disturb

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'stɜːb]     [dɪ'stɜːrb]    
  • v. 扰乱;妨碍;使 ... 不安;打破...的平静;打乱...的治安
disturbingly disturber disturbed disturbed disturbing disturbs
new

disturb的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 打扰,妨碍,干扰,妨害,搅扰
  2. 扰乱,搅乱,打乱,弄乱,搞乱
  3. 使不安,使烦恼,使焦虑
  4. 妨碍睡眠
  5. 使心神不宁
  6. 侵犯(权利)
  7. 打破…的平静
  8. 搅动(静物),激荡(水面)
  9. 扰乱…的治安,骚乱
  10. 使感麻烦,使不便
n. (名词)
  1. 打扰,妨碍

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 打扰,扰乱 break the quiet, calm, peace or order of; stop sb thinking or working well; put out of the right or usual position; change the usual or natural condition of

英英释义

Verb:
  1. move deeply;

    "This book upset me"
    "A troubling thought"

  2. change the arrangement or position of

  3. tamper with;

    "Don't touch my CDs!"

  4. destroy the peace or tranquility of;

    "Don't interrupt me when I'm reading"

  5. damage as if by shaking or jarring;

    "Don't disturb the patient's wounds by moving him too rapidly!"

disturb的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. They took the phone off the hook so no calls would disturb them.
    他们摘下电话听筒,以免电话打扰他们。
  2. I am sorry to disturb you.
    很抱歉我妨碍到你了。
  3. Ministers declared themselves profoundly disturbed by the violence.
    大臣们自称因为暴力而感到深刻的不安。
  4. A soft breeze gently disturbed the surface of the pool.
    一阵微风吹拂了平静的池塘。
  5. None of the citizens should disturb the public peace.
    城市居民不可以扰乱公共治安。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Do not disturb.
    请勿打扰。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Don't disturb the sleeping child.
    不要惊扰了正睡觉的孩子。
  2. Someone has disturbed my books.
    有人把我的书弄乱了。
  3. The child continually disturbs the class.
    那孩子不断地扰乱课堂秩序。
  4. She has disturbed his plans for going abroad .
    她打乱了他出国的全部计划。
  5. They were charged with disturbing public peace.
    他们被指控扰乱社会治安。
  6. Heavy truck traffic disturbed the neighbourhood.
    重型卡车的来来往往扰乱了这一带的安宁。
  7. A light wind disturbed the surface of the water.
    微风拂动水面。
  8. It disturbs me profoundly that you so misuse your talents.
    你如此滥用自己的才能,使我深感不安。
  9. His passion for his cause disturbed me.
    他对事业的热情使我焦虑不安。
  10. 1
  11. He did not wish to be disturbed in this work.
    他做这项工作时不愿受到打扰。
  12. Plant it where it will not be disturbed.
    把它种在不会受到损害的地方。
  13. Nothing has been disturbed.
    东西都在原处,没有动过。
  14. The bilateral relationship was seriously disturbed by the border incident.
    这一边境事件严重影响了双边关系。
  15. He was internally disturbed to hear of her illness.
    听说她病了,他内心很不安。
  16. I felt disturbed to hear of your illness.
    听说你生了病,我感到不安。
其他
  1. He has had some disturbing experience.
    他有过一些使他很不舒服的经历。
  2. This was disturbing news to them indeed.
    这确实是个使他们感到很不安的消息。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Instant without disturb they took Allarm.

    出自: Milton
  • He'd have to arrest him for disturbing the peace.

    出自: A. Haley
  • The slightest sound in the night disturbs me.

    出自: G. Vidal
  • It was a strict rule not to disturb adults when they were resting.

    出自: D. M. Thomas

disturb的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. disturb的基本意思是扰乱别人正在干的事,使别人感到厌烦,或指某事物使某人的心绪受到明显的干扰,如焦急、困惑、失望等。可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后可接名词、代词作简单宾语。可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
disturb, agitate, perturb, upset
  • 这组词都有“扰乱”的意思。其区别是:
  • disturb有时并不意味着使受扰的人动了感情; perturb的意思是“把…扰得紊乱不安”,使受扰乱者焦急烦恼; agitate强调使受扰乱者感情激动甚至不能克制自己; upset的意思是使人心绪烦乱,感觉不舒服,或打乱预定的安排。
  • disturb, annoy, bother, interfere, interrupt, irritate, trouble, worry
  • 这组词的共同意思是“打扰”,用作名词时其区别在于:
  • 1.bother表示暂时的、无关紧要的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
  • They had quite a lot of bother getting here because of the fog.因为有雾,所以他们费了很大的劲才找到这儿来。
  • 2.worry表示不必要的、于事无补的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
  • Money is just one of our worries.钱只是我们的烦恼事之一。
  • 3.trouble表示的意义很广泛,事无巨细,并且比worry和bother更正式一些。例如:
  • The old lady next door was telling me all her troubles.隔壁的老太太正在对我诉说她的种种烦恼。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的disturbare:dis (完全的) + turbare (混乱),意为完全混乱。

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