idle

  核心词汇  
['aɪdl]     ['aɪdl]    
  • adj. 无目的;无聊的; 懒惰的;闲散的; 无根据的
  • vt. 虚度; 使空闲
  • vi. 不作事;闲逛; (机器)空转
idly idler idlest idleness idled idled idling idles
new

idle的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 懒惰的;懒散的;无所事事的,吊儿郎当的
  2. 空闲的;不忙的;无聊的;闲散的,悠闲的,无活动的
  3. 无根据的,无理由的
  4. 无益的,无价值的,无意义的
  5. 闲置的,未利用的
  6. 徒劳的,无效的,无用的
  7. 无目的的
  8. 不在工作的,失业的
  9. 【机】空转的
  10. 【物】无功的,空载的
n. (名词)
  1. (发动机的)空转,怠速,空载
v. (动词)
  1. 让(发动机等)空转
  2. 虚度,浪费,混(常与away连用)
  3. 使空闲,使没事干,使闲着
  4. 使闲置
  5. 闲逛,闲混,闲散,闲荡
  6. (机器)空转,怠速运转,慢转,挂空挡

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 虚度,闲逛 waste time doing nothing
  2. vt. & vi. 空转 tick over
adj. (形容词)
  1. 空闲的,闲着的 not working or operating productively
  2. 懒散的,无所事事的 lazy, wasting time
  3. 无根据的; 无聊的 not based on fact or good reason
  4. [A]无意义的,无特别意图的 having no particular purpose

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the state of an engine or other mechanism that is idling;

    "the car engine was running at idle"

Adjective:
  1. not in action or at work;

    "an idle laborer"
    "idle drifters"
    "the idle rich"
    "an idle mind"

  2. without a basis in reason or fact;

    "baseless gossip"
    "the allegations proved groundless"
    "idle fears"
    "unfounded suspicions"
    "unwarranted jealousy"

  3. not in active use;

    "the machinery sat idle during the strike"
    "idle hands"

  4. silly or trivial;

    "idle pleasure"
    "light banter"
    "light idle chatter"

  5. lacking a sense of restraint or responsibility;

    "idle talk"
    "a loose tongue"

  6. not yielding a return;

    "dead capital"
    "idle funds"

  7. not having a job;

    "idle carpenters"
    "jobless transients"
    "many people in the area were out of work"

Verb:
  1. run disconnected or idle;

    "the engine is idling"

  2. be idle; exist in a changeless situation;

    "The old man sat and stagnated on his porch"
    "He slugged in bed all morning"

idle的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Being at an idle end,we often go to and look around the shops.
    闲来无事,我们常去逛逛商店。
  2. Idle folks have the least leisure.
    懒惰的人最没空闲。
  3. No matter how rich, one shall not live an idle life.
    不管一个人多么富有,都不应该过着闲散的生活。
  4. I never believe idle reports.
    我从来不信捕风捉影的传闻。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The strike idled many workers.
    罢工使许多工人没事干。
  2. It is impossible to enjoy idling thoroughly unless one has plenty of work to do. (Jerome, British humorist)
    除非有大量的工作,否则就不可能尽情享受空闲时光。(英国幽默家杰罗姆)
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. I hate you to idle about.
    我不喜欢你游手好闲。
  2. We should not idle away our valuable time in the claver.
    我们不应该把宝贵的时间消磨在闲谈之中。
  3. He is always idling about street corners.
    他总是在街道角落那闲逛。
  4. "You're perfectly right when you say that one shouldn't let one's machinery lie idle and go rusty!
    “你这话对极了,机器搁着就生锈!

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. They idled before cafes.
    他们在餐馆前闲逛。
  2. The car idled in the driveway.
    这辆车在行车道上停着。
  3. The windmill idled in the breeze.
    风车在微风中慢慢地转动。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The strike idled the workers for days.
    罢工使工人们好多天无事可做。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. We spent many idle hours during the holidays.
    在假期中我们度过了很多空闲的时间。
  2. They didn't want to live idle lives.
    他们不愿过闲散的生活。
  3. How much trouble in this life is caused by idle talk!
    这一生中,无聊的闲话引起多少烦恼啊!
  4. I don't know why I asked—just idle curiosity.
    我不知道我为什么问这问题——只是出于无意义的好奇心吧。
  5. An idle person will never find or understand real happiness.
    一个懒汉永远找不到也永远不懂得真正的幸福。
  6. An idle worker is a waste of money.
    工人懒散就是浪费金钱。
  7. Every evening on my way home I see that idle fellow.
    每天晚上在回家的路上我都能见到那个游手好闲的家伙。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. When men can't find employment, they are idle.
    当人们找不到工作时,他们便空闲着。
  2. Men are idle when machines break down.
    机器坏了时,人们都没事做。
S+be+~+to- v
  1. He is too idle to do anything.
    他太懒了,不干任何事。
It is/was+~+to- v
  1. It's idle to expect help from that man.
    指望那人帮助是没用的。
  2. It would be idle to argue further.
    再辩论下去也不会有什么效果。
  3. I knew what would happen, but it was idle to warn them;they wouldn't listen.
    我知道将要发生什么事,但是警告他们也没用,他们不听。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. The factory closed and left hundreds of employees idle.
    工厂关闭使数百名雇员无事可做。
  2. The fuel shortage has left many airplanes idle.
    燃料的短缺使很多飞机停飞。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
idle about〔around〕1 (v.+adv.)
    虚度时光 spend time lazily
    idle about

    Don't idle about.

    不要闲逛。

    There was no work in the office this afternoon so everyone idled about.

    今天下午办公室里无事,所以大家都闲着。

    She is a very active sort of person and can't bear to see others idling around.

    她是那种积极肯干的人,看不惯别人的懒散。

idle about〔around〕2 (v.+prep.)
    在…附近闲逛 waste time around some place
    idle about〔around〕 sth

    He is always idling about street corners.

    他老是在街头角落闲逛。

    He idled around the house all morning.

    他一上午都在房子附近闲逛。

idle away (v.+adv.)
    空转 (of a car) to run very slowly without being connected to the wheels, continuously or for some time

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 动词+~

经典引文

  • It is idle to propose remedies, before we are assured of the disease.

    出自: Swift
  • I'm sorry. It was just idle curiosity.

    出自: A. Trew
  • A clear brown brook idles through the pastures.

    出自: W. D. Howells

idle的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. idle的基本意思是指人不是把时间花在工作上,而是懒散、无目的地“虚度光阴”“闲逛”。本词可用于强烈地责备,也可用于指正当的、愉快的行为。引申可表示机器等“空转”。
  2. idle既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语; 用作不及物动词时,常与about, around , away等连用。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
idle, laze, loaf, loll, lounge
  • 这组词都可表示“无所事事”。它们之间的区别是:idle指人或物闲置无事或无目的、无意义地动作,含有指责的意味,有时也指正当的消遣; loaf指混日子或漫无目的地游荡; lounge指懒洋洋地靠着或躺着,引申指闲逛或吊儿郎当地混日子; loll与lounge同意,但更强调懒散或无拘束的样子; laze则侧重于忙人在假日或空闲的时候闲散。
  • adj. (形容词)
    idle, lazy
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“懒散的”。其区别是:
  • lazy指人的性情贪闲偷懒,松懈拖沓,在工作或学习上不勤奋或根本厌恶努力向上,一般用作贬义词;idle多指人由于客观原因而一时无事可做或物闲置他处,一般不含贬义,有时也指懒惰,但不如lazy常用。例如:
  • In that country many workers were unemployed and forced to remain idle.在那个国家有许多工人失业,被迫闲混。
  • He is a lazy fellow.Don't expect him to finish the work in time.他是个懒蛋,别指望他按时完成工作。
  • idle,lazy
  • 这两个形容词均有“闲散、懒惰”之意。
  • idle通常指不忙,无事可干,一般不含应责备之意。
  • lazy指好逸恶劳,贪闲偷懒,或不愿学习或工作等,常含应受责备之意。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的idel,意为空的,无用的。
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