shut

  核心词汇  
[ʃʌt]     [ʃʌt]    
  • v. 关闭;合拢;停止
  • adj. 关闭的;停止营业的
  • n. 关闭
shut shut shutting shuts
new

shut的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 关闭
  2. 关上
  3. 关门
  4. 闭上
  5. 闭嘴
  6. 住口
  7. 隐藏
  8. 打烊
  9. 停业
  10. 关张
  11. 倒闭
  12. 把…关起来
  13. 禁闭
  14. 使停止营业
  15. 夹住
  16. 夹进
  17. 合拢
  18. 把…关在门外
  19. 排斥
  20. 关进
  21. 围进
  22. 封闭
  23. 封锁
  24. 停止开放
  25. 把…关住
  26. 摺起
  27. 合上
  28. 把…关住
  29. 折起
  30. 停止营业
  31. 闭合
adj. (形容词)
  1. 关闭的
  2. 紧闭的
  3. 声音低沉的
  4. 闭锁音的
  5. 合拢的
  6. 关紧的
  7. 闭音节的
n. (名词)
  1. 焊缝
  2. 关闭的时间
  3. 闭锁
  4. 终止
  5. 完结
  6. 焊接缝
  7. 【语音】闭锁音
  8. 【机】冷塞
  9. 封闭

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 关,关上 close; close sth

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. not open;

    "the door slammed shut"

  2. used especially of mouth or eyes;

    "he sat quietly with closed eyes"
    "his eyes were shut against the sunlight"

Verb:
  1. move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut;

    "Close the door"
    "shut the window"

  2. become closed;

    "The windows closed with a loud bang"

  3. prevent from entering; shut out;

    "The trees were shutting out all sunlight"
    "This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country"

shut的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Please shut the door behind you.
    请关上你身后的门。
  2. The office will shut down for christmas.
    圣诞节办公室将关闭。
  3. He decided to shut down the shop.
    他决定关闭这家商店。
  4. He shut himself away for a month to catch up on his academic work.
    他与世隔绝一个月,力图把功课赶上去。
  5. Her mouth opened and shut, but no sound came out.
    她的嘴张开又闭上了,没有发出声音。
  6. He shut his eyes to her faults.
    他对她的缺点视而不见。
  7. Some coal-mines had to shut down.
    有些煤矿不得不关闭。
  8. Business is not good. He'll have to shut the shop.
    生意不好,他只得打算停业。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She heard the bedroom window blow shut.
    她听见卧室的窗户被风刮关了。
  2. With the door shut, rhe room was hot and humid.
    门是关闭的,所以房间里又热又潮。
  3. Keep your mouth shut.
    闭上你的嘴。
  4. Are all the bars shut in this town?
    这个城镇里所有的酒吧都停止营业了吗?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The jaws snap shut to take a sample.
    铁爪急速关闭以抓取样品。
  2. Some coal-mines had to shut down.
    有些煤矿不得不关闭。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The box shuts hard.
    这盒子很难关上。
  2. The door shuts easily.
    这门很容易关。
  3. The post office will shut at six pm.
    邮局在下午六点关门。
  4. The flowers shut quietly at night.
    花在夜晚悄悄地合上。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Shut the windows before you leave.
    走之前把窗户关上。
  2. He shut the book and put it away.
    他把书合起来,放到一边。
  3. She shut the umbrella and entered the house.
    她收起雨伞进入屋里。
  4. He shut his mouth and refused to say anything more.
    他闭上了嘴,什么也不说了。
  5. He was angry, shut his mouth and said nothing.
    他生气了,闭上嘴巴什么也没说。
  6. They shut their eyes to crime in which they did not participate.
    他们假装没有看见自己没有参与过的罪行。
  7. 1
  8. Her eyes were shut.
    她的眼睛闭着。
  9. It was so late that all the shops were shut.
    太晚了,所有店门都关上了。
  10. The door is closed but not shut.
    门关着,但没上锁。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. She would shut her eyes tight.
    她把眼睛闭得很严。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
shut down (v.+adv.)
    完全关闭 close completely
    shut down

    The shop has shut down because of lack of trade.

    那商店因生意萧条而停业。

    shut sth ⇔ down

    She shut the lid down.

    她扣上了盖儿。

    They have shut the shop down.

    他们关闭了这家商店。

    A strike has shut down several car factories.

    罢工使好几家汽车厂停产。

    The factory was shut down for two months as a result of the strike.

    那工厂因为罢工而停工了两个月。

shut in1 (v.+adv.)
    锁或封在里边 seal or lock in; enclose
    shut sb/sth ⇔ in

    If you close that door you can shut the noise in.

    你要是关上那扇门,就听不到吵闹声了。

    She feels rather shut in.

    她觉得简直是被关禁闭。

shut in2 (v.+prep.)
    关在里边 enclose
    shut sb/sth in sth

    She shut her finger in the door.

    她把手夹在门里了。

    Be careful not to shut your fingers in the door.

    当心,别让门把你的手指夹住。

    She shut her clothes in the door.

    她把衣服夹在门缝里了。

    He was shut in a room.

    他被禁闭在一间屋里。

shut off (v.+adv.)
    隔绝,使不得进入 separate; isolate; prevent from coming in
    shut sth ⇔ off

    Would you shut the electricity off, please?

    劳驾,请切断电路好吗?

    They have shut off the water supply.

    他们已经切断了水源。

    We shut off the motor before we left the workshop.

    我们离开车间以前把马达关掉了。

    The current has been shut off.

    电流切断了。

    After the storm the electricity was shut off for several hours.

    暴风雨过后停了几个小时的电。

    shut oneself ⇔ off

    The girl tried to shut herself off from the world.

    那女孩企图与世隔绝。

    We are really shut off here.

    我们这里确实是闭塞。

    They feel shut off from all human contact on this island.

    他们觉得在这个小岛上与人世隔绝。

shut out (v.+adv.)
    排除,关在外边 exclude; lock out; prevent from coming in
    shut sb/sth ⇔ out

    You really can't shut him out so easily.

    你确实不能那样轻易地把他拒之门外。

    He shut the cat out.

    他把猫关在外边。

    She has tried to shut the memories out.

    她尽力排除对往事的回忆。

    Close the door and shut out that draught!

    关上门把那股穿堂风挡住!

    It's impossible to shut out all news from the outside world.

    封锁外界的消息是不可能的。

    I can't shut out the picture of the accident.

    我不能忘却那次事故的景象。

shut to (v.+prep.)
    不对…开放 not open to sth
    shut sb/sth to sb/sth

    Canada shut its fishing waters to the United States.

    加拿大的捕鱼水域不对美国开放。

shut up (v.+adv.)
    关严 close completely, but not necessarily forever
    shut up

    I wish she would shut up!

    她要是安静下来该多好!

    Shut up,I'm trying to think.

    别说了,我在想问题。

    Shut up and let me alone!

    住嘴,别管我!

    I asked them to shut up and let us listen to the radio.

    我让他们别说话,好让我们听听收音机。

    shut sb ⇔ up

    The boy talked too much and I had to shut him up.

    这孩子话太多了,我不得不禁止他开口。

    shut sb/sth ⇔ up

    I shut my office up and went for lunch.

    我把办公室的门窗关好了就去吃午饭。

    It's time to shut up shop and go home.

    该打烊回家了。

    They have shut up their town house and have gone to the country for the summer.

    他们锁好城里的房子到乡下去过夏天了。

    The shop has been shut up temporarily.

    这家商店临时停业了。

    The thief was shut up in prison.

    那小偷被监禁在狱中。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He shut the gate..with a slam.

    出自: W. Cather
  • Daneel closed the door.., sliding it shut carefully.

    出自: I. Asimov
  • He..shut the door on her.

    出自: P. Carey

shut的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. shut的基本意思是“关”“关上”,指(使)由开着的状态变为关闭的状态,即把敞开的东西合起来或关上。强调关闭的动作、过程及采取的方法。引申可表示“夹住”。
  2. shut用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,也可接由形容词、副词充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。用作不及物动词时主动形式常含有被动意义。
  3. shut的过去式和过去分词均为shut

词义辨析

v. (动词)
shut, close
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“关闭”。其细微区别在于:
  • 1.close指把门等关到让人不能出入的程度,只表示关上; 而shut指关严并紧紧闩住,强调与外界隔绝。例如:
  • He did not close the door when he left the room.
  • 他离开房间时没有关门。
  • Shut the door so that the cat won't get out.
  • 把门关严,别让猫跑出去。
  • The store closes at 9 p.m. every day.
  • 这家商店晚9点关门。
  • The police shut the murderer up in a cell.
  • 警方把杀人犯关进牢房。
  • 2.表示“暂不开放”用close,表示“永不开放”用shut。例如:
  • The swimming pool has closed for the winter.游泳场冬天不开放。
  • The hotel is shut.这家旅馆不再开业了。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      请关掉收音机,孩子入睡了。

      Please shut off the radio.The child has gone to sleep.

      Please turn off the radio.The child has gone to sleep.

      shut的意思是“把敞开着的东西合或关起来”,当表示“把…的开关关掉”时,不可用shut off,而用turn off。

      检查水管时,把水关上了几个小时。

      The water was shut for several hours while the pipes were being repaired.

      The water was shut off for several hours while the pipes were being repaired.

      shut作“关掉”解时,宾语通常是门、窗等可以打开的东西; 当表示“关上”“堵住”水、气等时,应该用shut off。

      这窗户容易关。

      The window is shut easily.

      The window shuts easily.

      那商店晚上九点才关门。

      The shop will not be shut until 9 p.m.

      The shop will not shut until 9 p.m.

      shut作“关上”解时,可用作不及物动词,以门、商店等作主语,这时主动形式可表示被动意义。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的scyttan,意为拴上。
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