chain

  核心词汇  
[tʃeɪn]     [tʃeɪn]    
  • n.束缚;链条;链;(一)连串;连锁店(常用复数)
  • vt.束缚;用铁链锁住
chained chained chaining chains
new

chain是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 束缚,拘禁,拘束,羁绊
  2. 链,链条,链子
  3. 项圈
  4. 镣铐
  5. 联号
  6. 一系列,一连串,连锁,连续
  7. 【纺】经纱
  8. 【电】电路
  9. 表链
  10. 山脉
  11. 【化】链
  12. 【海】锚链
  13. 【测】测链
  14. <美>(公司下属的)联号商店,连锁商店
v.(动词)
  1. 用锁链拴住,用链子拴住,用铁链锁住,用链(条)系住
  2. 束缚
  3. 连结
  4. 【测】用测链测量
  5. 固定
  6. 囚禁,拘禁,监禁
  7. 给…带上镣铐

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]链,锁链 (length of) connected metal links or rings, used for hauling or supporting weights or for fastening or restraining things
  2. [C]一系列的事物 series of connected things
  3. [C]联号,连锁店或旅馆 group of shops or hotels owned by the same company
  4. [P]束缚 thing that confines or restrains
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 用铁链锁住 make fast with a chain or chains
  2. vt. 束缚 bind down

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
chain : 链 ...
在 《外教社统计学英语词典》 中查看更多...
chain : 链 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
chain : 链节 ...
在 《外教社化学英语词典》 中查看更多...
chain : 锁链, 束缚 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
chain : 电路, 线路 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
chain : 联营 ...
chain : 一连串, 一 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
chain : 链; ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a series of things depending on each other as if linked together;

    "the chain of command"
    "a complicated concatenation of circumstances"

  2. (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule)

  3. a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament

  4. (business) a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership

  5. anything that acts as a restraint

  6. a unit of length

  7. British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979)

  8. a series of hills or mountains;

    "the valley was between two ranges of hills"
    "the plains lay just beyond the mountain range"

  9. a linked or connected series of objects;

    "a chain of daisies"

  10. a necklace made by a stringing objects together;

    "a string of beads"
    "a strand of pearls"

Verb:
  1. connect or arrange into a chain by linking

  2. fasten or secure with chains;

    "Chain the chairs together"

chain的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Though you seek in garments the freedom of privacy you may find in them a harness and a chain.
    你们想借着衣服得到隐私的自由,反而却因此为之羁绊和束缚。
  2. She wore a silver chain around her neck.
    她脖子上戴着一条银项链。
  3. He detached a link from a chain.
    他从链子上拆下一个链环。
  4. The Government fear the strike may produce a chain reaction in other industries.
    政府害怕罢工可能在其他行业产生连锁反应。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. She had a silver peace symbol hanging from a chain around her neck.
    她有一个银制的和平标志挂在项链上。
  2. She wore a gold chain round her neck.
    她脖子上挂着一根金项链。
  3. The criminals were paraded in chains through the crowded streets.
    罪犯带着镣铐被押着列队游街示众。
  4. Penologists condemn the practice of using chain gangs.
    罪犯教育学家谴责那种把囚犯用铁链拴在一起做苦役的做法。
  5. Man is born free yet, everywhere he is in chains.
    人生来是自由的,然而他却无处不受束缚。
  6. There are so many chain stores around that the shops in one town are often exactly the same as the shops in another.
    到处都是连锁店,所以各个城镇的商店常常完全一样。
  7. With whispers and chain letters they spread the word.
    他们又是窃窃私语,又是写连锁信,把消息传出去。
  8. If you are a chain smoker you may get lung cancer.
    如果你一支接一支地抽烟,有可能得肺癌的。
  9. One link broken, the whole chain is broken.
    一环脱,全链断。
  10. Each link that makes up a chain is equally important.
    链子上面的每一环都同等重要,缺一不可。
  11. The chain is no stronger than its weakest link.
    一环薄弱全局垮。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She chained the door.
    她把门用铁链锁好。
  2. They chained the prisoners.
    他们把囚犯用铁链锁住。
  3. He chained the dog for the night.
    晚上他用铁链把狗拴起来。
  4. 用于be ~ed结构
  5. That one was soon chained, and the two men left.
    那人被锁住后,这两个人就走了。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a chain reaction
  1. 连锁反应 series of events each of which causes the next

    It will trigger off a chain reaction. 那将引起连锁反应。

    The Government fears the strike may produce a chain reaction in other industries. 政府害怕罢工可能在其他行业产生连锁反应。

用作动词 (v.)
chain down (v.+adv.)
  1. 拴住,束缚 make fast with a chain or chains chain sb/sth ⇔ down

    I didn't want to chain you down, feel free to use your own ideas.我不想束缚你的手脚,你可以充分利用自己的智谋。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Don't worry about the heavy load; it's chained down.别担心装载量大,已经用链子拴住了。

    I feel chained down with a wife, a house and children.我觉得受妻子家室之累。

chain to (v.+prep.)
  1. 〈非正〉拴住,束缚 confine with a chain chain sb/sth to sb/sth

    She chained the wolf securely to the post.她用铁链把那只狼牢牢地锁在那根柱子上。

    He chained his bicycle to the post.他把自行车用铁链锁在那根柱子上。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    In former times, prisoners were chained to one another.在古代,囚犯们被相互拴着。

    My mother always complained of being chained to the house.妈妈总是抱怨自己被束缚在这栋房子里。

    Mother is chained to housework.母亲被家务活束缚住了。

    Too many women feel chained to the kitchen sink.许多妇女觉得自己被拴在了厨房的洗涤槽上。

    With a sick husband, she was chained to the house all day.由于丈夫生病,她整天被拴在家里。

    Through all that lovely summer,I remained chained to my desk.在那风光盈人的夏天,我一直被牵制在书桌旁。

chain up (v.+adv.)
  1. 拴住 confine with a chain chain sb/sth ⇔ up

    His father chained him up.他父亲把他锁起来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Of course the dog makes such a noise; the poor creature is chained up all day.难怪这狗汪汪叫个不停,这可怜的小家伙已被拴了一天了。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • To bottomless perdition, there to dwell In Adamantine Chains and penal Fire.

    出自:Milton
  • Is life so dear..as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?

    出自:P. Henry

chain的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. chain的基本意思是“链子,链条”,是可数名词,由其环环相扣的形状而引申为“一系列,一连串”“连锁店”,由其“锁链”的作用而引申可表示“束缚”。
  2. chain作“束缚”解时,常用复数。
v.(动词)
  1. chain的基本意思是“用链条拴〔锁〕住”,引申则可表示“束缚”。
  2. chain是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
a chain of, a series of
这二者都有“一连串”的意思,但意义有所不同。a series of只表示数量,而a chain of含“前因后果”的意味。例如:
  • It awakens a series of associations of ideas.
  • 它唤起一系列的联想。
  • Their acts set off a chain of revolts through- out the country.
  • 他们的行为在全国引发了一系列叛乱。
下面两个短语意思不同:
  • a man in chains 上镣铐的人
  • a chainman 测链员

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进英入语,直接源自古法语的chaeine;最初源自古典拉丁语的catena,意为链条。

chain的相关资料:

正版词典

chain : 链 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
chain : 链,链条; ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

chain的相关缩略词,共有5

互动百科

  • chain:chain n. 链(条),镣铐, 一连串, 一系列vt. 用链条拴住…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词