的伦敦为背景。

  5. 缩排 place type in a position away from the edge of the page set sth ⇔ in 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The next three sentences should be set in.下面的三句应该缩排。

  6. 开始向岸上袭来 blow or flow towards the shore set in

    The wind began to set in at noon.中午时风开始向岸上吹来。

    The wind set in strongly.风猛烈地刮着。

    The current sets in towards the shore.潮水向岸边涌来。

  7. 驶向岸边 move towards the shore set sth ⇔ in

    The captain set the ship in.船长将船驶向岸边。

    It's time to set the ship in.该把船驶向岸边了。

set in2( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…置于 place (sth/sb) in position in (sth such as a frame)She set the baby in my arms and ran away .她把孩子塞到我怀里,转身就跑了。

    The mother set her baby in the chair. 母亲让婴儿坐在椅子上。

    Set the eggs gently in the basket. 把蛋轻轻地放在篮子中。

  2. 把…做成 fix (hair) when wet into (a certain style)Why do you always set your hair in large waves?你为什么老是把头发做成大波浪式?
  3. 把…固定在…上 fix (sth such as a jewel) in (a setting)The jeweler charges lots of money to set diamonds in a bracelet.珠宝匠要很多钱才肯把钻石镶在手镯上。

    The diamonds were set in gold, making the ring very dear. 几颗钻石镶在金子上,使那戒指非常昂贵。

  4. 将…安排在… provide (a scene in a story, play, etc.) with a setting in (a particular place)用于 be ~ed 结构

    The scene is set in a forest surrounding a mysterious castle. 场景是环抱着一座神秘城堡的大森林。

  5. 排字 arrange for printing用于 be ~ed 结构

    This edition has been set in large type. 这个版本是用大号字体排印的。

    This dictionary is set in Press Roman. 本词典排版用的是罗马字体。

set off( v.+adv. )
  1. 出发,动身 begin a journey; start off; start out set off

    When shall he set off tomorrow?他明天几点出发?

    We will set off at six o'clock tomorrow morning.我们将于明天早晨6点出发。

    They've set off on a trip round the world.他们已出发作环球旅行。

    We set off at dawn so that we could get to the coast before lunch time.我们黎明时分出发,这样便能在午饭前到达海边。

    Chichester set off once more in spite of his friends' attempts to dissuade him.奇切思特不顾朋友们的劝阻,再次启程远航。

  2. (使)开始; 引起 (cause to) begin set sb/sth ⇔ off

    She had stopped crying but his shouting set her off again.她已经不哭了,但是他的大声喊叫使她又哭了起来。

    That strike set off a series of strikes throughout the country.那场罢工引起了全国的罢工浪潮。

    set sb ⇔ off v-ing

    That set all of them off laughing again.那又惹得他们哄堂大笑。

    Don't mention the war! You'll set grandfather off reminiscing for hours.不要提那场战争,你会让爷爷几个小时都沉浸在往事的回忆中。

  3. 使看上去很好 make sth look very good set sth ⇔ off

    The gold frame sets off the painting very well.金框把画衬托得更加漂亮。

    That dress sets off her jewellery to perfection.那件连衣裙把她的珠宝饰物衬托得美极了。

    Her great wealth, as he thought, set off her plain face.他认为她的巨额财富足以补偿其貌不扬。

  4. 点燃,爆炸 become ignited; explode set sth ⇔ off

    Be careful that you don't set the fireworks off by mistake.当心点,别弄错了引起那些爆竹爆炸。

    The children are setting fireworks off in the garden.孩子们在花园里燃放烟火。

set on1( v.+adv. )
  1. 前进 move ahead or advance, as to an attack set on

    The enemy is near us; now, set on!敌人已靠近我们了,冲啊!

  2. 煽动 encourage sb (to do sth wrong) set sb ⇔ on

    He tried in vain to set on the crew of the ship to rebellion.他企图煽动那艘船的船员哗变。

    I refuse to have that child to the party, he always sets the others on.我拒绝让那孩子参加晚会,他老挑唆其他孩子。

  3. 开始雇用 begin employing (sb) set sb ⇔ on

    Trade was so good that the firm was able to set on more workers.该公司生意兴隆,所以有能力雇用更多的工人。

set on2( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…置于…之上 put (usually sth) in position on top of (sth) set sth on sth

    Set the plates gently on the table, they are very delicate.盘子非常易碎,要轻轻放在桌上。

    He set his hand on my shoulder comfortingly.他把手搭在我肩上,使我感到安慰。

    He set the camera on automatic.他把照相机调到自动挡位。

  2. 使…咬人 cause (an animal) to attack (sb) set sth on sb

    I'll set my dog on you if you don't leave at once!你若不马上离开,我就让狗咬你。

    He set the dog on the thief.他放狗去咬那个贼。

  3. 攻击(某人) attack (sb) set on sb

    The youths set on the old man and robbed him.那几个青年袭击了那位老人,并且抢了他的东西。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She was set on by a thief in the park.她在公园里遭到一个窃贼的袭击。

set out( v.+adv. )
  1. 动身,出发 start off〔说明〕 set out作此解时,可用现在进行时表示按计划安排或打算将要发生的动作。 set out for somewhere

    They set out immediately for Rome.他们立即动身去罗马。

    They set out for Britain yesterday.他们昨天动身到英国去了。

    Early the next morning he set out on foot for Changsha.第二天一早,他就动身步行去长沙。

  2. 着手,开始 begin a course of action set out to-v

    The government has set out to make many needed reforms.政府开始进行许多必要的改革。

  3. 安排,组织 arrange or organize sth set sth ⇔ out

    He set out all the pieces on the floor.他把一幅幅的作品都摆放在地板上。

    John expects to have an opportunity to set out his plan at the next meeting.约翰希望在下次会议上有机会说明他的计划。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The room is set out with pictures.房间里装饰着图画。

    All the sales were set out on the stall.所有的商品都摆到了货摊上。

    My plans for the firm have been set out in this document.我为公司制定的各项计划都写在这份文件中了。

set to1( v.+adv. )
  1. 〔说明〕 set to通常不用于进行体。 set to
  2. 〈非正〉开始努力干 begin working hardFind a spade and set to, there's a lot of work to do in the garden.找把铁锹好好干起来吧,花园里要干的活儿多着呢。
  3. 大吃起来 begin eating eagerlyWhen the children saw the table full of party food, they set to with a will and soon ate it all.孩子们看到了桌上摆满了宴会食品,便狼吞虎咽地吃了起来,不一会儿就把东西吃得精光。
  4. 打起来,吵起来 begin fighting or quarrellingTwo angry women set to and began to pull each other's hair.两个愤怒的女人相互吵架并开始彼此抓住头发厮打。

    The two brothers set to and fought bitterly. 兄弟俩打起来了,而且打得难解难分。

set to2( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…置于…旁,使…与…相连接 place sth next to sth; join or touch sth with sth set sb/sth to sth

    She set a finger to her lips to signal silence.她把一个手指贴近嘴唇示意安静。

    John set his lips to the class.约翰用嘴唇触及玻璃杯。

    He set a match to the dry timber.他用火柴去点燃那干木头。

  2. 把脸转向… turn to face sb in a square dance set to sb

    Set to your partner.转向你的舞伴。

  3. 谱曲 compose music for set sth to sth

    The composer set a sonnet to music.作曲家为一首十四行诗谱了曲。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Many of Burns's poems were set to music.彭斯的很多诗都谱了曲。

set up( v.+adv. )
  1. 建立,创立,竖立 establish or organize and buildThey set up a factory for making television sets.他们开办了一家制造电视机的工厂。

    Do you know how to set up a tent? 你知道怎样搭帐篷吗?

    They set up a bronze statue to his memory. 他们立了一座铜像来纪念他。

    It's time I left home and set up house for myself. 我已到了离开家庭自己成家立业的时候了。

    The government has set up a committee to examine the fishing industry. 政府已成立了一个委员会来检查捕鱼业。

    The young man has just set up a new national record in javelin throw. 那个小伙子刚创造标枪全国新纪录。

    The physicist has set up a new theory concerning the motion of particles. 这位物理学家就粒子运动提出了一种新的理论。

    Once I set up a goal,I won't give it up easily. 我一旦确定了一个目标,就不会轻易放弃。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Assembly lines have been set up. 流水作业线建立起来了。

  2. 准备; 安排 prepare or organize sthThe television men set up their apparatus ready to film.电视摄制人员将他们的全套设备安装好,准备开拍。

    Have the stage workers set up the scenery yet? 舞台工作人员设置好布景了吗?

    The government is setting up an inquiry into the most serious graft case. 政府正准备调查这个特大贪污案。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    All the arrangements have been set up for the newspapermen to meet the Queen. 新闻记者谒见女王的所有安排已经就绪。

  3. 〈非正〉推出来受罚 make sb fall into a trapThese two women set him up.那两个女人诬陷了他。

    The thief tried to set his companion up for punishment, but he also was caught and tried. 那个贼设法让他的同伙受罚,但他自己也被捕受审。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    I don't think she is set up. 我认为她不是冤枉的。

    I'm not to blame.I've been set up. 这事不应责怪我,是人家冤枉了我。

  4. 引起,产生 cause, createThe crowd set up a shout as the winner neared the post.优胜者接近终点时,人群中发出一片喊叫声。

    Smoking sets up irritation in the throat and the bronchitis passages. 抽烟刺激喉咙并会引起支气管炎。

    Just mention her name to him and he set up his bristles with anger. 只要在他面前提起她的名字,那个人就怒气冲冲。

    The man set up his bristles when I asked him to move. 当我请他挪动一下身子时,他就怒气冲冲。

  5. (使)能开始经商 enable to begin a practice or businessHis father set him up in the furniture trade. 他父亲资助他开始做家具生意。
  6. 自称; 自命 make a claimHe doesn't set himself up to be an experienced painter, but his works are pleasing to the eye.他虽没有自诩为有经验的画家,但他的作品看上去不错。
  7. 使恢复 begin or restore to normal healthYou need a holiday to set you up again after all that hard work. 干完那艰苦的工作之后,你需要有一个假期来恢复体力。
set up against( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 对…提出 raise (opposition) against (sb/sth) set sth ⇔ up against sb/sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Too much opposition was set up against the government's plan to control wages and prices, so that they had to cease it.政府控制工资与物价的计划遭到强烈的反对,使他们只好作罢。

  2. 决定与…竞争 decide to go into competition against (sb/sth) set oneself up against sb/sth

    If you set yourself up against an international company of that size, you can expect failure.你若决定与那样大的跨国公司竞争,就等着失败吧。

set up as( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 以…为职业〔立业〕 (cause to) start in business as (a kind of professional worker) set up as sb/sth

    It takes money to set up as a lawyer.要想当律师就得花钱。

    set sb ⇔ up as sth

    His father lent him some money to set him up as a shoe-maker.他父亲借给他一些钱,让他做制鞋生意。

  2. 宣称是… claim (oneself) to be a certain kind of person set up as sb/sth

    He sets up as a leader in the scientific field, but many other scientists disagree with him.他自称是科学领域的一个带头人,但许多科学家不承认他。

set up with( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 为…提供… provide (sb or a group) with (sth needed) set sb/sth ⇔ up with sth

    The new library can set me up with enough reading matter for a month at a time.图书馆一次可为我提供足够看一个月的读物。

set with( v.+prep. )
  1. 用…装饰… ornament sth with sth set sth with sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Her bracelet was set with emeralds.她的手镯上镶着绿宝石。

    The sky was set with countless stars.天空点缀着无数的星星。

用作名词 (n.)
(a) set of
  1. 一套,一伙 suit; suite; a band of people

    Alice wants a set of chess for Christmas. 爱丽丝想用一副棋作圣诞礼物。

    She bought a set of six tumblers. 她买了一套六只的平底无脚酒杯。

    She still has a set of teeth. 她还是一口好牙,一颗也不缺。

    He is proud of his possession of a complete set of books. 他为拥有全套图书而感到骄傲。

    Give me a complete set of Dickens' novels. 给我一套狄更斯小说全集。

    I have a complete set of carpenter's tools. 我有全套的木工工具。

    I've got a new job and a new set of work associates. 我有了新工作和一班子新同事。

    She has acquired a new set of interests. 她逐步有了一些新的爱好。

    I need one volume to complete my set of Dickens. 我再有一卷就收齐全套狄更斯的作品了。

    She completed her set of dishes by buying the cups and saucers. 她买了茶杯和茶碟把她的一套茶具配齐了。

    He did not belong to his set of friends. 他与他那伙朋友不一样。

make a dead set at
  1. 攻击 attack sbThe newspapers have made a dead set at this politician for using his official car for private purposes.报界抨击这位政治家动用公车办私事。
  2. 设法讨(异性)喜欢 try to let the opposite sex like sbJean's making a dead set at Charles.吉恩拼命讨查尔斯喜欢。
  3. 设法得到 try to obtain sthJim intends to make a dead set at winning the tennis prize this year.吉姆打算设法赢得今年网球赛大奖。
the set of
  1. …的样式〔形状〕 the style of; the type of

    He admired the smart set of the child's head. 他很欣赏那个孩子漂亮的头。

    She admired the firm set of his shoulders. 她很欣赏他很结实的肩膀。

    From the set of her shoulders it was clear that she was tired. 从她肩膀的姿态看,她很明显地累了。

    I recognized him by the set of his legs. 我从他走路的姿势认出是他。

    She carefully adjusted the set of her hat. 她小心地把帽子戴好。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • A girl..who made a dead set at me.

    出自:Thackeray
  • A direct set upon Phil was made by the satirical young rogues.

    出自:A. Mayhew
  • Almost every member of the British Press made a dead set for the hosiery counter.

    出自:Observer
  • A set of smugglers, gipsies, and other desperadoes.

    出自:Sir W. Scott
  • He moved in a fast set of hard-smoking and hard-swearing cronies.

    出自:C. Connolly
  • All the girls..in her set round the village are buying Miele dishwashers.

    出自:M. Bradbury
  • A well-designed set out table!

    出自:B. H. Malkin
  • Those believers..who will not..deal with a set-apart ministry.

    出自:G. Priestland
  • Who setting us upon Camels, conducted us to Mazna.

    出自:S. Johnson
  • Set a beggar on horseback, and he'll ride to the Devil.

    出自:Proverb

set的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. set作动词时,可表示“(太阳)落下去”。

    The sun has set.
    太阳已下山。
    注意set后不可再接down。

  2. set sb sth表示给某人某事。

    I have set him a task.
    我巳经给他一个任务。

  3. set sb to do sth表示使某人开始做某事。

    I have set him to a task.
    我已经使他开始做一个任务。

  4. set的宾语后可接现在分词。

    The joke set all of us laughing.
    这笑话让我们都大笑。

  5. set的宾语后也可接不定式。句子中的to catch也可改成to catching,把动作看成一个工作,可译为“她让她的猫去做捉老鼠的工作”;

    She set her cat to catch mice.
    她让她的猫去捉老鼠。

  6. set oneself to do sth表示“决意要做某事”。

    He has set himself to read through the long novel.
    他决意要阅读这个长篇小说。

v.(动词)
  1. set的基本意思是“放,搁”,指为了明确的目的而将某人或某物放在一个特定的位置或使其处于某种状态。引申可指“使凝固,使变坚固”“确定,制定”“估计,评价”“调整,对准”“使某人〔某物〕开始做某事〔发生作用〕”“树立,创造”“镶嵌,点缀”“谱曲,设置”“排字”等。
  2. set可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语,有时可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化成介词for或to的宾语。set还可接以形容词、介词短语、动词不定式或现在分词充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。set可用于被动结构。
  3. set的过去式和过去分词均为set。
n.(名词)
  1. set作名词时的基本意思是“一套”,引申可指“装置,机组”“一伙人,一群人”“形状,身材,样子”“布景,摄影场”“(网球等的)一盘(一般胜六局为胜一盘)”“音乐会的一部分”“做头发,凝固,凝结”“(风、水流等的)方向,倾向,趋势”等,在数学用语中set还可表示“集合”。
  2. set是可数名词,有复数形式。
  3. this set〔these sets〕 of在句中用作主语时,谓语动词的数须与set的数一致。
  4. set常与介词of连用,表示“一套”。
adj.(形容词)
  1. set作形容词的基本意思是“固定的”,引申可指“处于某位置”“规定的,指定的”“不动的,固定的”“套餐的,套菜的”“准备好,打算”“不变的,固执的”“故意的,具体的”等。
  2. set可以作定语,也可以作表语。作表语时,后可接介词短语或动词不定式。
  3. set无比较级和最高级形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
set about, set forth, set in, set out
这组短语都有“开始”的意思。其区别是:
1.set in一般指生病,天气变坏或不愉快的事等; set about指着手做某项工作; set forth特指部队行军; set out主要指外出旅行。
2.set about接名词、代词或动名词; set out可接带to的动词不定式。
例如:
We called the picnic off when it set in to rain.天开始下雨,我们把野餐取消了。
He set about his work as soon as he had finished his meal.他一吃完饭就开始工作了。
The soldiers set forth for Shenyang.战士们开始向沈阳进发。
They set out for Britain yesterday.他们昨天动身到英国去了。
set sb to-v, set sb v-ing
这两个短语在意思上有所区别:set后接名词或代词加现在分词是“使某人或某物处于某种状态”的意思。如果加动词不定式则是“叫某人着手做某事”的意思。
set, lay, place, put
这组词的共同意思是“放置”。其区别是:
lay强调把某物放置或使某物处于水平位置;而set指使某物处于直立的位置;put强调把某物移进或移出某处或某位置,或使处于某种地位、情况或关系的动作;place则不强调动作,而强调某一确定的地点或情况。例如:
You placed me in a difficult position.你使我陷入了窘境。
I put the suitcase on the table.我把手提箱搁在桌上。
They were setting the table for dinner.他们正在摆餐具准备开饭。
set up, build, construct, erect, establish, found
这组词的共同意思是“建造”“建立”。其区别是:
build是本组词中最常用者,指一般的“建造,建立”,可以表示具体的、特殊的以及比喻的和抽象的意义; construct强调“复杂性”,不强调花费的劳动(特别是体力劳动),而侧重动脑筋解决建造过程中的问题,即“构思”;erect强调“高度”,即竖立起来;establish表示稳固、持久地建立起具体或抽象的事物;found着重在建立之前打下基础;set up着重起点。例如:
The house was built of wood.这栋房子是用木头盖起来的。
They are planning to construct an office building.他们正在计划建一栋办公楼。
A skyscraper has been erected.一栋摩天大楼拔地而起。
My father established this firm forty years ago.我的父亲40年前建立了这家公司。
The house was founded on solid rock.这幢房子建在坚硬的岩石之上。
When was this company set up?这家公司是什么时候成立的?
set up, put up
这两个短语在表示“竖起,挂起”和“建立”时可互换,只是put up更常用些,但在表示“成立”“建立”某一机构、团体时,只能用set up。
下面两个句子的意思相同:
  • The jacket sets perfectly.
  • The jacket sits perfectly.
  • 这件夹克衫非常合身。
n.(名词)
set, band, circle, crowd, gang, group, herd, host, mass, mob, multitude
这组词的共同意思 是“一伙人”。其区别在于:
1.从组成上说:band常指有共同目的的、有领导者的一群人。 circle指因志同道合而形成的圈子或结成的团体,聚会频繁,文明高雅。crowd指毫无秩序地挤在一起的人群, 含有混乱、拥挤的意味。gang指为一个目标而聚在一起的一伙人, 常指在一起干坏事的人。group既可指有组织、有秩序的一群人, 也可指为一定目的临时聚在一起的一伙人;可指志趣相投的人,也可指社会团体;关系可密切,也可以是泛泛之交。herd 指有盲目追随心理的一群人。host指散落开来的一群人,也指军队或备有武装的人。mass指群众, 民众。mob指乌合之众或心怀不满而聚在一起寻衅滋事的一群人。multitude常指人数庞大的人群。set指有共同社会地位或相同目的的社会团体,也可泛指广泛的人群, 有时可指势力集团。
2.从用法上说:mass常用于复数形式;set常用于单数形式。
3.从修辞色彩上说:band, gang, herd, mob多含贬义;set指势力集团时也含有贬义。
4.从语体上说:host, set是口语用词;multitude是正式用词或较陈旧用词。
lay place put set
这些动词均有“放”之意。
  • lay:lay指小心地把人或物平放或横放,侧重动作安稳。
  • place:place较正式用词,指把某物放在一个正确的位置上,侧重动作的正确。
  • put:put普通用词,含义较广泛。指把人或物置于某处,并将其留在该处。
  • set:set普通用词,指为了某种目的而将人或物放在一定位置上。指物时多指立着放。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 烟火放出后,像流星一样划过天空。

    Soon after the fireworks were launched, they shot across the sky like meteors

    Soon after the fireworks were set off, they shot across the sky like meteors.

    launch 一般用于使(船)下水(launch a ship)或发射人造卫星(launch a man-made satellite),发射导弹(launch a missile),发射宇宙飞船(launch a spacecraft)等现代武器或科学仪器等。“放烟火”英语说set off/shoot off/let off fireworks。

  2. 我一大早动身去北京。

    Early in the morning I set out to go to Beijing.

    Early in the morning I set out for Beijing.

    set out to- v 表示“开始做…”,表示“动身到某地去”可用set out for somewhere。

  3. 汤姆着手写论文了。

    Tom set about to write his paper.

    Tom set about writing his paper.

    set about 作“着手或开始做某事”解,后面如跟非谓语动词作宾语,则需用动名词形式,不跟动词不定式。另外, set about后面还可以跟名词或名词短语作宾语。

  4. 他应该为他的孩子们树立一个更好的榜样。

    He ought to set a better example for his children.

    He ought to set a better example to his children.

    set a good better example to sb 是习惯用法,作“(给某人)树立榜样”解,其中介词 to不能用for替代。也可用 set sb a good example的结构表达相同的意思。

  5. 一旦玛丽下决心做一件事,她就不会轻易放弃。

    Once Mary sets her mind in sth she wouldn't easily give up.

    Once Mary sets her mind on sth she wouldn't easily give up.

    set one's mind on是固定短语用法,表示“一心想做(某事)或得到(某物)”,介词 on不能用 in替代。还可用 set one's heart on来表示同样的含义。

  6. 他们向朋友告别后就动身回家了。

    Having said farewell to their friends, they set off to home.

    Having said farewell to their friends, they set off for home.

    表达“动身去…”或“出发去…”往往用set off for (a place)的结构,介词 for不能用to替代。

  7. 他们放火烧了房子。

    They set the fire to the house.

    They set fire to the house.

    set fire to作“放火”或“纵火”解, fire前面不加冠词。

  8. 有人割破栅栏放走了犯人。

    Someone set free the prisoners by cutting through the bars.

    Someone set the prisoners free by cutting through the bars.

    set sb free为习惯用法,表示“释放(某人)”,这里宾语sb 必须放在set和 free之间,不能置后。

  9. 太阳从东方升起,西方落下。

    The sun rises from the east and sets down to the west.

    The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

    表示日月星辰降落需搭配介词 in。set这里本身就是go down的意思,所以无需再加down。

  10. 我照教堂的钟声对了表。

    I set my watch with the church bell.

    I set my watch by the church bell.

    set one's watch by 是“根据…对表”的意思, by 表示“依据”。

  11. 他们将在星期三启航去夏威夷。

    They will set sail to Hawaii on Wednesday.

    They will set sail for Hawaii on Wednesday.

    set sail for是固定短语,表示“启航去某地”,介词for不可换用to。

n.(名词)
  1. 我的好友送给我一套长征纪念邮票。

    My friend gave me a set of Long March memorial stamps.

    My friend gave me a series of Long March memorial stamps.

    set 表示的“套”侧重于成组事物本身结构上的完整性, series 表示的“套”侧重于成组事物按年代排列或情节发展的连续性。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的settan;最初源自古日耳曼语的astjanan,意为坐下。

set的相关资料:

正版词典

set : 全套,一套 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 〈体育〉盘 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 使(骨等)复 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : 放,置,放 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...
set : (一)套,( ...
在 《外研社意大利语词典》 中查看更多...

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