suppose

  基本词汇  
[sə'pəʊz]     [sə'poʊz]    
  • vt.假设;假定;认为;想;应该;让(虚拟语气)
  • vi.推测
supposed supposed supposing supposes
new

suppose是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

conj.(连词)
  1. 假使...结果会怎样
  2. 假使
n.(名词)
  1. 假定
  2. 猜测
v.(动词)
  1. 假定
  2. 猜想,料想,认为,以为
  3. 假定...的存在,必须以...的存在为条件,意味着
  4. 让我建议
  5. 期望,认为应该,认为必须,认为...有必要
  6. <口>认为可以

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 料想,猜想,以为 accept as true or probable; imagine; assume
  2. vt. 假定,假设 pretend that (sth) is true; take (sth) as a fact
  3. vt. 作为建议来考虑 consider as a proposal
  4. vt. 须以…为条件 require (sth) as a condition

行业释义

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suppose : 猜想, ...
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suppose : 猜想, ...
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英英释义

Verb:
  1. express a supposition;

    "Let us say that he did not tell the truth"
    "Let's say you had a lot of money--what would you do?"

  2. expect, believe, or suppose;

    "I imagine she earned a lot of money with her new novel"
    "I thought to find her in a bad state"
    "he didn't think to find her in the kitchen"
    "I guess she is angry at me for standing her up"

  3. to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds;

    "Scientists supposed that large dinosaurs lived in swamps"

  4. take for granted or as a given; suppose beforehand;

    "I presuppose that you have done your work"

  5. require as a necessary antecedent or precondition;

    "This step presupposes two prior ones"

suppose的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Suppose you have a thousand dollars, what will you do with it.
    假设你有一千美元,你会用它做什么。
  2. Let us suppose another planet with conditions similar to those on the earth.
    让我们假定另外有一个具有和地球上相似条件的行星。
  3. Some religions suppose that there is a Heaven physically above the earth.
    一些宗教认为地球上面真有一个天国。
  4. I suppose we shall be having some sort of celebration for the bride.
    我想我们还是来为新娘庆贺一番吧。
  5. Suppose we dine together.
    让我们一块儿吃饭吧
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. I suppose he would be about fifty when he obtained a doctorate.
    我推测他获得博士学位时大概是五十岁左右。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. You are only supposing this on hearsay, you have no proof.
    你只是根据传闻想象而已,并没有证据。
  2. Many scientists hold the theory that supposes the existence of life in outer space.
    很多科学家持有假定在外部空间还有生命存在的理论。
  3. Every effect supposes a cause.
    一切果都必有因。
  4. An invention supposes an inventor.
    要发明得先有发明者。
  5. Purpose supposes foresight.
    目的意味着预见。
  6. His plan supposes a universal desire for peace.
    他的计划意味着对和平的普通愿望。
S+~+(that/)wh-clause
  1. I suppose we'll have lunch at Beijing Hotel.
    我想我们将在北京饭店吃饭。
  2. As she's not here,I suppose she must have gone home.
    因为她不在这儿,所以我猜想她一定已回家了。
  3. Come to think of it,I suppose that is my fault.
    细想一下,我认为那是我的过错。
  4. What makes you suppose that I'm against it?
    你根据什么推测我反对这事?
  5. I hadn't supposed that I should get the first prize.
    我一点也没有想到会得一等奖。
  6. I had always supposed that you and Mrs. Rose would make a match of it.
    我一直认为你和露丝太太结婚很合适。
  7. Suppose you won a thousand pounds, what would you do with it?
    假如你赢了一千英镑,你将用这笔钱做什么?
  8. Suppose we hadn't helped him, what would have happened?
    假定我们没有帮助他,那么会出现什么情况?
  9. Suppose your teacher saw you do that, what would he say?
    倘若你的老师看到你做那事,他会说什么?
  10. “Daddy, can I watch TV?”“Suppose you did your homework first?”
    “爸爸,我能看电视吗?”“你先做功课,怎么样?”
  11. Suppose they didn't believe it, how should we convince them?
    要是他们不相信,怎样让他们相信呢?
  12. I haven't got a tablecloth.Suppose we use a sheet.
    我可没有桌布,我们用一条床单怎么样?
  13. Suppose you organize it, and I'll be the teacher.
    你来组织,我当教员,怎么样?
  14. Suppose we plant tea shrubs on these hills.
    咱们在这些山上种茶树怎么样?
  15. Suppose we set out at seven. What do you say?
    咱们七点动身,你看如何?
  16. I don't suppose (that) anyone will object to my absence.
    我想不会有人反对我请假的。
  17. I don't suppose (that) I shall be back until eight o'clock.
    我看我在八点以前回不来。
  18. I don't suppose I'll trouble you again.
    我想我不会再来打扰你了。
  19. I don't suppose we need to worry.
    我看我们不必着急。
  20. I don't suppose it's the rush hour yet.
    我想现在还不是交通拥挤的时刻。
  21. I don't suppose you're serious, are you?
    我想你并不是当真的,对吗?
  22. I don't suppose anyone will volunteer, will they?
    我想没人会自愿,对吗?
  23. What do you suppose that dance is?
    你认为那是什么舞?
  24. 用于be ~ed结构
  25. It is supposed that many lives have been lost in the train crash.
    在这次列车相撞事故中,会有不少人丧生。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be) n./adj./adv./prep. -phrase
  1. All her neighbours supposed her to be an actress.
    街坊都以为她是一个演员。
  2. I should suppose him to be about fifty.
    我猜想他大约50岁。
  3. I supposed you both at school this morning.
    我以为今天上午你们两都去上学了。
  4. I never supposed him a hero.
    我从未把他想象成英雄。
  5. They supposed him dead.
    他们以为他死了。
  6. I haven't seen it myself, but it's supposed to be a very good film.
    我本人没看过,不过人们认为它是一部很好的影片。
  7. Sing up, fellows, this is supposed to be a celebration, not a funeral!
    伙计们,大声唱,这是开庆祝会,不是送葬!
  8. His wound was at first supposed to be fatal and it was announced that he could not live.
    起先他的伤被看成是致命的,并宣布说他活不了了。
  9. They were supposed to be here an hour ago.
    他们应该在一小时以前到达这里。
  10. Sam is commonly supposed (to be) foolish.
    大家都认为萨姆愚蠢。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. Business was not as good as it was supposed to be.
    生意没有所想象的那样好。
  13. There is supposed to be a train at 2:00.
    二点钟想必有一班火车。
  14. At the present moment he is supposed to be in town.
    估计现在他是在城里。
  15. Every pupil is supposed to be in his classroom at 9 a.m.
    上午9点时每个学生都应当在教室里。
  16. He is supposed to be at work at the moment.
    人们认为他目前在干活。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They suppose the box to contain books.
    他们猜想这箱子里装的是书。
  2. 用于be ~ed结构
  3. You are supposed to report it to the police as soon as possible.
    你应该尽快将这件事报告警方。
  4. Who is supposed to look after Jack?
    杰克应由谁照顾?
  5. Am I supposed to clean all the rooms or just this one?
    我是应该打扫所有的房间,还是只这一间?
  6. Your're supposed to pay the bill by Friday.
    你最晚在星期五结清这笔账。
  7. Is the machine supposed to be installed here?
    机器是否应安装在这里呢?
  8. This law is supposed to help the poor.
    人们指望这条法律会帮助穷人。
  9. You slide your coin into the machine here, and that is supposed to start it working.
    你把硬币插入机器,这样机器就可以开动了。
  10. This coat was supposed to keep rain out, but the water has soaked through.
    这件外衣说是能防雨,但雨水照样渗了进来。
  11. She was supposed to have already left for home.
    大家认为她已经动身回家了。
  12. No one was supposed to walk on the grass.
    请不要在草地上行走。
  13. You are not supposed to smoke on the bus.
    你不能在公共汽车上抽烟。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing
  1. He supposed himself doing the best thing.
    他以为他做得最好。
其他 S+~+so/not
  1. “Will he come?” “I suppose so.”
    “他会来吗?”“我想会。”
  2. “Has he arrived?”“I suppose so.”
    “他已经到了吗?”“我想已经到了。”
  3. “I suppose you'll be going to the movie?”“No,I don't suppose so.”
    “我想你要去看电影?”“我不想去。”
  4. “Is Linda coming?”“I suppose not.”
    林达来了吗?“我想她没来。”
as Parenth.
  1. You don't mind my smoking,I suppose?
    我想,你不介意我抽烟吧?
  2. That, she supposes, was the way they divided labor.
    那是他们劳动分工的方式,她想。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • We come short of our suppose so far, That..yet Troy walls stand.

    出自:Troilus Cressida,Shakespeare
  • As we are going..suppose we..call upon him?

    出自:T. Hardy
  • My objectionsssupposing I have anyswouldn't give you a sleepless night.

    出自:W. E. Norris

suppose的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. suppose后可加that引导的从句,且句中that可省略。

    I suppose (that) he is about forty.
    我猜他大概四十岁。

  2. suppose和supposing在句子中常表示一样的意思。但suppose在句子开头属于祈使语气,而supposing是现在分词,且美国人比较少用supposing;

    Suppose he is absent, what shall we do?
    Supposing he is absent, what shall we do?
    假设他缺席了,我们要怎么办?

  3. suppose有时指“建议”。

    Suppose you come to my house tomorrow morning, and I will show you all my books.
    我建议你明天早晨来我加,我会把我所有的书都展示给你看。

v.(动词)
  1. suppose的基本意思是指在证据不全、情况未确定时所作的猜想。可指缺乏确切的事实但可根据一些现象来推测; 也可指提出合乎逻辑推理的假设来论证某事; 还可指委婉地提出建议。
  2. suppose是及物动词,可接名词、代词或that/wh-从句(可用于虚拟式)作宾语。还可接以“(to be+) n./adj. / prep. -phrase”或动词不定式、现在分词充当补足语的复合宾语。suppose搭用to be构成的复合宾语,如用于被动结构, to be有时可以省去。
  3. suppose作“作为建议来考虑”解时,常用于祈使句,用以提出建议,可译为“…如何〔怎么样〕?”。与“what if”用法相似,动词一般用现在时或过去时。用过去时时,所提建议听起来不十分肯定。
  4. suppose作“准许”解时,常用于被动结构或否定结构,后接动词不定式。
  5. suppose在主句中用过去时时,如宾语从句中的谓语动词所表示的动作先于suppose,则该动词须用过去完成时。
  6. suppose在表示过去未曾实现的意图、打算或愿望时须用过去完成时。
  7. suppose引导否定意义的宾语从句时,须使用转移否定结构。
  8. suppose是表示思想状态的动词,通常不用于进行体。
  9. 在构成反意疑问句时,如果陈述部分是主从复合句, suppose用作主句谓语动词,则疑问部分应同从句的主谓语一致。
  10. 为避免重复, suppose后可用so/not来替代前面的句子或句子成分。
  11. 用作连词,表示提出某种假设或提出某种建议,作“如果”解, suppose和supposing可以通用; 作“即使”或“认为”解,则只能用supposing,不能用suppose。例如:Supposing〔Suppose〕 he can't come, who will do the work?如果他不能前来,谁来做这项工作呢?Suppose we put it off till tomorrow?咱们推迟到明天做怎么样?Supposing you miss him, he is not likely to miss you.即使你碰不到他,他可能会碰到你。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
suppose, assume, presume
这组词都近于汉语的“假定”或“猜想”。其区别是:
assume含有比较强烈的武断成分,往往意味着把一件尚未证实或尚存在意见分歧的事作为自己论断的基础。presume表示以过去经验作根据或者是合乎逻辑地推测,一般是有充分的理由,虽然结论仍可能是错误的。suppose意义比较广泛不定,有时仅用于陈述自己的意见,等于“想”,有时表示有一定的根据的“猜想”,没有上面两个词所强调的意味。
suppose, guess, imagine
这三者均可表示“猜想”。其区别是:
imagine指没有事实根据,仅凭主观想象进行猜想; guess指未经认真思索而进行猜想,有时指不着边际地瞎猜; suppose指依据某些事实进行探索性的推测。例如:
I guess you've already known the answer.我想你已经知道答案了。
I suppose he is late again.我想他又迟到了。
assume presume suppose guess postulate
这些动词均含为“假设,猜想,推测”之意。
  • assume:assume指有很少或完全无根据的武断推测或不合逻辑的推理。
  • presume:presume侧重以过去经验或根据现实的某些感觉把某事认定为是事实。
  • suppose:suppose常用词,意义较广泛,指缺乏确切事实,根据一些现象进行的推测,也可指为论证而提出合乎逻辑推理的某种假定,有时仅表示自己的意见。
  • guess:guess常用词,指毫无根据仅凭个人主观臆断或碰运气的猜测。
  • postulate:postulate指为证实一个理论的正确性而进行的假设。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我猜我把书落在图书馆里了。

    I supposed to have left my book in the library.

    I supposed that I have left my book in the library.

    suppose后不能直接跟动词不定式。

  2. “You won't be here tomorrow, will you?”“I suppose not.”

    “你明天不来这儿,是吗?”“我不这样想。”

    “你明天不来这儿,是吗?”“我认为是这样。”

    答句全句意为I don't suppose I will be here tomorrow,故应如正句所译。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的supposer,意为假设;最初源自古典拉丁语的supponere: sub(向下)+ponee(r放),意为放在下面。

suppose的相关资料:

正版词典

suppose : 假定;猜想 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • suppose:suppose vt. 推想, 假设, 猜想vi. 料想conj. 假使...结果会怎样 英英解释:动词suppose:1. express a supposition同义词:say2. expect…

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