assign

  核心词汇  
[ə'saɪn]     [ə'saɪn]    
  • vt. 分配;指定;指派;归因;确定
  • n. 受让人
assignable assignably assignability assigned assigned assigning assigns
new

assign的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 【律】受让人,受托者,接受财产等转让的人
  2. (DOS命令)将驱动器符重指向第二个驱动器符
v. (动词)
  1. 分配(任务),把...分配给
  2. 指定,指派,委派,选派,派遣,任命
  3. 选定,定
  4. 【律】让渡,让与,(把)转让(财产、权利)过户给
  5. 分派,派定,派给
  6. 把...归因于
  7. 安排好,布置
  8. 交给
  9. 订出
  10. 确定(价值、功能、时间、地点)

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 分配; 交给 give sth to sb as a share of work to be done or of things to be used
  2. vt. 指派,选派 give as a share or duty
  3. vt. 指定,订出 fix or set aside for a purpose; decide on

英英释义

Verb:
  1. give an assignment to (a person) to a post, or assign a task to (a person)

  2. give out;

    "We were assigned new uniforms"

  3. attribute or credit to;

    "We attributed this quotation to Shakespeare"
    "People impute great cleverness to cats"

  4. select something or someone for a specific purpose;

    "The teacher assigned him to lead his classmates in the exercise"

  5. attribute or give;

    "She put too much emphasis on her the last statement"
    "He put all his efforts into this job"
    "The teacher put an interesting twist to the interpretation of the story"

  6. make undue claims to having

  7. transfer one's right to

  8. decide as to where something belongs in a scheme;

    "The biologist assigned the mushroom to the proper class"

assign的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. All the students are assigned to suitable jobs.
    所有的学生都分到了合适的工作。
  2. For example, you might assign each order a unique order number.
    例如,可能会为每个订单分配一个唯一的订单号。
  3. After establishing roles, you can assign individual users to a role.
    建立角色后,可以将各个用户分配到角色。
  4. For each class, you have to assign an instance name.
    对于每个类,您都必须指定一个实例名称。
  5. You can assign remote VPN clients to the network that you want them to use.
    您可以将远程VPN客户端指派到想让他们使用的网络上。
  6. They assigned his odd behavior to his ill health.
    他们把他的古怪行为归因于健康不佳。
  7. It is impossible to assign an exact date to this building.
    确定这座建筑物的确切年代是不可能的。
  8. Let us assign a day for the next meeting .
    让我们把下次会议的日期确定下来。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Our teachers assign too much homework.
    我们老师布置的家庭作业太多了。
  2. They assigned the rooms at the hotel.
    他们对旅馆房间做了分配。
  3. The professor assigned four chapters for this week.
    教授指定了四章作为本周的作业。
  4. I have assigned four hours for recording the data.
    我已留出四小时来记录数据。
  5. Have you assigned a day for the meeting?
    你们确定开会的日期了吗?
  6. The doctor could not assign a cause for her illness.
    医生说不出她生病的原因。
  7. It is impossible to assign any reason for his failure.
    很难说清他失败的原因。
  8. Detectives have been unable to assign a motive for the murder.
    侦探们还未能找出谋杀的动机。
  9. 1
  10. These carbines were assigned for guard duty.
    这些卡宾枪是站岗时用的。
  11. Work will be assigned daily.
    工作将每天分派。
  12. No reason can be assigned for his refusing the terms.
    没有任何理由来解释他为何拒绝这些条件。
  13. Has a day been assigned for the trial?
    开庭的日子确定了吗?
  14. These hours were assigned for the examination.
    考试规定为三个小时。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. I assigned you the job.
    我把这项工作分配给你。
  2. The hostess assigned me a place at the table.
    女主人给我安排了一个席位就餐。
  3. They have assigned me a small room.
    他们给我分配了一个小房间。
  4. They have assigned Wilson another class.
    他们又给威尔逊分配了一个班。
  5. He assigned us an easy task.
    他分配给我们一项轻松的任务。
  6. They assigned him an important task.
    他们分配给他一项重要任务。
  7. The teacher assigned each of the children a different task.
    老师给每个孩子都布置了不同的作业。
  8. Before parting he had assigned me several tasks.
    分手时,他给我布置了几项工作。
  9. The math teacher assigned us a lot of homework.
    数学老师给我们布置了很多作业。
  10. He assigned the students a few books to read.
    他给学生指定了几本书要他们读。
  11. The teacher assigned us two exercises to do at home.
    老师给我们留了两道练习在家做。
  12. 1
  13. I was assigned a car for my personal use.
    我分配到一辆汽车,供我个人使用。
  14. He was assigned a room on the second floor.
    他在二楼分了一个房间。
  15. We have been assigned the two large classrooms.
    我们分得了这两间大教室。
  16. He was assigned a secret mission.
    他领到一项秘密任务。
  17. I'm glad that you've been assigned such a task.
    我很高兴你分到了这样一项任务。
  18. I have been assigned the job of looking after the new students.
    分配给我的工作是照顾新来的学生。
  19. The most important people were assigned the most prominent seats.
    最重要的人物被安排在最显著的位置上。
S+~+sth+to sb
  1. Headquarters assigned the soldiers to a different unit.
    司令部把这些士兵分配到了另一部队。
  2. They assigned a room to us.
    他们把一个房间分给我们。
  3. They assigned the new task to me.
    他们把这项新任务交给我完成。
  4. They assigned a very difficult mission to us.
    他们把很艰巨的任务分配给我们。
  5. We'll have to assign a role to our new trainee.
    我们需给新来的实习人员分配一项任务。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as n.
  1. We can't assign jealousy as the motive for the crime.
    我们不能确定这一犯罪动机是出于嫉妒。
  2. 1
  3. Drunkenness is assigned as the reason for his failure.
    酗酒被认为是失败的原因。
  4. Financial difficulties were assigned as the probable cause of his suicide.
    据说经济困难可能是导致他自杀的原因。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. What did the teacher assigned us to do at home?
    老师给我们布置了什么家庭作业?
  2. The teacher assigned Wednesday evening to meet the parents.
    老师定于星期三晚上会见家长。
  3. The captain assigned two soldiers to guard the gate.
    上尉派两名士兵看守大门。
  4. They had assigned someone to watch me twenty-four hours a day.
    他们派人一天24小时对我进行监视。
  5. 1
  6. We were assigned to prepare a meal.
    我们被指派去做饭。
  7. I was assigned to collect tickets at the door.
    我被安排在门口收票。
  8. I've been assigned to interview the candidates.
    我受命去对候选者进行面试。
  9. I've been assigned to take notes.
    已指定我做记录。
  10. The reporter was assigned to cover international news.
    这个记者被派去采访国际新闻。
  11. British forces have been assigned to help with peacekeeping.
    英国军队已被派去协助维持和平。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
assign to (v.+prep.)
    转让;让与give the ownership of rights or property to sb
    assign sth to sb

    They assigned the new task to me.

    他们把这项新任务交给我完成。

    They assigned a very difficult mission to us.

    他们把很艰巨的任务分配给我们。

    We'll have to assign a role to our new trainee.

    我们需给新来的实习人员分配一项任务。

    assign sb/sth to sth/sb

    They've assigned their best man to the job.

    他们指派了最优秀的人担任这项工作。

    Headquarters assigned the soldiers to a different unit.

    司令部把这些士兵分配到了另一部队。

    It is wise to assign special exercises to the weaker students.

    为学习差的学生特别留一些练习是高明的。

    I was assigned to B platoon.

    我被派到B排工作。

    He was assigned to the company's branch in Cairo.

    他被派到公司的开罗分部。

    He was assigned to a middle school.

    他被分配到中学去工作。

    A different policeman has been assigned to the case.

    另一名警察被派去处理该案。

    Two senior officers were assigned to the investigation.

    两名高级军官被指派负责这项调查。

    A practical detective was assigned to the case.

    一位有经验的侦探被指定负责该案件。

    Tina has been assigned to the intermediate learners' group.

    蒂娜被分配到中级学生组。

    She had arranged to be assigned to the crowded men's wards.

    她经过安排被派到拥挤的男病房区去工作。

    The firm arranged that he should be assigned to the branch office.

    公司安排他到分公司去工作。

    assign sth to sth

    They assigned his bad temper to ill health.

    他们把他的坏脾气归因于健康不佳。

    The accident has been assigned to a faulty part in the engine of the bus.

    那次事故是因为公共汽车发动机中有一个有毛病的零件。

    assign sth to sth

    It is possible to assign an exact date to this building.

    这座建筑物的确切年代是可以确定的。

    They assigned a limit to the number of passengers.

    他们确定了一个乘客人数限额。

    They assigned the bridge to the 15th Century A.D.

    他们确定这座桥是15世纪时修建的。

    We cannot assign an exact date to these ruins.

    我们无法确定这个遗址的确切年代。

    We should be able to assign values to each of these components.

    我们应该能够给这些成分中的每一种确定价值。

    The antique is assigned to the eleventh Century.

    这种古玩被认为是11世纪的遗物。

    assign sth to sb/sth

    The agreement assigns copyright to the publisher.

    协议规定将版权转让给出版商。

    The bankrupt must assign all of his patents to the receiver.

    破产者必须把所有的专利权转让给破产管理人。

    She assigned her whole estate to a charitable organization.

    她把她的全部房产转让给一个慈善机构。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I assign to him the right of copy of an Imitation of the Tenth Satire of Juvenal.

    出自: S. Johnson

assign的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. assign的基本意思是“分配,交给”,指把房屋、土地、工作任务等分配给某人,而非完成某工作而选择人,带有指令性或官方色彩,是及物动词,一般后接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词to的宾语,有时间接宾语可以省略。
  2. assign也可作“指派,选派”解,指委派某人去做某事或分配某人到某岗位去工作,后常接动词不定式作宾语补足语或介词to引起的短语。
  3. assign还可作“指定,订出”解,指确定时间、地点、用途或说出原因、理由等,后接介词to或for,常用于被动结构中; 有时还可接as+ n. 充当补足语的复合宾语。
  1. 在美国,assign指“指定(功课)”,而其名词形式assignment则指“被指定的功课”,其后通常跟in,如an assignment in accounting;
  2. 注意assign后可加宾语,加to,再加名词或代词。不过习惯上常不用to。

    The authorities assigned him to an important task.
    他分配到了一个很重要的任务。

    The authorities assigned him an important task.
    上级给他分配了一个很重要的任务。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
assign, allot, apportion, distribute
  • 这四个词都有“分配”的意思。allot指多多少少地随意分配,没有公平分配或等量分配的意思; assign着重指分配的指令性,带有官方色彩,不包含平均分配的意思; apportion指公平分配、平均分配或按某种原则制定的比例来分配; distribute指将整体分成若干份来分配,也指分给某团体分散在各处的成员。
  • assign, define, prescribe
  • 这组词的共同意思是“规定”。其区别是:
  • define是指为了避免混乱等而确定范围; assign的本义是分配、分派任务的意思; 而prescribe是指作为规则、方针而加以确定。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语的assigner;最初源自拉丁语的assignare:ad (去) + signar (做标记),意为去做标记。
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