determine

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'tɜːmɪn]     [dɪ'tɜːrmɪn]    
  • v.决定;决心;确定;测定
determined determined determining determines
new

determine是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 决定,决心,决意,下决心,做出决定
  2. 使决定,使下决心
  3. 裁定,判决,裁决
  4. 确定
  5. 【律】终止,终结
  6. 断定
  7. 推定,测定
  8. 是...的决定因素
  9. 限定,规定
  10. 查明
  11. 准确算出
  12. 形成
  13. 支配
  14. 影响
  15. 安排
  16. 制定

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)下决心,(使)作出决定 (cause to) make a firm decision to do sth; (cause sth to) be decided
  2. vt. 确定,测定 fix or find out exactly
  3. vt. 限定; 制定; 支配 have a controlling influence on; have a direct and important effect on
  4. vt. 影响; 决定 decisively influence; fix

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
determine : 决定, 决心 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
determine : 确定;终止 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
determine : 决定, 确定 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study;

    "find the product of two numbers"
    "The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize"

  2. shape or influence; give direction to;

    "experience often determines ability"
    "mold public opinion"

  3. fix conclusively or authoritatively;

    "set the rules"

  4. decide upon or fix definitely;

    "fix the variables"
    "specify the parameters"

  5. reach, make, or come to a decision about something;

    "We finally decided after lengthy deliberations"

  6. fix in scope; fix the boundaries of;

    "the tree determines the border of the property"

  7. settle conclusively; come to terms;

    "We finally settled the argument"

  8. find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort;

    "I want to see whether she speaks French"
    "See whether it works"
    "find out if he speaks Russian"
    "Check whether the train leaves on time"

determine的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Chance will determine the outcome.
    机缘将决定结果
  2. I must now determine whether to meet him or not.
    我现在必须决定是否要见他。
  3. I am determined to find out the rights and wrongs of this matter.
    我决心查明这件事的真相。
  4. An inquest was held to determine the cause of his death.
    为确定他的死因进行了审问。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He has not yet fully determined.
    他还没有完全下定决心。
  2. The lease determines next month.
    租约下个月到期。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The board determined company policy.
    董事会决定公司的方针大计。
  2. Who determines the overall production plan?
    谁决定总的生产计划?
  3. Shall we determine a date for the meeting?
    我们来决定一下会议的日期好吗?
  4. Do heredity and environment determine a man's character?
    遗传和环境决定一个人的性格吗?
  5. The amount of rainfall determines the quality of the crop.
    降雨量决定着收成的好坏。
  6. The size of your feet determines the size of your shoes.
    你的脚的大小决定了你的鞋的大小。
  7. Meaning determines usage.
    用法由意思决定。
  8. A decision sometimes determines the future.
    一个决定有时决定着未来。
  9. Have you determined the title of your essay?
    你论文的题目确定了没有?
  10. Have you determined the date of wedding?
    你确定了举行婚礼的日子没有?
  11. Let's determine the meaning of the word.
    咱们来确定该词的意义。
  12. It is often difficult to determine the meaning of a word without a context.
    脱离上下文很难确定一个词的意思。
  13. The policeman wanted to determine all the facts.
    警察想要查清全部事实。
  14. Scientists have determined the speed of light.
    科学家们已测定出光的速度。
  15. We may determine the height of a mountain by trigonometry.
    我们可用三角原理测定山的高度。
  16. Have you determined the cause of the explosion?
    你判定出爆炸的原因了吗?
  17. It was in the public interest to determine exactly what happened.
    正确判断发生的事情是符合公众利益的。
  18. 用于be ~ed结构
  19. His future has not yet been determined, but he may study medicine.
    他的未来尚未决定,不过他可以读医科。
  20. She had been shot, whether by accident or not was as yet not determined.
    她是被枪杀的,至于是否因过失杀人而死,目前尚未断定。
  21. What country is indicated by that name has not yet been definitely determined.
    那个名称指的是什么国家尚未得到确定。
S+~+to- v
  1. He has determined to give up smoking.
    他已决定戒烟了。
  2. He himself had determined to give his own life to the same cause.
    他已决定将生命献给同一个事业。
  3. He determined to view the rooms behind the office.
    他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。
  4. He frowned and determined to inquire thoroughly into the matter.
    他皱了一下眉头,决定彻底调查这件事。
  5. He determined to travel no further that night.
    他决定这天晚上不再往前走了。
  6. We determined to offer him some assistance.
    我们决定为他提供一些援助。
  7. He determined to go to Brazil.
    他决定去巴西。
  8. They determined to face the crisis cheerfully.
    他们决心以乐观的态度面对危机。
  9. He determined to win the first prize.
    他决心赢得一等奖。
  10. He determined to become commander-in-chief of the forces.
    他决心要成为武装部队的总司令。
  11. He determined to work harder.
    他决心更努力地工作。
  12. We determined to do this at any cost.
    我们不惜任何代价,决心做这件事。
  13. I determine to be bold and speak the truth.
    我决心大胆把真话讲出来。
  14. They determined to stay there till the year was up.
    他们决意在那儿一直呆到年底。
  15. 用于be ~ed结构
  16. For a long time he was determined to propose to her.
    他决定要向她求婚已经很久了。
  17. We are determined to defend our motherland at all costs.
    我们决心不惜任何代价保卫祖国。
  18. He is determined to come.
    他决心要来。
  19. He is determined to break away all the bad habits.
    他决心改掉所有坏习惯。
  20. We are determined to fulfil the task.
    我们决心完成这项任务。
  21. I was determined not to say a word.
    我决心只字不提。
  22. They are determined to persevere in the fight.
    他们决心坚持战斗。
  23. We are determined to get the work done before May 1.
    我们下定决心要在五一节前完成这项任务。
  24. The fighters were determined to take the enemy's stronghold at any cost.
    战士们决心不惜任何代价拿下敌人的碉堡。
  25. The task was difficult, but they were determined to see it out.
    这任务很艰巨,但他们决心进行到底。
  26. He is determined to stick out the race even if he finishes last.
    他下定决心即使跑最后一名,也要坚持跑完。
  27. She was determined to live within her income.
    她决心量入为出。
  28. Once I'm determined to do a thing, no one can stop me from doing it.
    一旦我下决心做一件事情,没有人能够阻止我去做它。
  29. But Chichester was determined to carry out his plan.
    然而奇切斯特却执意要执行自己的计划。
  30. She was determined not to follow his advice.
    她决意不按他的劝告办。
  31. I was excited by their conversations and became determined to write for the paper, too.
    我被他们的谈话所激励,决心也试着为报纸撰稿。
  32. He rose determined to have it out with them.
    他站起身决心和他们坦率地把问题谈清楚。
S+~+wh-to- v
  1. Have they determined when to start?
    他们决定什么时候动身了吗?
  2. He has determined how to overcome the difficulties.
    他已决定如何来克服困难。
  3. She asked for help in determining where to hang the picture in her new flat.
    她要求别人帮她出主意,究竟该把这画挂在新房的什么地方。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He determined that his son shall have a good education.
    他下决心要让儿子受到良好教育。
  2. He has determined that nothing shall prevent him from going to work in the countryside.
    他下了决心说什么也要到农村去工作。
  3. We must determine that the measure should be taken.
    我们必须决定应当采取措施。
  4. He determined that he would go at once.
    他决定要马上走。
  5. He determined that he would visit Germany next month.
    他决定下个月去德国。
  6. He determined that he would become an engineer.
    他决心要当一名工程师。
  7. He determined that the patient should undergo the operation.
    他决定这病人应做手术。
  8. The police determined that no crime had been committed.
    警方断定没有发生罪案。
  9. From the facts, he was able to determine conclusively that the death was not a suicide.
    根据这些事实他断定这起死亡事件并非自杀。
  10. An X-ray determined that no bones were broken.
    经X光测定,没有发生骨折。
S+be ~ed+that-clause
  1. My mother is determined that I shall marry Jack.
    我的母亲决意要我嫁给杰克。
  2. He is determined that the patient should undergo the operation.
    他下定决心,病人应做这手术。
  3. We were determined that this should never be allowed to happen again.
    我们下决心不让这样的事情再发生。
  4. He was determined that no one should know anything about it.
    他下决心不让任何人知道这事。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Tomorrow we shall determine whether we shall go abroad or not.
    明天我们将决定我们去不去国外。
  2. Usage determines what is good English.
    惯用法可以决定什么是好英语。
  3. He has not determined what he will study.
    他还没有决定学什么。
  4. Have you determined where you are going to spend the holidays?
    你有没有决定在哪里度假?
  5. Have they determined where the new school will be built?
    他们决定了新学校的校址吗?
  6. What we notice determines what we do; what we do determines what we experience.
    我们所看到的决定我们做什么; 我们所做的又进而决定我们经历什么。
  7. Shall we determine what we are going to do next?
    我们来确定一下下一步该做什么吧!
  8. We must determine where the conference will take place.
    我们必须把会议地点定下来。
  9. We should first try to determine how much it is going to cost.
    我们应首先设法估算出这要花多少钱。
  10. It is difficult to determine what his real motive is.
    很难确定他的真实动机是什么。
  11. The judge will determine who is telling the truth.
    法官将判定谁说的是真话。
  12. A period of trial is often needed to determine whether something is right or wrong.
    为了判断正确的东西和错误的东西,常常要有考验的时间。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to be n.
  1. I determine him to be a fool.
    我推测他是一个傻子。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Her encouragement determined me to carry on with the work.
    她的鼓励使我决心把这项工作继续下去。
  2. His advice determined me to drink and smoke no more.
    他的劝告使我不再抽烟喝酒了。
  3. She hasn't determined what friends to invite to her birthday party.
    她还没有拿定主意请哪些朋友来参加生日宴会。
  4. What determined you to accept the offer?
    是什么使你接受了这个提议?
  5. These circumstances determined him to give up the study of medicine.
    这些情况使他决定放弃学医。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. She is a very determined woman.
    她是个意志坚定的女人。
  2. He launched a determined attack on academic criticism.
    他对学究式的评论发起坚决的反攻。
  3. By determined attacks, we broke down the enemy's resistance.
    我们果断进攻,击溃了敌人的反抗。
v -ed as Adverb.
  1. I left him, determined never to set foot in that house again.
    我离开了他,决心不再到那屋里去。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
determine against (v.+prep.)
  1. 使(某人)决定不做 cause (sb) to make sb's mind to give up sth or doing sth determine sb against sth/v-ing

    That determined her against leaving home.那件事使她决定不离开家。

determine by (v.+prep.)
  1. 视…而定 come to decision by sth be determined by sth

    The type of engine adopted is determined by the use to which it is put.采用发动机的类型由发动机的用途所决定。

    The boundaries are determined by the mountains and rivers.这边界是由山脉和河流来划分的。

    Men's ideas are determined by religion.人类的种种观念取决于宗教信仰。

    Our plans must be determined by circumstances.我们的计划必须视情况而定。

    The meaning of a word is partly determined by its use in the particular sentence.一个词的意义某种程度上为它在特定句子中的用法所限定。

determine on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 决定,决心 come to a decision; resolve on determine on/upon sth/v-ing

    We at last determined on this problem.我们终于决定了这个问题。

    We determined on a new method.我们已决定采用新方法。

    I determined upon a course of action.我决定了行动的方针。

    They determined on an early start.他们决定明早出发。

    They determined on retaliation.他们决定采取报复行动。

    He has determined on going tomorrow.他已决定明天去。

    He determined on carrying out the experiment.他决定要进行这次试验。

    I determined on going abroad.我决心出国。

    I have determined on going to Tibet after graduation.我已决定毕业后去西藏。

    He has determined on proving his friend's innocence.他决心替他的朋友洗清罪名。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He is determined upon writing about the truth.他决定把真相写出来。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The death of Edward III determined the crisis.

    出自:W. Stubbs

determine的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. determine后常加不定式,有时加on,upon和动名词。

    He has determined to propose a new method.
    他决定要提议个新方法。

  2. determined是过去时,表示“当时决定”,had determined表示“那时已经决定”,was determined表示“有决心的”。要注意前面两个都表示的是“一时的”,不可以与for a long time等表示时间段的词连用;
  3. determine后可接that从句中,注意使用虚拟语气。

    He has determined that his son shall have a good education.
    他决定要给儿子一个好的教育。

v.(动词)
  1. determine的基本意思是确定事物的界限或范围,指经调查或认真思考后明确地判断事物的真伪、是非,或确定问题所涉及的范围、性质、内容等,即“作出决定”或“使…决定”。凡是被决定的事而绝无疑问者大都用determine来表示。determine还含有决定后加以坚持的含义。常用于法律或科技方面等。引申可作“限定; 制定”解。
  2. determine还可表示对某事物产生决定性的“影响”或“决定”。
  3. determine可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、动词不定式(而不是动名词)或表示命令、请求的从句作宾语,还可接以“to be+ n. ”或动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  4. determine后接that从句时,作“决定”解,从句中的谓语动词用虚拟式。作“断定”解,从句中的谓语动词用陈述式。
  5. determine接介词against可表示“使某人决定不做某事”; 接介词on〔upon〕可表示“决心…,下决心…”。
  6. determine的过去分词determined常可用作形容词,在句中作表语、定语或状语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
determine to-v, be determined to-v
这两种结构的区别在于:
1.determine to- v 中的determine是谓语动词; 而be determined
to- v 中的determined是determine的过去分词,用于系表结构。
2.determine to- v 可表示“决定做某事”的动作,也可表示“决心做某事”的状态; 而be determined to- v 只表示“决心做某事”的状态。
3.determine是瞬间动词,不可与表示一段时间的状语连用; 而be determined则可与表示一段时间的状语连用。
4.人们的行事方法往往一经determine(决定,动作)便be determined(下决心,状态)。
determine, decide, fix, make up one's mind, resolve, settle
这组词(组)都有“决定”的意思。其区别在于:
1.decide是普通用词,指经过讨论、思考消除分歧而对是非、优劣、取舍等问题“作出决定”; resolve强调信念的目的性; 而settle则强调最后的“决定”。例如:
From that moment she resolved to trace the unknown element.从那时起,她决心找出这种未知的元素。
He resolved that nothing should hold back.他决心不为任何阻碍所挫。
The heavy rain might settle the changeable weather.这场大雨也许能使变幻不定的天气稳定下来。
2.determine强调“意志坚定”“不可动摇”,也常用于科技方面通过调查或认真思考后作出“决定”或“确定”。例如:
His advice determined me against further delay.他的劝告使我决定不再拖延。
He is determined to break away all the bad habits.他决心改掉所有坏习惯。
An X-ray determined that no bones were broken.经X光测定,没有发生骨折。
3.fix指经过考虑和商议后作出决定,强调不再改变。例如:
Once the aim is fixed, we should not change it arbitrarily.目标一经确定,我们就不要随意改变。
4.make up one's mind指下决心做某事,不再改变。例如:
Have you made up your mind about it?关于这件事,你拿定主意了没有?
They have made up their minds to set off tomorrow afternoon.他们决定明天下午动身。
determine, ascertain, discover, learn, unearth
这组词都可表示“发现以前自己不知道的东西”。其区别是:
discover指经过调查、探索去发现已经存在或可能存在、事实上的东西,这种发现也可能出于偶然; ascertain很少指偶然的发现,侧重先前的无知与无把握,以及认真地去发现真理或真相; determine比ascertain更强调寻找事实或真理,以解决争端或争执,主要用于科学和法律方面; unearth指将隐藏的、被遗忘的、失去的或极其难以追寻的东西公之于众或暴露于世,常常强调发现以前所做的认真长期的调查; learn指获得知识,发现者一般没有或很少花多大力气。例如:
The surgeon general has determined that cigarette smoking is dangerous to our health.卫生局长已确定吸烟危害健康。
The question is to ascertain what the people really want.问题在于一定要弄清人们究竟需要什么。
We discovered the powder consisting of harmful ingredients.我们发现这种粉末含有害成分。
Projecting ourselves into the future world, we should learn as much as we can now.设想一下处身于未来的世界当中,我们现在就应该尽可能多学一点东西。
They have unearthed the secret.他们已经发现了这个秘密。
decide determine resolve settle
这些动词都含“决定”之意。
  • decide:decide侧重指经过思考、比较、讨论或询问之后做出的决定。
  • determine:determine指经过深思熟虑,决心去做某事并坚持施行。
  • resolve:resolve语气较强,强调以坚定不移的信念去做或不做某事,暗含有远大抱负和坚强决心。
  • settle:settle指排除犹豫、怀疑和争论之后作出明确的最终结论。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:they now have the evidence that will determine the cause.

    纠正:they now have the evidence that will reveal the cause.

    翻译:他们现已有了够揭示原因的证据。

    分析:evidence表示有原因,但并不能决定一件事,用reveal更合适。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪后期进入英语,直接源自古法语的determiner,意为结束;最初源自古典拉丁语的determinare:de (分开) +et rminare (分界),意为设定期限。

determine的相关资料:

正版词典

determine : 决定,测定, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • determine:determine v. 决定, 确定, 测定, 使下定决心, [律]使终止 英英解释:动词determine:1. establish after a calculation, investigat…

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