skin

  基本词汇  
[skɪn]     [skɪn]    
  • n.皮肤;外皮;皮囊
  • n.惊讶;生气
  • vt.剥皮;削皮;贴皮;蹭破皮;<俚>击败
skinless skinned skinned skinning skins
new

skin是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 皮,壳,外皮,皮肤,毛皮,外壳,皮肉
  2. 薄层
  3. 皮制容器
  4. <俚>吝啬鬼
  5. 骗子
  6. <俚>避孕套
  7. <口>鼓
  8. <美俚>一块钱
  9. 皮囊,皮革
  10. 兽皮
  11. 肉体
  12. 性命
  13. 【解】真皮
  14. 【船】外板
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =Spending the Kids' Inheritance 吃光用光
v.(动词)
  1. (使)愈合,长皮(伤口)愈合,长出新皮,使愈合擦伤(皮)
  2. <俚>欺骗,骗取
  3. <美俚>严厉训斥,批评,责斥
  4. 彻底打败,击败,胜过
  5. 植皮, 在…上植皮
  6. 结成皮,长皮
  7. 脱皮,蜕皮
  8. <口>爬
  9. <俚>匆忙溜走
  10. 剥...的皮,削...的皮,去...的壳,剥皮,削皮,扒皮
  11. 使脱去贴身衣服
  12. 覆盖(伤口)
  13. 作弊,夹带
  14. 抢夺
  15. 攀爬勉强挤过去,勉强穿过,勉强通过
  16. 擦破…上的皮肤,擦破皮
  17. 使蒙上皮,为皮覆盖
  18. 爬,攀(up,down)
  19. 勉强获得成功

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U] [C] 皮(肤) the natural outer covering of an animal or human body, from which hair may grow
  2. [U] [C] 兽皮,毛皮 the skin of an animal for use as leather, fur, etc.
  3. [U] [C] (蔬菜,水果等)外皮,外壳 a natural outer covering of some fruits and vegetables
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 剥皮 take the skin off
  2. vt. 欺骗 cheat

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
skin : 皮肤 ...
在 《外教社畜牧兽医英语词典》 中查看更多...
skin : 皮, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
skin : 蒙皮 ...
在 《外教社航空航天英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;

    "your skin is the largest organ of your body"

  2. an outer surface (usually thin);

    "the skin of an airplane"

  3. body covering of a living animal

  4. a person's skin regarded as their life;

    "he tried to save his skin"

  5. the rind of a fruit or vegetable

  6. a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal

Verb:
  1. climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling

  2. bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;

    "The boy skinned his knee when he fell"

  3. remove the bark of a tree

  4. strip the skin off;

    "pare apples"

skin的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He had brown skin.
    他的皮肤是棕色的
  2. When he fell he just broke the skin.
    当他跌倒时,他只擦破皮肤。
  3. She peeled off the skin of a banana for the child.
    她替孩子剥掉香蕉皮。
  4. I nearly jumped out of my skin when a hand grabbed me in the dark.
    黑暗中有一只手把我抓住,可真把我吓了一大跳。
  5. It's no skin off my nose if I lose this job, I can always get another one.
    我失掉这份工作也没有关系,我随时都能再找到工作。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. David is skinning onions in the kitchen.
    大卫在厨房里剥洋葱皮。
  2. Firstly, you should pare the skin.
    首先,你得削皮。
  3. He skinned his knee when he fell.
    他摔跤时把膝盖擦破了。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Many people offered to donate blood and skin for the badly burnt worker.
    很多人要求为那个严重烧伤的工人献血献皮。
  2. The external layer of skin is called the epidermis.
    皮的外层叫表皮。
  3. She is only skin and bone.
    她只剩皮包骨了。
  4. The poison may be absorbed through the skin.
    毒物可能通过皮肤被吸收。
  5. He wears his sweater next to the skin.
    他贴身穿着球衣。
  6. The rain had penetrated right through to his skin.
    他被雨水淋得湿透衣服,触及皮肤。
  7. She has a white skin.
    她皮肤白。
  8. Black hair is a sharp contrast to a fair skin.
    黑色的头发与白皙的皮肤形成鲜明对比。
  9. They have a light skin and blue eyes.
    他们有白皙的皮肤和蓝色的眼睛。
  10. Babies have a soft skin.
    婴儿有细嫩的皮肤。
  11. He won't worry about the criticism, he's got a pretty thick skin.
    他不会因为受到批评而烦恼,他的脸皮很厚。
  12. Most Africans have darker skins than Europeans.
    多数非洲人的皮肤比欧洲人黑些。
  13. Cats are covered with soft skin.
    猫身上长着柔软的毛。
  14. Bears have thick skin.
    熊有厚厚的毛。
  15. The puppies haven't got much skin yet.
    这些小狗还没有长出毛呢。
  16. Tom wore a hat made of the skin.
    汤姆戴着一顶毛皮帽子。
  17. The rug was made of the skin of a tiger.
    这地毯是虎皮做成的。
  18. It took 40 skins to make the coat.
    这件大衣用了40张毛皮。
  19. Take the skin off before you eat it.
    吃之前先把皮去掉。
  20. The little girl is stripping the skin from a banana.
    那小姑娘在剥香蕉皮。
  21. I slipped on a banana skin.
    我踩在香蕉皮上滑倒了。
  22. Please cook the potatoes quickly with their skins on.
    请把土豆连皮快速煮一下。
  23. Some fruits have thick skins.
    有些水果长有厚皮。
  24. Do you like skin on your rice pudding?
    你喜欢大米布丁上面的薄皮吗?
  25. Aircraft wings have metal or cloth skins.
    飞机机翼有金属面的或蒙布面的。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The cook is skinning the onions.
    厨师正在剥洋葱皮。
  2. The game-keeper began to skin the rabbit.
    猎场看守人开始剥兔皮。
  3. It is cruel to skin a snake.
    剥蛇皮很残忍。
  4. Facer fell off the ladder and skinned his knees.
    费塞从梯子上跌下来,膝盖破皮了。
  5. I skinned my knee when I fell.
    我跌倒时,擦破了膝盖。
  6. I skinned my elbow against the wall.
    我的肘部撞在墙上擦破了皮。
  7. Are you trying to skin the old lady?
    你想骗老太太的钱吗?
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. Huge catfish are skinned and dressed by hand.
    用手剥去巨鲇的皮,并剖洗干净。
  10. The little boy's elbows were quite badly skinned.
    那小男孩两只胳膊肘上的皮肤严重擦伤了。
  11. During the war years this stretch of farms was horribly skinned.
    大战期间这一带的各个农场受到残酷剥削。
  12. Be careful not to be skinned when you go to town.
    进城时要当心别让人骗了。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a skin search
  1. 搜身 searching the person; making a body search

    Every prisoner had to undergo a skin search to make sure nothing had been given to him. 每个犯人都得搜身,以防身上藏有东西。

in a bad skin
  1. 在发脾气 lose one's temper; get angry

    Don't disturb him for he is in a bad skin. 别去打搅他,他在发脾气。

    Don't mention your pay rise when the manager is in a bad skin. 经理发脾气时你别提要长工资的事。

save one's (own) skin
  1. 〈非正〉脱身,脱险 escape from a serious danger

    They always saved their own skins in their mind. 他们时时不忘保命。

    When trouble broke out, everyone was intent on saving his own skin. 惹出麻烦时,人人都一心想安然脱身。

    He surrendered to save his own skin. 为了活命他投降了。

    He lied in court to save his skin. 他为了保命在法庭上说了谎。

    They are fighting desperately to save their skins. 为了保住自己他们正在拼搏。

    The fighter plane saved our skins while the army was landing from the ships. 当部队离船登陆时,战斗机救了我们的命。

under the skin
  1. 在内心,在本质上 beneath the outside appearance; at heart

    They are alike under the skin. 他们在本质上差不多。

    He laughed under the skin. 他在心里暗笑。

    We may be of different races but we're sisters under the skin. 我们的种族可能不同,但本质上我们都是姊妹。

用作动词 (v.)
skin alive (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈非正〉严厉斥责 scold sb severelyYour mother will skin you alive if she sees this.如果你母亲看到这种事,她会狠狠骂你一顿的。

    He'll skin you alive if he finds out what you've done. 他若发现你干的事,会活剥你的皮。

  2. 彻底打败 defeat sb thoroughly用于 be ~ed 结构

    The home team was skinned alive this afternoon. 今天下午主队输得惨极了。

skin of (v.+prep.)
  1. 骗取某人的(钱财等) cheat sb of (usually money) skin sb of sth

    She skinned him of all his money.她骗取了他的全部钱财。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Cage was skinned of all her money by confidence tricksters.凯奇所有的钱都被专骗老实人的骗子骗去了。

skin over (v.+adv.)
  1. 为皮所覆盖,愈合 become covered with skin; heal skin over

    The snake is skinning over.蛇在蜕皮。

    The wound skinned over.伤口愈合了。

skin through (v.+prep.)
  1. 〈美〉勉强挤过 be only just able to pass through (sth narrow)The big ship barely skinned through the open draw.那艘大船勉勉强强通过了开合式吊桥的缺口。
  2. 〈美〉勉强通过(考试等) be only just able to pass (sth such as an examination)Some of you passed well, but most of you only skinned through the examination.你们当中有的人成绩还不错,但大部分人仅仅勉强通过了考试。
skin up (v.+prep.)
  1. 贴着…向上爬 climb up keeping close to sth skin up sth

    When you leave you skin up the rope.当你离开时,从这根绳子爬上去。

    The children are so skilled at climbing trees that they skin up them like little monkeys.孩子们非常善于爬树,灵巧得和小猴子一样。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • They must have built their huts of skins or wattle.

    出自:S. Hood
  • An expert in skinning beaver.

    出自:J. A. Michener

skin的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. skin的基本意思是“皮”,既可指人或动物身体外层可长毛发的“皮肤”(此时是不可数名词),也可指某些水果、蔬菜的外皮,还可指做成皮衣的“皮,皮革”(此时是可数名词)。skin前如有描述性定语修饰时,可加不定冠词。
  2. skin也可指液体冷却时或置于空气中上面形成的表层或薄层。
  3. skin用于科技术语时,可表示机器的“外壳,蒙皮”。
v.(动词)
  1. skin用作名词时意思是“皮”“皮肤”,转化为动词意为给某(动)物“剥皮”,引申可表示“剥削”,还有“欺骗”的意思,指骗取金钱或财产。
  2. skin一般用作及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
skin, fur, hair
这组词的意思并不相同:hair的意思是“头发”或“(动、植物的)毛发”; fur指动物(熊、兔、狐、羊等)的柔毛、软毛,也可指裘毛皮服装或装饰物; skin可指人或动物的皮、皮肤,也可指果实等的外皮、壳。例如:
If you put your hair forward, it would suit your face better.如果你把头发往前梳就更适合你的脸型了。
She was wearing a silver fox fur across her shoulders.她肩上披了一条银狐皮(围巾)。
The poison may be absorbed through the skin.毒物可能通过皮肤被吸入。
下面两个句子的意思不同:
  • I would not be in your skin.
  • 我无论如何不愿意处于你的地位。
  • He stood in his skin for health checkup.
  • 他赤条条地站着接受体格检查。
v.(动词)
skin, flay, pare, peel
这组词都可表示“剥皮”。其区别是:
skin最常用,可指剥〔削〕去动物或植物的皮; pare和peel指去掉果皮或蔬菜皮时常可互换使用,但peel常指剥去〔撕去〕外皮,而pare则指削去外皮和皮下相连的一部分肉质,引申可指修掉边角或削减费用等; flay通常用于指剥动物皮或用剥人皮来吓人。例如:
The hunter skinned the deer.猎人剥下了鹿皮。
He peeled away the outer layers of the onion.他把洋葱头外面的皮剥了下来。
We must pare down costs to improve our profitability.我们必须压缩成本以使利润增加。
They flayed the dead horse.他们剥这匹死马的皮。
skin leather fur hide peel
这些名词均含“皮,皮肤”之意。
  • skin:skin最常用词,指人的皮肤或动物的皮,也可指水果、植物和种子等的外皮。
  • leather:leather通常指经过加工的熟皮,可用于制作各种皮革制品。
  • fur:fur现多指猫、兔等动物软毛皮,也指其它动物的毛皮。
  • hide:hide多指大型动物的厚皮,也指没有鞣的牛、马等皮革。
  • peel:peel指剩下的或可以剥去的果皮或蔬菜皮。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 男孩子们已开始留长发,甚至将头发染黄,不管这个颜色是否与他们皮肤的颜色相配。

    Boys have begun to wear their hair long and even dye it yellow, not caring whether the colour matches their skin.

    Boys have begun to wear their hair long and even dye it yellow, not caring whether the colour matches their complexion.

    skin 是“皮,皮肤”的意思,表示“肤色”应该用complexion。

  2. 她的皮肤白皙而光滑。

    Her skins were fair and satin-smooth.

    Her skin was fair and satin-smooth.

  3. 他收集了大量的兽皮。

    He collected a lot of animal skin.

    He collected a lot of animal skins.

    skin 作“人或动物的皮肤”解时多作单数使用,不用复数形式; 但 skin 作“动物的皮毛”或“皮子”解时为可数名词,可用作复数。

  4. 他被雨淋得浑身湿透了。

    The rain soaked him in the skin.

    The rain soaked him to the skin.

    soak sb to the skin是习惯用法,表示“(雨)使衣服湿透”,其中介词为to,不用in。另外也不可说be soaked to the skin。

  5. 我可不想处在他那个地位。

    I shouldn't wish to be on his skin.

    I shouldn't wish to be in his skin.

    be in sb's skin是固定短语,意思是“处于某人的地位”,其中的in不可换用on。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古斯堪的那亚维语的skinn,意为动物的皮毛。

skin的相关资料:

正版词典

skin : 皮, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
skin : 皮;皮肤, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • skinny adj. 极瘦的,皮包骨的

缩略词

skin的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • skin:skin n. 皮, 皮肤, 兽皮, 皮毛, 外皮, 外壳v. 长皮 英英解释:名词skin:1. a natural protective body covering and site of the…

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