increase

  基本词汇  
[ɪn'kriːs]     [ɪn'kriːs]    
  • v.增加;提高
  • n.增加;增强;提高
increasable increasingly increaser increased increased increasing increases
new

increase是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 增加,增多,增大,增长,增强,发展
  2. 增殖,繁殖
  3. 增进,增长,提高
  4. 渐圆
  5. 有增无减
  6. 上升,上涨
n.(名词)
  1. 增加,增大,增强,增多
  2. 增长,延长
  3. 增殖,繁殖
  4. 增加量,增(加)额,增长结果
  5. 增进,提高
  6. 发展,扩展

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 增加,增大,增多 make or become larger in amount or number
n.(名词)
  1. [C][U]增加,增大,增多 a rise in amount, numbers, or degree

行业释义

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increase : 增加, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
increase : 增加, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
increase : 增加, ...
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英英释义

Noun:
  1. a quantity that is added;

    "there was an addition to property taxes this year"
    "they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks"

  2. a change resulting in an increase;

    "the increase is scheduled for next month"

  3. a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important;

    "the increase in unemployment"
    "the growth of population"

  4. the amount by which something increases;

    "they proposed an increase of 15 percent in the fare"

  5. the act of increasing something;

    "he gave me an increase in salary"

Verb:
  1. become bigger or greater in amount;

    "The amount of work increased"

  2. make bigger or more;

    "The boss finally increased her salary"
    "The university increased the number of students it admitted"

increase的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. We anticipate that demand is likely to increase.
    我们预料需求可能增加。
  2. Wide reading will increase your vocabulary.
    博览群书会增加你的词汇量。
  3. They have increased the price of petrol again.
    他们又提高了汽油的价格。
  4. We must increase our output to meet demand.
    我们必须提高产量满足需求。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. There was a steady increase in population.
    人口在不断增长中。
  2. The government is alarmed by the dramatic increase in violent crime.
    政府对暴力犯罪案件的急剧增加感到担心。
  3. Influence will increase along with economic heft.
    影响将随着经济实力的增强而增加。
  4. The rent increase will hit the pockets of the poor.
    租金的提高将加重穷人的负担。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Her family increased.
    她家的人口增加了。
  2. The population of this city has greatly increased.
    本市人口已大大增加。
  3. The population of the earth is increasing very fast.
    地球上的人口增加得很快。
  4. In some cases output has increased more than three-fold.
    在有些情况下,产量增加了3倍多。
  5. In 1973, the output value of heavy industry increased by four times than 1965.1973
    年与1965年相比,重工业产值增长4倍。
  6. The output of steel of our country has greatly increased.
    我国钢的产量已大大增加。
  7. My salary has increased one hundred yuan .
    我的薪金增加100元。
  8. His cough shook him little and his appetite increased.
    咳嗽不但没有使他虚弱,反而倒使他食欲大增。
  9. The number of tourists has increased greatly in recent years.
    近年来旅游者的人数大大增加了。
  10. The number of bicycles is increasing.
    自行车的数量越来越多。
  11. Traffic accidents are increasing year by year.
    交通事故年年增加。
  12. The volume of trade between the two countries has been increasing each year.
    两国间的贸易额逐年都有增加。
  13. Their difficulties are increasing.
    他们的困难越来越多。
  14. The factors for war were visibly increasing.
    这时战争因素有明显增长。
  15. The rain increased.
    雨下大了。
  16. The darkness increases the further we advance into the forest.
    我们越朝森林里走,周围就越来越暗。
  17. Under the rule of Britain the prosperity of the island increased considerably.
    在英国统治下,该岛的繁荣程度大为提高。
  18. Since joining the Common Market,Britain's trade with Europe has greatly increased.
    自从加入欧洲共同市场以来,英国与欧洲的贸易大为增加。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We should increase production and practise strict economy
    我们应当增加生产,厉行节约。
  2. Finding himself in a tight corner the boss had to agree to increase the workers' wages.
    老板看到自己无路可走,只得答应提高工人的工资。
  3. You won't increase your earnings by loitering over your work.
    你磨洋工是不会长工资的。
  4. He increased the size of his farm year by year.
    他逐年扩大他的农场规模。
  5. Their government has recently increased taxation.
    他们的政府最近又增加了税收。
  6. Efforts should also be made to increase their variety.
    要增加品种还得作出努力。
  7. The government has increased the price of food.
    政府已提高了食品价格。
  8. The driver increased speed suddenly.
    驾驶员突然增加速度。
  9. You'll be skating on thin ice if you ask Dad to increase your allowance again.
    你要是再要求爸爸给你增加零用钱就是冒险。
  10. We had better increase the amount.
    我们最好把数量再增加一些。
  11. The purpose of criticism is to increase the Party's fighting capacity.
    批评的目的是为了增强党的战斗力。
  12. His words only increased the anger of the workers.
    他的话只是使工人更加气愤。
  13. It has increased the contradictions between the two superpowers.
    这加剧了两个超级大国之间的矛盾。
  14. Travel increased one's knowledge of the world.
    旅游使人增进对世界的了解。
  15. A serious incident along the border increased our fear of war.
    边境的严重纠纷加剧了我们对战争的恐惧感。
  16. We have increased his salary from five hundred yuan to egiht hundred.
    我们把他的薪金从500元加到800元。
  17. The physician increased the dosage from one to four.
    医生把剂量从1剂增加到4剂。
  18. She increased her reading speed from 100 to 250 words per minute.
    她的阅读速度从每分钟100个词增加到250个词。
  19. 用于be ~ed结构
  20. New machines were introduced into the factory. As a result, not only were time and energy saved but production was greatly increased.
    工厂引进了新的机器,因而不仅节省了时间和能源,还极大地提高了生产量。
  21. The safety of cars has been increased by the addition of seats belts.
    车座上加设安全带增强了汽车的安全性。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. We are badly in need of increased time for study.
    我们急需更多的研究时间。
v -ing as Attrib.
  1. This reflects their increasing difficulties.
    这反映了他们日益加重的困难。
  2. These measures were necessary, owing to increasing population.
    由于人口日益增多,采取这些措施是必要的。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Index-linked pay raise insulated them against inflationary price increase.
    与生活指数挂钩的工资增长使他们得以免受由于通货膨胀引起的物价上涨的影响。
  2. They went on strike on Monday in demand of a 40% wage increase.
    他们在星期一举行了罢工,要求把工资提高40%。
  3. Increase in population made emigration necessary.
    人口的增加使向外移民成为必要。
  4. The tobacco merchants rose up in arms over the increase in taxes.
    烟草商人对提高税率非常恼火。
  5. In this census, an increase in the number of illiterates was observed.
    在这次人口普查中发现文盲人数增多。
  6. We need increases in money.
    我们需要增加钱。
  7. The report called for massive increase in defence spending.
    报告要求大量增加国防开支。
  8. He diagnosed the increase of crime was due to too few patrolmen.
    他判断犯罪增加是由于巡逻警员太少的缘故。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
increase at( v.+prep. )
  1. 以…增长 make greater in number increase at sth

    World energy demand is increasing at a rate of about 3% per year.世界能源的需求量正以每年3%的速度递增。

increase by( v.+prep. )
  1. 增长 become greater in number or degree increase by sth

    Traffic accidents have increased by three per cent in the past year.去年交通事故增加了3%。

    The population of this town has increased by zero point three percent in the last three years.这个城镇的人口近三年以来增长了0.3%。

    In 1978, the farm's hilly orchards increased by 300 mu .1978年,这个农场新增山地果园300亩。

    The output of 13 major products has increased by a wide margin.13项主要产品都有大幅度增长。

    Their salaries increase annually by one hundred dollars.他们的薪水每年增加100美元。

    The population has increased by 200,000 to 500,000.人口增加了20万,共为50万。

    increase sth by sth

    The workers, in cooperation with the management, have increased output by 10 percent.工人与厂方合作使产量增加10%。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    In this way the average autumn catch has been increased by two or three times.这样,秋季平均捕鱼量增加了两到三倍。

    As from Sunday,May 1st, all fares on the corporation's transport services will be increased by ten pence in the pound.从5月1日即星期日起本公司运输费将每磅提高10便士。

increase from( v.+prep. )
  1. (使)…由(少)增多; (使)…由(小)变大 (cause to) become larger from (sth smaller) increase from sth

    My pay has not increased from the rate fixed two years ago.两年前给我定的工资额至今还没有增加呢。

    increase sth from sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    When is my pay going to be increased from its present rate?什么时候我现在的工资才能增加呢?

increase in( v.+prep. )
  1. 在…方面增长 become larger in amount, number, or degree increase in sth

    He increased in wisdom with the increase of age.他的智慧随着年龄的增长而丰富。

    Activists are increasing in number day by day.积极分子的人数日益增加。

    The library has increased in the total number of books, but not in space to hold them.图书馆增加了藏书量,但没有增加藏书的空间。

    The country has increased in population.这个国家的人口增加了。

    The attack increased in vehemence.进攻越来越猛烈。

    The kingdom increased in wealth and prosperity.这个王国日趋富足昌盛。

    China is rapidly increasing in industrial productivity.中国工业生产力正在迅速增长。

    In recent years China has increased in economic prosperity.近年来中国经济日益繁荣。

    Our country has greatly increased in power and prestige.我国的实力大大增强,国际威望也显著提高了。

increase to( v.+prep. )
  1. 增长到… make larger to one degree increase to sth

    Both drinking and smoking among young people are increasing to an alarming extent.在青年人中饮酒吸烟的现象已发展到惊人的程度。

    increase sth to sth

    The director hopes to be able to increase your pay to $6000 a month.主任希望能将你的月工资提到6000美元。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    My salary has been increased to one thousand yuan .我的薪金增加到1000元。

increase with( v.+prep. )
  1. 随…增长 make larger following sth increase with sth

    His vanity increased with years.他的虚荣心随着年龄增长而变盛。

    The success of the book has been increasing with years.这本书一年比一年受欢迎。

用作名词 (n.)
on the increase
  1. 正在增加之中,不断增加 increasing

    The bank's deposit accounts are on the increase. 银行定期存款在增加。

    Is the consumption of beer still on the increase? 啤酒的消费量还在增加吗?

    The technical cooperation and cultural exchanges between the two countries are daily on the increase. 两国之间的技术合作和文化交流正在与日俱增。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Dry up in her the organs of increase.

    出自:King Lear,Shakespeare
  • I could sense the boy's interest dwindle as the pull of his mother increased.

    出自:S. Plath
  • Wage rates have increased by 10 per cent.

    出自:Economist
  • Whether increasing the price of alcohol results in a decrease of alcoholism is not known.

    出自:D. W. Goodwin

increase的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. increase的基本意思是“增加,扩大”,可指由于自然繁殖导致数目的增加,也可指人为地增大体积,增加财富、工资、数量、力量、强度、速度、尺寸或权力、影响。
  2. increase可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. increase后接介词by时表示增加的具体数量; 后接介词in时表示在某方面的增加; 后接介词to时表示“增加到…”; 后接介词with时表示“随…增长”。
  4. increase的过去分词increased和现在分词increasing都可用作形容词,在句中作定语。
n.(名词)
  1. increase用作名词的读音为 ['inkriːs] ,意思是“增加,增大,增多”,可指抽象的“增加”,也可具体地指钱的增加额、冷热的增加程度或人口、工作等的增加量或事态达到某种程度等。
  2. increase既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
increase by, increase to
这两个短语的含义和用法并不相同。increase by指纯增数,而increase to则指增加后达到的数,即总数。increase by后一般接表示倍数和百分比的词,间或也接数词,而increase to后接数词,间或也接其他名词。
increase, amplify, augment, enlarge, magnify
这组词的共同意思是“扩大,延伸”。其区别是:
enlarge指面积与范围的扩大,不能用以指重量、速度、时间的增大; increase可指距离、面积、力量、程度的增大,还可指数量、信心等增大和事物强度的加大,特别常用于统计方面; augment属于庄重用语,很少用来说明房屋、土地等物质的东西,通常用来表示势力、权势、财产、幸福、刑罚等增加或扩大; amplify是正式用语,在科技方面常指声音的扩大或电磁波的增强,也可指资料内容的增加; magnify指不从实际上,仅从外观上扩大某物,在俚语中, magnify有夸大事实、虚夸之义。例如:
His strength will increase when his health improves.他的健康好转后,体力也会增加的。
When sound is amplified, it can be heard a greater distance.声音一放大,可能传得更远。
He augments his wages by working in his free time.他在空闲时间加班以增加工资。
I want to enlarge the lawn.我要扩大草坪的面积。
He often magnifies himself against others.他常用抬高自己贬低对方的方法反对别人。
increase, add
两者均可表示“增加”。其区别在于:前者主要指自身数量、重量、价值、程度、力量等增加,多用于不可触知的事物; 而后者是指将某物加在另一物上,使之在数量、体积、重要性等方面有所增加。例如:
We had better increase the amount.我们最好把数量再增加一些。
I increased the amount of water to be added during cooking.烧饭时我增加了该加的水量。
n.(名词)
increase in, increase of
这两个短语意思不同。increase in指本身的增加,并未指出增加多少,而increase of则指增大的值。
下列各个短语的意思相同:
  • increase a tax of ten per cent
  • a tax increase by ten per cent
  • a ten per cent increase in tax
  • an increase in tax of ten per cent
  • a ten per cent tax increase
  • 增加10%的税

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 这些机器把生产率提高了三倍。

    These machines increased three-fold.

    These machines increased productivity three-fold.

  2. 今年的产量已经增加了20%。

    The production of this year has increased 20 percent.

    The production of this year has increased by 20 percent.

    increase用作及物动词时,它的宾语是具体事物,不是数字。用作不及物动词时,要表达增长的数字,须加介词by。

n.(名词)
  1. 人口在不断地增加。

    There was a steady increase of population.

    There was a steady increase in population.

    increase表示“在…方面有增加”要用in。decrease(减少), drop(下降), rise(增长), fall(下跌)等词,有相同用法,这些单词之后都要用in。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自盎格鲁法语的encsers;最初源自拉丁语的incsercere:in (里) + csercere (生长),意为朝里生长。

increase的相关资料:

正版词典

increase : 增加;增长 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • increase:increase n. 增加, 增大, 增长vt. 增加, 加大vi. 增加, 繁殖习惯用语on the increase 不断增加, 有增无己increase with 随...而增长…

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