reckon

  核心词汇  
['rekən]     ['rekən]    
  • v. 计算;认为;估计
reckoned reckoned reckoning reckons
new

reckon的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. <正式>计算,数,测算,测量
  2. <口>指望,盼望
  3. <口>觉得,认为
  4. 想,料想
  5. 猜想,估计,设想,预计
  6. 支付,结算
  7. 正确评定,评定
  8. 总计,合计达...
  9. 算入,列入,加入
  10. 依靠,依赖
  11. 断定
  12. 把...看做
  13. 想像
  14. 判断,推断
  15. 被普遍认为是
  16. <非正式>思忖,考虑

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 猜想,估计 guess; believe as a result of calculating roughly but not exactly
  2. vt. 〈非正〉思忖; 设想 think; suppose
  3. vt. 考虑; 认为 generally consider or regard
  4. vt. 〈正〉计算 calculate; add up (an amount , cost, etc.)

英英释义

Verb:
  1. expect, believe, or suppose;

    "I imagine she earned a lot of money with her new novel"
    "I thought to find her in a bad state"
    "he didn't think to find her in the kitchen"
    "I guess she is angry at me for standing her up"

  2. judge to be probable

  3. deem to be;

    "She views this quite differently from me"
    "I consider her to be shallow"
    "I don't see the situation quite as negatively as you do"

  4. make a mathematical calculation or computation

  5. have faith or confidence in;

    "you can count on me to help you any time"
    "Look to your friends for support"
    "You can bet on that!"
    "Depend on your family in times of crisis"

  6. take account of;

    "You have to reckon with our opponents"
    "Count on the monsoon"

reckon的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Did you reckon in the cost of the taxi?
    你把出租车费算进去了吗?
  2. You should reckon in the cost of fuel.
    你应当把燃料费计算在内。
  3. They reckon the book as one of his best works.
    他们认为这本书是他的优秀作品之一。
  4. The news won't worry her, I reckon.
    我看这消息不会使她不安。
  5. I reckon this will be a hot summer.
    我估计这将是一个炎热的夏天。
  6. We didn't reckon for such bad weather.
    我们没有估计到天气会这么糟。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Reckon the cost before you decide.
    先算一下费用,然后再作决定。
  2. 1
  3. Our pay is reckoned from the 1st of the month.
    我们的薪水从每月的第一天算起。
S+~+to- v
  1. We reckon to arrive in Hong Kong at night.
    我们估计晚上抵达香港。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. The experts reckon that about 1000 tons of grain will be needed.
    专家们估计将需要1000吨谷物。
  2. I reckon that he will come soon.
    我想他很快就会来。
  3. I reckon that he is old enough.
    我认为他的年龄已经够大了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as) n. / adj.
  1. She was reckoned (to be) a great poet.
    她被认为是伟大的诗人。
  2. She has always been reckoned as clever.
    她一直被认为是聪明人。
  3. One quarter of the country is reckoned as unproductive.
    这个国家有四分之一的土地是不毛之地。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. He was reckoned to have the greatest talent of his generation.
    他在这一代人中被公认为最具天赋的人。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
reckon among (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉认为…属于…之列consider (sb/sth) as belonging to (a group)
    reckon sb/sth among sb/sth

    I'm proud to reckon you among my friends.

    我自豪地把你看作是我的朋友。

    Her poetry is reckoned among the best-known this century.

    她的诗被认为是本世纪最著名的诗篇之一。

reckon as (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉被认作…,被看作…be considered as
    reckon as sb/sth/v-ing

    A student over sixteen reckons as two under eleven in the calculation of school building costs.

    在计算学校的建筑费用时,一名16岁以上的学生作为两个11岁以下的学生计算。

    In cricket, a no ball reckons as one run.

    在板球中,投球违例要失一分。

    Any unemployed person reckons as deserving government help.

    任何一个失业者都被认为应受到政府的帮助。

reckon for (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉考虑〔估计〕到…plan for (sth, often unexpected)
    reckon for sth/v-ing

    He got more than he reckoned for when he chose to play against such an opponent.

    他选择与这样的对手比赛,获益比他估计的要多。

    We didn't reckon for having such bad weather when we planned the garden party.

    当我们计划这次游园会时,没考虑到会遇到这样糟糕的天气。

    reckon for sth v-ing

    We didn't reckon for the weather turning bad so suddenly.

    我们没考虑到天气变坏得这么快。

reckon in (v.+adv.)
    〈非正〉把…计算〔包括〕在内include (people, or things such as figures) in a calculation of a group, cost, etc.
    reckon sb/sth ⇔ in

    Have you reckoned the cost of postage in?

    你是否已把邮费计算在内?

reckon on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉指望,信赖〔依靠〕…trust in; depend on (sb, sth or doing sth)
    reckon on〔upon〕 sb/sth/v-ing

    You can always reckon on Jim; he'll never fail you.

    你总是可以相信吉姆,他绝不会辜负你。

    I'd like to come with you but that's not a promise, don't reckon on it.

    我愿意与你一起去,但这不算允诺,别指望我一定来。

    Don't reckon on going abroad this summer, we may not be able to afford it.

    别指望今年夏天出国了,我们可能负担不起费用。

    reckon on〔upon〕 sth v-ing

    Don't reckon upon the weather being fine for your garden party.

    不要指望你举行游园会时会是好天气。

    reckon on〔upon〕 sb to-v

    Don't reckon upon your relatives to help you out of trouble.

    不要指望你的亲戚会帮助你摆脱困境。

reckon to (v.+prep.)
    数到(某个数字)(通常指从零开始)count, usually from zero, as far as (a number)
    reckon to sth

    You can reckon (up) to 100 while we hide.

    我们藏起来时,你从0数到100。

reckon up (v.+adv.)
    〈主英·口〉了解,摸透(某人的性格等)understand the nature of (sb)
reckon with (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉惩罚(某人)punish (sb)
    reckon sth with sth

    We reckon your pay with our adding machine.

    我们用加算器来计算你的薪金。

    reckon with sb/sth

    I wouldn't like to reckon with the manager when he's in a bad temper.

    经理脾气不好时我不愿同他打交道。

    Women have become a force to be reckoned with in the affairs of the world.

    在世界事务中,妇女已成为一支不可忽视的力量。

    reckon with sth/v-ing

    We must reckon with all possible difficulties when we are considering the cost of the contract.

    我们考虑合同费用时必须认真考虑所有潜在的困难。

    reckon with sth

    After all the suffering that you have had to reckon with in the past, your present struggle will seem easy.

    在你战胜了过去种种磨难之后,你目前的斗争看来是容易的。

    reckon with sb

    I'll reckon with that boy when he gets home!

    等那孩子回家后,我要惩罚他!

reckon without (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉忽略(某情况或某人); 没把(某因素或某人)考虑在内fail to expect or include (sb/sth)
    reckon without sb/sth

    We had hoped to hold the garden party this weekend, but we reckoned without the weather!

    我们原想在本周末举行游园会,但忽略了天气的因素!

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • The merchants reckon up their gold.

    出自: J. Masefield
  • A woman who reckoned every halfpenny spent.

    出自: M. Seymour

reckon的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. reckon作“猜想,估计”解时可接动词不定式作宾语,也可接that引导的从句作宾语,还可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  2. reckon作“思忖,设想”时为非正式用语,只能接that引导的从句作宾语。
  3. reckon作“考虑,认为”解时为比较正式的用语,不用于进行体,常用于被动结构,后面常接以动词不定式或“(to be/as+) n./adj. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
reckon, calculate, count, number
  • 这组词都有“数”“计算”的意思,尤其是count和reckon在很多情况下可互换,它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.count的含义是“数数目”; reckon则侧重“计算”。例如:
  • I counted the broken windows and found there were eight.
  • 我数了数破损的窗户,共有八个。
  • We'll have to reckon the cost of it.
  • 我们得计算它的成本。
  • 2.count和reckon都有“认为”之义,但reckon则更侧重于“推定”“公认”,指对事件全面权衡。例如:
  • Because our family is happy and healthy, we reckon ourselves fortunate.我们很幸运,因为我们的家庭是一个健康、幸福的家庭。
  • 3.calculate作“计算,核算”解时,指通过较复杂的过程,如:算术上的加减乘除或精密计算等。例如:
  • Can you calculate how much a trip to the Great Wall will cost?你能计算去长城旅游一次要多少钱吗?
  • 4.count和reckon多用于口语或日常生活; calculate多用于自然科学、生产部门或需要专门计算的场合。例如:
  • Astronomers can calculate when there will be eclipses of the sun and the moon.天文学家能算出什么时候有日食、月食。
  • 5.count既可用作动词,也可用作名词;而calculate和reckon只能用作动词。
  • 6.number侧重“编号”。
  • reckon, bank, depend, rely, trust
  • 这组词都可表示“寄托充分信任”。其区别是:
  • rely一般指根据以往的经验而指望某人不会辜负希望或期待某事不落空; trust强调毫无保留地确信某人或某事在任何情况下都可靠,这种信任感不是来自经验或证据,而是凭直觉或感情,因此有可能落空; depend专指由于自身能力不足或缺乏自信心而依赖别人给予帮助或支持,同时主观认为这种依赖不会遭到拒绝; reckon指对人或物寄托主观的期待或指望,暗示怀有比depend更强的自信心; bank主要用于口语中,喻义强烈的信赖,就像充分相信银行一样。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的gerecenian,意为解释陈述。
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