prove

  基本词汇  
[pruːv]     [pruːv]    
  • v.证明;检验;结果是;发酵
provable provably provability proved / proven proved / proven proving proves
new

prove是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 证明,证实
  2. 证明是,结果是,原来是,发现为,表明是
  3. 【律】认证(遗嘱)
  4. 【数】证,证明,验算
  5. 展现(自己的才能),向人证明(自己)是
  6. 检验,试验,考验
  7. 勘探,钻探(~ up)
  8. (使)面团发酵
  9. 【印】试印,把…印成校样

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 证明 show that sth is true and right
  2. vt. 检验,试验 establish that sth is genuine; show that sth has been properly made

行业释义

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prove : 证明, 表明 ...
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prove : 证明, 表明 ...
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prove : 印版 ...
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prove : 证明, 表明 ...
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prove : 校对 ...
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英英释义

Verb:
  1. be shown or be found to be;

    "She proved to be right"
    "The medicine turned out to save her life"
    "She turned up HIV positive"

  2. establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment;

    "The experiment demonstrated the instability of the compound"
    "The mathematician showed the validity of the conjecture"

  3. provide evidence for;

    "The blood test showed that he was the father"
    "Her behavior testified to her incompetence"

  4. prove formally; demonstrate by a mathematical, formal proof

  5. put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to;

    "This approach has been tried with good results"
    "Test this recipe"

  6. increase in volume;

    "the dough rose slowly in the warm room"

  7. cause to puff up with a leaven;

    "unleavened bread"

  8. take a trial impression of

  9. obtain probate of;

    "prove a will"

prove的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. There wasn't enough evidence to prove him guilty.
    没有充分的证据证明他有罪。
  2. He has proved his courage in the battle.
    他已在这场战斗中证明了自己的勇气。
  3. Leave the dough to prove for half an hour.
    让面团发酵半小时。
  4. She may prove to be the most suitable person for the job.
    她结果可能是最适合干这工作的人。
  5. The old methods proved best after all.
    采用老方法结果反而是某事物最好。
  6. Leave the dough to prove for half an hour.
    让面团发酵半小时。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作系动词 S+~+(to be) n./adj.
  1. This has afterwards proved to be the correct explanation.
    后来证明这是正确的解释。
  2. She may prove to be the most suitable person for the job.
    可能证明她最适合做这工作。
  3. He proved a coward.
    他证明是个懦夫。
  4. She proved a very strict teacher.
    结果证明她是一位非常严格的老师。
  5. Mary proved a qualified teacher.
    玛丽被证实是个称职的教师。
  6. She proved a good wife.
    她证明是一个好妻子。
  7. He proved a reliable friend of the Chinese people.
    事实证明他是中国人民的可靠朋友。
  8. I imagined it would prove an easy task.
    我想它将证明是件容易的工作。
  9. This has proved an effective preventive.
    这种药证明是很有效的预防剂。
  10. The concert proved a great success.
    音乐会取得了巨大成功。
  11. His efforts, however, proved a failure.
    但他的努力结果都失败了。
  12. The report proved to be true.
    这报告证明属实。
  13. The new typist proved to be useless.
    那位新打字员终于被发现是无用的。
  14. The plant proved salutary.
    那植物证明是有益于人体健康的。
  15. The instrument has proved most useful.
    这种仪器证明非常有用。
  16. The machine proved highly valuable in heart surgery.
    这种机器做心脏手术证明是非常有价值的。
  17. Her rash marriage proved unhappy.
    她轻率结婚,很不幸福。
  18. His first attempt proved successful.
    他的第一次尝试证明是成功的。
  19. These methods have proved quite effective.
    这些办法证明是很有成效的。
  20. Isotopes also prove helpful in other conditions.
    事实证明,在其他情况下,同位素也很有用处。
  21. As it happened, my advice proved wrong.
    当此事发生时,我的意见证明是错误的。
S+~+(to be) prep. -phrase
  1. Results from these projects have proved of great value.
    这些研究的成果证明很有价值。
  2. It has proved of great assistance in such training.
    事实证明,这类训练很有好处。
  3. It will prove of little use.
    结果会证明它没有什么用。
  4. This book will prove of some use to you in your studies.
    这本书对你的研究终将是有用的。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Who can prove it?
    谁能证实这一点呢?
  2. This further proved the strength of our economy .
    这进一步证明了我国经济的实力。
  3. Facts will prove my sincerity.
    事实将会证明我是真心实意的。
  4. His action proved his kindness.
    他的行动证实了他的善意。
  5. He proved his courage in action.
    他以行动证实了自己的勇敢。
  6. This fact proves the necessity of conservation.
    这一事实证明自然保护的必要性。
  7. In order to prove the servant's honesty she left a bag containing money on the desk.
    为了考验佣人的诚实,她在桌上留下了一个装着钱的手提包。
  8. She showed her pupils how to prove their answers.
    她教学生们怎样验算答案。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. His guilt was clearly proved.
    他的罪行被清楚地证实了。
  11. It has been proved by evidence.
    有证据证明它。
S+~+that-clause
  1. They proved that he was guilty.
    他们证明他有罪。
  2. How can you prove that you are right?
    你如何能证明你是正确的呢?
  3. He has proved that his hypothesis is correct.
    他已经证明自己的假设是正确的。
  4. The fact proves that the report is false.
    事实证明那项报告是假的。
  5. These documents will prove that we are telling the truth.
    这些文件可以证明我们讲的都是事实。
  6. Doesn't this fact prove that you are to blame?
    难道这事实不足以证明你该受到责备吗?
  7. The marks of the prisoner's fingers on the gun proved that he was the guilty man.
    囚犯留在枪上的指纹证实了他就是罪犯。
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. It has been proved that the practice can only do good.
    事实证明这样做只有好处。
  10. It was soon proved that he was the guilty man.
    不久就证明他是个罪人。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. Can you prove where you were on March 2nd?
    你能证明你3月2日在什么地方吗?
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as) n./adj./prep.- phrase
  1. She proved him to be the thief.
    她证明他就是那小偷。
  2. I'll prove it to be erroneous.
    我将证明它是错误的。
  3. He has proved himself to be worthy of revering.
    他证明自己值得尊敬。
  4. Again history proved them wrong.
    历史再次证明他们错了。
  5. They proved themselves talented and capable.
    他们证明自己很有天赋和能力。
  6. One mad action is not enough to prove a man mad.
    做一件疯事并不足以证明一个人就是疯子。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. Their calculations have all been proved to be castles in the air.
    他们的算计证明不过全都是空中楼阁。
  9. They were proved effective after testing in the fields.
    经过田间试验,证明它们是很有效的。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. She is a woman of proven ability.
    她已被证明是个有能力的人。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
prove to (v.+prep.)
  1. 向…证实; 证明 give proof of sth to sb; show sth beyond doubt to sb prove sth to sb/sth

    What are you trying to prove to the public?你打算向大家证明什么呢?

    Can you prove that to the court?你能向法庭证实这一点吗?

    prove to sb/sth that-clause

    I shall prove to you that the witness is quite unreliable.我将向你证明,证人十分不可靠。

    You will have to prove to the police that you were at home that night.你必须向警方证明那天夜里你是呆在家中的。

    This will prove to the world that we are right.这将向全世界证明我们是对的。

prove up (v.+adv.)
  1. 勘探,探明 explore prove sth ⇔ up

    The geologist proves up a coal deposit.地质学家探明了一个煤矿的藏量。

    They proved up the copper deposit.他们勘探了那个铜矿。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The exception proves the rule.

    出自:Proverb

prove的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. prove的基本意思是“证明”,即以足够、可靠的证据来证明自己的观点或结论是正确的,而对方的论点或结果是站不住脚的。此外,也可表示证实有争议的人或物的品质、实力或适合性等。引申可作“检验”解。
  2. prove既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、从句作宾语。prove还可接“to be+ n./adj./prep. -phrase”充当补足语的复合宾语, to be一般可以省略,但当to be是完成式即to have been时不可省略。prove还可用作系动词,意思是“显现出是,被发现是”,其后可接“(to be)+ adj./prep. -phrase”或介词短语作表语。
  3. prove的过去分词在英国是proved; 但在美国往往用proven, proven常用作形容词,在句中作定语。
  4. 下面三句意思相同:

    That proved him progressive.That proved him to be progressive.That proved that he was progressive.那证明他是进步的。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
prove, testify
这组词都有“证明”的意思。其区别是:
1.testify是指证明某事的真实性; prove是指证明某人或某物具有的某种品质特性。
2.testify指通过某人证明; prove指通过事实证明。
3.testify用于法庭或其他正式场合,比较郑重。
4.用作及物动词时, testify后可接从句作简单宾语; prove后可接复合宾语。用作不及物动词时, testify后常接against, for〔on〕 behalf of或to等词。
prove, turn out
这两者的共同意思是“证明”。其区别在于:prove的主语可以是人,也可以是事物; 而turn out的主语一般是物,有时含有“意外”的含义,常用于口语中。例如:
His first attempt proved successful.他的第一次尝试证明是成功的。
They proved that he was guilty.他们证明他有罪。
As it has turned out, there was no need to worry.结果证明当初不必担心。
prove certify demonstrate establish testify
这些动词均含有“证明、证实”之意。
  • prove:prove普通用词,指通过某种手段或方式提供证据以验证某事物真实与否,某结论正确与否等情况。
  • certify:certify较正式用词,多指有签字盖章的、合符法律程序的书面证明。
  • demonstrate:demonstrate指通过推理、辩论、实验或以实例来确定事物的正确与否。常用于理论、学说、定律等的证明上。
  • establish:establish指证实事实或理论的真实性与正确性,使其能长期存在或为人们所接受。
  • testify:testify较正式用词,既指出庭作证,提供证据,又指为某人或某事的是否真实提供证据或证明。

词源解说

  • ☆ 12世纪晚期进英入语,直接源自古法语的prover,意为证明;最初源自拉丁语的probare,意为证实。

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正版词典

prove : 证明,证实 ...
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