stab

  核心词汇  
[stæb]     [stæb]    
  • v. 刺;戳;刺伤
  • n. 刺;戳;刺痛;尝试
stabber stabbed stabbed stabbing stabs
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stab的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 戳,刺,捅,扎
  2. 刺伤,刺入,刺痛
  3. 伤害
  4. 用线钉(书)
  5. 【建】把墙面凿粗糙
  6. 宰,捅死
  7. 把(砖墙)凿毛
  8. 陷害信任你的人
  9. 使贯穿
  10. 使伤心
  11. 使受创伤
  12. 尝试,试图
n. (名词)
  1. 刺,戳,捅
  2. <口>尝试,努力,试图
  3. 刺痛,刺伤
  4. 一种突然强烈的感觉
  5. 背后骂人,中伤
  6. 暗害
  7. 要害
  8. 刺破的伤口
  9. 突发的一阵,突然一阵剧痛
adj. (形容词)
  1. 周薪制的
  2. 时薪制的

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 刺; 扎 pierce or wound with a sharp-pointed weapon or instrument; push a knife, etc. into sb

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a sudden sharp feeling;

    "pangs of regret"
    "she felt a stab of excitement"
    "twinges of conscience"

  2. a strong blow with a knife or other sharp pointed instrument;

    "one strong stab to the heart killed him"

  3. informal words for any attempt or effort;

    "he gave it his best shot"
    "he took a stab at forecasting"

Verb:
  1. use a knife on;

    "The victim was knifed to death"

  2. stab or pierce;

    "he jabbed the piece of meat with his pocket knife"

  3. poke or thrust abruptly;

    "he jabbed his finger into her ribs"

stab的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Good friends stab you in the front.
    当面刺痛你的是你的好朋友。
  2. He stabbed at the earth with his stick.
    他拿手杖戳著地。
  3. She stabbed at the air with her finger to emphasize what she was saying.
    她手指一戳一戳的,强调她说的话。
  4. He stabbed the meat with his fork/stabbed his fork into the meat.
    他用叉子叉肉。
  5. She stabbed him in the leg with a kitchen knife.
    她拿菜刀捅伤了他的腿。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The hunter made a stab at the wolf, but missed.
    猎人向狼刺去,但没有刺中。
  2. A stab of misgiving shot through Val.
    一阵惶惑象匕首一样戳了法尔一下。
  3. A sudden stab of pain twisted him up.
    一阵突然的刺痛使他弯下身去。
  4. You'll never mend your car like that let me have a stab at it.
    你这样怎么能修好汽车--让我来试试吧。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She stabbed him on the leg with a knife.
    她用刀子刺伤了他的腿部。
  2. The blue flame of the exhausts stabbed the darkness.
    排气口的蓝色火焰划破黑暗。
  3. The 13000-foot peak stabbed the sky.13000
    英尺高的山峰直插云霄。
  4. His conscience stabbed him.
    他的良知使他过意不去。
  5. 1
  6. Julius Caesar was stabbed to death.
    朱利斯·凯撒是被刺死的。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
stab at (v.+prep.)
    (用刀等)刺〔戳〕 attempt to wound sb or make a hole in sth with a sharp point such as a knife
    stab at sb/sth with sth

    The big man stabbed at the guard with a dagger.

    那彪形大汉用刀猛刺卫兵。

    It's rude to stab at the meat with your knife to see if it is well cooked.

    为了看肉是否是熟的而用刀子去戳是不礼貌的。

    He stabbed at the earth with his stick.

    他用手杖戳着地。

    She stabbed at the air with her finger to emphasize what she was saying.

    她用手指一指一点地比划着,强调她说的话。

stab in (v.+prep.)
    (用刀等)刺伤 wound sb in a part of the body with a sharp point such as a knife
    stab sb in sth

    The thief stabbed me in the arm with a knife as he seized my bag.

    那贼抓住了我的手提包,同时在我的臂膀上刺了一刀。

stab in the back (v.+prep.+n.)
    暗箭伤人,背弃别人 attack or fail to support sb in a disloyal way
    stab sb in the back

    The chairman expected his friends to vote for him, but they stabbed him in the back by electing his opponent.

    主席希望他的朋友们选举他,可他们暗地里投他的对手一票。

stab to the heart (v.+prep.+n.)
    严重伤害某人的感情 hurt sb's feelings severely; cause sb to sorrow
    stab sb to the heart

    It stabs me to the heart when I remember how happy we were then.

    每当我忆起昔日的幸福时,我心痛欲碎。

    His disloyalty stabbed me to the heart.

    他的不忠使我心如刀割。

    The mother was stabbed to the heart by her son's lack of gratitude.

    儿子忘恩负义,母亲心如刀绞。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • You found me with this stab and an ugly bruise or two.

    出自: Dickens
  • Let them ride among you there, Slash, and stab, and maim, and hew.

    出自: Shelley
  • He..stabbed at the snow with his sticks.

    出自: C. Wood
  • The news of Doris's death..stabbed deep into his flesh.

    出自: B. Bova

stab的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. stab的意思是指用平扁形的刃具如刀剑或匕首“刺”“戳”某人〔物〕。
  2. stab可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。
  3. stab表示“刺伤某人某部位”,须用stab sb on〔in〕 sth 结构。
  4. stab的过去式和过去分词均为stabbed。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
stab at, stab in, stab on
  • 这组短语的区别在于:
  • 1.stab at中的stab是不及物动词,而stab in〔on〕中的stab是及物动词,接sb 作宾语。
  • 2.stab on指伤及表面,而stab in则强调刺入深部。
  • stab, pierce
  • 这组词都有“刺”的意思。它们的区别是:stab所用的器具是平扁形的刀剑或匕首等; pierce所用的器具通常为又细又尖的针状物。
  • stab, penetrate, prick, probe
  • 这组词都有“强行进入”的意思。其区别是:
  • penetrate是本组词中最正式、意义最广泛的词,主要用于任何利器弄成的半透或全透的洞,也可用于某物上任何类型的开口或穿透,穿透可以是沿着已有的通道,也可以通过一堆内部不连接的东西,还可以通过一个具有透明的膜; prick的意思是“刺破”,是指用针状的工具轻巧地在一薄层上刺个小洞或穿透; probe的意思是“切”“挖”,通常是指有意地、谨慎地、探险性地尝试而去切〔挖〕开某物; stab的意思是“刺”“切”,强调用扁平的利器如剑、刀,把东西切开或刺入某人/物。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自中古英语的stabbe,意为刺伤。
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