lie

  基本词汇  
[laɪ]     [laɪ]    
  • v.躺下;位于;在于;平放;存在;延伸;说谎
  • n.谎言
lay / lied lain / lied lying lies
new

lie是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 撒谎,用谎骗使得...
  2. (事物)造成假象
  3. 证明...不实
  4. 平卧,躺
  5. 被平放
  6. 处于某种状态
  7. (比赛中)占名次,位于
  8. (抽象事物)存在,在于
  9. 被埋葬
  10. 展现,伸展
  11. 隐蔽
  12. 停泊
  13. 被储存
  14. (风)保持某一方向
  15. (军队)设营
  16. 【律】可立案,可受理
  17. <古>过夜,投宿,住宿
n.(名词)
  1. 谎言,假话
  2. 假象,造成错觉的事物,欺骗行为
  3. 对谎言的斥责
  4. 状态,位置,方向
  5. (鸟、兽的)栖息处,巢穴,隐藏处
  6. <英>躺,躺着的一段时间
  7. 【高尔夫】球位

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vi. 躺,卧 have one's body in a flat position along the ground or other surface;be at rest
  2. vi. 平放 be resting flat on sth
  3. vi. 位于 exist in
  4. vi. 处于 remain, or be kept in the stated condition
  5. vi. 展现,伸展 show, spread out to view;extend
v.(动词)
  1. vi. & vt. 说谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue
n.(名词)
  1. [C]说谎 an untrue statement purposely made to deceive

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
lie : 躺, 平放, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
lie : 处于某种状 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
lie : 躺, 平放, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
lie : 树倒 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
lie : 产式 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth

  2. Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations (1896-1968)

  3. position or manner in which something is situated

Verb:
  1. be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position

  2. be lying, be prostrate; be in a horizontal position;

    "The sick man lay in bed all day"
    "the books are lying on the shelf"

  3. originate (in);

    "The problems dwell in the social injustices in this country"

  4. be and remain in a particular state or condition;

    "lie dormant"

  5. tell an untruth; pretend with intent to deceive;

    "Don't lie to your parents"
    "She lied when she told me she was only 29"

  6. have a place in relation to something else;

    "The fate of Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"
    "The responsibility rests with the Allies"

  7. assume a reclining position;

    "lie down on the bed until you feel better"

lie的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. If you feel unwell, go and lie down.
    如果你感到不舒服,就去躺下。
  2. My home town lies low in a hidden valley.
    我的家乡位于一个隐蔽的山谷里。
  3. The fundamental way out lies in reform and openness.
    根本出路在于改革开放。
  4. The novel is lying on the table.
    小说平放在桌子上。
  5. The truth lies between two extremes.
    真理存在两个极端之间。
  6. I promise never to lie to you from now on.
    我发誓从今以后再也不向你说谎话。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He degraded himself by cheating and telling lies.
    他因欺骗、撒谎而损害了自己的人格。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He lay there, flooded with pain, fear and hatred.
    他躺在那儿,心中充满了痛苦、恐惧和憎恨。
  2. As you make your bed, so you must lie.
    自作自受。
  3. Lasa lies too far away from Beijing.
    拉萨离北京很远。
  4. Many small islands lie nearby.
    附近有许多小岛。
  5. The village lies at the foot of a hill.
    这村庄坐落在一个小山脚下。
  6. The books have been lying here ever since they were laid here.
    这些书自从放在这里就一直未动过。
  7. The appeal will not lie.
    该控诉不能成立。
  8. You must bring home to John where the difficulty lies.
    你必须使约翰明白困难之所在。
  9. He knows where his interest lies.
    他知道自己的利益所在。
  10. That is where the real danger lies.
    这就是真正的危险所在。
  11. It lies at a month's distance from here.
    它离这儿有一个月的路程。
  12. The fault lies at their own doors.
    这错误在于他们自己。
  13. She lies at your mercy.
    她在你的控制下。
  14. A bright future lies ahead.
    光明的未来展现在面前。
  15. What lies ahead for French industries cannot yet be foretold.
    法国工业前景如何还不能预言。
There lies〔lay〕...
  1. There lay a boy.
    那里躺着一个男孩。
  2. There lies a vast expense of golden crops before us.
    一望无际的金灿灿的作物展现在我们的眼前。
  3. There lies a bright future before us.
    我们前途似锦。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. I have lain awake all night, thinking of this.
    我想着这事,一夜没睡着。
  2. The farmland lay barren.
    农田成了不毛之地。
  3. The machinery was lying idle because of the strike.
    机器因罢工而闲置着。
  4. The coast was undefended and lay open to attack.
    海岸未设防御,容易受到攻击。
  5. The thieves knew that the police were after them so they decided to lie low for a time.
    那些小偷知道警察在追捕他们,因此决定潜伏一个时期。
S+~+ v -ed
  1. The national hero lies buried here.
    那位民族英雄就安葬在这里。
  2. His motives lay concealed.
    他的动机不明。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. She lies sleeping soundly.
    她躺在床上,睡得香甜极了。
  2. The goods lie wasting in the warehouse.
    货物闲放在仓库里。
其他 v -ing as Attrib.
  1. The teacher told the boys to collect all the wastepaper lying about after the picnic and burn it.
    老师告诉男学生,在野餐之后,把四处散置的废纸捡集起来,然后烧掉。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Obviously, he was lying.
    显然他是在撒谎。
  2. The plain fact of the matter is that the man lied.
    事实表明,那个人撒谎。
  3. He never lied in his life.
    他一辈子没撒过谎。
  4. I won't be able to look him in the eye if I lie.
    我要是撒谎,我就不敢直视他的眼睛。
  5. The lawyer demonstrated that the witness was lying.
    律师证明,那位证人在撒谎。
  6. I could tell that he was lying because he faced away while he was speaking.
    我敢说,他在撒谎,因为他说话时总是往旁边看。
  7. Facts never lie.
    事实从不会骗人。
  8. That thermometer must be lying.
    那个温度计肯定不准确。
  9. Figures can lie when statistics are misused.
    统计资料用得不当,数字实际也会给人以假象。
  10. I hate lying and cheating.
    我不愿说谎骗人。
  11. I'm surprised that you would descend to lying.
    你竟然不顾人格撒谎,真使我感到吃惊。
  12. The father licked the boy for lying.
    父亲因儿子撒谎而揍他。
  13. He spotted his reputation by lying repeatedly.
    他不断撒谎,从而使他自己的名声沾上了污点。
用作及物动词 S+~+that-clause
  1. The boy lied that he had laid his homework on the teacher's desk.
    那孩子撒谎说,他把作业放在讲台上了。
  2. He lied that she was found out.
    他撒谎说,她被查出来了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Who has put the lie about?
    是谁散布的这个谎言?
  2. The lie that you told reflects on your honesty.
    你所说的谎言影响了你的诚实。
  3. A lie is as much a lie, when it is whispered or when it is proclaimed at the market cross.
    不管是小声低语还是在市场门口大声叫喊,谎言终归是谎言。
  4. He tried to sell me a lie about losing his wallet.
    他试图使我相信他丢失了钱夹的谎言。
  5. She has no money, and sometimes has to cheat and lives a lie.
    她没有钱,有时不得不搞欺骗,过虚伪的生活。
  6. We no longer believed the lies spread by them.
    我们再也不相信他们散布的谣言了。
  7. The pedlar was stuffing the boy with lies.
    那小贩在撒谎欺骗小孩。
  8. Father denounced his son for lies.
    父亲因儿子撒谎而谴责他。
  9. Even the police cannot always discern truth from lies.
    即使警察也并不总能区别出真话与谎言。
  10. I'll get back at him for spreading those lies about me.
    他造谣诽谤我,我得对他进行报复。
  11. Lying is a form of dishonesty.
    说谎是一种不诚实的表现。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
lie about〔around〕 (v.+adv.)
  1. 到处散放;闲着不干事 be strewn about; idle around lie about〔around〕

    I wish you wouldn't just lie around all day.但愿你别整日无所事事。

    Don't leave your tools lying about.别把工具到处乱丢。

    My dog just lies around all day and doesn't even bark when strangers knock on the door—he's not even worth his keep.我的狗整天睡觉,甚至在陌生人敲门时也不叫——不值得养它了。

lie back (v.+adv.)
  1. 躺,倚靠 recline;lean backwards against some support lie back

    Just lie back and enjoy yourself here.在这里休息休息,快活地玩玩吧。

    He lay back in the comfortable chair.他靠在舒适的椅子上。

lie before (v.+prep.)
  1. 展现在…的面前 unfold before one's eyes lie before sb/sth

    The valley lay before us.山谷展现在我们眼前。

    A vast expanse of golden crops lay before us.我们眼前展现出一大片金黄色的作物。

    Since you are young, life still lies before you.你还年轻,生活之路还长呢。

    My duty to my family lies before my own interests.我的家庭责任比我的个人利益更重要。

lie behind1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 存在于过去;已成为往事 exist earlier;be past lie behind of sth

    Memories lie behind of all that has happened.大家都记得以前发生过的事情。

lie behind2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 lie behind通常不用于进行体,也不用于被动结构。 lie behind sb/sth
  2. 位于…之后;留在…的后头 be placed at the back of sth;exist earlier than;be past sb

    The valley that we are trying to reach lies behind the next hill. 我们要去的那个山谷就在下一座山的背面。

    I shall be glad when this year lies behind me. 这一年过去了,我就高兴了。

  3. 是…的原因 be the reason or explanation for sth

    Do you know what lies behind her sudden departure for London? 你知道她突然去伦敦的原因吗?

lie beyond1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 处于更远的位置;存在于未来 be in a position further away;exist in the future lie beyond

    I have only ever seen as far as the next valley, and have no idea what lies beyond.我最远只到过下一个山谷,至于更远处怎么样我就不知道了。

    We can make plans for the next year, but who can tell what lies beyond?我们可以制订明年的计划,但谁说得准之后会发生什么情况呢?

lie beyond2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 位于比(某地)更远之处;存在于比(某时)更远的未来 be in a position further than sth;exist in the future further than (a time)

    I have no idea what lies beyond the next valley. 我不知道下一个山谷之外有什么。

    We can make plans for the next year, but who can tell what lies beyond that? 我们可以制订明年的计划,但谁说得准那之后会发生什么情况呢?

  2. 超过…的承受力 be greater than or too much for sth

    The singer was unwise to choose songs which lay beyond his ability. 这位歌手不明智,选了一些他唱不好的歌曲。

lie by1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 停泊,停航 stop;come to a rest lie by

    We shall have to lie by because of the storm.因为这场暴风雨,我们不得不停航。

lie by2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 处在…旁边 take a position to sth lie by sb/sth

    It's so pleasant to lie by a warm fire.呆在暖烘烘的火炉旁边真够惬意的。

lie down (v.+adv.)
  1. 休息,等候 rest, sleep or wait lie down

    You had better go and lie down.你还是去躺一下为好。

    I had already lain down when he came in.他进来的时候,我已经躺下了。

    The doctor says that Mary must lie down and rest an hour every afternoon.医生说玛丽每天午后要躺下休息一个小时。

    I get terrible headaches but it helps if I lie down in the dark for a while.我头痛得厉害,要是在暗处躺一会儿,那是大有好处的。

    She lay down for half an hour.她休息了半小时。

    The dog lay down.这条狗睡觉了。

  2. 接受,忍受 accept or submit lie down

    I hope you don't expect me just to lie down and take his insults.我希望你不会要我容忍他的侮辱。

    Does he expect us to take such an insult lying down?难道他希望我们坦然忍受这样的侮辱吗?

    The man will not lie down under such treatment.这个人不甘心受这样的对待。

    We have no intention of lying down under these accusation.我们不甘心接受这些指责。

  3. 逃避(职责),不好好干 evade;fail to do one's duty lie down on the job

    If Ade keeps lying down on the job, he'll soon be fired.如果艾德一直不好好干,用不了多久他就会被辞退。

lie heavy on (v.+adj.+prep.)
  1. 不舒服,烦恼,痛苦 cause discomfort, trouble, distress in

    The sweet food lay heavy on my stomach. 吃这甜食后,胃觉得很不舒服。

    The theft lay heavy on his conscience. 那次偷窃使他良心不安。

    Your anger lies heavy on me. 你的愤怒使我烦恼。

lie in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 晚起,睡懒觉 stay in bed late in the morning

    It's Sunday tomorrow, so you can lie in. 明天是星期天,你可以睡懒觉了。

    Mother let me lie in, but I got up for breakfast. 妈妈让我多睡一会儿,但我还是起来吃早饭。

  2. 分娩,待产 remain in bed to give birth to a baby

    Normally, a woman will lie in a few hours before the birth of her child. 在一般情况下,孕妇在分娩前几个小时要卧床待产。

lie in2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 躺在 recline in

    The nurse tried now and then to sit me up while I was lying in bed in hospital. 我住院期间,护士时常扶我坐起来。

    His body lies in the churchyard. 他的尸体葬在教堂墓地。

    The ship lay at anchor in the harbour. 那船停泊在港湾内。

    The town lay in ruins after the earthquake. 地震后,这城镇变成一片废墟。

  2. 位于 exist in

    A lot of national parks lie in the areas inhabited by ethnic minorities. 许多国家公园位于少数民族聚居的地方。

  3. 在于 rest with

    All their hopes lie in him. 他们把所有希望都寄托在他身上。

    The trick lies in the way you hit the ball. 窍门在于击球的手法。

    Her charm lies in her disposition more than her looks. 她的魅力主要在于气质,而不是外貌。

    Our strength lies in the people, and together we cannot lose. 我们的力量在于人民,大家团结在一起就不会失败。

    Your problem lies in lacking efficient methods. 你的问题在于缺少有效的方法。

    The chief difficulty lies in finding a good opportunity. 主要困难在于寻找一个好时机。

lie off (v.+adv.)
  1. 在附近停泊;停止工作 keep a short way from the shore or another ship;stop working lie off

    The ship is now lying off, ready to load up.这艘船现在在附近停泊,等待装货。

    As soon as he makes a little money, he lies off and spends it.他赚点钱就停止工作,把钱花光。

lie on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 压在〔位于〕…之上 recline on a surface or sth

    Go and lie on the bed and have a rest. 躺到床上去休息一下。

    Mike awoke to find that he was lying on the beach. 迈克一觉醒来,发现自己躺在海滩上。

    While the man was lying on the ground, his attackers kicked him in the face. 那个人倒在地上时,那些攻击他的人就踢他的脸。

    Surrounded by three men, who were threatening him,Jim struck out in all directions and soon had them all lying on the ground. 在受三个人包围并威胁的情况下,吉姆凶猛地四面迎敌,很快就把他们打倒在地。

    The food lay on the patient's plate untouched. 病人的饭菜放在盘里,一点都没动。

    A heavy weight lies on his conscience. 他的良心压上了沉重的包袱。

    China lies on the east of the Pacific. 中国位于太平洋东部。

  2. 依赖,取决于 be the responsibility of

    Your success lies upon your effort. 你的成功取决于你的努力。

    He thinks that truth lies on either side or on neither side. 他认为或者是双方都有理,或者是双方都没理。

  3. 松劲;不求进取 relax one's efforts;make no further efforts

    If you want to win the first place, you can't lie on your oars. 假如你想得第一名,就不能松劲。

lie over (v.+adv.)
  1. 延期处理,搁延 be left for action at a future time lie over

    We arrived there too late for the morning cars. We had, therefore, to lie over a day.我们到那里太迟,没赶上早班车,只好耽搁一天。

    Let the matter lie over until the next committee meeting.将此事搁延至委员会下次会议。

    The decision must lie over until the next executive meeting.这项决议必须留到下次执委会会议讨论。

lie to1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 停泊 be moored or anchored lie to

    The ship was lying to outside the harbour.这艘船停泊在港湾外。

lie to2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 位于 exist in lie to sth

    To the east of China lies Japan.日本位于中国以东。

lie up (v.+adv.)
  1. 休息 rest

    He must lie up for a few weeks until his leg mends. 他必须卧床几星期,等腿好了再起来。

  2. 退隐,躲起来 stay in hiding or avoid being noticed

    The criminals are lying up somewhere in the hill. 罪犯就藏在那山里。

    My car has been lying up all winter. 我的车整个冬天都没有使用。

lie with (v.+prep.)
  1. 是…的责任 be sb's duty or responsibility lie with sb/sth

    It lies with you to accept or reject the proposal.接受还是拒绝该提议全由你作主。

    It lies with the police to prove that the prisoner actually stole the jewels.该由警察来证实该囚犯确实盗窃了珠宝。

    The fault does not lie with the government officials.这不是政府官员的过错。

    The job of ensuring an equal sharing of national wealth lies with the government.保证平均分享国家财富是政府的职责。

用作动词 (v.)
lie about (v.+prep.)
  1. 隐瞒 conceal;cover up lie about sth

    Many women lie about their ages.许多妇女在她们的年龄问题上不肯说实话。

    Age is one thing, but how do you lie about your height?年龄可以谎报,可是你如何隐瞒自己的身高呢?

    She lied about her past.她编造了自己过去的经历。

    She lied about what had happened.她对发生的事撒了谎。

lie into (v.+prep.)
  1. 骗取(某人的)信任;骗(某人做某事) make sb believe or do sth lie sb/oneself into sth/v-ing

    Be on guard against those who try to lie themselves into our confidence.要警惕那些试图用谎言来骗取我们信任的人。

    He lied himself into office.他靠哄骗手段得到职务。

    He lied me into lending him my car.他骗我把汽车借给了他。

lie out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 靠撒谎摆脱(困境) leave difficulty by deceiving lie oneself/sth out of sth

    She succeeded in lying herself out of trouble.她成功地用谎言使自己摆脱了困境。

    He lied his way out of trouble.他以谎言使自己摆脱了困境。

lie to (v.+prep.)
  1. (向…)撒谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue to lie to sb

    The witness lied to the jury.证人欺骗了陪审团。

    It is wrong to lie to the parents.对父母不诚实是错误的。

用作名词 (n.)
as far as in me lies
  1. 尽我所能 try one's best

    I shall try, as far as in me lies, to make these points clear. 我将尽我所能把这几点讲清楚。

tell a lie〔tell lies〕
  1. 说谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue

    She scorned to tell a lie. 她不屑于说谎。

    If he knows I told a lie, how can I look him in the face again? 如果他知道我对他撒了谎,我还怎么再见他!

    I confessed telling a lie. 我承认我说了谎。

    The boy owned to having told a lie. 那男孩承认曾撒过一次谎。

    He decided not to tell a lie again. 他决心不再撒谎了。

    Many of them suspected me to have told a lie. 他们许多人怀疑我撒了谎。

    He told a lie to shield his brother. 他撒谎以保护他的兄弟。

    I inferred that he is telling a lie. 我推测他是在说谎。

    It offends against my principles to tell a lie, even for my own advantage. 说谎违反我做人的原则,即便是为我自己。

    Tom told a lie about George, and when he was found out, he had to eat humble pie. 汤姆讲的有关乔治的事情都是谎言。当他被揭穿时,就只得认错。

    Parents should stop their children from telling lies. 父母亲应制止孩子们说谎。

    I may withhold the truth at times, but I stop short of actually telling lies. 我有时候可能不说真话,但事实上,我不至于到说谎的地步。

    No consideration on earth justifies a parent in telling lies to his child. 无论出于哪种考虑,家长都没有理由对孩子撒谎。

    Don't think you can get away with telling lies. 不要以为你撒了谎就可以这样算了。

    Don't go around telling lies like that. 不要像那样到处说谎。

    The girl went around telling lies.We are already tired of her. 那女孩到处说谎,我们已经讨厌她了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
副词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • I had committed some fault and told a lie about it.

    出自:J. Cary
  • The horizontal lie of the chalk beds.

    出自:S. Baring
  • A stretcher on which lies a drunken woman.

    出自:Scott Fitzgerald
  • The long white forenoons of childhood, as I lay ill or convalescent.

    出自:Day Lewis
  • The boy lay asleep..in his teak bunk.

    出自:G. Greene
  • The train was very full, he said, though Myatt knew he lied.

    出自:G. Greene
  • It seems so terrible to lie to him..about things which just aren't true.

    出自:I. Murdoch

lie的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. lie的基本意思是指人“平躺〔卧〕”,也可表示“(使)某物平放”。
  2. lie是不及物动词,常与around, down, in, on等词连用,不能用于被动结构。
  3. lie有时可用作系动词,后接形容词(而不接副词)、现在分词或过去分词作表语。
  4. lie可用于表示“存在”的There...句型中,位于there之后,主谓倒装。
  5. lie作“展现”解时,多以物作其主语。
v.(动词)
  1. lie的基本意思是“说谎”,指出于好意或恶意的目的说与事实截然矛盾的或根本不存在的假话。多用作不及物动词,有时也可用作及物动词,接that引导的从句作宾语。
n.(名词)
  1. lie的基本意思是“说谎”,指为了欺骗别人,通过已有预谋地或故意地歪曲了事实真相而直接生硬地所说的假话,是可数名词。
  2. 在非正式文体中,可用lying代替lie。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
lie, lie in
lie的原意是“躺”,常可以引申为“在”“处在”;lie in用于抽象的情况下,常译为“在于”。试比较:
  • The harbour lies to the east of the city.
  • 港口在城市东面。
  • The cure lies in education.
  • 挽救之道在于教育。
lie, be situated, nestle, stand
这组词(组)都可表示地理位置中的“位于”,其区别在于:
1.lie用于海、湖、都市、道路等平坦宽阔的地方。
2.be situated侧重地理位置或环境。例如:
The village is situated in a valley.村庄坐落在山谷中。
3.stand常用于建筑物,多想象为主体的体积。例如:
The house stands by the wayside.房子坐落在路边。
4.nestle的意思是“半隐半现地坐落在…之中”。例如:
The country house nestles among the pine trees.这个别墅半隐半现地位于松林之中。
lie, lay
lie的过去式与lay的现在式同形,故极易混淆,其实这两个词区别很大。lay是及物动词,意为“把…置于”,而lie是不及物动词,意为“躺着,平放,位于”。前者表动作,后者表状态。试比较以下两个句子:
  • He laid his dictionary on the shelf.
  • 他把词典放在书架上。
  • The dictionary is lying on the shelf.
  • 那本词典放在书架上。
下面两句话强调的重点不同。试比较:
  • He often reads books lying.(强调阅读)
  • He often lies reading books.(强调躺着)
  • 他时常躺着看书。
lie in, lie to和lie on三者所表示的位置关系不同。试比较:
  • New York lies in the east of America.
  • 纽约位于美国东部。(包含关系)
  • Japan lies to the east of China.
  • 日本位于中国以东。(不包含关系)
  • America lies on the east of the Pacific.
  • 美国位于太平洋东岸。(相邻关系)
下面两个句子的意思不同:
  • The old lady lay on the floor.
  • 那老妇人躺在地板上(状态)。
  • The old lady lay down on the floor.
  • 那老妇人躺到地板上(动作)。
v.(动词)
lie, equivocate, fib, palter, prevaricate
这组词都可表示“说谎”。它们之间的区别是:
1.lie指直截了当地、不折不扣地说谎。
2.prevaricate常用作代替lie的正式用语,指用支吾、搪塞、推诿等手段来回避讲真话。例如:
She has got a pneumonia, but she prevaricates to him that she only gets a flu.她得了肺炎,但她告诉他只是得了流感。
3.equivocate指含糊其词或说话躲闪,强调搪塞。例如:
Answer yes or no, but don't equivocate.回答“是”还是“不是”,别搪塞。
4.palter指在说话或处理问题时反复无常,暗示说模棱两可的话或空口许诺、敷衍、搪塞。例如:
He always paltered with the promise, but he may not keep it.他多次允诺,但从未实现他的诺言。
5.fib常指无关紧要地说谎。例如:
The child fibs when he thinks he can gain something by doing so.这个孩子认为,他说谎可以获得一些东西,于是就这样做了。
n.(名词)
lie, falsehood, story
这组词的共同意思是“谎言”“撒谎”。
1.lie指有预谋地或故意地歪曲事实真相;而falsehood则指与事实不符的假话。从使用范围上讲, lie比falsehood的使用范围要广泛;就语气来说, lie的语气比falsehood强, falsehood是一种委婉语,无论是有意还是无意,确实是一些不实之词。例如:
It's all lies, don't believe him.全是谎话,别相信他。
He told a falsehood to keep from being punished.为了逃避惩罚,他说了谎话。
2.story指真实发生过的事件,也可以指书中编写或想象出来的故事,有较强的文学色彩。例如:
My children love to hear detective stories.我的孩子们喜欢听侦探故事。
He promised to tell the children a story as soon as they had got into bed.他答应孩子们一上床,就讲故事给他们听。
She wrote a story about space exploration.她写了一篇关于探索外层空间的故事。
situate lie stand
这些动词均含“位于”之意。
  • situate:situate通常用过去分词作表语,指某城镇、乡村或某物等的地理位置与环境的关系,即在何处。
  • lie:lie最常用词,指国家、城镇、道路、湖海等所处的位置。
  • stand:stand多指建筑物等被拟人化之物立于某处。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他卧床3天了。

    He lied in bed for three days.

    He lay in bed for three days.

  2. 他们躺在草地上沐浴着阳光。

    They lied on the grass enjoying the sunshine.

    They lay on the grass enjoying the sunshine.

    lie 作“说谎”解时为规则动词 (lie, lied, lied, lying);作“躺”解时为不规则动词(lie, lay, lain, lying)。

  3. 他仰卧着,眼睛盯着天花板。

    He lay to his back and stared up at the ceiling.

    He lay on his back and stared up at the ceiling.

    lie on one's back(side)表示“仰(侧)卧”,习惯上用on,而不用to。

  4. 勤奋通向成功,失败在于懒惰。

    Hard work lies in success and failure leads to laziness.

    Success lies in hard work and laziness leads to failure.

    Hard work leads to success and failure lies in laziness.

    lead to是“…原因导致…结果”, lie in是“…结果存在于…原因之中”。注意区别因果关系。

v.(动词)
  1. 对于此事,他向我撒了谎。

    He lied me about it.

    He lied to me about it.

    lie表示“说谎”,是不及物动词,不能直接跟宾语。表示“对某人说谎”,应该说lie to sb。

  2. 你说你出去了,这是对我说谎。

    You lay to me when you said you were out.

    You lied to me when you said you were out.

    当lie作“说谎”解时,是规则动词,其过去式是lied。

n.(名词)
  1. 他从不撒谎。

    He never says a lie.

    He never tells a lie.

    表示“说谎”,一般说tell a lie或tell lies,不说say a lie或say lies。

  2. 不要说谎。

    Don't tell lie.

    Don't tell a lie〔lies〕.

    lie用作名词,表示“说谎”,是可数名词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自英古语;最初源自原始日耳曼语的leugan,意为说错。

lie的相关资料:

正版词典

lie : 沉淀物,渣 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
lie : 产式 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
lie : 躺,平卧, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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