diffuse

  常用词汇  
[dɪ'fjuːz]     [dɪ'fjuːz]    
  • vt. 扩散;散开;传播
  • vi. 弥漫;扩散
  • adj. 冗长的;四散的
diffusely diffuseness diffused diffused diffusing diffuses
new

diffuse的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 冗长的
  2. 四散的,扩散的,散开的
  3. 弥漫的
  4. 散漫的,散乱的,松散的
  5. 铺张的
  6. 罗里罗嗦的
  7. 漫射的
  8. 不清楚的
  9. 难解的
  10. 累赘的
  11. 不集中的
v. (动词)
  1. (使)扩散,发散,散发,使分散
  2. 传播(知识) ,散布,散播
  3. (使)渗出,渗入,渗透
  4. 普及(教育)
  5. 【物】(使)漫射,(使)四散,散射,漫散
  6. 照遍
  7. 弥漫
  8. 使(气体或液体)慢慢混合
  9. 模糊
  10. 倾泻

双解释义

adj. (形容词)
  1. 四散的,漫射的 spread out, not concentrated
  2. 冗长的,累赘的 using to many words and not keeping to the point
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)扩散,(使)弥漫,(使)传播 (cause to) spread out freely in all directions
  2. vt. & vi. (使)慢慢混合 (cause to) mix slowly

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. spread out; not concentrated in one place;

    "a large diffuse organization"

  2. (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected

  3. lacking conciseness;

    "a diffuse historical novel"

Verb:
  1. move outward;

    "The soldiers fanned out"

  2. spread or diffuse through;

    "An atmosphere of distrust has permeated this administration"
    "music penetrated the entire building"
    "His campaign was riddled with accusations and personal attacks"

  3. cause to become widely known;

    "spread information"
    "circulate a rumor"
    "broadcast the news"

diffuse的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The problem is how to diffuse power without creating anarchy.
    问题在于如何将权力分散而不造成无政府状态。
  2. Fashion trends diffuse themselves rapidly around the globe.
    时装新潮很快就在全世界流行起来。
  3. The roses diffuse the scent to the air miles around.
    玫瑰花的香味儿弥漫在几英里的空气中。
  4. He resolved to diffuse the special knowledge that he possessed.
    他决心要传播他所具有的特别的知识。
  5. The printing press helped diffuse scientific knowledge.
    印刷品有助于传播科学知识。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Around the cluster is a huge vague diffuse nebulae.
    围绕该星团的是一个巨大的模糊的弥漫星云。
  2. Antibiotic therapy for diffuse cellulitis should be aggressive.
    弥漫性蜂窝织炎的抗菌素治疗应是强有力的。
  3. The light was diffused by the leaves.
    树叶使光线漫射。
  4. A drop of milk diffused in the water, and it became cloudy.
    一滴奶在水中扩散开来,使水变得混浊不清了。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Professor Smith cut off their diffuse speech and agreed to help them.
    史密斯教授打断他们冗长的演讲,答应帮助他们。
  2. "(actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to"
    走穴

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Direct light is better for reading than diffuse light.
    直射光比漫射光更有利于阅读。
  2. A diffuse book is very tiresome to read.
    冗长的书读起来令人厌倦。
用作表语 S+be+~+that-clause
  1. His talk was so diffuse that I missed his point.
    他的谈话漫无边际,我抓不住他的要点。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. A drop of milk diffused in the water.
    一滴牛奶在水中扩散开来。
  2. Gases and liquids diffused.
    气体和液体慢慢混合了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The sun diffuses light and heat.
    太阳发出光和热。
  2. Schools and libraries and many television programs diffuse knowledge.
    学校、图书馆和很多电视节目都传播知识。
  3. 1
  4. Knowledge is being diffused.
    知识在传播。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • The pomp of wide margin and diffuse typography.

    出自: S. Johnson
  • Love..will all diffuse in Extacy.

    出自: T. Ken
  • A heartless man does not diffuse geniality and kindness around him.

    出自: D. Masson
  • The moonlight..was diffused by the thin cloud.

    出自: L. Deighton

diffuse的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. diffuse用作动词的基本意思是“(使)扩散”,指使原本凝聚在一起的东西分散开,或指将某一消息传开,即“(使)传播”; diffuse还可指(将)两种不同的东西“慢慢混合在一起”。可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
diffuse, circulate, disseminate, expand, extend, propagate, radiate, spread
  • 这组词都有“延伸”“延长”“伸展”“展开”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.spread指向四面八方扩大范围。
  • 2.circulate指无拘无束地或不间断地传播、散布到各处。例如:
  • She opened a window to allow the air to circulate.她打开窗户使空气流通。
  • 3.disseminate指到处传播思想、理论等。例如:
  • They use the press to disseminate right wing views.他们利用报刊来传播右翼观点。
  • 4.diffuse指光线、声音、气味等在空中传送或散布。例如:
  • Light diffused from the window.光从窗户射进来。
  • 5.extend指延展物体的长度、宽度,延伸或扩大某一事物,以及延长时间、期限等,也指伸开四肢或躯体。例如:
  • They extended the road for three more miles.他们把那条路又延长了三英里多。
  • The headmaster extended our holidays by a week.校长把我们的假期延长了一个星期。
  • 6.expand指扩大面积或体积,也指把合拢的东西放开(即三维)。例如:
  • This county has expanded its area under cultivation by more than 50,000 mu .该县扩大了50,000亩耕地。
  • Heat expands metals.热使金属膨胀。
  • He does exercises to expand his chest.他做体操扩胸。
  • 7.propagate通常指宣传某种信念、看法或传播某种言论,以使更多的人相信或参与。例如:
  • We should not only learn knowledge, but also propagate it.我们不仅应学习知识,而且应传播它。
  • The Greek civilization was propagated all over Europe.希腊文明传播至整个欧洲。
  • 8.radiate指从中心向四面八方散发,是技术用语,特指光或热的辐射。例如:
  • The sun radiates light and heat.太阳放射光和热。
  • The electric heater radiated warmth.电暖器散发出热量。
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