depend

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'pend]     [dɪ'pend]    
  • vi. 依赖;依靠;取决于
depended depended depending depends
new

depend的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 凭,靠,依赖,依靠
  2. 相信,信赖,信任,确信,对…有信心
  3. 取决于,因...而定,依…而定,受…的影响,由…决定,决定于,视…而定
  4. 悬而未决
  5. 下垂,悬挂,吊着
  6. 【语法】从属

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 依靠 rely; count; get support from, be supported by

英英释义

Verb:
  1. be contingent upon (something that is elided);

    "That depends"

  2. have faith or confidence in;

    "you can count on me to help you any time"
    "Look to your friends for support"
    "You can bet on that!"
    "Depend on your family in times of crisis"

depend的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Children depend on their parents for food and clothing.
    小孩依赖他们的父母供给衣食。
  2. He is a man whom you can depend on.
    他是个你可以信赖的人。
  3. The country depends heavily on its tourist trade.
    这个国家的经济在很大程度上依靠其旅游业。
  4. I have no one but you to depend on.
    除了你,我没有可依靠的人。
  5. Everything depends on whether you pass the examination.
    一手取决于你能否通过考试。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. It all depends.I have certain doubts about it.
    这很难说,得看情况。
  2. “What will you do next?”“I don't know.It all depends.”
    下一步你将做什么,我不知道,得看情况。
  3. Sometimes we're busy and sometimes we're not so busy, that depends.
    有时我们很忙,有时不太忙,得看情况。
  4. We may go out next Sunday, but that depends.
    我们可能下星期天郊游,但那要看情况而定。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. It all depends how you tackle the problem.
    全看你怎样处理这个问题了。
  2. It depends who will be the first to arrive there.
    要看是谁第一个到达那里。
  3. It depends what move you made.
    那要看你采取什么行动了。
  4. It depends who you're speaking to.
    这要看你在和谁说话。
  5. That depends where you live.
    要看你住在哪里。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
depend on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    随…而定 be influenced or determined by,(no pass) vary according to
    depend on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    He could not work and so he had to depend on his family.

    他不能工作,因此得依赖家里。

    You may depend on their support.

    你可依靠他们的支持。

    The people depend on his leadership.

    人民依靠他来领导。

    depend on〔upon〕 sb/sth for sth

    We can depend on him for help.

    我们可以指望他帮忙。

    She depends on her husband for money.

    她在经济上依靠丈夫。

    He depends on his pen for a living.

    他靠写作为生。

    We depend on the newspapers for daily news.

    我们靠报纸得到每天的消息。

    All living things depend on the sun for their growth.

    万物生长靠太阳。

    depend on〔upon〕 sb to-v

    You can't depend on others to help you.

    你不能指望别人来帮助你。

    We are depending on you to finish the job.

    我们指望你来完成这项工作。

    depend on〔upon〕 sb/sth/v-ing

    Just depend on me.I'll be able to lead you there.

    放心吧,我会把你带到那儿的。

    You can depend on this newspaper.

    你可以相信这家报纸。

    I depended on the map but it was wrong.

    我相信了这张地图,可它是错的。

    Depend upon it, he will let you down some day.

    等着瞧吧,总有一天他会拆你的台。

    You may depend on his coming.

    你可以相信他会来。

    We can depend on his arriving on time.

    我们可以相信他会准时到达。

    depend on〔upon〕 sb to-v

    You can depend on Jim to get the job done.

    你可以相信吉姆会完成那项工作的。

    You may depend on me to be there early.

    请你放心,我一定早点到那儿。

    depend on〔upon〕 sth/wh-clause

    It depends on the weather.

    那要看天气如何而定。

    It all depends upon circumstances.

    这全看情形而定。

    The price depends on the quality.

    价格得看质量而定。

    That depends entirely upon your efforts.

    那完全取决于你的努力。

    That depends on what he will do next.

    这要看他下一步干什么。

    That depends on how you tackle the problem.

    那取决于你如何处理这个问题。

    This depends on whether the medicine is effective.

    这得看这药是否有效。

    The party depends on whether or not they collect enough money.

    这次聚会要看他们是否能筹集到足够的钱。

depend on〔upon〕 it (v.+prep.+pron.)
    请放心; 相信 be sure about sth
    depend on〔upon〕 it that-clause

    You may depend on it that it won't happen again.

    你要相信那样的事不会再发生了。

    You may depend upon it that the newspaper accounts are exaggerated.

    报纸上的报道是夸大其词的,这一点你相信好了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • From one hand depended a meagre trail of botanical specimens.

    出自: R. Lehmann

depend的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. depend的基本意思是“吊”“悬”“挂”,作“依赖于”“依靠”解时主要指某种要出现的情况、未知的事实及待作出的决定等有关的事物的不确定性。引申可指信心十足或对某人充分相信。
  2. depend多与on〔upon〕连用,只有当主语是it/that时,才可省略on〔upon〕,且只能接疑问词从句,其他情况都用作普通不及物动词。
  3. It all depends或That depends表示“这很难说”“得看情况”。
  4. 在口语中,作为开场白或结束语的depend upon〔on〕 it意思是“无须怀疑”“我敢说”,可以看成是省略了you may〔can〕...。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
depend on, rely on
  • 这两者都表示“依靠”。其区别是:
  • 1.depend on强调从这个人或这件事中很可能得到支持或帮助,而rely on强调凭以往的经验来判断是否可以相信或依赖。例如:
  • The success of the meeting depends largely on whether the chairman is efficient.
  • 这个会议的成功很大程度上是依靠了 主席的能力。
  • They cannot be relied on to offer much support.
  • 他们不指望得到更多的支持。
  • 2.depend on着重指客观事实,诸如能力、财力等不得不“依靠”或“指望”; rely on常侧重从人品、感情方面“依赖”“信赖”。例如:
  • My wife and children depend on me.
  • 我的妻子和孩子都得依靠我。
  • One can always rely on him to be polite and do the right thing.
  • 人们都相信他会彬彬有礼,行事得体。
  • depend, bank, reckon, rely, trust
  • 这组词都可表示“寄托充分信任”。其区别是:
  • rely一般指根据以往的经验而指望某人不会辜负希望或期待某事不落空; trust强调毫无保留地确信某人或某事在任何情况下都可靠,这种信任感不是来自经验或证据,而是凭直觉或感情,因此有可能落空; depend专指由于自身能力不足或缺乏自信心而依赖别人给予帮助或支持,同时主观认为这种依赖不会遭到拒绝; reckon指对人或物寄托主观的期待或指望,暗示怀有比depend更强的自信心; bank主要用于口语中,喻义强烈的信赖,就像充分相信银行一样。
  • depend, hang, hinge, turn
  • 这组词都可表示“依赖”“依…而定”。其区别是:
  • depend侧重思想上的悬念,无法进行预测,常指对某物的未来情景捉摸不定; hinge侧重思想上的悬念; hang不太侧重事件的捉摸不定或没把握的成功等; turn侧重旋转和对变化的、偶然的东西的依赖。例如:
  • Whether he goes back to jail depends on whether he violates parole.他是否重回监狱得看他假释期是否犯罪而定。
  • Everything hinges on where we go next.一切要看我们下一步去哪里而定。
  • The future of the company hangs on the outcome of his meeting.公司的前途取决于这次会议的结果。
  • The success of the negotiations turns on getting the agreement of the Italian delegation.谈判的成功依赖于取得意大利代表团的同意。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      事情的发展是由内因决定的。

      The developed affair is depended on internal elements.

      The developed affair depends on internal elements.

      depend作“取决于”“由…决定”解时不能用于被动结构或进行体。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪初期进入英语,直接源自中古法语的dependre,意为取决于条件和原因;最初源自古典拉丁语的dependere: de (来自,向下) + pendere (悬着),意为向下悬着。
    今日热词
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