- v. 倾斜；倾向；依靠；倚；屈身
- adj. 瘦的；贫乏的；无脂肪的
- n. 瘦肉；倾斜，倾向
- vt. & vi. 倾斜,屈身 slope or bend from an upright position
- vt. 倚,靠 support or rest oneself in a bent or sloping position
- vt. 依赖 need the help of; depend on
- 瘦的;少脂肪的 not having much flesh;healthily thin;not having much fat
- 贫瘠的;收益差的 producing or having little value
the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical;
"the tower had a pronounced tilt"
"the ship developed a list to starboard"
"he walked with a heavy inclination to the right"
lacking excess flesh;
"you can't be too rich or too thin"
"Yon Cassius has a lean and hungry look"
lacking in mineral content or combustible material;
containing little excess;
"a lean budget"
"a skimpy allowance"
not profitable or prosperous;
"a lean year"
to incline or bend from a vertical position;
"She leaned over the banister"
cause to lean or incline;
"He leaned his rifle against the wall"
have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined;
"She tends to be nervous before her lectures"
"These dresses run small"
"He inclined to corpulence"
rely on for support;
"We can lean on this man"
cause to lean to the side;
"Erosion listed the old tree"
- The trees leant in the wind.
- Kids today lean toward casual clothes.
- I lean towards letting him go alone.
- We lean on our friends when we are in trouble.
- He leant on the back of the sofa.
- The little girl only eats lean pork.
- I am afraid he is too lean to endure it.
- She felt the drag of a lean and narrow life.
- But even lean red meat seems to increase the risk of colon cancer.
- The post leans a little bit.
- That wall leans so much it might fall over.
- Don't you notice that the wall leans?
- The building leaned before it was renovated.
- He has a lean handsome face.
- Lean meat is healthier for you than fatty meat.
- In recent years, the cinema has fallen on lean times.
- His body was lean and hard, like a leopard's.
- With our cuts in staff our company is leaner and more profitable.
- lean against (v.+prep.)
对…有看法 regard (sb or an opinion) with disfavour
lean against sth
Lean against my arm,I will support you.
The boy stood leaning against the sofa.
The old man leaned against the wall, bewailing his misfortune.
We had to lean against the strong wind in order to move forward at all.
为了继续前进,我们只好顶着大风走。lean sth against sth
He leaned his back against the wall.
The child leaned his back against the fence.
Lean the board against the wall, it is in the way.
Lean a ladder against a wall.
把梯子靠在墙上。lean against sth
The courts tend to be influenced by a man's past, and lean against such a prisoner, so it is no longer permitted in court to mention a man's earlier crimes.
- lean back (v.+adv.)
仰靠着,向后靠 hold oneself or sth at an angle in a backward direction
The old woman leaned back in the chair and took a nap.
The willows leaned back under a stiff wind.
I leaned back to get a better view, and fell off the chair.
我向后仰,本想看清楚些,结果却从椅子上摔了下来。lean sth ⇔ back
We leaned the poles back against the wall.
Please don't lean your chair back, you'll break it.
- lean down (v.+adv.)
向下弯 hold oneself or sth at an angle in a downward direction
Tony was too tall that he had to lean down to get through the doorway.
The branches leaned down to the ground, heavy with the weight of the fruit.
累累的果实使枝头垂向地面。lean sb/sth ⇔ down to-v
She leaned her face down to be kissed by the child.
- lean forward (v.+adv.)
倾向 hold oneself or sth at an angle towards sth or sb
He leaned forward and looked into the hole.
Don't lean too far forward, you might fall over board.
He leaned forward and patted me on the shoulder.
他向前倾着身子并拍我的肩膀。lean sth ⇔ forward
He leaned his head forward.
I leaned my head forward to hear what they were saying.
- lean on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
威胁,逼迫 threaten or force (sb) to act
lean on〔upon〕 sb/sth
Lean on me if you feel dizzy.
Don't lean so heavily on me.
I know you are tired;please lean on my arm.
Lean on my arm,I will help you to walk.
If you lean upon those wet railings you'll dirty your sleeve.
He leaned upon the table.
She sang the song leaning on the piano.
她倚着钢琴唱这支歌。lean sth on〔upon〕 sb/sth
Leaning her head on my shoulder, she began to cry.
Don't lean your elbows upon the table, it's not polite.
别把胳膊肘支在桌子上,那样不礼貌。lean on〔upon〕 sb/sth
Do not lean too much on others.
They always lean on us when they're in trouble.
You have to make your own way in the world, and not lean on your father for the rest of your life.
Do it yourself, don't lean on others for support.
自己做,不要依赖别人的支持。lean on sb
If you pay the gang the thousand pounds, they'll only lean on you for more.
We were supposed to share the profit from the jewel robbery, but now he's hidden them— we might have to lean on him a little.
- lean out (v.+adv.)
探出 hold oneself or sth at an angle outside somewhere, as a window
Please don't lean out.
She went to the window and leaned out.
她走向窗子,将身子伸出去。lean sth ⇔ out
Lean your head out for a moment and see if it's raining.
- lean over1 (v.+adv.)
弯曲,倾斜 hold oneself or itself at an angle; bend at the waist
He went to the parapet and leaned over.
John leaned over and whispered something into my ear.
The small tree leans over in the wind.
The old building is leaning over at a dangerous angle and may fall at any moment.
As Jim leaned over to pick up the pen, he felt a sharp pain in his back.
- lean over2 (v.+prep.)
趴在…上 bend over sth or sb
lean over sb/sth
Please don't lean over me while I'm working, it annoys me.
If you lean over the railing and look ahead , you'll see the river.
The pair of lovers were leaning over the bridge, looking into the water.
The clerk leaned over the counter.
- lean over backward(s) (v.+adv.+adv.)
极力,拼命 try to do sth
lean over backward to-v
He leans over backwards to make up for what he has lost.
Jackson is leaning over backwards to persuade his wealthy uncle.
He leaned over backwards to prove he was unprejudiced.
Tom leaned over backwards to try to impress the manager.
I practically leaned over backwards to persuade him to stay, but to no avail.
I've leant over backwards to help her.
- lean to (v.+prep.)
倾向于…,同意… be likely to agree with sth
- lean towards (v.+prep.)
倾向于… (cause to) move one's opinion more in favour of a different opinion or belief
lean towards sb/sth
The child leaned towards his mother and fell headlong in front of her.
I had to lean towards the secretary to hear what she was saying.
If you lean too far towards the water, you might fall in.
你身子要是朝水面斜得太厉害,说不定要掉进水里。lean towards sth/v-ing
Young people today lean towards casual clothes.
Having lived in Shanghai for a decade or so, he still leans towards his native dishes.
His interest leans towards biochemistry.
Personally I lean towards a teaching career.
I lean towards the belief that there should be education for everybody.
Do some oriental philosophies lean towards fatalism?
He leans towards the opinion that we should leave here at once.
I lean towards letting him go along.
我倾向于让他一个人去。lean sb towards sth/v-ing
Recent events lean me more towards favouring longer years of imprisonment.
- lean confidentially 秘密地倾斜
- lean dizzily 令人眩晕地倾斜
- lean gracefully 优美地倾斜
- lean impulsively 有冲击力地倾斜
- lean indolently 懒惰地倚靠
- lean mechanically 机械地倾斜
- lean perilously 危险地倾斜
- lean placidly 静静地倾斜
- lean sharply 倾斜得很厉害
- lean wearily 令人厌烦地依靠
- lean back 向后仰
- lean back in one's chair 舒服地仰在椅子上
- lean backwards 向后倾
- lean down to 屈身…
- lean forwards 向前倾
- lean over backwards 走另一极端,矫枉过正
- lean across a table 隔着桌子探身到…
- lean against 靠在…上
- lean against the door 靠门站着
- lean on〔upon〕 倚,靠在…上,依靠
- lean on a desk 倚在书桌上
- lean on others for help 依赖别人的帮助
- lean on a walking stick 依杖而立
- lean to 倾向,偏向
- lean to that opinion 倾向那个意见
- lean towards 朝…倾斜,倾向,偏向
- lean towards the south 朝南倾斜
- lean towards the telephone wires 朝电话线那边倾斜着
Jack Sprat could eat no fat, his wife could eat no lean.出自：Nursery rhyme
The lean captain of a trading-vessel envies the big-paunched wine-shop proprietor.出自： R. Graves
I leaned towards them so as not to miss a single word.出自： H. Jacobson
- lean的过去式和过去分词有两种形式,即leaned, leaned和leant, leant。
- lean, emaciated, haggard, spare, thin
- spare指人的身材给人以美感的瘦; thin既可指人的身材,也可指人的身体某部位瘦,大多数指因疾病或疲劳而消瘦; emaciated表示的“瘦”主要是由疾病和营养不良造成的; haggard指人的面孔憔悴的,枯槁的,主要是由于忧虑和少眠所致; lean指人天生瘦,是缺少脂肪的意思。例如:
- She was a tall, spare girl.她是个瘦高个儿的姑娘。
- His face was thin.他的脸瘦。
- He was emaciated by long illness.他由于长期生病而瘦弱了。
- The haggard faces of the rescued miners showed what they had suffered.被救出的矿工枯槁的面容表明他们遭受了什么样的苦难。
- He had the lean fit look of a trained athlete.他具有一个受过训练的运动员的清瘦而健康的面容。
- lean, gaunt, slender, thin
- thin指因病、过分劳累或缺乏营养等而缺少正常的肌肉; gaunt指因饥饿或操劳过度而呈现的枯瘦或憔悴的面庞; lean强调缺乏脂肪,指自然的瘦,其肌肉却很结实; slender可指人或动物,作“细长的,苗条的”解,有时含有“纤弱”的意思。例如:
- He has the gaunt face of a starving man.他是一副憔悴的面容的饿汉相。
- The forest ranger is lean.那位森林警察很结实。
- She admired Alice's slender build.她羡慕艾丽斯那苗条的身材。
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的hleonian；最初源自,原始日耳曼语的khlinen，意为弯曲，斜倚，躺下。