fasten

  核心词汇  
['fɑːsn]     ['fæsn]    
  • vt. 拴紧;使固定;系;强加于
  • vi. 固定;系紧;抓紧
fastener fastened fastened fastening fastens
new

fasten的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 扣紧, 闩住,扎牢 ,钉牢,把...结牢
  2. 把集中于,集中注意力于,集中于
  3. 把强加于,把...归于,把...加在,加强于
  4. 握住,抓住,坚持不放
  5. 盯住不放地攻击,把盯住
  6. 锁,闩(门)
  7. 加固,上紧,握牢
  8. 坚持
  9. 使固定,使牢固
  10. 集中注意力,全神贯注
  11. 系结,连接,连结
  12. 缚,系

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 系紧,拴牢 make or become firmly fixed or closed
  2. vt. & vi. 闩住 become closed or attached
  3. vt. 盯住 gaze at

英英释义

Verb:
  1. cause to be firmly attached;

    "fasten the lock onto the door"
    "she fixed her gaze on the man"

  2. become fixed or fastened;

    "This dress fastens in the back"

  3. attach to;

    "They fastened various nicknames to each other"

  4. make tight or tighter;

    "Tighten the wire"

fasten的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Do not fasten all the windows up while you sleep.
    睡觉时不要将所有的窗户都关紧。
  2. For your own safety,please fasten your seat belts.
    安全起见,请系紧安全带。
  3. I fastened the pages together with a paperclip.
    我用一个纸夹把那几页纸夹在一起。
  4. The little boy has learnt to fasten shoelaces.
    这小男孩已学会系鞋带了。
  5. Don't fasten the responsibility on him.
    不要把责任推到他身上。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. What can I use to fasten on this clip?
    我用什么才能将这个夹子固定好?
  2. The handbag won't fasten properly.
    这手提包的口关不紧。
  3. It is advisable that you fasten on the opportunity.
    你抓住这个机会是明智的。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The door will not fasten.
    这门关不上。
  2. The window doesn't fasten.
    窗关不牢。
  3. The lock will not fasten.
    这锁子锁不上。
  4. The box won't fasten.
    这盒子关不紧。
  5. The bag won't fasten properly.
    袋子系不牢。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He fastened his seat-belt.
    他系好安全带。
  2. I shut the door and fastened the bolt.
    我关上门,拴上插销。
  3. He never fastens the top button of his shirt.
    他从来不扣衬衫的第一个纽扣。
  4. He fastened the two sheets of paper together.
    他将两张纸钉在一起。
  5. He sat down on the floor and fastened them together with a piece of string.
    他坐在地上,用线把它们订起来。
  6. 1
  7. I walked back to the classroom to check whether all the windows were fastened.
    我走回教室,查看是否所有的窗户都关牢了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
fasten off (v.+adv.)
    固定好 finish fastening sth
    fasten sth ⇔ off

    Fasten the thread off with a knot.

    打个结把线固定好。

    When you sew up to this end, fasten off the thread.

    当你缝到这头时,把线打个结。

fasten on1 (v.+adv.)
    把…牢牢地装上 fix sth on firmly
    fasten sth ⇔ on

    She fastened the badge on.

    她别上了那枚徽章。

    I can't fasten on the button.

    我扣不上这个纽扣。

    The lid won't come off accidentally, it's been fastened on.

    盖子不会掉下来,装得很牢。

fasten on2〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    把…加在某人身上 add sth to sb
    fasten on〔upon〕 sth

    The stranger fastened on my arm.

    那个陌生人紧紧抓住我的胳膊。

    The president fastened on the idea at once.

    总统立即拿定了这个主意。

    Once he's fastened on an idea, you can't get him to change his mind.

    他一旦认定某种看法,你就休想叫他改变主张。

    fasten on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    The boy's eyes fastened on the stranger.

    那个男孩的眼睛紧紧盯住那个陌生人。

    Everyone's eyes fastened on the little girl in the middle of the stage.

    大家的目光集中在舞台中央的那位小姑娘身上。

    His gaze fastened on the pictures.

    他盯着那些相片。

    The sentries fastened on anything suspicious on the border.

    哨兵们密切注视边境线上任何可疑的动静。

    fasten sth on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    He fastened his eyes on me.

    他用眼睛盯着我。

    He fastened his attention on her.

    他的注意力集中在她身上。

    The boy fastened his eyes on the toys.

    那孩子眼睛盯着玩具。

    As he fastened his eyes on the food, he couldn't help feeling hungry.

    望着那些饭菜,他不禁感到饥饿难忍。

    His eyes were fastened on the boiling, tumbling waves.

    他的眼睛凝视着汹涌的波涛。

    Five hundred pairs of eyes were fastened upon him eagerly.

    五百双眼睛热切地盯着他。

    fasten on〔upon〕 sb

    He always fastens on a newcomer to the club to tell his stories.

    他总是缠着俱乐部新来的人把自己的阅历告诉他。

    Sickness has fastened on him.

    他病魔缠身。

    I object to being fastened on in that way.

    我反对那样被人纠缠不休。

    fasten oneself on〔upon〕 sb

    No sooner had I got in the door than he came and fastened himself upon me.

    我刚一进门,他就来缠住我。

    fasten sth on〔upon〕 sb

    They tried to fasten the responsibility for the accident on me, but luckly I could produce witnesses to prove that I was not at fault.

    他们企图把事故的责任加到我的头上,幸而我能举出证据证明我是无辜的。

    Why do you fasten such a nickname on her?

    你为什么给她取这样一个绰号?

    It looks as if the blame has been fastened on an innocent person.

    看起来好像一个无辜的人受到了惩罚。

fasten onto (v.+prep.)
    盯着 pay attention to
    fasten onto sb/sth

    Fasten onto what the official broadcasting station is saying.

    注意官方电台是怎么说的。

    The researcher was fastening onto his microscope when the door of the lab was opened with a bang.

    当实验室的门砰地一声打开时,这个研究人员正全神贯注地看着显微镜。

fasten to (v.+prep.)
    系〔拴,扣〕在…上 fix sth firmly to sth
    fasten sth to sth

    Fasten the horse to the tree.

    把马拴在树上。

    He fastened the ox joke to the wagon pole.

    他把牛轭系在车辕上。

    The fisherman fastened his net to the side of the boat.

    渔夫把渔网拴在船舷上。

    We had to fasten the notice to the door with a nail.

    我们必须用钉子把通知钉到门上。

    He fastened the calendar to a wall.

    他把日历挂在墙上。

    She fastened a flower to the front of her dress.

    她在衣服前襟上别上一朵花。

    He fastened a light to his bicycle.

    他在他的自行车上装了一个车灯。

    Fasten your cheque to the letter so that it won't get lost.

    把支票放到信里收好,别弄丢了。

    Our bookshelf is fastened to the wall.

    我们的书架固定在墙上。

    Ropes were fastened to its neck and forelegs.

    人们用绳索拴住它的颈和前腿。

fasten up (v.+adv.)
    扣上 (cause to) close
    fasten up

    This dress fastens up at the back.

    这件衣服在后面扣扣。

    fasten sth ⇔ up

    He fastened up his coat.

    他把外衣系紧。

    You've fastened your buttons up the wrong way.

    你的扣子扣错了。

    Do not fasten all the windows up while you sleep.

    睡觉时不要将所有的窗户都关紧。

    They have fastened up all the parcels.

    他们把所有包裹都捆扎好了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The chaise arrived, the trunks were fastened on.

    出自: J. Austen
  • The rope that fastened Leonard to the earth.

    出自: E. M. Forster
  • Three thicknesses of boards.., the boards fastened together with screws.

    出自: F. L. Wright
  • He leaned out of the window to fasten back the shutter.

    出自: E. J. Howard

fasten的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. fasten的基本意思是把某物系于某处,或把门闩住。可引申为某人的眼睛盯在某物或某人身上。
  2. fasten既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词作宾语。宾语后接on或to等介词,表示把某物固定在另一物的上面。可用于被动结构。
  3. fasten作不及物动词用时,主动形式含有被动含义。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
fasten, bind, tie
  • 这三个词都有“绑,扎”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.bind主要指把两种或两种以上的东西捆绑起来,使它们紧靠在一起或成为一体; tie则是将人或东西“绑牢”的意思,有时指有一端拴在固定的物体上,另一端仍可活动; fasten指一端或两端固定,一端或两端中间仍可活动。例如:
  • Water binds particles of dirt to form mud.水凝结脏的微粒构成泥巴。
  • See that the boat is securely tied.注意要把小船拴牢。
  • Fasten these papers together with a paper clip.用回形针把这些文件夹在一起。
  • 2.bind使用的是柔韧的带状物,如绷带、手铐、脚镣等; tie使用的则是绳子或带子等能打结的东西; fasten使用的甚至可以是机械器具,如锁、螺丝、钩子等。例如:
  • The doctor bound up the patients' legs with a bandage.医生用绷带给病人包扎腿部。
  • He tied a dog to a tree with a cord.他用绳子将狗拴在树上。
  • I shut the door and fastened the bolt.我关上门,拴上插销。
  • 3.bind和tie都有比喻性用法:bind强调以责任、义务、婚姻、血统、友谊等为纽带使人们形成新的相互依存关系; tie则常有不自由,受束缚的含义。例如:
  • The three sisters are bound together by their common grief.三姐妹由于共同的忧伤而相依为命。
  • Really, you are tied to your home when you have small children.有了孩子后,你就真的会被家庭所束缚。
  • 4.tie还可以用作不及物动词,意思是“打结”; 而bind和fasten却只能用作及物动词。例如:
  • Does this sash tie in front or at the back?这条腰带是从前面系还是从后面系?
  • 5.bind还有“装订”的意思,而tie和fasten却没有此义。例如:
  • He is binding a new book.他在装订一本新书。
  • fasten, affix, attach, fix
  • 这组词的共同意思是“把某物固定在某处或某个指定位置上”。其区别是:
  • fasten指把某物牢牢地拴在、钉在或锁在另一物上面,使其不能随便移动; fix指仔细和精确地把某物安在或栽在、插在另一物体上面使其不致落下或松脱; attach强调把数个物体紧紧拴住或固定在一起以防止其分开; affix指贴上、粘上或附上。
  • fasten, establish, fix, settle
  • 这四个词的共同含义是“使稳定”“使固定”。其区别是:
  • 1.fix强调使稳固于、固定于某一位置、地方或情况中,且难以改变或移动。
  • 2.establish强调使稳固而持久地建立起。例如:
  • Every possibility has been exploited to establish a number of schools.利用一切可能性建立了许多学校。
  • The company has established a new system for dealing with complaints.这家公司建立了处理意见的新制度。
  • 3.settle则指“将…置于稳固的、有秩序的或永远的地方或情况中”。例如:
  • We have settled what we'll discuss at the next meeting.我们已决定下次会议讨论什么内容。
  • Their grandparents settled the land in 1856.他们的祖辈于1856年在这块土地上定居下来。
  • 4.fasten只说明“系”“(使其)固定”这一动作,不强调动作的结果。也可指因出于好奇或向某人征求意见而目不转睛地看。例如:
  • Please fasten the seatbelt when the plane is about to take off.飞机起飞时请系好安全带。
  • The stranger fastened on my arm.那个陌生人紧紧抓住我的胳膊。
  • His eyes fastened upon the beautiful lady.他的眼睛盯住那位美丽的妇人。
  • fasten的相关资料:

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