calculate

  核心词汇  
['kælkjuleɪt]     ['kælkjuleɪt]    
  • v. 计算;估计;考虑;推测;计划;指望
calculated calculated calculating calculates
new

calculate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 计算,核算
  2. 估计,预测,推测
  3. 打量,揣测
  4. 计划,打算,使适合
  5. <美口>以为,认为,相信,猜想
  6. <美方>想要,意欲
  7. 预测结果,作打算

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 计算,估计 work out or find out sth by using numbers; compute
  2. vi. 依靠,指望 depend on; count on
  3. vt. & vi. 打算,有…企图 plan; intend

英英释义

Verb:
  1. make a mathematical calculation or computation

  2. judge to be probable

  3. keep an account of

  4. predict in advance

  5. specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public

  6. have faith or confidence in;

    "you can count on me to help you any time"
    "Look to your friends for support"
    "You can bet on that!"
    "Depend on your family in times of crisis"

calculate的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I will calculate your bill for you.
    我帮您计算账单。
  2. Can you calculate the content of the tube?
    你能计算出试管的容量吗?
  3. Scientists have calculated that the world's population will double by the end of the century.
    科学家已推算出世界人口在本世纪末将要增加一倍。
  4. I calculate it's a waste of time to do that.
    我想做那件事简直是在浪费时间。
  5. The economist calculated that prices may go up again.
    那位经济学家推测,物价或许会再次上涨。
  6. This advertisement is calculated to appeal to children.
    这个广告是针对儿童设计的。
  7. We cannot calculate on his help.
    我们不能指望他的帮助。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The boy is only three but he can already calculate to fifty.
    这孩子虽然只有3岁,但已经能数到50了。
  2. Emotional people don't stop to calculate.
    感情容易冲动的人做事往往不加考虑。
  3. That doesn't calculate.
    那不算数。
  4. That book calculates as a masterpiece.
    那本书算得上是杰作。
S+~+to- v
  1. She calculates to return next Sunday.
    她打算下星期天回去。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Have you calculated the result?
    结果你算出来了吗?
  2. The factory calculates the cost of production.
    厂家计算生产成本。
  3. He has calculated the day of the week on which Christmas will fall.
    他推算出圣诞节该是星期几。
S+~+that-clause
  1. I calculated that the trip would take two days.
    我估计这段路程要走两天时间。
  2. I calculated that we would arrive at 6:00 p.m.
    我估计我们将在下午六时到达。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. I'll calculate what it will cost.
    我要估计一下那要花多少钱。
  2. The scientist could not calculate when the spaceship would reach the Jupiter.
    那位科学家没有算出那艘宇宙飞船什么时候会到达木星。
  3. Astronomers can calculate when there will be eclipses of the sun and moon.
    天文学家可以算出何时发生日食和月食。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They calculated the firm to employ her as an adviser.
    他们估计那个公司能雇用她作为顾问。
  2. 1
  3. All these measures were calculated to prevent water-logging by rainstorm or mountain torrents.
    这些措施都是为了预防暴雨或山洪造成的涝灾。
  4. This advertisement is calculated to attract the attention of housewives.
    这个广告旨在吸引家庭主妇们的注意力。
  5. The speech was calculated to win votes.
    那演说意在争取选票。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
calculate for (v.+prep.)
    适合于… be fit for (sth)
    calculate sb/sth for sb/sth

    He is calculated for a teacher.

    他适合当教师。

    The room was not calculated for such uses .

    这房间不是为这些用途而设计的。

    These laws are not calculated for modern conditions.

    这几种法令不适合现代情况。

calculate on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    〈美〉期待,指望 look forward to
    calculate on〔upon〕 sth/v-ing

    We must calculate on a long-term basis.

    我们要作长期打算。

    You cannot calculate upon his help.

    你不能指望他的帮助。

    We've been calculating upon his coming in time.

    我们一直期待着他及时到来。

    If you want to borrow money from him, you can't calculate on his being in a good temper before dinner.

    如果你要向他借钱,就别指望他在晚饭以前有好脸色。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He could calculate percentages mentally at high speed.

    出自: S. Bellow
  • She was now calculating how soon she could decently rise to go.

    出自: I. Murdoch

calculate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. calculate的基本意思是以数学方式,尤其是算术程序来慎重地、准确地进行高深、复杂的运算,引申可表示“指望”“依靠”“打算”。
  2. calculate可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、动词不定式或名词从句作宾语,也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. calculate后接for可以表示“适合于…”,接on〔upon〕表示“期待”“指望”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
calculate, count, number, reckon
  • 这组词都有“数”“计算”的意思,尤其是count和reckon在很多情况下可互换,它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.count的含义是“数数目”; reckon则侧重“计算”。例如:
  • I counted the broken windows and found there were eight.
  • 我数了数破损的窗户,共有八个。
  • We'll have to reckon the cost of it.
  • 我们得计算它的成本。
  • 2.count和reckon都有“认为”之义,但reckon则更侧重于“推定”“公认”,指对事件全面权衡。例如:
  • Because our family is happy and healthy, we reckon ourselves fortunate.我们很幸运,因为我们的家庭是一个健康、幸福的家庭。
  • 3.calculate作“计算,核算”解时,指通过较复杂的过程,如:算术上的加减乘除或精密计算等。例如:
  • Can you calculate how much a trip to the Great Wall will cost?你能计算去长城旅游一次要多少钱吗?
  • 4.count和reckon多用于口语或日常生活; calculate多用于自然科学、生产部门或需要专门计算的场合。例如:
  • Astronomers can calculate when there will be eclipses of the sun and the moon.天文学家能算出什么时候有日食、月食。
  • 5.count既可用作动词,也可用作名词;而calculate和reckon只能用作动词。
  • 6.number侧重“编号”。
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