- vi. 躺,卧 have one's body in a flat position along the ground or other surface;be at rest
- vi. 平放 be resting flat on sth
- vi. 位于 exist in
- vi. 处于 remain, or be kept in the stated condition
- vi. 展现,伸展 show, spread out to view;extend
- vi. & vt. 说谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue
- [C]说谎 an untrue statement purposely made to deceive
- a statement that deviates from or perverts the truth
- Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations (1896-1968)
- position or manner in which something is situated
- be located or situated somewhere; occupy a certain position
- be lying, be prostrate; be in a horizontal position;
"The sick man lay in bed all day"
"the books are lying on the shelf"
- originate (in);
"The problems dwell in the social injustices in this country"
- be and remain in a particular state or condition;
- tell an untruth; pretend with intent to deceive;
"Don't lie to your parents"
"She lied when she told me she was only 29"
- have a place in relation to something else;
"The fate of Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"
"The responsibility rests with the Allies"
- assume a reclining position;
"lie down on the bed until you feel better"
- If you feel unwell, go and lie down.
- My home town lies low in a hidden valley.
- The fundamental way out lies in reform and openness.
- The novel is lying on the table.
- The truth lies between two extremes.
- I promise never to lie to you from now on.
- He degraded himself by cheating and telling lies.
He lay there, flooded with pain, fear and hatred.
As you make your bed, so you must lie.
Lasa lies too far away from Beijing.
Many small islands lie nearby.
The village lies at the foot of a hill.
The books have been lying here ever since they were laid here.
The appeal will not lie.
You must bring home to John where the difficulty lies.
He knows where his interest lies.
That is where the real danger lies.
It lies at a month's distance from here.
The fault lies at their own doors.
She lies at your mercy.
A bright future lies ahead.
What lies ahead for French industries cannot yet be foretold.
There lay a boy.
There lies a vast expense of golden crops before us.
There lies a bright future before us.
I have lain awake all night, thinking of this.
The farmland lay barren.
The machinery was lying idle because of the strike.
The coast was undefended and lay open to attack.
The thieves knew that the police were after them so they decided to lie low for a time.
The national hero lies buried here.
His motives lay concealed.
She lies sleeping soundly.
The goods lie wasting in the warehouse.
The teacher told the boys to collect all the wastepaper lying about after the picnic and burn it.
Obviously, he was lying.
The plain fact of the matter is that the man lied.
He never lied in his life.
I won't be able to look him in the eye if I lie.
The lawyer demonstrated that the witness was lying.
I could tell that he was lying because he faced away while he was speaking.
Facts never lie.
That thermometer must be lying.
Figures can lie when statistics are misused.
I hate lying and cheating.
I'm surprised that you would descend to lying.
The father licked the boy for lying.
He spotted his reputation by lying repeatedly.
The boy lied that he had laid his homework on the teacher's desk.
He lied that she was found out.
Who has put the lie about?
The lie that you told reflects on your honesty.
A lie is as much a lie, when it is whispered or when it is proclaimed at the market cross.
He tried to sell me a lie about losing his wallet.
She has no money, and sometimes has to cheat and lives a lie.
We no longer believed the lies spread by them.
The pedlar was stuffing the boy with lies.
Father denounced his son for lies.
Even the police cannot always discern truth from lies.
I'll get back at him for spreading those lies about me.
Lying is a form of dishonesty.
- lie about〔around〕 (v.+adv.)
到处散放;闲着不干事 be strewn about; idle around lie about〔around〕
I wish you wouldn't just lie around all day.但愿你别整日无所事事。
Don't leave your tools lying about.别把工具到处乱丢。
My dog just lies around all day and doesn't even bark when strangers knock on the door—he's not even worth his keep.我的狗整天睡觉,甚至在陌生人敲门时也不叫——不值得养它了。
- 到处散放;闲着不干事 be strewn about; idle around lie about〔around〕
- lie back (v.+adv.)
躺,倚靠 recline;lean backwards against some support lie back
Just lie back and enjoy yourself here.在这里休息休息,快活地玩玩吧。
He lay back in the comfortable chair.他靠在舒适的椅子上。
- 躺,倚靠 recline;lean backwards against some support lie back
- lie before (v.+prep.)
展现在…的面前 unfold before one's eyes lie before sb/sth
The valley lay before us.山谷展现在我们眼前。
A vast expanse of golden crops lay before us.我们眼前展现出一大片金黄色的作物。
Since you are young, life still lies before you.你还年轻,生活之路还长呢。
My duty to my family lies before my own interests.我的家庭责任比我的个人利益更重要。
- 展现在…的面前 unfold before one's eyes lie before sb/sth
- lie behind1 (v.+adv.)
存在于过去;已成为往事 exist earlier;be past lie behind of sth
Memories lie behind of all that has happened.大家都记得以前发生过的事情。
- 存在于过去;已成为往事 exist earlier;be past lie behind of sth
- lie behind2 (v.+prep.)
- 〔说明〕 lie behind通常不用于进行体,也不用于被动结构。 lie behind sb/sth
位于…之后;留在…的后头 be placed at the back of sth;exist earlier than;be past sb
The valley that we are trying to reach lies behind the next hill. 我们要去的那个山谷就在下一座山的背面。
I shall be glad when this year lies behind me. 这一年过去了,我就高兴了。
是…的原因 be the reason or explanation for sth
Do you know what lies behind her sudden departure for London? 你知道她突然去伦敦的原因吗?
- lie beyond1 (v.+adv.)
处于更远的位置;存在于未来 be in a position further away;exist in the future lie beyond
I have only ever seen as far as the next valley, and have no idea what lies beyond.我最远只到过下一个山谷,至于更远处怎么样我就不知道了。
We can make plans for the next year, but who can tell what lies beyond?我们可以制订明年的计划,但谁说得准之后会发生什么情况呢?
- 处于更远的位置;存在于未来 be in a position further away;exist in the future lie beyond
- lie beyond2 (v.+prep.)
位于比(某地)更远之处;存在于比(某时)更远的未来 be in a position further than sth;exist in the future further than (a time)
I have no idea what lies beyond the next valley. 我不知道下一个山谷之外有什么。
We can make plans for the next year, but who can tell what lies beyond that? 我们可以制订明年的计划,但谁说得准那之后会发生什么情况呢?
超过…的承受力 be greater than or too much for sth
The singer was unwise to choose songs which lay beyond his ability. 这位歌手不明智,选了一些他唱不好的歌曲。
- 位于比(某地)更远之处;存在于比(某时)更远的未来 be in a position further than sth;exist in the future further than (a time)
- lie by1 (v.+adv.)
停泊,停航 stop;come to a rest lie by
We shall have to lie by because of the storm.因为这场暴风雨,我们不得不停航。
- 停泊,停航 stop;come to a rest lie by
- lie by2 (v.+prep.)
处在…旁边 take a position to sth lie by sb/sth
It's so pleasant to lie by a warm fire.呆在暖烘烘的火炉旁边真够惬意的。
- 处在…旁边 take a position to sth lie by sb/sth
- lie down (v.+adv.)
休息,等候 rest, sleep or wait lie down
You had better go and lie down.你还是去躺一下为好。
I had already lain down when he came in.他进来的时候,我已经躺下了。
The doctor says that Mary must lie down and rest an hour every afternoon.医生说玛丽每天午后要躺下休息一个小时。
I get terrible headaches but it helps if I lie down in the dark for a while.我头痛得厉害,要是在暗处躺一会儿，那是大有好处的。
She lay down for half an hour.她休息了半小时。
The dog lay down.这条狗睡觉了。
接受,忍受 accept or submit lie down
I hope you don't expect me just to lie down and take his insults.我希望你不会要我容忍他的侮辱。
Does he expect us to take such an insult lying down?难道他希望我们坦然忍受这样的侮辱吗?
The man will not lie down under such treatment.这个人不甘心受这样的对待。
We have no intention of lying down under these accusation.我们不甘心接受这些指责。
逃避(职责),不好好干 evade;fail to do one's duty lie down on the job
If Ade keeps lying down on the job, he'll soon be fired.如果艾德一直不好好干,用不了多久他就会被辞退。
- 休息,等候 rest, sleep or wait lie down
- lie heavy on (v.+adj.+prep.)
不舒服,烦恼,痛苦 cause discomfort, trouble, distress in
The sweet food lay heavy on my stomach. 吃这甜食后，胃觉得很不舒服。
The theft lay heavy on his conscience. 那次偷窃使他良心不安。
Your anger lies heavy on me. 你的愤怒使我烦恼。
- 不舒服,烦恼,痛苦 cause discomfort, trouble, distress in
- lie in1 (v.+adv.)
晚起,睡懒觉 stay in bed late in the morning
It's Sunday tomorrow, so you can lie in. 明天是星期天,你可以睡懒觉了。
Mother let me lie in, but I got up for breakfast. 妈妈让我多睡一会儿,但我还是起来吃早饭。
分娩,待产 remain in bed to give birth to a baby
Normally, a woman will lie in a few hours before the birth of her child. 在一般情况下,孕妇在分娩前几个小时要卧床待产。
- 晚起,睡懒觉 stay in bed late in the morning
- lie in2 (v.+prep.)
躺在 recline in
The nurse tried now and then to sit me up while I was lying in bed in hospital. 我住院期间,护士时常扶我坐起来。
His body lies in the churchyard. 他的尸体葬在教堂墓地。
The ship lay at anchor in the harbour. 那船停泊在港湾内。
The town lay in ruins after the earthquake. 地震后,这城镇变成一片废墟。
位于 exist in
A lot of national parks lie in the areas inhabited by ethnic minorities. 许多国家公园位于少数民族聚居的地方。
在于 rest with
All their hopes lie in him. 他们把所有希望都寄托在他身上。
The trick lies in the way you hit the ball. 窍门在于击球的手法。
Her charm lies in her disposition more than her looks. 她的魅力主要在于气质，而不是外貌。
Our strength lies in the people, and together we cannot lose. 我们的力量在于人民,大家团结在一起就不会失败。
Your problem lies in lacking efficient methods. 你的问题在于缺少有效的方法。
The chief difficulty lies in finding a good opportunity. 主要困难在于寻找一个好时机。
- 躺在 recline in
- lie off (v.+adv.)
在附近停泊;停止工作 keep a short way from the shore or another ship;stop working lie off
The ship is now lying off, ready to load up.这艘船现在在附近停泊,等待装货。
As soon as he makes a little money, he lies off and spends it.他赚点钱就停止工作,把钱花光。
- 在附近停泊;停止工作 keep a short way from the shore or another ship;stop working lie off
- lie on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
压在〔位于〕…之上 recline on a surface or sth
Go and lie on the bed and have a rest. 躺到床上去休息一下。
Mike awoke to find that he was lying on the beach. 迈克一觉醒来,发现自己躺在海滩上。
While the man was lying on the ground, his attackers kicked him in the face. 那个人倒在地上时,那些攻击他的人就踢他的脸。
Surrounded by three men, who were threatening him,Jim struck out in all directions and soon had them all lying on the ground. 在受三个人包围并威胁的情况下,吉姆凶猛地四面迎敌,很快就把他们打倒在地。
The food lay on the patient's plate untouched. 病人的饭菜放在盘里,一点都没动。
A heavy weight lies on his conscience. 他的良心压上了沉重的包袱。
China lies on the east of the Pacific. 中国位于太平洋东部。
依赖,取决于 be the responsibility of
Your success lies upon your effort. 你的成功取决于你的努力。
He thinks that truth lies on either side or on neither side. 他认为或者是双方都有理,或者是双方都没理。
松劲;不求进取 relax one's efforts;make no further efforts
If you want to win the first place, you can't lie on your oars. 假如你想得第一名,就不能松劲。
- 压在〔位于〕…之上 recline on a surface or sth
- lie over (v.+adv.)
延期处理,搁延 be left for action at a future time lie over
We arrived there too late for the morning cars. We had, therefore, to lie over a day.我们到那里太迟,没赶上早班车,只好耽搁一天。
Let the matter lie over until the next committee meeting.将此事搁延至委员会下次会议。
The decision must lie over until the next executive meeting.这项决议必须留到下次执委会会议讨论。
- 延期处理,搁延 be left for action at a future time lie over
- lie to1 (v.+adv.)
停泊 be moored or anchored lie to
The ship was lying to outside the harbour.这艘船停泊在港湾外。
- 停泊 be moored or anchored lie to
- lie to2 (v.+prep.)
位于 exist in lie to sth
To the east of China lies Japan.日本位于中国以东。
- 位于 exist in lie to sth
- lie up (v.+adv.)
He must lie up for a few weeks until his leg mends. 他必须卧床几星期,等腿好了再起来。
退隐,躲起来 stay in hiding or avoid being noticed
The criminals are lying up somewhere in the hill. 罪犯就藏在那山里。
My car has been lying up all winter. 我的车整个冬天都没有使用。
- 休息 rest
- lie with (v.+prep.)
是…的责任 be sb's duty or responsibility lie with sb/sth
It lies with you to accept or reject the proposal.接受还是拒绝该提议全由你作主。
It lies with the police to prove that the prisoner actually stole the jewels.该由警察来证实该囚犯确实盗窃了珠宝。
The fault does not lie with the government officials.这不是政府官员的过错。
The job of ensuring an equal sharing of national wealth lies with the government.保证平均分享国家财富是政府的职责。
- 是…的责任 be sb's duty or responsibility lie with sb/sth
- lie about (v.+prep.)
隐瞒 conceal;cover up lie about sth
Many women lie about their ages.许多妇女在她们的年龄问题上不肯说实话。
Age is one thing, but how do you lie about your height?年龄可以谎报,可是你如何隐瞒自己的身高呢?
She lied about her past.她编造了自己过去的经历。
She lied about what had happened.她对发生的事撒了谎。
- 隐瞒 conceal;cover up lie about sth
- lie into (v.+prep.)
骗取(某人的)信任;骗(某人做某事) make sb believe or do sth lie sb/oneself into sth/v-ing
Be on guard against those who try to lie themselves into our confidence.要警惕那些试图用谎言来骗取我们信任的人。
He lied himself into office.他靠哄骗手段得到职务。
He lied me into lending him my car.他骗我把汽车借给了他。
- 骗取(某人的)信任;骗(某人做某事) make sb believe or do sth lie sb/oneself into sth/v-ing
- lie out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
靠撒谎摆脱(困境) leave difficulty by deceiving lie oneself/sth out of sth
She succeeded in lying herself out of trouble.她成功地用谎言使自己摆脱了困境。
He lied his way out of trouble.他以谎言使自己摆脱了困境。
- 靠撒谎摆脱(困境) leave difficulty by deceiving lie oneself/sth out of sth
- lie to (v.+prep.)
(向…)撒谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue to lie to sb
The witness lied to the jury.证人欺骗了陪审团。
It is wrong to lie to the parents.对父母不诚实是错误的。
- (向…)撒谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue to lie to sb
- as far as in me lies
尽我所能 try one's best
I shall try, as far as in me lies, to make these points clear. 我将尽我所能把这几点讲清楚。
- 尽我所能 try one's best
- tell a lie〔tell lies〕
说谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue
She scorned to tell a lie. 她不屑于说谎。
If he knows I told a lie, how can I look him in the face again? 如果他知道我对他撒了谎,我还怎么再见他!
I confessed telling a lie. 我承认我说了谎。
The boy owned to having told a lie. 那男孩承认曾撒过一次谎。
He decided not to tell a lie again. 他决心不再撒谎了。
Many of them suspected me to have told a lie. 他们许多人怀疑我撒了谎。
He told a lie to shield his brother. 他撒谎以保护他的兄弟。
I inferred that he is telling a lie. 我推测他是在说谎。
It offends against my principles to tell a lie, even for my own advantage. 说谎违反我做人的原则,即便是为我自己。
Tom told a lie about George, and when he was found out, he had to eat humble pie. 汤姆讲的有关乔治的事情都是谎言。当他被揭穿时,就只得认错。
Parents should stop their children from telling lies. 父母亲应制止孩子们说谎。
I may withhold the truth at times, but I stop short of actually telling lies. 我有时候可能不说真话,但事实上,我不至于到说谎的地步。
No consideration on earth justifies a parent in telling lies to his child. 无论出于哪种考虑,家长都没有理由对孩子撒谎。
Don't think you can get away with telling lies. 不要以为你撒了谎就可以这样算了。
Don't go around telling lies like that. 不要像那样到处说谎。
The girl went around telling lies.We are already tired of her. 那女孩到处说谎,我们已经讨厌她了。
- 说谎 make a statement that one knows to be untrue
- lie complacently 自鸣得意地躺着
- lie composedly 镇静地躺着
- lie consciously 有意识地躺着
- lie contemptuously 傲慢地躺着
- lie coolly 冷静地躺着
- lie dejectedly 沮丧地躺着
- lie despairingly 绝望地躺着
- lie dreamily 恍惚地躺着
- lie facetiously 滑稽地躺着
- lie faithfully 有信心地躺着
- lie fatalistically 听天由命地躺着
- lie freely 随意地躺着
- lie graciously 通情达理地躺着
- lie grudgingly 勉强地躺着
- lie horizontally 水平地躺
- lie idly 懒洋洋地躺着
- lie lazily 懒洋洋地躺着
- lie listlessly 无精打采地躺着
- lie mutely 默默地躺着
- lie provisionally 暂且躺着
- lie quietly 静静地躺着
- lie regretfully 遗憾地躺着
- lie reluctantly 不情愿地躺着
- lie satisfactorily 满意地躺着
- lie self-reproachfully 后悔地躺着
- lie shamelessly 羞涩地躺着
- lie simultaneously 同时躺着
- lie skeptically 心存怀疑地躺着
- lie smoothly 平静地躺着
- lie superficially 表面上躺着
- lie temporarily 暂时躺着
- lie tentatively 暂时躺着
- lie thoughtfully 考虑周到地躺着
- lie triumphantly 得意洋洋地躺着
- lie truthfully 真诚地躺着
- lie uncomfortably 不自在地躺着
- lie unconcernedly 漠不关心地躺着
- lie unexpectedly 出乎意外地躺着
- lie unhappily 不愉快地躺着
- lie unsuitably 不合适地躺着
- lie unwisely 不明智地躺着
- lie voluntarily 自愿地躺着
- lie warily 谨慎地躺着
- lie wistfully 若有所思地躺着
- lie about 分散在各处,四处乱丢,闲着不干事
- lie ahead 展现在面前
- lie along 伸直手脚躺着,船因侧风歪向一边
- lie around 分散在各处,四处乱丢,闲着不干事
- lie back 向后靠(在…上),仰靠(在…上)
- lie back in a chair 靠着椅背
- lie beyond 处于更远的位置,存在于未来
- lie by 躺在一边休息,搁置不用,停船
- lie down 躺下,躺下闲着
- lie off 与…保持一定距离,歇工,不参加
- lie over 笼罩,延期,等待以后处理
- lie up for a day or two 卧床一两天
- lie across the river 在河对岸
- lie against 靠在…上
- lie at the mouth of river 位于河口处
- lie before sb's eyes 展现在某人眼前
- lie beside a warm fire 躺在暖烘烘的炉火旁
- lie beyond 位于比(某地)更远之处,存在于比(某时)更远的未来
- lie by a warm fire 躺在暖烘烘的炉火旁
- lie down for a rest 躺下休息
- lie in bed 卧床
- lie deep in our human nature 深藏于人性中
- lie in store 将发生(某种情况)
- lie in the sun 晒太阳
- lie in the way 妨害,阻碍
- lie on〔upon〕 躺在…上,取决于,依赖,是…的责任
- lie on a bed 躺在床上
- lie down on a job 没有把心放在工作上
- lie on one's side 侧卧
- lie on the coast 位于海岸边
- lie on the ground 躺在地上
- lie on the result 要看结果如何
- lie over the platform 撒满站台
- lie to the south 位于南方
- lie under sth 躺在…下,蒙受,遭到,受到
- lie apparently 明显地撒谎
- lie carelessly 草率地撒谎
- lie cleverly 灵活地撒谎
- lie complacently 自鸣得意地撒谎
- lie consciously 有意识地撒谎
- lie constantly 经常撒谎
- lie coolly 冷静地撒谎
- lie decisively 断然撒谎
- lie definitely 肯定撒谎
- lie despairingly 绝望地撒谎
- lie diplomatically 机巧地撒谎
- lie doubtfully 难以预料地撒谎
- lie eventually 最终撒谎
- lie facetiously 滑稽地撒谎
- lie freely 随意地撒谎
- lie hesitatingly 犹豫不决地撒谎
- lie hopefully 充满希望地撒谎
- lie ignobly 不光彩地撒谎
- lie inadvertently 非故意地撒谎
- lie inauspiciously 不吉利地撒谎
- lie ineffectually 效果不佳地撒谎
- lie ingeniously 巧妙地撒谎
- lie impudently 厚颜无耻地撒谎
- lie intelligently 聪明地撒谎
- lie intentionally 故意撒谎
- lie involuntarily 不由自主地撒谎
- lie judiciously 审慎地撒谎
- lie knowingly 故意撒谎
- lie needlessly 不必要地撒谎
- lie pointlessly 无意义地撒谎
- lie prodigiously 说谎说得天花乱坠
- lie recklessly 轻率地撒谎
- lie regretfully 遗憾地撒谎
- lie reluctantly 不情愿地撒谎
- lie repeatedly 多次地撒谎
- lie shamefully 无耻地撒谎
- lie shamelessly 无耻地撒谎
- lie skeptically 心存怀疑地撒谎
- lie skilfully 巧妙地撒谎
- lie sorrowfully 可悲地撒谎
- lie treacherously 背信弃义地撒谎
- lie strenuously 艰难地撒谎
- lie unconsciously 下意识地撒谎
- lie unexpectedly 出乎意外地撒谎
- lie unscrupulously 肆无忌惮地撒谎
- lie unwisely 不明智地撒谎
- lie visibly 明显地撒谎
- lie warily 谨慎地撒谎
- lie away 骗取,骗去,以谎言毁损
- lie away sb's reputation 用谎言毁坏某人的名誉
- lie about one's age 隐瞒真实年龄
- lie about one's reason for sth 谎报…的原因
- lie in one's teeth 撒大谎
- lie a person into 骗某人相信
- lie to sb 对某人撒谎
- act a lie 作欺骗行为
- give the lie to sth 揭穿某事的虚伪性
- live a lie 过欺骗的生活,靠欺骗过活
- tell a lie 撒谎,说谎
- throw a lie in sb's face 当某人的面指责…撒谎
- pack of lies 谎话连篇
I had committed some fault and told a lie about it.出自：J. Cary
The horizontal lie of the chalk beds.出自：S. Baring
A stretcher on which lies a drunken woman.出自：Scott Fitzgerald
The long white forenoons of childhood, as I lay ill or convalescent.出自：Day Lewis
The boy lay asleep..in his teak bunk.出自：G. Greene
The train was very full, he said, though Myatt knew he lied.出自：G. Greene
It seems so terrible to lie to him..about things which just aren't true.出自：I. Murdoch
- lie是不及物动词,常与around, down, in, on等词连用,不能用于被动结构。
- lie, lie in
- The harbour lies to the east of the city.
- The cure lies in education.
- lie, be situated, nestle, stand
这组词(组)都可表示地理位置中的“位于”,其区别在于：1.lie用于海、湖、都市、道路等平坦宽阔的地方。2.be situated侧重地理位置或环境。例如:The village is situated in a valley.村庄坐落在山谷中。3.stand常用于建筑物,多想象为主体的体积。例如:The house stands by the wayside.房子坐落在路边。4.nestle的意思是“半隐半现地坐落在…之中”。例如:The country house nestles among the pine trees.这个别墅半隐半现地位于松林之中。
- lie, lay
- He laid his dictionary on the shelf.
- The dictionary is lying on the shelf.
- He often reads books lying.(强调阅读)
- He often lies reading books.(强调躺着)
- lie in, lie to和lie on三者所表示的位置关系不同。试比较：
- New York lies in the east of America.
- Japan lies to the east of China.
- America lies on the east of the Pacific.
- The old lady lay on the floor.
- The old lady lay down on the floor.
- lie, equivocate, fib, palter, prevaricate
这组词都可表示“说谎”。它们之间的区别是：1.lie指直截了当地、不折不扣地说谎。2.prevaricate常用作代替lie的正式用语,指用支吾、搪塞、推诿等手段来回避讲真话。例如:She has got a pneumonia, but she prevaricates to him that she only gets a flu.她得了肺炎,但她告诉他只是得了流感。3.equivocate指含糊其词或说话躲闪,强调搪塞。例如:Answer yes or no, but don't equivocate.回答“是”还是“不是”,别搪塞。4.palter指在说话或处理问题时反复无常,暗示说模棱两可的话或空口许诺、敷衍、搪塞。例如:He always paltered with the promise, but he may not keep it.他多次允诺,但从未实现他的诺言。5.fib常指无关紧要地说谎。例如:The child fibs when he thinks he can gain something by doing so.这个孩子认为，他说谎可以获得一些东西,于是就这样做了。
- lie, falsehood, story
这组词的共同意思是“谎言”“撒谎”。1.lie指有预谋地或故意地歪曲事实真相;而falsehood则指与事实不符的假话。从使用范围上讲, lie比falsehood的使用范围要广泛;就语气来说, lie的语气比falsehood强, falsehood是一种委婉语,无论是有意还是无意,确实是一些不实之词。例如:It's all lies, don't believe him.全是谎话,别相信他。He told a falsehood to keep from being punished.为了逃避惩罚,他说了谎话。2.story指真实发生过的事件,也可以指书中编写或想象出来的故事,有较强的文学色彩。例如:My children love to hear detective stories.我的孩子们喜欢听侦探故事。He promised to tell the children a story as soon as they had got into bed.他答应孩子们一上床,就讲故事给他们听。She wrote a story about space exploration.她写了一篇关于探索外层空间的故事。
误 He lied in bed for three days.
正 He lay in bed for three days.
误 They lied on the grass enjoying the sunshine.
正 They lay on the grass enjoying the sunshine.
析 lie 作“说谎”解时为规则动词 (lie, lied, lied, lying);作“躺”解时为不规则动词(lie, lay, lain, lying)。
误 He lay to his back and stared up at the ceiling.
正 He lay on his back and stared up at the ceiling.
析 lie on one's back(side)表示“仰(侧)卧”,习惯上用on,而不用to。
误 Hard work lies in success and failure leads to laziness.
正 Success lies in hard work and laziness leads to failure.
正 Hard work leads to success and failure lies in laziness.
析 lead to是“…原因导致…结果”, lie in是“…结果存在于…原因之中”。注意区别因果关系。
误 He lied me about it.
正 He lied to me about it.
析 lie表示“说谎”,是不及物动词,不能直接跟宾语。表示“对某人说谎”,应该说lie to sb。
误 You lay to me when you said you were out.
正 You lied to me when you said you were out.
误 He never says a lie.
正 He never tells a lie.
析 表示“说谎”,一般说tell a lie或tell lies,不说say a lie或say lies。
误 Don't tell lie.
正 Don't tell a lie〔lies〕.
- ☆ 直接源自英古语；最初源自原始日耳曼语的leugan，意为说错。
- v.(动词) dissimulate equivocate fabricate fib palter prevaricate
- n.(名词) bam bounce cram deceit fib whopper
- n.(名词) truth
- lie:李 （Marius Sophus Lie，公元1842年12月17日─公元1899年2月18日）是挪威数学家。生於努尔菲尤尔埃德，卒於克里斯蒂安尼亚（今奥斯陆）。1865年毕业於克里斯蒂安尼亚大学…