penetrate

  常用词汇  
['penətreɪt]     ['penətreɪt]    
  • v. 渗透;看穿;穿透;了解;(情报人员的)渗透
penetrator penetrated penetrated penetrating penetrates
new

penetrate的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 渗入,渗透,浸入
  2. 透过,穿过
  3. 进入,伸入,突入,打入
  4. 看透,看穿,识破
  5. 洞察,了解
  6. 扩散于,弥漫于,深入于
  7. 打动人心,深入人心
  8. <口>被了解,被领悟,被理解
  9. 掌握,理解
  10. 穿入,穿透
  11. 刺入,戳入,刺透
  12. 打动
  13. 弥漫,扩散
  14. 插入

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 进入,贯穿 make a way into
  2. vt. & vi. 看穿 see through

英英释义

Verb:
  1. pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance;

    "The bullet penetrated her chest"

  2. come to understand

  3. become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotions;

    "It dawned on him that she had betrayed him"
    "she was penetrated with sorrow"

  4. enter a group or organization in order to spy on the members;

    "The student organization was infiltrated by a traitor"

  5. make one's way deeper into or through;

    "The hikers did not manage to penetrate the dense forest"

  6. insert the penis into the vagina or anus of;

    "Did the molester penetrate the child?"

  7. spread or diffuse through;

    "An atmosphere of distrust has permeated this administration"
    "music penetrated the entire building"
    "His campaign was riddled with accusations and personal attacks"

penetrate的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The mist penetrated into the room.
    雾气渗进了室内。
  2. The University Chinese training should penetrate the humanity consciousness
    大学语文教育应渗透人文精神
  3. Honda's success in penetrating Western motorcycle markets.
    本田公司的成功渗透西方摩托车的市场。
  4. Not many people managed to penetrate my disguise.
    没有几个人识破我的伪装。
  5. He strained his eyes to penetrate beyond the thick cloud of dust.
    他竭力想透过尘埃看清那边的东西。
  6. Nothing we say penetrates his thick skull!
    无论我们说什麽他都不懂。
  7. I heard what he said, but it didn't penetrate.
    我听他所言,但不明白说些什么。
  8. The organization was penetrated and the survivors fled.
    该组织遭到渗透,幸存者已逃逸了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I heard what you said, but it didn't penetrate.
    你的话我听见了,但是没有听懂。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. A bullet can penetrate a wall.
    子弹能穿墙而过。
  2. The knife penetrated his stomach.
    刀子刺穿了他的肚子。
  3. The noise of the explosion penetrated the thickest walls.
    爆炸声穿透了最厚的墙壁。
  4. They were brave explorers who first penetrated the jungles of Africa.
    他们是最先深入非洲丛林的勇敢探险者。
  5. My eyes couldn't penetrate the gloom.
    我的眼睛在黑暗里看不见。
  6. He had a false beard on, but we soon penetrated his disguise.
    他虽然戴着假胡子,我们还是很快就认出了他。
  7. The number of the scientists who penetrated the mystery of the atom is few.
    了解原子奥秘的科学家很少。
  8. He penetrated our thoughts.
    他看穿了我们的心思。
  9. She could always be depended upon to penetrate what I was thinking.
    任何时候都可指望她一一洞察我的思想活动。
  10. 1
  11. The target was penetrated by the arrow.
    靶子被箭射穿了。
  12. The spy's disguise was soon penetrated.
    间谍的伪装不久便被识破了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
penetrate into (v.+prep.)
    洞察 see through
penetrate through (v.+prep.)
    穿透,穿过 find a way to pass through
    penetrate through sth

    The rain had penetrated right through his skin.

    他被雨水淋得湿透衣服,触及皮肤。

    The arrow penetrated through the target.

    箭射穿靶子。

penetrate to (v.+prep.)
    穿入到,深入到,看到 reach (sth) by passing through
    penetrate to sth

    The knife wound penetrated to the bone, and his life was in danger.

    刀伤深至骨头,他的生命垂危。

    This is a telescope that penetrates to the remote parts of the universe.

    这是一架能看到宇宙中遥远地方的望远镜。

penetrate with (v.+prep.)
    充满…,渗透着… be filled with thoroughly
    penetrate sth with sth

    They are hoping to penetrate the Japanese market with their latest product.

    他们希望他们的最新产品能打进日本市场。

    The whole village is penetrated with fear.

    全村充满着恐惧。

    He is penetrated with patriotic feeling.

    他满怀着爱国情怀。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The afternoon sun penetrated the mass of honeysuckle.

    出自: H. Keller
  • Her mouth moved, but not a word penetrated the clatter of the engine.

    出自: J. Wyndham
  • The ground was hardened clay: they needed a pneumatic drill to penetrate it.

    出自: P. Theroux
  • The underfloor heating..never penetrated the upper floors.

    出自: S. Hastings

penetrate的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. penetrate的基本意思是“刺穿,穿透,打进”,可指(用)器具穿入或穿透,强调深入进去或贯穿,有时带有困难的意味,还可引申作“看穿”“认出”“了解”解,即表示通过表面现象看到本质,主语常用指物的名词或代词。
  2. penetrate用作不及物动词时,也可作“被了解,看透,穿透,渗透”解,常与介词to, into, through等连用。penetrate还可表示“充满(某种情绪)”,常与with连用。
  3. penetrate可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
penetrate into, penetrate through
  • 这组词语都表示“贯穿”。其区别是:
  • penetrate through通常表示“穿透”; penetrate into则表示“穿入”,一般不表示“穿透”。
  • penetrate, impenetrate, impregnate, interpenetrate, permeate, pervade, saturate
  • 这组词的意思都是“渗透”。其区别是:
  • penetrate侧重指“深入”“渗透”到事物的内部或本质中,并且在其中起支配作用; permeate指任何种类的液体或气体“渗入”“透过”某种物质或实体的所有细孔空隙,也可引申指某种意识、现象等“充满”“遍布”一个区域; pervade比permeate更强调“散布”于整体的各个部分,通常不指具体的物质,而指“盛行”于某处或“渗透”进文学、艺术作品等中; impenetrate比penetrate的意义更强,暗示更彻底、更全面的“深入”“渗透”; interpenetrate专指“互相沟通”“互相渗透”; impregnate指“渗透”“注入”的液体或气体充满了整体的各部分,使其呈现饱和状态; saturate表示“渗透”“湿透”,暗示已经饱和不能再吸收。
  • penetrate, pierce
  • 这组词都有“穿透”“渗透”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.penetrate指用任何利器部分地或全部地刺入某物; pierce指切、割开缺口而进入到某物体中去或刺穿某一物体。
  • 2.penetrate作“渗透”“弥漫”解时,多指自然的作用,如气味、雨、雾、阳光等自然缓慢地弥漫、渗入,保留了其基本含义“深入,贯穿”。pierce则多为人工的作用,如光线、声音、痛苦等,仍保留其基本含义“迅速,锐利”,给人以突然看到、听到或感受到的感觉。
  • penetrate, prick, probe, stab
  • 这组词都有“强行进入”的意思。其区别是:
  • penetrate是本组词中最正式、意义最广泛的词,主要用于任何利器弄成的半透或全透的洞,也可用于某物上任何类型的开口或穿透,穿透可以是沿着已有的通道,也可以通过一堆内部不连接的东西,还可以通过一个具有透明的膜; prick的意思是“刺破”,是指用针状的工具轻巧地在一薄层上刺个小洞或穿透; probe的意思是“切”“挖”,通常是指有意地、谨慎地、探险性地尝试而去切〔挖〕开某物; stab的意思是“刺”“切”,强调用扁平的利器如剑、刀,把东西切开或刺入某人/物。
  • pierce,penetrate,prick,stab,thrust
  • 这些动词均含“刺入,穿透”之意。
  • pierce多指人为地用刀刺、剑等尖锐东西刺穿或刺入某物。
  • penetrate较正式用词,可指用任何工具穿入或穿透,也可指光线、声音等透过物体。
  • prick一般指用针等刺穿。
  • stab主要指利器刺入、刺伤,如用匕首、短刀等。
  • thrust本义是使某物进入或把某物刺进或使之穿透某物,有时侧重穿透、刺入。
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