figure

  基本词汇  
['fɪɡə(r)]     ['fɪɡjər]    
  • n.图形;数字;外形;体型;形状;人物;塑像;图表;(冰上表演动作的)花样
  • v.是重要部分;认为;演算;领会到
figurer figured figured figuring figures
new

figure是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 图形,图案
  2. 人物,尤指名人
  3. 数字,数量,数值
  4. 图表,插图,图解
  5. 画像,肖像,塑像,形象
  6. 外形,轮廓,外貌,外观,形状,样子,人影
  7. 体形,体态,风姿
  8. 金额,价格
  9. 算术,计算
v.(动词)
  1. 描绘,描述,描写
  2. 想像,设想,料到,料想
  3. 扮演角色
  4. 用图表示,用数字表示
  5. 用塑像等形像表现,塑造
  6. 加图案于,用图案装饰
  7. 考虑
  8. 打算,估计,揣测
  9. 认为,以为,认定
  10. 是重要部份,是…的部份
  11. 露头角,出名,出现,惹人注目,醒目
  12. 做算术,计算,演算
  13. <美口>合乎情理,有道理,预料之中
  14. 卷入,陷入
  15. 跳某种舞步

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]数字 written symbol for a number
  2. [C]图解,图表 diagram or illustration
  3. [C]装饰性的图案 decorative pattern or series of movements
  4. [C](绘画中的)人或动物的像,画像,肖像 representation of a person or an animal in drawing, painting, etc.
  5. [C]轮廓,人影,身材,体态,风姿 human form, especially its appearance, what itsuggests, and how it is seen by others
  6. [P]算数,计算 arithmetic
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 出现,提及 appear or be mentioned, especially prominently
  2. vt. 估计,有可能 think; be likely or understandable
  3. vt. & vi. 计算在内 include sth in one's calculations

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
figure : 图, 图形, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
figure : 人物;图形 ...
figure : 花纹,纹理 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
figure : 图表 ...
在 《外教社人口学英语词典》 中查看更多...
figure : 图案, 插图 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
figure : 数字 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
figure : 舞蹈 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
figure : 花纹 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a diagram or picture illustrating textual material;

    "the area covered can be seen from Figure 2"

  2. alternative names for the body of a human being;

    "Leonardo studied the human body"
    "he has a strong physique"
    "the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak"

  3. one of the elements that collectively form a system of numeration;

    "0 and 1 are digits"

  4. a model of a bodily form (especially of a person);

    "he made a figure of Santa Claus"

  5. a well-known or notable person;

    "they studied all the great names in the history of France"
    "she is an important figure in modern music"

  6. a combination of points and lines and planes that form a visible palpable shape

  7. an amount of money expressed numerically;

    "a figure of $17 was suggested"

  8. the impression produced by a person;

    "he cut a fine figure"
    "a heroic figure"

  9. the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals;

    "he had a number of chores to do"
    "the number of parameters is small"
    "the figure was about a thousand"

  10. language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense

  11. a unitary percept having structure and coherence that is the object of attention and that stands out against a ground

  12. a decorative or artistic work;

    "the coach had a design on the doors"

  13. a predetermined set of movements in dancing or skating;

    "she made the best score on compulsory figures"

Verb:
  1. judge to be probable

  2. be or play a part of or in;

    "Elections figure prominently in every government program"
    "How do the elections figure in the current pattern of internal politics?"

  3. imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind;

    "I can't see him on horseback!"
    "I can see what will happen"
    "I can see a risk in this strategy"

  4. make a mathematical calculation or computation

  5. understand;

    "He didn't figure her"

figure的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Our textbook has many figures to help explain the lessons.
    我们的教科书有许多图表帮助解释课文。
  2. The figure is expressed as a percentage.
    那数字是以百分比表示的。
  3. He has a more angular figure than his father.
    他的体型比他的父亲更显得有棱角。
  4. I like the color of the hat instead of its figure.
    虽然我喜欢这顶帽子的颜色,但我不喜欢它的形状。
  5. The mass of clay was worked up into a reclining figure.
    这堆粘土被揉成一个躺着的塑像。
  6. The format of the figure is very tasteful.
    该图表的格式很雅致。
  7. The figure skater glided gracefully over the ice.
    花样滑冰者在冰上优雅地滑行。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. My feelings about the matter didn't seem to figure at all.
    我对这个问题的意见似乎根本无足轻重。
  2. They figured it was better to stay where they were.
    他们断定还是呆在原地好。
  3. The boy can't figure out the algebra problems.
    这个男孩做不出这道代数题。
  4. How do you figure that?
    你如何料到的?

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The above figure did not include workers.
    上面的数字没有包括工人。
  2. The approximate figure is 40, while the exact number is 38.
    约数是40,确数是38。
  3. These figures are not consistent with the results obtained in previous experiment.
    这些数字与以前实验的结果不一致。
  4. Those figures indicate why the Black live in such deep poverty.
    那些数字说明黑人的生活为什么如此贫困。
  5. Recent figures show other occupational cancer risks.
    最近的统计数字显示了其他职业性癌症的危险性。
  6. Let's add up the figures.
    让我们把这些数字加起来吧。
  7. Will you check these figures?
    你能核对一下这些数字吗?
  8. He settled down at his desk to work out the exact figures.
    他在办公桌前坐下来计算出确切的数字。
  9. Her income is in five figures.
    她的收入是5位数字。
  10. They're asking a high figure for their house.
    他们为他们那栋房子索高价。
  11. We bought the house at a high figure.
    我们以高价买下了那所房子。
  12. The coin bears the figure of the first president of the country.
    硬币上刻有该国第一任总统的肖像。
  13. They are standing by the seated figure of Shakespeare.
    他们站在莎士比亚座像旁边。
  14. The frost made bizarre figures on the window panes.
    霜在窗玻璃上结成奇怪的花样。
  15. The girl is skillful at figure skating.
    这姑娘善于花样滑冰。
  16. A sculptor may see different figures implicit in a block of stone.
    雕塑家可能会看到一块石头中潜在的不同形象。
  17. I could see the figure of a woman against the window.
    我看到一个临窗而立的女人身影。
  18. I saw a figure approaching in the darkness.
    我看见黑暗中有个人影走过来。
  19. I made out three figures moving in the distance.
    我隐约看到远处有三个人影在晃动。
  20. I could see a figure in the distance, but I couldn't make out who it was.
    我看到远处有一个人影,但我辨不出那是谁。
  21. A figure loomed up out of the mist.
    一个人影从迷雾中隐约出现。
  22. The girl has a good figure but a plain face.
    那个女孩子体形很美,但长相一般。
  23. She had an excellent figure and walked with an air.
    她身材非常优美,走起路来仪态万方。
  24. Everybody of us admires her slender figure.
    我们人人都羡慕她的苗条体形。
  25. He's doing exercises to improve his figure.
    他在做体操以改善体形。
  26. The central figure in the painting is the artist's daughter.
    画中的主角是艺术家的女儿。
  27. The Prime Minister is the central figure in the government.
    首相是政府中的最重要的人物。
  28. He is an outstanding figure in politics.
    他是政界中的一位杰出人物。
  29. He was a picturesque figure with his long beard and strange old clothes.
    他留着长胡须,穿着古怪的旧衣服,真是个怪人。
  30. He's a controversial figure.
    他是一个有争议的人物。
  31. He was a key figure in the independence struggle.
    他是那场争取独立的斗争中的关键人物。
  32. The incident made her a national figure.
    这次事件使她成为全国知名的人物。
  33. She was a mother figure for him.
    对他来说她是个母亲般的人物。
  34. His political activity made him a powerful figure in Russian culture.
    他的政治活动使其成为俄罗斯文化中举足轻重的人物。
  35. Are you good at figures?
    你擅长计算吗?
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. His name figured among the guests.
    宾客名单中有他的名字。
  2. You must figure accurately and quickly.
    你必须快速准确地计算。
  3. The bookkeeper figured well.
    这位簿计员擅长计算。
  4. The child is learning to figure.
    那孩子在学习做算术。
用作系动词 S+~+as n./pron.
  1. Roger figured as chief guest at the party.
    罗杰作为主要客人出现在聚会上。
  2. The photograph had figured as part of the evidence in the trial.
    在审判中那张照片作为证据在法庭出示。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Figure the total and I'll pay it with a check.
    请把总数算出来,我用支票支付。
  2. That is how I figured it.
    据我看就是这样。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. The total expenses are figured at 95 yuan .
    总费用合计为95元。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. We figured that he would arrive at around two o'clock.
    我们估计他将在两点钟左右到达。
  2. Figuring that we would come soon, the enemy fled in disorder.
    敌人估计我们就要到达便溃逃了。
  3. I figured that you wouldn't come.
    我料想你不会来。
  4. I figured that you'd want to see me about it.
    我想你会为这事来找我的。
  5. We figure he'll be back very soon.
    我们估计他会很快回来。
  6. I figure he is ready.
    我估计他已经准备好了。
  7. I figured it was no use trying.
    我想再试也没用。
  8. They figured it was better to stay where they were.
    他们认为最好还是呆在原处不动。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as) n./adj.
  1. I figured him an honest man.
    我认为他是诚实的人。
  2. They figured themselves quite well-off.
    他们自以为相当富裕。
  3. She figures it to be true.
    她相信那是真的。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
cut a figure
  1. 露头角,出风头show oneself

    No doubt he'd been looking forward to the wedding ever since it was announced, as an invaluable chance to cut a figure and do some good public relations work. 毫无疑问,打从婚礼的消息宣布之日起,他就期望这一天的到来,认为这是崭露头角和增大社会关系的极宝贵的机会。

    The couple cut quite a figure. 这对夫妇大出风头。

    With his handsome face Benjamin cuts quite a figure with all the ladies. 凭着英俊的长相,本杰明在所有的女士中间大出风头。

  2. 露出…相,给人以…形象 have a fine, etc. appearance

    They'd been ducking him in the water. Poor fellow, he cut a sorry figure. 他们老是把他按入水中,可怜的家伙,他显出一副好难受的样子。

go the big figure
  1. 彻底地干,干到底 do sth completely

    When a man sets about going the big figure, halfway measures won't answer at all. 当一个人着手彻底干时,不彻底的措施是完全不顶事的。

in round figures
  1. 以整数计算 calculate sth with a whole figure

    In round figures, you have $2000 left in your bank account. 以整数来计算,你银行里的存款还有2000美元。

用作动词 (v.)
figure in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈美口〉包括进,算进(某项开支等) include sth in one's calculations figure sth ⇔ in

    I forgot to figure in our travel expenses in the account.我在账上忘了把我们的旅费算进去。

    He forgot to figure in occasional expenses in the budget.他忘记把临时开支计算在内。

    I figured in our train tickets but forgot the bus fares.我把火车票算进去却把公共汽车费忘了。

    Have you figured in the cost of the hotel?你把住旅店的开支算进去了吗?

figure in2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 出现于 appear

    She often figured in my dream. 她经常出现在我的梦中。

    His name did not figure in the list of those who had received awards. 他的名字没有出现在获奖者的名单上。

    A character figures in many of her novels. 在她多部小说中出现一个人物。

    Many characters in Balzac's Human Comedy figure in more than one novel or story. 巴尔扎克著的《人间喜剧》中的许多人物,在他不止一本小说或故事中常出现。

  2. 占据重要位置 be prominent

    He figured prominently in the talks leading to the signing of the treaty. 他的讲辞对于条约的签订起了重要作用。

    This controversy was expected to figure importantly in their discussion. 预计这一争论将在他们的讨论中占重要位置。

    The economy figured very largely in the Prime Minister's speech. 经济问题在首相的讲话中占据非常重要的位置。

    Curios figure little in our foreign trade. 古玩在我国对外贸易中比重很小。

    Cancer figures largely in the death-rate of the US. 在美国,癌症在死亡率中占相当大的比重。

    Li Bai and Du Fu figure most prominently in the history of Chinese poetry. 李白和杜甫在中国的诗史上居于出类拔萃的地位。

    She figured prominently in history. 她在历史上占有显赫地位。

    She figured conspicuously in the public debate on the issue. 她在该问题的辩论中很引人注目。

figure on (v.+prep.)
  1. 预料 predict sth figure on v-ing

    We did not figure on having so many people at the picnic.我们没有料到会有这么多人参加野餐。

    You had better figure on running into heavy traffic while leaving the city.你最好估计到出城时碰上车辆拥挤。

  2. 指望 rely on sth figure on sth/v-ing

    You can't figure on the results of the election.你不要对选举抱什么希望。

    He's a person you can always figure on his help.他是个你总能指望得到帮助的人。

    We figure on your support.我们期待你们的支持。

    Don't figure on the weather being fine for your party.别满心指望你举行聚会时天气会好转。

    figure on (sb) to-v

    We can figure on him to join the work.我们可以指望他参加这项工作。

    He is a person we can always figure on to complete his jobs.他是一个我们经常可以指望其完成任务的人。

  3. 计划 include sth in one's plans figure on v-ing

    I figure on going over to town to do my shopping.我打算进城买些东西。

    I figure on going over to town to pay a visit.我打算进城去拜访一个人。

    I have never figured on buying an expensive camera.我从没打算买一架高档照相机。

    Do you figure on staying long in this city?你打算在这个城市久住吗?

    He figures on spending his vacation in August.他打算在8月里去度假。

    I figure on being in New York in January.我计划1月份到纽约。

    How soon are you figuring on getting married?你计划什么时候结婚?

figure out (v.+adv.)
  1. 计算出; 解决 calculate sth; work out figure out

    The purchase price figures out at about two million U.S. dollars.交易的价格计算在200万美元左右。

    figure sth ⇔ out

    That's a hard puzzle; I can't figure it out.那是个难题,我演算不出来。

    It would be difficult to figure out the losses at this time.现在还很难对损失作出估计。

    Father is trying to figure out his tax.父亲正在计算他要交多少税。

    Please help me to figure out my income tax.请帮我计算出我的所得税。

    Could you help me figure out this problem?你能帮我解决这问题吗?

    Just figure it out yourself.你自己想办法吧。

    The farmers figured a way out in the irrigation project.农民们想出个办法来解决灌溉规划上的一项困难。

    figure out wh-clause

    Let's go and figure out how much we have to pay for the project.咱们去算算这个项目得花多少钱。

    I'm figuring out how much these new buildings may cost.我正在计算这些新建筑物大约要花多少钱。

    Have you figured out how much during the holiday you will cost?你算出假期得花多少钱了吗?

  2. 弄明白 come to understand sb/sth by thinking figure sb/sth ⇔ out

    I just can't figure him out.我简直摸不透他。

    I've never been able to figure him out.我一直不能理解他。

    I couldn't figure the question out.我弄不明白这个问题。

    figure out wh-clause

    I can't figure out what he was hinting at.我想不出他在暗示什么。

    Have you figured out what's wrong with your car?你找出了汽车的毛病吗?

    I can't figure out why he quit his job.我一直捉摸不透他为什么要辞掉那工作。

    It's difficult to figure out why she did it.很难理解她为什么那么做。

    figure out wh-to-v

    I didn't figure out how to do it.我不知道该怎么办。

figure to (v.+prep.)
  1. 想象 imagine figure to oneself

    I try to figure to myself what would have happened if I hadn't seen the other car coming on the wrong side of the road.我极力在想,要是我没有看到对面开错了道的那辆车,那会发生什么事啊。

    figure sth to oneself

    Figure the result to yourself, and you'll see what I mean.你自己想象一下这种结果,你就会明白我的意思。

    Figure the situation to yourself, what can I do?你设身处地想想,我能做什么?

    Figure to yourself a happy family, secure in your own home.你想象一个幸福的家庭,安心地生活在自己的家中。

figure up (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈美口〉计算,(把…)加起来 add up figure sth ⇔ up

    Ask the waiter to figure our bill up,I want to leave.请服务员把账单算好,我要走了。

    figure up to sth

    The bill figures up to $37.78.账单上数目总计达37.78美元。

    figure up wh-clause

    Please figure up how much I'd pay for all these.请合计一下这些东西我总共应付多少钱。

    I can't figure up what he meant to say.我弄不清他要说的是什么。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
  • figure on 把…估计在内,考虑,计划,指望

经典引文

  • A geometrical figure on the blackboard.

    出自:A. Koestler
  • The Greeks figured Pan..stamping his foot.

    出自:R. L. Stevenson
  • There are two series of windows, one figuring the..followers of Louis VIII.

    出自:H. Adams

figure的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. figure out和figure up意思相近,在美国英语中解释为“计算”或“估计”。

    They have figured out(up) how much would be required.

  2. figure on在美国英语中则解释为“估计到”或“指望”。
n.(名词)
  1. figure的基本意思是“数字”,指用于记录某些数字的特殊代号(通常是从0—9)。figure也可指“图表,图案”,还可指人或动物的“像,画像”,此时多用于绘画中。figure也可指一个人的整体体形,即“身材,体态”。figure还可指“算数”。figure引申可指“人物”“价格”。
  2. 表示“保持体形”时用动词keep,“改善体形”用improve。
  3. cut a figure在作“露出…相”解时, figure前常加形容词。
v.(动词)
  1. figure用作名词时,可表示“轮廓”,由此转化为动词,意为“出现”,常与介词in连用,强调“引人注目”“占据重要位置”。也可表示对某事的预测,即“估计,有可能”。在美国口语中, figure可表示“计算在内”,含有计算工作艰苦,负担很重的意味。这时常与介词in连用。
  2. figure可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时后接名词或代词作宾语。figure还可用作系动词,后接名词作表语。
  3. 在非正式英语中, figure可表示“认为”“料想”,这时多接that从句作宾语,也可接以“(to be/as+) n./adj. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。
  4. figure on是美国口语,意为“指望”“信赖”“打算干”,其后可接动词不定式,也可接动名词。
  5. 在美国口语中还可说figure up,意为“把…加起来”。
  6. figure在作“计算”“认为”“计划”解时是非正式用法,仅在美式英语中使用。作“解决”和“领会到,断定”解时也是非正式用法,但不局限于美式英语中。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
figure, body
这两个词意思不同:body指体格, figure指体形。试比较下列两句:
  • He has a good body.
  • 他体格强壮。
  • He has a good figure.
  • 他有个漂亮的体形。
figure, form, shape
这三个词都有“形状,外形,样子”的意思。其区别是:
form可特指某事物的具体组成结构、形式、体制; 而shape则强调人或物的整个外形,还可特指模糊的、朦胧的形状; 当指人的体形时, form强调“体形,躯体”; figure指人体外部线条构成的“轮廓”; shape强调“身影”; form还可指诗、文、曲的体裁、格式,而shape不能这样用。例如:
My garden is in the shape of a square.我的园子是方形的。
There were clouds of different shapes.有各种形态的云。
I made out two dim shapes in the dark.黑暗中我隐约辨出两个模糊的影子。
The figure of a girl fills out at puberty.姑娘的身段在青春期变得丰满起来。
The gown showed off her lovely figure.那件睡衣显露出她优美的身段。
下面两句意思不同:
  • She has a good figure.
  • 她体形很美。
  • She is very good at figure.
  • 她善于计算。
v.(动词)
figure, add, sum up, total
这四个词(组)都可表示“相加(数字)”。其区别在于:
1.total强调计算的结果,为非正式用语,多用于口语中。
2.sum up强调计算的总数,常用于抽象意义,意思是“总结”“概括”。例如:
Many members spoke at the meeting, and finally the chairman summed up the discussion.许多成员在会上发了言,最后主席总结了这次讨论。
You have only 100 words in which to sum up his speech.你只能用100字来概括他的讲话。
3.figure常用于计算费用。例如:
I figured in our train tickets but forgot the bus fares.我把火车票算进去却把公共汽车费忘了。
4.add是普通用语,也是科技用语,主要指运用算术中的加法运算,即求出一系列数字或数量之和,广义则指把一物“加入”或“添加”到另一物中以“增加”原物的重量、规模、总量或重要性。例如:
The little girl doesn't know how to add yet.这小女孩还不懂如何做加法。
If the tea is too strong, add some hot water. 要是茶太浓,可加点开水。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 她算数很差,以致不得不请会计师来处理她的所得税问题。

    She is so poor at figure that she has to have an accountant to take care of her income taxes.

    She is so poor at figures that she has to have an accountant to take care of her income taxes.

  2. 我很幸运以低价买进了这只花瓶。

    I was lucky to have bought this vase at a low figures.

    I was lucky to have bought this vase at a low figure.

    当figure作“算数”解时须用复数形式,作“价钱”解时只能用单数形式。

v.(动词)
  1. 你是否估计到你走的那天有交通罢工?

    Have you figured on there will be a transport strike the day you leave?

    Have you figured on there being a transport strike the day you leave?

    figure on短语表示“估计到”“指望”“打算”,后面通常跟名词、代词或动名词,一般不跟从句。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的figrue,意为形状,形式,图形;最初源自原始印欧语的dheigh,意为形成,构成。

figure的相关资料:

正版词典

figure : 外形,外表 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
figure : 图, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
figure : 数字(尤指0 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • figure:figure n. 外形, 轮廓, 体形, 图形, 画像, 数字, 形状, 身份vt. 描绘, 塑造, 表示, 象征, 演算, 认为vi. 出现, 考虑, 出名, 扮演角色 英英解释:名词figure…

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