excess

  核心词汇  
[ɪk'ses]     [ɪk'ses]    
  • n. 超过;过量;过剩
  • adj. 过量的;额外的
excessed excessed excessing excesses
new

excess的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 超过,超越
  2. 过度,过量,过剩,过分
  3. 无节制,放纵,纵欲
  4. 放肆行为,越轨行为,过分的行为,暴行
  5. 过多的量,超过的量,超额量
  6. 剩于
adj. (形容词)
  1. 过量的,过度的,过多的,过剩的
  2. 附加的,外加的,额外的
  3. 超额的,超过限额的
  4. 非凡的
  5. 积压的
  6. 超重的
  7. 剩余的
v. (动词)
  1. 对...不聘任

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. [A]超重的,过量的; 额外的 additional; more than is usual, allowed, etc.
n. (名词)
  1. [C][U]超过,过多之量 the fact of exceeding, or an amount by which sth exceeds
  2. [S][U]过度,过分 sth more than is reasonable; more than the excess of anger

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a quantity much larger than is needed

  2. immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits

  3. the state of being more than full

  4. excessive indulgence;

    "the child was spoiled by overindulgence"

Adjective:
  1. more than is needed, desired, or required;

    "trying to lose excess weight"
    "found some extra change lying on the dresser"
    "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"
    "skills made redundant by technological advance"
    "sleeping in the spare room"
    "supernumerary ornamentation"
    "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"
    "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"
    "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"
    "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"

excess的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Our school has a student number in excess of 800.
    我们学校的学生数超过八百人。
  2. His excesses at parties are well known.
    尽人皆知他在聚会上十分放肆。
  3. An excess of fat in one's diet can lead to heart disease.
    食物中脂肪过多会导致心脏病。
  4. This wave of excess density is sound.
    这种过剩密度的波就是声波。
  5. The excess liquidity has been causing inflation.
    流动性过剩造成了通货膨胀。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. The fat boy went on a diet to get rid of his excess weight.
    这个胖男孩节制饮食以减轻过量的体重。
  2. You'd better have the excess luggage checked.
    多余的行李最好托运。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. You'll have to pay excess postal charges on this letter.
    这封信你必须付超重邮资。
  2. The company must pay excess profits duty to the government.
    公司须向政府缴纳额外所得税。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This excess of losses over profits will ruin the business.
    亏损超出盈利会使生意一蹶不振。
  2. She has an excess of anger.
    她爱过度地生气。
  3. She was charged an excess of 400 dollars over the amount stated on the bill.
    向她索取的比账单上显示的数额多400美元。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
in excess of
    多于,超出 more than
to excess
    过度,过量 an extreme degree

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • He..allowed his army to commit all the excesses that are particularly hateful.

    出自: P. Warner

excess的详细讲解:

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的excessus,意为离开,超过理智的极限。
今日热词
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