alarm

  核心词汇  
[ə'lɑːm]     [ə'lɑːrm]    
  • n.警报;警报器;惊恐
  • vt.警告;使惊恐;向 ... 报警
alarmingly alarmed alarmed alarming alarms
new

alarm是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 警报,急报
  2. 警报器
  3. 惊慌,恐慌,惊恐,恐惧,吃惊,担忧
  4. 闹钟
  5. 警铃,警钟
  6. 信号,凶号
  7. 惊人的消息
v.(动词)
  1. 打扰,使不得安宁
  2. 向...报警,向...告急
  3. 使惊慌不安,使恐惧,使害怕,使恐慌
  4. 警戒,警觉起来
  5. 使放心不下,使担心
  6. 惊惶,惊讶,震惊
  7. 担忧,忧虑,着急
  8. 提醒,警告
  9. 给安装警报器
  10. 征召入伍

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]警钟,警报器; 闹钟 an alarm clock
  2. [C]警报 sth that tells you about danger, for example by making a loud noise
  3. [U]惊恐,忧虑 a sudden feeling of fear
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 警告 give a warning or feeling of danger to
  2. vt. 使惊慌 frighten

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
alarm : 警报, 报警 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
alarm : 警报, 报警 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
alarm : 警报,警报 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
alarm : 警报 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. fear resulting from the awareness of danger

  2. a device that signals the occurrence of some undesirable event

  3. an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger

  4. a clock that wakes a sleeper at some preset time

Verb:
  1. fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised;

    "I was horrified at the thought of being late for my interview"
    "The news of the executions horrified us"

  2. warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness;

    "The empty house alarmed him"
    "We alerted the new neighbors to the high rate of burglaries"

alarm的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The proceedings were interrupted by the fire alarm.
    会议的进程被火灾警报打断了。
  2. The instant they heard the alarm, they fell in for action.
    他们一听到警报,就立即集合准备战斗。
  3. The smoke triggered off the alarm.
    这些烟把警报器触响了。
  4. In case of fire, ring the alarm bell.
    如遇失火,请按警铃。
  5. Her face was distorted with alarm.
    她的脸吓得变了样。
  6. The threat of an epidemic caused great alarm.
    流行病使人人心惶惶。
  7. The rumours of a petrol shortage turned out to be a false alarm.
    汽油短缺的谣传原来是一场虚惊。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Alarm everyone quickly because the house is full of smoke.
    快警告大家,屋子理都是烟。
  2. We were much alarmed by the fire in the forest.
    森林失火使我们大为惊慌。
  3. We do not want to alarm the guest.
    我们不想让客人受到惊吓。
  4. Fast advance for time and alarm time set.
    快速预约时间及报警时间设定。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He is afraid of waking up late, and so he always has an alarm on his bedside table.
    他怕醒晚了,总是在床头桌上放一个闹钟。
  2. Three fire companies answered the alarm.
    听到警报后,三个消防队都来了。
  3. There were several alarms during the night.
    夜间有好几次报警。
  4. He jumped up in alarm.
    他惊慌地跳了起来。
  5. I hope you didn't take alarm at the news.
    我希望你听到这消息没有吃惊。
用作动词 (v.)
S+ ~+n./pron.
  1. Don't alarm yourself.
    不要焦虑不安。
  2. Alarm everyone quickly, the house is full of smoke.
    赶快把大家弄醒,这房子里全是烟。
  3. I don't want to alarm you, but there's a strange man in your garden.
    我不想让你惊慌,但你的花园里有个陌生男人。
  4. The noise of the shot alarmed them.
    枪声惊动了他们。
  5. The spread of cholera alarmed the whole city.
    霍乱流行使全城的人都恐慌起来。
  6. The sight of smoke alarmed the night porter.
    旅馆夜班接待员看到冒烟就惊恐起来。
  7. The breaking of a branch under my foot alarmed the deer.
    我踩断了一根树枝,把那头鹿吓惊了。
  8. The noise of the shot alarmed hundreds of birds.
    枪声惊起了数百只鸟。
  9. He crossed the river and alarmed the guerrillas.
    他过河向游击队报了警。
  10. The sentry alarmed the sleeping men.
    步哨鸣警,惊醒了睡觉的士兵。
  11. 用于be ~ed 结构
  12. They were alarmed.
    他们惊慌起来了。
  13. I was quite alarmed last night at the cry of “fire”.
    昨晚我听到喊“着火了”而大为惊恐。
  14. Everybody was alarmed at the news that war might break out.
    大家听到战争可能爆发的消息都很恐慌。
  15. She was alarmed at the plane crash.
    她听到飞机失事而惊惶不安。
  16. They were much alarmed at seeing the fire.
    他们见到这火大为惊恐。
  17. You should not be alarmed at what you just heard.
    你不应为刚才听到的事情而诧异。
  18. We were much alarmed by a fire in the neighborhood.
    邻里的火灾使我们甚感惊慌。
  19. I am alarmed by your irresponsible attitude.
    你这种不负责任的态度使我吃惊。
  20. He was alarmed over his father's death.
    他父亲的死使他惊恐不安。
  21. He became alarmed over the situation.
    他对形势担忧起来。
  22. He is alarmed for the safety of his younger brother.
    他为弟弟的安全担心。
  23. The enemy commander was alarmed to learn that his troops had been surrounded.
    敌军指挥官听说自己的部队已被包围时惊恐万状。
  24. He is alarmed that you're hospitalized.
    他听说你生病住院,感到不安。
其他
  1. An alarming film was shown in this theatre.
    这家影院上映了一部令人恐慌的电影。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Babbitt roused, his stomach constricted with alarm.

    出自:S. Lewis
  • The townes all about range their belles alarum.

    出自:Ld Berners
  • Strike alarum, drums!

    出自:Richard III,Shakespeare
  • Auxiliaries. Alarm! Alarm! Centurion. What now? has the old woman attacked you again?

    出自:G. B. Shaw

alarm的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. take alarm指“受惊,感到惊恐”,take the alarm常指“警告”或“接到警报(而有所行动)”,偶指“吃惊”。

    Coming upon a snake, she took alarm.
    句中不用the,因这里表示吃惊。

    Hearing an air-raid alert, she took the alarm.
    句中用the,这里表示报警。

  2. alarm和alarum起初在用法上完全一样,没有区别,后来慢慢的,alarum被停止使用,现比较少见。
n.(名词)
  1. alarm用作名词的基本意思是“警钟,报警器,闹钟”,也可作“警报”解,是可数名词; 引申可表示“惊恐,恐慌”,是不可数名词。
v.(动词)
  1. alarm的意思是“惊动”“使…惊恐”,指在危险时以呐喊、鸣笛等手段提醒警惕或催促其行动,暗含焦虑或忧虑的意味。
  2. alarm只用作及物动词,其主语可为人、物或事物,其宾语一般为人。
  3. alarm的过去分词alarmed在现代英语中已成为形容词,常用作表语,接介词about, at, for或over,表示“因…而恐慌”。
  4. alarm前可加表示程度的词修饰。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
alarm, dread, fear, terror
这组词都有“惧怕,恐惧”的意思。其区别是:
fear是个广义词,指内在的害怕心理; dread指由于预知某一不愉快或令人惊惧的事要发生而带来的恐惧或由于预料到危险即将来临而产生的恐惧; alarm指由于危险的突然出现而产生的惊慌失措的恐惧; terror指因受到外界刺激而产生的恐惧心理。例如:
She has a dread of losing her property.她担心财产丢失。
They live in the dread of forest fire.他们住的地方时常担心有森林火灾的发生。
He gave the alarm when the thief appeared.小偷出现时他发出警报。
Their eyes were wide with alarm when the burning building collapsed.当着火的大楼倒塌时,他们惊恐地睁大了眼睛。
They suffered untold terrors in the dark.在黑暗中他们感到无以名状的恐惧。
v.(动词)
alarm, amaze, astonish, surprise
这组词共同的意思是“惊异”“震惊”,它们之间的区别是:
1.surprise语气最强, alarm次之, astonish更次之, amaze最弱。
2.在使用场合上:surprise指对事出突然或意外而“惊奇”“惊愕”甚至“震惊”; alarm指由于某种危险或不祥之兆而“惊恐”; astonish指事情的发生不可思议而“难以置信”; amaze指对不太可能的事或根本不可能发生的事而感到“迷惑不解”。
alarm fear fright horror panic terror dread
这些名词均含“恐惧、惧怕、惊恐”之意。
  • alarm:alarm强调突然意识到有危险而产生的恐惧心理。
  • fear:fear普通用词,侧重指面临危险或灾祸时内心所引起的恐惧心情。
  • fright:fright通常指一阵突然的、令人震惊的短暂恐惧,有时含夸张意味。
  • horror:horror侧重指因看到令人讨厌或危险的东西或情景而引起的厌恶情绪、极度恐惧心情或颤栗的动作。
  • panic:panic常指因突如其来的外界威胁使人群出现惊慌、恐惧或混乱。
  • terror:terror指极大的恐惧和惊骇,语气最强。
  • dread:dread可与fear换用,着重害怕的心理,但dread常指胆怯和丧失勇气。
alarm frighten startle terrify scare intimidate
这些动词均有“惊吓、惊恐”之意。
  • alarm:alarm着重指某人意识到危险而突然产生的惊恐。
  • frighten:frighten普通用词,使用广泛,指产生突然、短暂的惊慌、恐怖感。
  • startle:startle强调突然使人惊骇或震惊。
  • terrify:terrify语气最强,指惊骇得六神无主,魂飞魄散。
  • scare:scare指非正式文体中可与frighten换用,但语气较重,侧重人受惊吓后立即停下正在干的事或跑掉。
  • intimidate:intimidate特指恐吓某人,迫使其做某事。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期入英进语,直接源自古法语的alarme,意为手臂。

alarm的相关资料:

正版词典

alarm : 警报 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
alarm : 警报 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
alarm : 惊恐;担心 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • alarmed adj. 惊恐的,忧虑的‖alarming adj. (令某人)惊慌的,(令某人)忧虑的

缩略词

alarm的相关缩略词,共有11

互动百科

  • alarm:alarm n. 警报, 惊慌, 警告器vt. 恐吓, 警告 英英解释:名词alarm:1. fear resulting from the awareness of danger同义词:dismay…

临近单词

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