gather

  核心词汇  
['ɡæðə(r)]     ['ɡæðər]    
  • v. 聚集;集合;收集;推测
  • n. 聚集;褶子
gatherer gathered gathered gathering gathers
new

gather的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 聚集,聚拢,集拢,集合,召集
  2. 收集,搜集
  3. 使聚集
  4. 收拾
  5. 渐增,增加,增长
  6. 积蓄,蓄积,积聚
  7. 采集,摘,摘取
  8. 使皱起
  9. 皱起来,皱拢,蹙眉
  10. 推测,猜想
  11. 征收
  12. 化脓,出头,生脓,溃烂
  13. 收拢、归拢(分散的东西)
  14. 收割
  15. 围住,包围
n. (名词)
  1. 聚集,集合
  2. 衣褶,折裥,皱裥
  3. 收获量
  4. 收缩
  5. 积蓄
  6. 内翻耕作法
  7. 脓疮出头
  8. 打褶裥织物

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (使)聚集; 集合 (cause to) come together
  2. vt. 收集; 渐增 obtain (information or qualities) bit by bit
  3. vt. 采集,采拾; 收割,收获 collect or pick
  4. vt. & vi. 推断; 了解 understand from sth said or done
  5. vt. 把…围住,拉紧…; 打褶子 pull sth around or close to sth; draw together in folds or pleats

英英释义

Noun:
  1. sewing consisting of small folds or puckers made by pulling tight a thread in a line of stitching

  2. the act of gathering something

Verb:
  1. assemble or get together;

    "gather some stones"
    "pull your thoughts together"

  2. collect in one place;

    "We assembled in the church basement"
    "Let's gather in the dining room"

  3. collect or gather;

    "Journals are accumulating in my office"
    "The work keeps piling up"

  4. conclude from evidence;

    "I gather you have not done your homework"

  5. draw together into folds or puckers

  6. get people together;

    "assemble your colleagues"
    "get together all those who are interested in the project"
    "gather the close family members"

  7. draw and bring closer;

    "she gathered her shawl around her shoulders"

  8. look for (food) in nature;

    "Our ancestors gathered nuts in the Fall"

  9. increase or develop;

    "the peace movement gained momentum"
    "the car gathers speed"

gather的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Clouds gather before a thunderstorm.
    在风暴来临之前云层聚集。
  2. People began to gather outside the palace.
    人们开始聚集在宫殿前。
  3. We'll gather at the school gate at eight tomorrow.
    我们明天八点在校门口集合。
  4. He took the trouble to gather the materials for me.
    他不辞辛劳地为我收集资料。
  5. I gather everyone has passed the exam.
    我推测人人都通过考试了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The crowd is gathering.
    人群正在聚集。
  2. That evening they gathered in my house and talked till it was late.
    那天晚上他们在我家里聚会,一直谈到深夜。
  3. The storm gathers.
    暴风雨越来越大。
  4. The dusk is gathering.
    暮色渐浓。
  5. A snowball gathers as it rolls.
    雪球越滚越大。
  6. More and more water was gathering in the swamp.
    沼泽地里的水越积越多。
  7. Dust soon gathers if rooms are not swept.
    房间不打扫就会积满灰尘。
  8. Dark clouds were gathering in the skies over Europe.War was soon to break out.
    这时欧洲的上空乌云密布,战争即将爆发。
S+~+to- v
  1. It was customary for merchants to gather outside to discuss business affairs.
    商人们习惯于聚集在外面洽谈生意。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The teacher gathered all the pupils in the auditorium.
    教师把全体同学集合在礼堂内。
  2. The farmers gather their crops.
    农民收庄稼。
  3. Bees gather honey.
    蜜蜂采蜜。
  4. Swallows gather mud to make their nest.
    燕子衔泥筑巢。
  5. This cloth gathers dust.
    这种布聚灰。
  6. He travels about the world gathering facts about little-known disease.
    他走遍世界,收集鲜为人知的疾病资料。
  7. The teacher went round the class to gather the papers.
    老师在教室里走了一圈收试卷。
  8. The car gathered speed on the open road.
    汽车在大路上加速前进。
  9. The patient is gathering strength.
    病人的体力渐渐复原了。
  10. It was with the greatest difficulty that the boy gathered the strength to speak, but spoke with a frightful emphasis.
    那个男孩艰难地、费了很大力气说出话来,然而他吐字有力,使人惊惧。
  11. 1
  12. The hosts are gathered in the adjoining lounge.
    主人聚集在隔壁的休息室里。
  13. The child's dress is neatly gathered at the neck.
    孩子的衣服在领口处打着整齐的皱褶。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. She gathered that they were installing the machines.
    她揣想他们正在安装机器。
  2. From what we saw, we gathered (that) he had left the room in a great hurry.
    从我们看到的情形推测,他是匆匆离开房间的。
  3. I gather that you disagree to the plan.
    我猜测你不赞成那个计划。
  4. I gather you are leaving tomorrow.
    我猜想你明天要走。
  5. From what John said I gather he'll be giving up his job in the summer.
    从约翰所说的,我揣想他将在夏季辞掉工作。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Please gather me some flowers.
    请给我采几束花来。
  2. They gathered him all the dry sticks they could find.
    他们为他搜集了他们能找到的所有的干柴。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. My boy friend gathered some beautiful flowers for me.
    我的男朋友为我采来一些美丽的花。
  2. He often went into enemy-occupied areas to gather information for the Eighth Route Army.
    他常常深入敌占区给八路军收集情报。
  3. They are busy gathering information for the manager.
    他们在忙着为经理收集信息。
  4. He has gathered some data for me.
    他已为我收集了些资料。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. Most of the information gathered by early Greek scientists was written down by Aristotle.
    早期希腊科学家们所积累的知识大部分由亚里士多德记载下来。
  2. It is a gathered skirt.
    这是一件打褶子的裙子。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
gather from( v.+prep. )
    从…中推断出 understand sth because of sth that sb says, or other signs
    gather sth from sth

    These little animals gather nuts from the ground in the autumn, and store them for the winter.

    这些小动物秋天从地上拣起坚果,贮藏起来以便过冬。

    She has in the main gathered her medical experience from practice.

    她主要是从实践中积累了医疗经验。

    These souvenirs were gathered from all parts of the world.

    这些纪念品是从世界各地收集的。

    gather from sth

    Every time there is an accident, a crowd seems to gather from nowhere.

    每当出现事故,围观者便蜂拥而来。

    gather sth from sth

    That is what I gathered from his speech.

    从他的演讲中我所了解的就是这些。

    I could gather nothing from their statement.

    从他们的声明中我抓不住什么东西。

    I didn't gather much from the confused story he told me.

    他跟我说的故事混淆不清,我不怎么明白。

    gather from sth that-clause

    I gather from his letter that he is very happy now.

    从他的来信我推想他现在非常愉快。

    Did you gather from what the man said that he intended to make a deal for the house?

    从这个人所说的来看,你是否认为他打算买这所房子?

    I gathered from the way she replied that she wasn't very enthusiastic.

    从她回答的样子我看出她不太热心。

    gather from sth wh-clause

    I could not gather from his appearance whether he was satisfied or not.

    从他的表情看,我说不准他是否满意。

    I could not gather from his expression whether he was against or for the plan.

    我从他的表情上看不出他是赞成还是反对这个计划。

gather in (v.+adv.)
    打折褶 draw material together into small folds, as by sewing
gather round〔around〕1 (v.+adv.)
    围拢 come together in a crowd
    gather round〔around〕

    Gather around, and I'll tell you a story.

    大家围过来,我给你们讲个故事。

    Gather round, friends, and hear the news!

    朋友们,大伙围拢起来,听新闻!

    The people gathered round, curious to know what was happening.

    人们围了一圈好奇地想知道发生了什么事儿。

    Gather round, ladies and gentlemen, and see this wonderful new invention.

    女士们,先生们,请靠近点看看这项新发明吧。

    When the accident happened, quite a crowd quickly gathered round.

    事故发生后,很快就在周围聚集了很多人。

    gather round〔around〕 to-v

    When we left the place, quite a crowd of people gathered around to see us off.

    我们离开那个地方时,许多人围拢来送别。

gather round〔around〕2( v.+prep. )
    支持,拥护 support; stand by
    gather round〔around〕 sb/sth

    He warmly shook hands with those who gathered around the rostrum.

    他同聚集在主席台四周的人热情握手。

    After supper they gathered around the table and worked together.

    晚饭后,他们围着桌子坐下,一起工作。

    A small crowd gathered round the speaker to hear what he had to say.

    一伙人聚集在演讲者的周围,听他要讲些什么。

    gather sb/sth round〔around〕 sb/sth

    The speaker gathered a small crowd round him, eager to listen to what he had to say.

    演讲者把一伙极想听他要讲什么的人吸引在他的周围。

    The kindergartener gathered the children around her.

    幼儿园阿姨把孩子们聚集在她周围。

    The boy gathered his toys round him.

    这孩子把玩具收拢来放在自己身边。

    gather round〔around〕 sb

    The whole class gathered round the student who had been unfairly failed, and demanded another examination.

    那个学生在考试中因受到不公平的对待而不及格,全班同学站在他的一边,要求让他重考。

gather to( v.+prep. )
    使向…聚拢; 使集拢 collect sb/sth, or things towards sth
    gather sb/sth to sth

    We must gather the people to our side.

    我们一定要把人民聚集到我们的一边。

    The dressmaker gathered the cloth to the narrowest part of the waist.

    那位裁缝在衣服的腰部打褶收紧。

gather together (v.+adv.)
    冷静下来; 控制住自己 sober; calm; control oneself
    gather together

    The clouds are gathering together and it's going to rain.

    云在聚集,天要下雨了。

    gather sb/sth ⇔ together

    She gathered some friends together.

    她约了些朋友到一块。

    We must gather the people together to demand our rights.

    我们必须把人们团结起来去争取我们的权利。

    They gathered their belongings together and set off.

    他们把自己的东西收拾好,然后动身了。

    Gather the ends of the wool together and tie them in a knot.

    把毛线头都收拢起来,把它们打成一个结。

    We should often gather together what we have gained in teaching.

    我们应该经常总结教学经验。

    Gather together what we have learnt.

    把我们学的东西总结一下吧。

    gather oneself together

    I shall have to gather myself together to face the whole board of directors.

    我得冷静下来以对付整个董事会。

    You should gather yourself together firstly under conditions of great danger.

    在极其危险的情况下你应当首先控制住自己。

gather up (v.+adv.)
    〈美口〉拘捕 arrest
    gather sth ⇔ up

    The child gathered up his toys and put them away.

    那孩子收拾起自己的玩具,把它们放起来。

    We gather up from various sources a great amount of firsthand data.

    我们从各种来源收集了大量第一手资料。

    Gathering up his scattered papers, he pushed them into his case.

    他把散乱的文件收拾起来,塞进文件夹里。

    I gathered up my few things and left.

    我收拾起仅有的几件东西就离开了。

    If you gather up your strength, you'll be able to do the work well.

    如果你集中精力的话,是能做好这项工作的。

    gather sb/sth ⇔ up

    She gathered up the child in her arms.

    她双手把孩子抱了起来。

    As the car was overcrowded, we had to gather up our legs.

    由于车子十分拥挤,我们不得不把腿缩起来。

    Gather up your muscles and jump.

    收紧肌肉,然后起跳。

    gather sth ⇔ up

    Gathering up all his courage, he turned to face the enemy.

    他鼓足勇气,转身面对敌人。

    gather oneself up

    Gather yourself up, and you'll surely succeed.

    振作起来,你就一定会成功。

    gather sb ⇔ up

    Gather him up!

    抓住他!

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He would in time gather a great crowd round him.

    出自: R. Lynd
  • He had gathered up in his novels the two divided strands of Restoration fiction.

    出自: G. Greene

gather的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. gather的基本意思是“(使)人或物聚在一起”,可表示“聚集,采集,积聚,恢复”等义,可用于有形物,也可用于无形物,还可作“把…围住,拉紧…”“打褶子”解。gather引申可以表示“推断”。
  2. gather可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时可接名词或代词作宾语。作“采集”解时也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词for的宾语。
  3. gather作“推断”解时可接that从句。
  4. 在美国口语中I gather的意思是“我想”,只用于一般现在时单数第一人称,相当于I suppose,但语气更婉转。
  5. gather的过去分词gathered可用作形容词,在句中作定语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
gather, assemble, collect, congregate
  • 这组词都有“收集”“聚集”“收捡”的意思。其区别在于:
  • 1.collect指为了某一目的,用心地收捡,并加以仔细整理。例如:
  • He hung up the map on the wall and collected political cadres and teachers to address them.他把那张地图挂在墙上,召集政治干部和政治教员来给他们讲话。
  • 2.gather是收集的最普通用语,指自发地集中在一起或把分散的东西收拢起来,或从不同的方向聚集到一起,胡子眉毛一把抓地堆集,还可指将抽象事物归拢。例如:
  • He travels about the world gathering facts about the little-known disease.他走遍世界,收集鲜为人知的疾病资料。
  • The hosts are gathered in the adjoining lounge.许多人聚集在隔壁的休息室里。
  • More and more water was gathering in the swamp.沼泽地里的水越积越多。
  • 3.assemble更强调收集的目的,把人或物密集地聚在一起。例如:
  • He called us all together, and told the assembled company that the exams had been cancelled.他把我们召集到一起,告诉大家考试已经取消。
  • The members assembled in the meeting room.成员们都聚集在会议室。
  • Assemble your papers and put them in the file.把你的文件归拢好放在这个文件夹内。
  • 4.congregate是自发地、出自本能地或随意地、散乱地聚集在一起,多用于人或动物。例如:
  • A crowd congregated around the orator.一群人聚集在演说者的周围。
  • The crowd congregated in the town square to hear the President speak.人群聚集到市镇广场上来听总统讲话。
  • Cattle congregate during a storm.在暴风雨中,牲口聚集在一起。
  • gather, conclude, deduce, infer, judge
  • 这几个词的共同意思是“推断”。其区别在于:infer指从不太充分的论据或前提中推断出结论; conclude指通过推理或判断而得出结论; deduce指有充分根据地推论或逻辑上地演绎; gather指综合事物得出印象或感想等; judge通常指经过仔细鉴定或评价之后作出的决断。例如:
  • From his a manner of dress and style of living,I gather that he is man of considerable means.从他的穿着式样和生活方式,我揣想他是个相当富有的人。
  • She had concluded from that her grandmother did not like her.她已从那一点得出结论,断定她祖母不喜欢她。
  • If you saw a doctor leaving a house, you might deduce the fact that someone in the house was ill.你要是看到医生从一家出来,你就可以推想那家有人生病。
  • We see smoke and infer fire.我们看到烟,从而推断有火。
  • Judging from what you said, they ought to succeed.从你说的情况看来,他们应当能成功。
  • gather, garner, glean, harvest, reap
  • 这组词的共同意思是“收割”。其区别是:
  • 1.reap常指收割谷物; glean专指收拾或拾起遗留在收割完毕的田里的庄稼或落穗; gather是常用词,指采集蔬菜、花草、水果等; garner是诗歌用语,指贮藏谷物等农产品; harvest则包括以上各词所指的任何一种意义。
  • 2.reap引申指遭到报应或得到报偿; glean引申指搜集有价值的零星物品; gather引申指归拢人或物; garner引申指积累具体或抽象的事物。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      汤姆和约翰汇集到一起。

      Tom and John gathered together.

      Tom and John got together.

      gather有“聚集在一起”的含义,所以当gather后面无宾语使用together,就产生了意义上的重叠。另外,两个人聚到一起也不能用gather,应该用get together。

      我们盼望着能再次聚会。

      We are looking forward to our gathering again.

      We are looking forward to our meeting again.

      亲朋好友间的“聚会”多用meet或get together。

      我猜你已经采纳了我的意见。

      I gathered that you've taken my advice.

      I gather that you've taken my advice.

      在I gather这样的词组里,通常用一般现在时,而不用一般过去时或现在完成时来引出已经了解到的情况或一段引语。

      她的爱好是集邮。

      Her hobby is gathering stamps.

      Her hobby is collecting stamps.

      作为“爱好”而“收集”一般用collect表示,不用gather。gather多作“采集”解,一般指“采集(花等)”。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的gadrian,意为聚集。
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