surplus

  常用词汇  
['sɜːpləs]     ['sɜːrpləs]    
  • n. 过剩;顺差;盈余
  • adj. 过剩的;多余的
new

surplus的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 过剩,剩余,富余
  2. 顺差
  3. 公积金
  4. 剩余额;剩余物
  5. 【会】结余
  6. 【商】盈余
  7. 公职
  8. 剩余农产品
  9. 产品过剩
  10. 过剩量
  11. 转让选票(指已获当选票数者让给未获选者的选票)
adj. (形容词)
  1. 过剩的,剩余的,多余的
  2. 出售剩余物资的
  3. 富裕的
  4. 剩余农产品的
v. (动词)
  1. 转让
  2. 卖掉

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 过剩的,多余的 more than is needed or used

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a quantity much larger than is needed

Adjective:
  1. more than is needed, desired, or required;

    "trying to lose excess weight"
    "found some extra change lying on the dresser"
    "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"
    "skills made redundant by technological advance"
    "sleeping in the spare room"
    "supernumerary ornamentation"
    "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"
    "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"
    "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"
    "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"

surplus的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Mexico has a large surplus of oil.
    墨西哥有大量过剩的石油。
  2. Countries with surplus are called creditor nations.
    有顺差的国家则称为债权国。
  3. Surpluses of food can be sold for cash.
    多余的食物可卖钱。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Every country has a lot of surplus labor.
    每个国家都有大量的剩余劳动力。
  2. Surplus wheat is put in storage and shipped abroad.
    剩余的小麦被储存起来运到海外。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The manufacturers in some countries dumped their surplus commodities abroad.
    一些国家的制造商向国外倾销过剩产品。
  2. It's an essay heavy with surplus phrasing.
    这是篇废话连篇的散文。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • Backward communities where the agricultural population is able to produce only small surpluses.

    出自: A. Bevan

surplus的详细讲解:

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的sorplus,意为额外的;最初源自中世纪拉丁语的superplus,意为多余的。
今日热词
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