lie

  基本词汇  
[laɪ]     [laɪ]    
  • v. 躺下;位于;在于;平放;存在;延伸;说谎
  • n. 谎言
lay/lied lain/lied lying lies
new

lie的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 撒谎,用谎骗使得...
  2. (事物)造成假象
  3. 证明...不实
  4. 平卧,躺
  5. 被平放
  6. 处于某种状态
  7. (比赛中)占名次,位于
  8. (抽象事物)存在,在于
  9. 被埋葬
  10. 展现,伸展
  11. 隐蔽
  12. 停泊
  13. 被储存
  14. (风)保持某一方向
  15. (军队)设营
  16. 【律】可立案,可受理
  17. <古>过夜,投宿,住宿
n. (名词)
  1. 谎言,假话
  2. 假象,造成错觉的事物,欺骗行为
  3. 对谎言的斥责
  4. 状态,位置,方向
  5. (鸟、兽的)栖息处,巢穴,隐藏处
  6. <英>躺,躺着的一段时间
  7. 【高尔夫】球位

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 躺,卧 have one's body in a flat position along the ground or other surface;be at rest
  2. vi. 平放 be resting flat on sth
  3. vi. 位于 exist in
  4. vi. 处于 remain, or be kept in the stated condition
  5. vi. 展现,伸展 show, spread out to view;extend
v. (动词)
  1. vi. & vt. 说谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue
n. (名词)
  1. [C]说谎 an untrue statement purposely made to deceive

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth

  2. Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations (1896-1968)

  3. position or manner in which something is situated

Verb:
  1. be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position

  2. be lying, be prostrate; be in a horizontal position;

    "The sick man lay in bed all day"
    "the books are lying on the shelf"

  3. originate (in);

    "The problems dwell in the social injustices in this country"

  4. be and remain in a particular state or condition;

    "lie dormant"

  5. tell an untruth; pretend with intent to deceive;

    "Don't lie to your parents"
    "She lied when she told me she was only 29"

  6. have a place in relation to something else;

    "The fate of Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"
    "The responsibility rests with the Allies"

  7. assume a reclining position;

    "lie down on the bed until you feel better"

lie的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. If you feel unwell, go and lie down.
    如果你感到不舒服,就去躺下。
  2. My home town lies low in a hidden valley.
    我的家乡位于一个隐蔽的山谷里。
  3. The fundamental way out lies in reform and openness.
    根本出路在于改革开放。
  4. The novel is lying on the table.
    小说平放在桌子上。
  5. The truth lies between two extremes.
    真理存在两个极端之间。
  6. Our land lies between these trees and the river.
    我们的土地位于这些树和那条河之间
  7. I promise never to lie to you from now on.
    我发誓从今以后再也不向你说谎话。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He degraded himself by cheating and telling lies.
    他因欺骗、撒谎而损害了自己的人格。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He lay there, flooded with pain, fear and hatred.
    他躺在那儿,心中充满了痛苦、恐惧和憎恨。
  2. As you make your bed, so you must lie.
    自作自受。
  3. Lasa lies too far away from Beijing.
    拉萨离北京很远。
  4. Many small islands lie nearby.
    附近有许多小岛。
  5. The village lies at the foot of a hill.
    这村庄坐落在一个小山脚下。
  6. The books have been lying here ever since they were laid here.
    这些书自从放在这里就一直未动过。
  7. The appeal will not lie.
    该控诉不能成立。
  8. You must bring home to John where the difficulty lies.
    你必须使约翰明白困难之所在。
  9. He knows where his interest lies.
    他知道自己的利益所在。
  10. That is where the real danger lies.
    这就是真正的危险所在。
  11. It lies at a month's distance from here.
    它离这儿有一个月的路程。
  12. The fault lies at their own doors.
    这错误在于他们自己。
  13. She lies at your mercy.
    她在你的控制下。
  14. A bright future lies ahead.
    光明的未来展现在面前。
  15. What lies ahead for French industries cannot yet be foretold.
    法国工业前景如何还不能预言。
There lies〔lay〕...
  1. There lay a boy.
    那里躺着一个男孩。
  2. There lies a vast expense of golden crops before us.
    一望无际的金灿灿的作物展现在我们的眼前。
  3. There lies a bright future before us.
    我们前途似锦。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. I have lain awake all night, thinking of this.
    我想着这事,一夜没睡着。
  2. The farmland lay barren.
    农田成了不毛之地。
  3. The machinery was lying idle because of the strike.
    机器因罢工而闲置着。
  4. The coast was undefended and lay open to attack.
    海岸未设防御,容易受到攻击。
  5. The thieves knew that the police were after them so they decided to lie low for a time.
    那些小偷知道警察在追捕他们,因此决定潜伏一个时期。
S+~+ v -ed
  1. The national hero lies buried here.
    那位民族英雄就安葬在这里。
  2. His motives lay concealed.
    他的动机不明。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. She lies sleeping soundly.
    她躺在床上,睡得香甜极了。
  2. The goods lie wasting in the warehouse.
    货物闲放在仓库里。
其他 v -ing as Attrib.
  1. The teacher told the boys to collect all the wastepaper lying about after the picnic and burn it.
    老师告诉男学生,在野餐之后,把四处散置的废纸捡集起来,然后烧掉。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Obviously, he was lying.
    显然他是在撒谎。
  2. The plain fact of the matter is that the man lied.
    事实表明,那个人撒谎。
  3. He never lied in his life.
    他一辈子没撒过谎。
  4. I won't be able to look him in the eye if I lie.
    我要是撒谎,我就不敢直视他的眼睛。
  5. The lawyer demonstrated that the witness was lying.
    律师证明,那位证人在撒谎。
  6. I could tell that he was lying because he faced away while he was speaking.
    我敢说,他在撒谎,因为他说话时总是往旁边看。
  7. Facts never lie.
    事实从不会骗人。
  8. That thermometer must be lying.
    那个温度计肯定不准确。
  9. Figures can lie when statistics are misused.
    统计资料用得不当,数字实际也会给人以假象。
  10. I hate lying and cheating.
    我不愿说谎骗人。
  11. I'm surprised that you would descend to lying.
    你竟然不顾人格撒谎,真使我感到吃惊。
  12. The father licked the boy for lying.
    父亲因儿子撒谎而揍他。
  13. He spotted his reputation by lying repeatedly.
    他不断撒谎,从而使他自己的名声沾上了污点。
用作及物动词 S+~+that-clause
  1. The boy lied that he had laid his homework on the teacher's desk.
    那孩子撒谎说,他把作业放在讲台上了。
  2. He lied that she was found out.
    他撒谎说,她被查出来了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Who has put the lie about?
    是谁散布的这个谎言?
  2. The lie that you told reflects on your honesty.
    你所说的谎言影响了你的诚实。
  3. A lie is as much a lie, when it is whispered or when it is proclaimed at the market cross.
    不管是小声低语还是在市场门口大声叫喊,谎言终归是谎言。
  4. He tried to sell me a lie about losing his wallet.
    他试图使我相信他丢失了钱夹的谎言。
  5. She has no money, and sometimes has to cheat and lives a lie.
    她没有钱,有时不得不搞欺骗,过虚伪的生活。
  6. We no longer believed the lies spread by them.
    我们再也不相信他们散布的谣言了。
  7. The pedlar was stuffing the boy with lies.
    那小贩在撒谎欺骗小孩。
  8. Father denounced his son for lies.
    父亲因儿子撒谎而谴责他。
  9. Even the police cannot always discern truth from lies.
    即使警察也并不总能区别出真话与谎言。
  10. I'll get back at him for spreading those lies about me.
    他造谣诽谤我,我得对他进行报复。
  11. Lying is a form of dishonesty.
    说谎是一种不诚实的表现。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
lie about〔around〕 (v.+adv.)
    到处散放;闲着不干事 be strewn about; idle around
    lie about〔around〕

    I wish you wouldn't just lie around all day.

    但愿你别整日无所事事。

    Don't leave your tools lying about.

    别把工具到处乱丢。

    My dog just lies around all day and doesn't even bark when strangers knock on the door—he's not even worth his keep.

    我的狗整天睡觉,甚至在陌生人敲门时也不叫——不值得养它了。

lie back (v.+adv.)
    躺,倚靠 recline;lean backwards against some support
    lie back

    Just lie back and enjoy yourself here.

    在这里休息休息,快活地玩玩吧。

    He lay back in the comfortable chair.

    他靠在舒适的椅子上。

lie before (v.+prep.)
    展现在…的面前 unfold before one's eyes
    lie before sb/sth

    The valley lay before us.

    山谷展现在我们眼前。

    A vast expanse of golden crops lay before us.

    我们眼前展现出一大片金黄色的作物。

    Since you are young, life still lies before you.

    你还年轻,生活之路还长呢。

    My duty to my family lies before my own interests.

    我的家庭责任比我的个人利益更重要。

lie behind1 (v.+adv.)
    存在于过去;已成为往事 exist earlier;be past
    lie behind of sth

    Memories lie behind of all that has happened.

    大家都记得以前发生过的事情。

lie behind2 (v.+prep.)
    是…的原因 be the reason or explanation for sth
lie beyond1 (v.+adv.)
    处于更远的位置;存在于未来 be in a position further away;exist in the future
    lie beyond

    I have only ever seen as far as the next valley, and have no idea what lies beyond.

    我最远只到过下一个山谷,至于更远处怎么样我就不知道了。

    We can make plans for the next year, but who can tell what lies beyond?

    我们可以制订明年的计划,但谁说得准之后会发生什么情况呢?

lie beyond2 (v.+prep.)
    超过…的承受力 be greater than or too much for sth
lie by1 (v.+adv.)
    停泊,停航 stop;come to a rest
    lie by

    We shall have to lie by because of the storm.

    因为这场暴风雨,我们不得不停航。

lie by2 (v.+prep.)
    处在…旁边 take a position to sth
    lie by sb/sth

    It's so pleasant to lie by a warm fire.

    呆在暖烘烘的火炉旁边真够惬意的。

lie down (v.+adv.)
    逃避(职责),不好好干 evade;fail to do one's duty
    lie down

    You had better go and lie down.

    你还是去躺一下为好。

    I had already lain down when he came in.

    他进来的时候,我已经躺下了。

    The doctor says that Mary must lie down and rest an hour every afternoon.

    医生说玛丽每天午后要躺下休息一个小时。

    I get terrible headaches but it helps if I lie down in the dark for a while.

    我头痛得厉害,要是在暗处躺一会儿,那是大有好处的。

    She lay down for half an hour.

    她休息了半小时。

    The dog lay down.

    这条狗睡觉了。

    lie down

    I hope you don't expect me just to lie down and take his insults.

    我希望你不会要我容忍他的侮辱。

    Does he expect us to take such an insult lying down?

    难道他希望我们坦然忍受这样的侮辱吗?

    The man will not lie down under such treatment.

    这个人不甘心受这样的对待。

    We have no intention of lying down under these accusation.

    我们不甘心接受这些指责。

    lie down on the job

    If Ade keeps lying down on the job, he'll soon be fired.

    如果艾德一直不好好干,用不了多久他就会被辞退。

lie heavy on (v.+adj.+prep.)
    不舒服,烦恼,痛苦 cause discomfort, trouble, distress in
lie in1 (v.+adv.)
    分娩,待产 remain in bed to give birth to a baby
lie in2 (v.+prep.)
    在于 rest with
lie off (v.+adv.)
    在附近停泊;停止工作 keep a short way from the shore or another ship;stop working
    lie off

    The ship is now lying off, ready to load up.

    这艘船现在在附近停泊,等待装货。

    As soon as he makes a little money, he lies off and spends it.

    他赚点钱就停止工作,把钱花光。

lie on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    松劲;不求进取 relax one's efforts;make no further efforts
lie over (v.+adv.)
    延期处理,搁延 be left for action at a future time
    lie over

    We arrived there too late for the morning cars. We had, therefore, to lie over a day.

    我们到那里太迟,没赶上早班车,只好耽搁一天。

    Let the matter lie over until the next committee meeting.

    将此事搁延至委员会下次会议。

    The decision must lie over until the next executive meeting.

    这项决议必须留到下次执委会会议讨论。

lie to1 (v.+adv.)
    停泊 be moored or anchored
    lie to

    The ship was lying to outside the harbour.

    这艘船停泊在港湾外。

lie to2 (v.+prep.)
    位于 exist in
    lie to sth

    To the east of China lies Japan.

    日本位于中国以东。

lie up (v.+adv.)
    退隐,躲起来 stay in hiding or avoid being noticed
lie with (v.+prep.)
    是…的责任 be sb's duty or responsibility
    lie with sb/sth

    It lies with you to accept or reject the proposal.

    接受还是拒绝该提议全由你作主。

    It lies with the police to prove that the prisoner actually stole the jewels.

    该由警察来证实该囚犯确实盗窃了珠宝。

    The fault does not lie with the government officials.

    这不是政府官员的过错。

    The job of ensuring an equal sharing of national wealth lies with the government.

    保证平均分享国家财富是政府的职责。

用作动词 (v.)
lie about (v.+prep.)
    隐瞒 conceal;cover up
    lie about sth

    Many women lie about their ages.

    许多妇女在她们的年龄问题上不肯说实话。

    Age is one thing, but how do you lie about your height?

    年龄可以谎报,可是你如何隐瞒自己的身高呢?

    She lied about her past.

    她编造了自己过去的经历。

    She lied about what had happened.

    她对发生的事撒了谎。

lie into (v.+prep.)
    骗取(某人的)信任;骗(某人做某事) make sb believe or do sth
    lie sb/oneself into sth/v-ing

    Be on guard against those who try to lie themselves into our confidence.

    要警惕那些试图用谎言来骗取我们信任的人。

    He lied himself into office.

    他靠哄骗手段得到职务。

    He lied me into lending him my car.

    他骗我把汽车借给了他。

lie out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
    靠撒谎摆脱(困境) leave difficulty by deceiving
    lie oneself/sth out of sth

    She succeeded in lying herself out of trouble.

    她成功地用谎言使自己摆脱了困境。

    He lied his way out of trouble.

    他以谎言使自己摆脱了困境。

lie to (v.+prep.)
    (向…)撒谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue to
    lie to sb

    The witness lied to the jury.

    证人欺骗了陪审团。

    It is wrong to lie to the parents.

    对父母不诚实是错误的。

用作名词 (n.)
as far as in me lies
    尽我所能 try one's best
tell a lie〔tell lies〕
    说谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
副词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • I had committed some fault and told a lie about it.

    出自: J. Cary
  • The horizontal lie of the chalk beds.

    出自: S. Baring
  • A stretcher on which lies a drunken woman.

    出自: Scott Fitzgerald
  • The long white forenoons of childhood, as I lay ill or convalescent.

    出自: Day Lewis
  • The boy lay asleep..in his teak bunk.

    出自: G. Greene
  • The train was very full, he said, though Myatt knew he lied.

    出自: G. Greene
  • It seems so terrible to lie to him..about things which just aren't true.

    出自: I. Murdoch

lie的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. lie的基本意思是指人“平躺〔卧〕”,也可表示“(使)某物平放”。
  2. lie是不及物动词,常与around, down, in, on等词连用,不能用于被动结构。
  3. lie有时可用作系动词,后接形容词(而不接副词)、现在分词或过去分词作表语。
  4. lie可用于表示“存在”的There...句型中,位于there之后,主谓倒装。
  5. lie作“展现”解时,多以物作其主语。
v. (动词)
  1. lie的基本意思是“说谎”,指出于好意或恶意的目的说与事实截然矛盾的或根本不存在的假话。多用作不及物动词,有时也可用作及物动词,接that引导的从句作宾语。
n. (名词)
  1. lie的基本意思是“说谎”,指为了欺骗别人,通过已有预谋地或故意地歪曲了事实真相而直接生硬地所说的假话,是可数名词。
  2. 在非正式文体中,可用lying代替lie

词义辨析

v. (动词)
lie, lie in
  • lie的原意是“躺”,常可以引申为“在”“处在”;lie in用于抽象的情况下,常译为“在于”。试比较:
  • The harbour lies to the east of the city.
  • 港口在城市东面。
  • The cure lies in education.
  • 挽救之道在于教育。
  • lie, be situated, nestle, stand
  • 这组词(组)都可表示地理位置中的“位于”,其区别在于:
  • 1.lie用于海、湖、都市、道路等平坦宽阔的地方。
  • 2.be situated侧重地理位置或环境。例如:
  • The village is situated in a valley.村庄坐落在山谷中。
  • 3.stand常用于建筑物,多想象为主体的体积。例如:
  • The house stands by the wayside.房子坐落在路边。
  • 4.nestle的意思是“半隐半现地坐落在…之中”。例如:
  • The country house nestles among the pine trees.这个别墅半隐半现地位于松林之中。
  • lie, lay
  • lie的过去式与lay的现在式同形,故极易混淆,其实这两个词区别很大。lay是及物动词,意为“把…置于”,而lie是不及物动词,意为“躺着,平放,位于”。前者表动作,后者表状态。试比较以下两个句子:
  • He laid his dictionary on the shelf.
  • 他把词典放在书架上。
  • The dictionary is lying on the shelf.
  • 那本词典放在书架上。
  • 下面两句话强调的重点不同。试比较:
  • He often reads books lying.(强调阅读)
  • He often lies reading books.(强调躺着)
  • 他时常躺着看书。
  • lie in, lie to和lie on三者所表示的位置关系不同。试比较:
  • New York lies in the east of America.
  • 纽约位于美国东部。(包含关系)
  • Japan lies to the east of China.
  • 日本位于中国以东。(不包含关系)
  • America lies on the east of the Pacific.
  • 美国位于太平洋东岸。(相邻关系)
  • 下面两个句子的意思不同:
  • The old lady lay on the floor.
  • 那老妇人躺在地板上(状态)。
  • The old lady lay down on the floor.
  • 那老妇人躺到地板上(动作)。
  • v. (动词)
    lie, equivocate, fib, palter, prevaricate
  • 这组词都可表示“说谎”。它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.lie指直截了当地、不折不扣地说谎。
  • 2.prevaricate常用作代替lie的正式用语,指用支吾、搪塞、推诿等手段来回避讲真话。例如:
  • She has got a pneumonia, but she prevaricates to him that she only gets a flu.她得了肺炎,但她告诉他只是得了流感。
  • 3.equivocate指含糊其词或说话躲闪,强调搪塞。例如:
  • Answer yes or no, but don't equivocate.回答“是”还是“不是”,别搪塞。
  • 4.palter指在说话或处理问题时反复无常,暗示说模棱两可的话或空口许诺、敷衍、搪塞。例如:
  • He always paltered with the promise, but he may not keep it.他多次允诺,但从未实现他的诺言。
  • 5.fib常指无关紧要地说谎。例如:
  • The child fibs when he thinks he can gain something by doing so.这个孩子认为,他说谎可以获得一些东西,于是就这样做了。
  • n. (名词)
    lie, falsehood, story
  • 这组词的共同意思是“谎言”“撒谎”。
  • 1.lie指有预谋地或故意地歪曲事实真相;而falsehood则指与事实不符的假话。从使用范围上讲, lie比falsehood的使用范围要广泛;就语气来说, lie的语气比falsehood强, falsehood是一种委婉语,无论是有意还是无意,确实是一些不实之词。例如:
  • It's all lies, don't believe him.全是谎话,别相信他。
  • He told a falsehood to keep from being punished.为了逃避惩罚,他说了谎话。
  • 2.story指真实发生过的事件,也可以指书中编写或想象出来的故事,有较强的文学色彩。例如:
  • My children love to hear detective stories.我的孩子们喜欢听侦探故事。
  • He promised to tell the children a story as soon as they had got into bed.他答应孩子们一上床,就讲故事给他们听。
  • She wrote a story about space exploration.她写了一篇关于探索外层空间的故事。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      他卧床3天了。

      He lied in bed for three days.

      He lay in bed for three days.

      他们躺在草地上沐浴着阳光。

      They lied on the grass enjoying the sunshine.

      They lay on the grass enjoying the sunshine.

      lie 作“说谎”解时为规则动词 (lie, lied, lied, lying);作“躺”解时为不规则动词(lie, lay, lain, lying)。

      他仰卧着,眼睛盯着天花板。

      He lay to his back and stared up at the ceiling.

      He lay on his back and stared up at the ceiling.

      lie on one's back(side)表示“仰(侧)卧”,习惯上用on,而不用to。

      勤奋通向成功,失败在于懒惰。

      Hard work lies in success and failure leads to laziness.

      Success lies in hard work and laziness leads to failure.

      Hard work leads to success and failure lies in laziness.

      lead to是“…原因导致…结果”, lie in是“…结果存在于…原因之中”。注意区别因果关系。

    v. (动词)
      对于此事,他向我撒了谎。

      He lied me about it.

      He lied to me about it.

      lie表示“说谎”,是不及物动词,不能直接跟宾语。表示“对某人说谎”,应该说lie to sb。

      你说你出去了,这是对我说谎。

      You lay to me when you said you were out.

      You lied to me when you said you were out.

      当lie作“说谎”解时,是规则动词,其过去式是lied。

    n. (名词)
      他从不撒谎。

      He never says a lie.

      He never tells a lie.

      表示“说谎”,一般说tell a lie或tell lies,不说say a lie或say lies。

      不要说谎。

      Don't tell lie.

      Don't tell a lie〔lies〕.

      lie用作名词,表示“说谎”,是可数名词。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语;最初源自原始日耳曼语的leugan,意为说错。
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