shield

  核心词汇  
[ʃiːld]     [ʃiːld]    
  • n. 盾;盾状物;防卫物
  • vt. 保护;庇护
shielder shielded shielded shielding shields
new

shield的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 盾形徽章
  2. 盾,盾牌,盾状物
  3. 庇护者,保护者,保护人
  4. 头胸甲
  5. 【动】背甲
  6. 龟甲板
  7. 护罩,挡板,罩,屏,防护物,保护物,防御物
  8. 屏蔽
  9. 防御,保护
  10. 外壳
v. (动词)
  1. 保护(某人或某物),庇护,防护,起保护作用,充当保护者
  2. 挡开,避开,用盾挡住
  3. 掩盖,掩护
  4. 防御,防卫,保卫
  5. 包庇
  6. 屏蔽,遮蔽
  7. 给…加防护罩
  8. 阻止

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C] 盾,盾牌 a broad piece of metal, wood, or strong plastic that is carried as a protection against being hit
  2. [C] 护罩,防护物 a protective cover; thing that protects
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 保护; 防御 protect; keep safe; save sb from punishment or suffering
  2. vt. 隐藏 shelter

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a protective covering or structure

  2. armor carried on the arm to intercept blows

  3. hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles

Verb:
  1. protect, hide, or conceal from danger or harm

  2. hold back a thought or feeling about;

    "She is harboring a grudge against him"

shield的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The shield protected him from the blows of his enemy.
    这盾牌保护他免受敌人的打击。
  2. There is a shield in the badge of PLA men.
    解放军的徽章上有着盾状物。
  3. He must pile more sand on top as a shield.
    他必须在顶上多加些沙土作为防御物。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Motorcyclists must wear helmets to shield them from injury.
    摩托车手必须戴头盔保护自己免受伤害。
  2. She held her hand above her eyes to shield them from the sun.
    她举起手遮挡阳光以保护眼睛。
  3. He lied to the court to shield his friend.
    他对法庭说谎以包庇自己的朋友。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The sword glanced off the knight's shield.
    剑掠过武士的盾。
  2. Dark glasses are an effective shield against the glare.
    墨镜能有效地遮挡强光。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He told a lie to shield his brother.
    他撒谎以保护他的兄弟。
  2. He lied to the police to shield his guilty friend.
    他向警察撒谎以隐藏他有罪的朋友。
  3. The police officer shielded the child with her body.
    那警察用她的身体保护了小孩。
  4. I tried to shield him against prying journalist.
    我竭力为他挡驾,拦住那些锲而不舍的记者。
  5. These trees will shield off arid winds and protect the fields.
    这些树能挡住旱风,保护农田。
  6. 1
  7. The motor is shielded in a shock-proof housing.
    发动机是用防震壳保护的。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
shield from (v.+prep.)
    使免遭(不幸之事) save sb from the harmful effect of sth/doing sthShe intended to shield the child from this bad information.她打算不让孩子知道这个坏消息。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Every man had ready to his hand Sharp spear, and painted shield.

    出自: W. Morris
  • Half-bricks pound against shaking Perspex shields.

    出自:Sunday Mirror
  • He suspects that Jane did it...He's trying to shield her.

    出自: R. Macaulay
  • Shielding his eyes against the..sun.

    出自: M. Frayn
  • My mother did her best to shield me from the world.

    出自: P. Ackroyd

shield的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. shield用作名词的意思是“盾”,转化为动词则表示如盾牌般地保护或庇护某人〔物〕。
  2. shield是及物动词,接名词、代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
shield, defend, guard, protect, safeguard
  • 这组词的共同意思是“保护”。其区别是:
  • 1.defend指对迫在眉睫的危险或侵袭而采取武力或其他手段防御,也可指为某人辩护或捍卫原则的纯洁性; guard指小心翼翼地保持警惕,防止实际存在的或可能发生的危险,以确保人身安全; safeguard指采用保护措施防御潜在的危险; protect指借用某种东西作为防御、保护的工具,使人或物免受伤害; shield指将防护物置放在保护者和伤害物之间,有遮挡的意思。例如:
  • The soldiers defended the castle.士兵们守卫城堡。
  • The player was guarded closely by her opponent.那名运动员被她的对手紧紧地看住。
  • This special cream will protect your skin from the burning sun.这种独特的乳霜可以保护皮肤免受烈日的伤害。
  • This agreement will safeguard the newspapers from government interference.这项协定将保护报界免遭政府干预。
  • The police were equipped with riot shields.警察配备了防护盾牌。
  • 2.protect和shield两者相比较, shield在避开危险的成功率上没有protect高。
  • 3.这组词中语气最强烈的是safeguard。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的scield,意为防卫物。
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