lock

  基本词汇  
[lɒk]     [lɑːk]    
  • n.锁;水闸;一缕头发;一簇;一束
  • v.固定;锁(住);抓牢;过闸
lockable locked locked locking locks
new

lock是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 船闸,水闸,闸
  2. 制轮楔
  3. 头发
  4. 抱,夹
  5. 【军】枪机
  6. 止动器,制动器,锁定器
  7. 堵塞
  8. 关闭的状态
  9. 车锁
  10. 锁定
  11. 完全控制
  12. 橄榄球
v.(动词)
  1. (使)固定
  2. 锁,锁上,锁定,(被)锁住,把…锁在屋里,把…锁在门外,锁好门窗,把…锁起来
  3. 卡住,塞住, 煞住
  4. 紧闭
  5. 过闸,通过水闸
  6. 使紧密衔接
  7. 揪扭
  8. 卷入争论,陷入
  9. 把…关押起来,把某人关进监狱,拘禁
  10. 把…收好并锁起来
  11. 把(钱)搁死(成为不易兑现的资本)
  12. 紧抱住,挽住
  13. 被紧紧抓住
  14. 交结,连接

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 锁住,锁上 fasten a door with a lock;become fixed
  2. vt. & vi. (使)固定 (cause to) become fixed, unable to move
n.(名词)
  1. [C]锁 an apparatus for closing and fastening sth, usually, by means of a key
  2. [C]水闸,船闸 a stretch of water closed off by gates, especially on a canal, so that the water level can be raised or lowered to move boats up or down a slope
  3. [C][U](头发的)一缕 a small piece of hair

行业释义

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lock : 锁 ...
lock : 锁上, 锁住 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
lock : 锁, ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
lock : 锁上 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
lock : 锁 ...
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lock : 锁 ...
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lock : 水闸 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a fastener fitted to a door or drawer to keep it firmly closed

  2. a strand or cluster of hair

  3. a mechanism that detonates the charge of a gun

  4. enclosure consisting of a section of canal that can be closed to control the water level; used to raise or lower vessels that pass through it

  5. a restraint incorporated into the ignition switch to prevent the use of a vehicle by persons who do not have the key

  6. any wrestling hold in which some part of the opponent's body is twisted or pressured

Verb:
  1. fasten with a lock;

    "lock the bike to the fence"

  2. keep engaged;

    "engaged the gears"

  3. become rigid or immoveable;

    "The therapist noticed that the patient's knees tended to lock in this exercise"

  4. hold in a locking position;

    "He locked his hands around her neck"

  5. become engaged or intermeshed with one another;

    "They were locked in embrace"

  6. hold fast (in a certain state);

    "He was locked in a laughing fit"

  7. place in a place where something cannot be removed or someone cannot escape;

    "The parents locked her daughter up for the weekend"
    "She locked her jewels in the safe"

  8. pass by means through a lock in a waterway

  9. build locks in order to facilitate the navigation of vessels

lock的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He chiseled a hole in the door to fit a new lock.
    他在门上凿了个孔,以便装一把新锁。
  2. Water went rushing through the lock gates.
    水流经水闸时十分湍急。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The ship was locked in the ice through the winter.
    整个冬天船只被冻在冰层里。
  2. Be sure to lock your bicycle.
    自行车务必上锁。
  3. You should lock the jewels (up) in a safe.
    你应当把珠宝首饰锁起妥藏在保险箱内。
  4. She locked her child in her arms.
    她把孩子紧紧搂在怀里。
  5. The ship locked into the canal.
    船过闸驶入运河。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The safe locks easily.
    这保险柜容易锁。
  2. This trunk won't lock.
    这个皮箱锁不上。
  3. This suitcase won't lock because it is too full.
    这个箱子锁不上,因为装得太满了。
  4. I can't control the car, the wheels have locked.
    我无法操纵这辆汽车,车轮给卡死了。
  5. The wheel locked when he braked and the car skidded.
    他刹车后轮子就不转动了,车还是滑行了一段。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Be sure to lock the warehouse when you leave.
    你离开仓库时,请一定把它锁上。
  2. Race locked the door and took the key with him.
    雷斯锁上了门,并带走了钥匙。
  3. He locked the rear wheel of the bike to prevent it from being stolen.
    他把自行车后轮锁上,以防被盗。
  4. The students locked arms and sang the school song.
    学生们挽着手臂,唱起校歌。
  5. We should avoid locking the stable door after the horse has been stolen.
    我们应该避免亡羊补牢。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. The door was locked and we were unable to enter.
    门是锁住的,我们进不去。
  8. He pulled the door, but the door was locked.
    他拉了拉门,但门是锁着的。
  9. One of the bedrooms was locked and a low moan came from it.
    有一间寝室的门锁着,里面传出了微弱的呻吟声。
  10. He had overlooked the fact that the back door was not locked.
    他忽略了后门没有锁这一事实。
  11. Her jaws were tightly locked.
    她牙关紧闭。
其他 v -ed as o-Compl.
  1. I have a secret safely locked in my breast.
    我将秘密隐藏在心底。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. This lock is damaged.This door will never open!
    这把锁坏了,门开不开了!
  2. Something has gone wrong with the lock;it won't work.
    这把锁有毛病,锁不上了。
  3. He found the thieves were forcing the lock of the jewel case.
    他发现窃贼在撬珠宝盒上的锁。
  4. He lost his temper when he broke the key in the lock.
    当钥匙断在锁中时,他发了火。
  5. I can't force the key into this lock, it won't work.
    我不能把钥匙插进锁里,这把钥匙开不了这把锁。
  6. She has a lock but she bought another one as an additional insurance against thieves.
    她有一把锁,但她又买了一把作为防范盗贼的另外一个保险措施。
  7. Each drawer was fitted with a lock.
    每个抽屉上都安装了一把锁。
  8. In ideological work, we must learn to open different locks with different keys because a method that answers with one person may not answer with another.
    做思想工作时,必须学会“一把钥匙开一把锁”,因为适用于一个人的方法不一定适用于另一个人。
  9. After the burglary she had all the locks changed.
    在遭到盗窃以后,她把所有的锁都换了。
  10. The ship passed through a lock in a canal.
    轮船通过了运河上的船闸。
  11. The lock keeper closed the lock gates.
    水闸管理员关上了闸门。
  12. She keeps a lock of his hair.
    她保留着他的一缕头发。
  13. He gazed in the mirror at his greying locks.
    他凝视着镜中自己日渐花白的头发,感慨岁月不待人。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
lock away (v.+adv.)
  1. 把(某物)锁起来 keep sth safe under lock and key lock sth ⇔ away

    She locked her memories of him away in her heart.她把对他的怀念埋藏在心里。

    This is too valuable to be left lying about, lock it away somewhere.这东西太贵重了,不能随处放置,找个地方锁起来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The prisoner is securely locked away.那个犯人已被监禁起来了。

    Don't worry, the dangerous criminals have all been locked away.别担心,所有的危险犯人都已被关起来了。

lock in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 将(某人或某物)锁〔包围〕在里面 keep (sth, sb, or oneself) inside a building or container, with or as with a lock and key;surround sth

    I locked him in by mistake. 我没留心,把他锁在屋里了。

    The guard locked the prieonsrs in for the night. 看守把犯人监禁起来过夜。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    He's locked in and nobody knows where the key is. 他被反锁在屋里,没人知道钥匙在哪儿。

  2. 使固定 become fixed, unable to move

    On the newer television sets, the colour is locked in so that you don't need to keep changing the control. 这些较新式的电视机的色彩已经调定,你不必老去动控制钮。

    Money paid into this insurance contract is locked in until you die or stop working. 按这份保险合同的规定,交付的钱一直要冻结到你去世或不工作的时候。

lock in2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…锁在…内 keep sb/sth safe under lock and key lock sb/oneself/sth in sth

    Tom has locked himself in his room and refuses to speak to any member of the family.汤姆把自己锁在他的房间内,拒绝和家里任何人讲话。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Although the jewels were locked in a strong box, the thieves stole them without any difficulty.尽管珠宝被锁在一个结实的箱子里,小偷还是毫不费力地把它们偷走了。

lock out (v.+adv.)
  1. 关在外边,不准(某人)进入… prevent sb, oneself, or sth from entering a room or building, with a lock and key lock sb/oneself ⇔ out

    The management has locked the men out.资方封闭工厂,阻止工人进厂开工。

    I locked myself out by mistake.我没留心,把自己锁在外面了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The men were locked out in response to their refusal to operate the new machines.作为对工人们拒绝操作新机器的回答,雇主不准他们进厂。

lock up (v.+adv.)
  1. 将(某人或某物)锁住〔关押〕 keep sth safe under lock and key;prevent sb from escaping;put sb in prison or a hospital lock sb/sth ⇔ up

    Will you lock up the house, please?请将房门锁起来,好吗?

    He locked up the jewels in a box.他把珠宝放在箱子里锁好。

    I always lock up my money in a strong box.我总是把钱放在一个结实的盒子里,锁好保管起来。

    People usually lock up the house before they go to bed at night.人们通常在夜晚睡觉之前将房门锁好。

    I can't imagine how the rain got in, because we had locked up all the windows tightly.所有窗户都关得很严实,我想象不到雨是怎么进来的。

    They have locked up all their capital in that enterprise.他们已把他们的所有资本都滞压在那家企业了。

    They have locked the prisoners up in their cell.他们已把犯人监禁在单身牢房里。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She's crazy;she ought to be locked up.她疯了,应该关进疯人院。

    He's been locked up for receiving stolen goods.他由于窝藏赃物而被关押起来。

    When he became violent, the drunk was taken to the police station and locked up for the night.那个醉汉行凶,被带到派出所里关了一夜。

    The idea is locked up in his brains.We know nothing.他把自己的想法藏在脑子里,我们一无所知。

    All my money has been locked up in property for the last ten years.最近10年,我所有的钱都套死在房地产上了。

    The idea of being locked up in jail filled her with horror.想到要被关进监狱,她充满恐惧。

用作名词 (n.)
lock, stock and barrel
  1. 完全,全部 completely

    The fire destroyed the house, lock, stock and barrel. 这场火彻底烧毁了这幢房子。

    He turned them out lock, stock and barrel. 他把他们全部驱逐出去。

    They decided to drop this foreign business in future lock, stock and barrel. 他们决定今后干脆不做这种外交上的交易了。

under lock and key
  1. 锁藏于建筑物〔集装箱、房间〕之中 in a locked building〔container,room〕

    The judge said that the convicted criminal was a danger to society and should be kept under lock and key for the rest of his life. 法官说那个罪犯对社会是个危害,因此,必须将他关起来。

    She would keep any sensitive documents under lock and key. 她总是把任何机密文件锁得好好的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • He wore his hair so long that his auburn locks almost touched his shoulders.

    出自:D. Carnegie
  • Long black locks streamed down her forehead.

    出自:J. Cary
  • Though this..hair was turning from grey to white, Mrs. Arbuthnot snipped off two locks.

    出自:E. Longford
  • He had new locks put on the doors.

    出自:D. L. Sayers
  • Her second diary..had..a lock, making it safer for private thoughts.

    出自:S. Quinn
  • The reformers locked up the church and departed with the keys.

    出自:Ld Macaulay
  • Then he closed, locked, bolted and chained the door.

    出自:G. Greene

lock的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. lock的基本意思是“锁上”“锁住”,也可表示“卡住”,引申可作“使…固定”解。
  2. lock用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语,可用于被动结构。
  3. lock用作不及物动词时主动形式常含有被动意义。
n.(名词)
  1. lock作名词是“锁”的意思,指安在门、箱子、抽屉等的开合处或铁链的环孔中,使人不能随便打开的金属器具,一般要用钥匙才能开。是可数名词。
  2. lock作“水闸,船闸”解时,指拦在河道上的可使水位升降或船只通过的闸门。
  3. lock还可作“一缕头发”解,这时可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 她锁上了门。

    She locked the door with a lock.

    She locked the door.

    “把门锁上”只需说lock the door,而无需再接with a lock。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的olc,意为锁。

lock的相关资料:

正版词典

lock : 锁,(运河、 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

lock的相关缩略词,共有3

互动百科

  • lock:lock n. 锁v. 锁, 锁上, 锁住 英英解释:名词lock:1. a fastener fitted to a door or drawer to keep it firmly closed2…

临近单词

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