fast

  基本词汇  
[fɑːst]     [fæst]    
  • adj.快的;迅速的;紧的;牢固的;放荡的
  • adv.快速地;紧紧地;放荡地;深深地
  • n.斋戒;禁食;系泊用具
  • v.斋戒;禁食
faster fastest fasted fasted fasting fasts
new

fast是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 敏捷的,快的,迅速的
  2. 可靠的
  3. 忠实的
  4. 不褪色的
  5. 牢实的,坚牢的,坚固的
  6. 粘得紧的,固定的
  7. 激烈的
  8. (钟表)走得快的
  9. 感光快的
  10. 迅速发生的,立即发生的
adv.(副词)
  1. 牢固地,紧紧地
  2. 快地,迅速地
  3. 酣畅地
  4. 紧迫地
  5. 接连不断地
  6. 不久,立即
  7. 完全地
n.(名词)
  1. 禁食期
  2. 斋戒
  3. 禁食
  4. 绝食期
v.(动词)
  1. 节制饮食,节食
  2. 忌食某些食物
  3. 斋戒

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 快的,迅速的 a person or thing that can move quickly
adv.(副词)
  1. 快,迅速地 quickly
  2. 紧紧地,牢固地 fixed; not easy to move

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
fast : 斋戒 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
fast : adj迅速的, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
fast : 感光快的; ...
fast : 不 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
fast : 紧的, 耐久 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
fast : 禁食 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. abstaining from food

Adjective:
  1. acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly;

    "fast film"
    "on the fast track in school"
    "set a fast pace"
    "a fast car"

  2. (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time;

    "my watch is fast"

  3. at a rapid tempo;

    "the band played a fast fox trot"

  4. (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds;

    "a fast road"
    "grass courts are faster than clay"

  5. resistant to destruction or fading;

    "fast colors"

  6. unrestrained by convention or morality;

    "Congreve draws a debauched aristocratic society"
    "deplorably dissipated and degraded"
    "riotous living"
    "fast women"

  7. hurried and brief;

    "paid a flying visit"
    "took a flying glance at the book"
    "a quick inspection"
    "a fast visit"

  8. securely fixed in place;

    "the post was still firm after being hit by the car"

  9. unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;

    "a firm ally"
    "loyal supporters"
    "the true-hearted soldier...of Tippecanoe"
    "fast friends"

  10. (of a photographic lens or emulsion) causing a shortening of exposure time;

    "a fast lens"

Adverb:
  1. quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form);

    "how fast can he get here?"
    "ran as fast as he could"
    "needs medical help fast"
    "fast-running rivers"
    "fast-breaking news"
    "fast-opening (or fast-closing) shutters"

  2. firmly or closely;

    "held fast to the rope"
    "her foot was stuck fast"
    "held tight"

Verb:
  1. abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons;

    "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"

  2. abstain from eating;

    "Before the medical exam, you must fast"

fast的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. I like fast music.
    我喜欢节奏快的音乐。
  2. The star was whipped into a fast car and driven off.
    那个明星迅速上了一辆汽车疾驶而去。
  3. The post is fast in the ground.
    那柱子牢牢地埋在地里.
  4. He led a fast life.
    他过着放荡的生活。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. He ran fast enough to catch the thief.
    他跑得飞快,足以抓住那小偷。
  2. Bind the rope fast lest it should come loose.
    把绳子绑牢,免得它松脱。
  3. He is living too fast for his health.
    他现在的生活过于放荡,于健康不利。
  4. The boat was stuck fast in the mud.
    那船深深地陷在泥里.
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The priest had only water and bread during his three week fast.
    牧师在三个星期的斋戒期间只进食水和面包。
  2. So the meal that breaks your fast should be healthy and wholesome.
    因此解除禁食的这一餐应该是健康有益的。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. They have to fast from dawn to dusk.
    他们一整天都得禁食。
  2. Before the medical exam, you must fast.
    在体检之前,你必须禁食。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. The fast game of tennis soon exhausted the two players.
    快速度的网球比赛使两位选手很快就筋疲力尽了。
  2. They went by fast train.
    他们搭快车走的。
  3. He was such a fast talker that nobody could understand him.
    他讲话很快,没有人能听懂。
  4. She was a fast weaver and the cloth was very good.
    她织布织得很快,而且布的质量很好。
  5. He is my fast friend.
    他是我的忠实朋友。
  6. Gradually they became fast friends.
    他们渐渐成为好朋友。
  7. We dyed the cloth with a fast colour.
    我们用一种不褪色的染料染这种衣服。
n. +~
  1. The label says this shirt is colour fast.
    标签上说明,这种衬衫不易褪色。
  2. It is five minutes fast.
    快3分钟。
  3. My watch is three hours fast.
    我的表快了3个小时。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Is the window fast?
    窗子关紧了吗?
  2. The roots of the tree are fast in the ground.
    这棵树的根牢牢地扎在地下。
  3. The colours are bright and fast.
    这些颜色鲜艳而且不易褪色。
  4. The colours aren't fast, so be careful when you wash these towels.
    这些颜色容易褪掉,所以洗毛巾时要小心一点。
  5. If the colours are fast, you can wash the shirt in hot water.
    如果这件衬衫不掉色,你就可以用热水洗。
  6. I'm early—my watch must be fast.
    我来早了——准是我的表快了。
用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. He was running so fast that he couldn't stop himself.
    他跑得太快了,一下子停不下来。
  2. The coach directed them to run faster.
    教练指导他们跑快一些。
  3. He whipped the horse to make it go faster.
    他用鞭打马使它跑得更快。
  4. My father is rather elderly now and can't walk very fast.
    我父亲现在上了年纪,没法走得更快。
  5. The train was now going faster and faster.
    火车现在速度越来越快。
  6. Driving very fast on a rainy night is not consistent with safety.
    雨夜开快车不安全。
  7. I couldn't go any faster, even though the car behind was gaining on us.
    尽管后面的汽车越来越逼近我们,我也没法开得更快了。
  8. A car needs a lot of power to go fast.
    汽车高速行驶需要很大动力。
  9. He went on talking for a long time, but he spoke so fast that few of us could catch what he said.
    他滔滔不绝地讲了半天,但是他说话太快,我们没有几个知道他在说什么。
  10. Don't speak so fast.
    不要说得那么快。
  11. She works very fast,I can't keep pace with her.
    她工作很快,我的速度跟不上。
  12. Children learn faster than adults.
    孩子比成人学得快。
  13. His boots were frozen fast to his feet and would not come off.
    他的靴子跟脚牢牢地冻在一起,脱不下来了。
  14. He lugged the horse right up to the tree and tied it fast to its trunk.
    他使劲把马一直拉到树跟前,把它牢牢地拴在树干上。
  15. The boy was fast asleep before the bedtime story was finished.
    这个男孩没等临睡前的故事讲完就睡熟了。
  16. It rained thick and fast.
    雨下得又密又急。
  17. It was raining fast.
    当时正下大雨。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
hold fast to
  1. 紧紧抓住 catch sth firmly

    Hold fast to the rope, and I will put you up. 抓紧绳子,我把你拉上来。

    They held fast to the brake handle on the drilling rig. 他们紧紧握住钻井机制动器的手柄。

    Before the enemies lay down their arms, we must hold fast to our guns. 在敌人放下武器以前,我们必须紧握手中枪。

  2. 坚持(某种思想或原则等) continue to believe in (an idea, a principle, etc.)

    He holds fast to climbing the hill. 他坚持爬山。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • She kept the yearly fast and went to the synagogue.

    出自:H. Segal
  • A remarkably fast sleeper.

    出自:R. Macaulay
  • The girl sat very insecurely, clinging fast.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence

fast的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. fast的基本意思是“快的”,通常指运动的人或物体本身有快速的特点。引申指“牢固的”,此时只用作表语。还可指“(颜色)不褪色的”。
  2. fast可以表示钟表时间的快,但要放在时间名词之后,而不能按汉语的表达习惯放在前面。
adv.(副词)
  1. fast用作副词时,可指物体或人的速度快,主要用来修饰人或物体的动作。也可指某物“牢固地”。
  2. fast可与介词连用,如by, in等。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
fast, hasty, quick, rapid, sudden, swift
这组词的共同意思是“快的,迅速的”。其区别是:
1.quick指运动动作发生或完成的迅速、敏捷,强调的是单一动作的突然性或短暂性,也指才智和反应的敏捷和灵敏; swift意为“快”或“突然发生”,所指的运动速度最高,同时强调运动的平稳潇洒和轻捷、不费力气等,有时带文学色彩,为较正式的用语; fast多指运动的物体,位置移动的迅速,强调物体运动的方式; rapid是正式用语,多指运动本身,强调运动的高速度,所指的速度有时有“对人有益”的含义,常常可与fast互换使用,但语气比fast强; hasty指“草率,匆忙”; sudden则指“突然”。
2.swift, fast和rapid一般都指运动的速度,通常动作都有持续性和连续性。hasty一般都不指运动的速度。例如:
He gave me a quick response to my question.他对我的问题给出了迅速的回答。
The swift fading of autumn into winter.秋色迅速退去,随而进入冬天。
The fast train was exchanged for a local one.快车被换成了慢车。
He made such rapid progress that his parents were very glad.他取得了如此快的进步,以至于他的父母都很高兴。
She's too hasty—if she would only think before speaking she wouldn't have so much trouble.她太性急了,要是她讲话之前多考虑一下,就不会有那么多麻烦了。
A sudden clap of thunder woke me.一阵突然的雷声把我惊醒了。
adv.(副词)
fast, quickly, soon
这三个词都可表示“很快”。其区别是:
soon强调的是预期的时刻不久就会到来, fast和quickly强调的是动作进行的速度快。例如:
Their population is growing fast.他们的人口增长得很快。
Come quickly, he's drowning!快来,他溺水了。

常见错误

adj.(形容词)
  1. 你动作很快,对吧?

    You're very quick, aren't you?

    You're very fast, aren't you?

    指人的动作快,要用fast。

  2. 快点!

    Be fast!

    Be quick!

    催促人走路或做事快,要用quick。

adv.(副词)
  1. 海伦打字又快又好。

    Helen types fastly and efficiently.

    Helen types fast and efficiently.

  2. 牢牢地抓住绳子,我会把你拉上来的。

    Hold fastly to the rope, and I will pull you up.

    Hold fast to the rope, and I will pull you up.

    fast既可作形容词表示quick/firm的意思,又可作副词表示quickly/firmly的意思。它的形容词和副词形式是相同的,英语中没有fastly这个词。

  3. 火车开得越来越快。

    The train was going more and more fast.

    The train was going faster and faster.

    fast是单音节副词,其比较级形式是faster,最高级形式是fastest。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的fsat,意为紧,迅速。

fast的相关资料:

正版词典

fast : 几乎,差不 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
fast : 快的,迅速 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

fast的相关缩略词,共有189

互动百科

  • fast:解释 fast【fB:st】adj.紧的, 牢的, 忠实的, 快速的, 耐久的, 紧的adv.牢固地, 很快地, 紧紧地, 彻底地n.禁食, 绝食, 斋戒vi.绝食, 斋戒FAST=Facility…

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