trouble

  核心词汇  
['trʌbl]     ['trʌbəl]    
  • n.困难;烦恼;麻烦
  • v.使烦恼;麻烦;苦恼;费神
troublingly troubler troubled troubled troubling troubles
new

trouble是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 故障
  2. 困难,困境
  3. 忧虑,烦恼,苦恼,担心
  4. 麻烦,打扰,费事 ,麻烦的事
  5. 动乱,骚乱,纷争
  6. 疾病,毛病,苦痛
  7. 缺点,毛病
  8. 未婚先孕
  9. 【矿物学】断层
v.(动词)
  1. 使苦恼,使忧虑,使焦虑,使烦恼
  2. 弄乱,打乱,扰乱,使不安定,使激动
  3. 使疼痛,使不舒服,(病痛)折磨
  4. 使感不便,妨碍,麻烦
  5. 打扰,烦扰,困扰,纠缠,打搅
  6. 费心,费神,麻烦
  7. 烦恼,苦恼,担心,忧虑

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]困难,忧虑,烦扰,麻烦事 (sth that causes) difficulty, worry, annoyance, or suffering
  2. [U]困境,险境 a difficult or dangerous position or situation
  3. [U]惹出麻烦的处境 a position in which one is blamed for doing wrong or thought to have done wrong
  4. [U]麻烦,不方便,费事 (sth that causes) more than usual work or effort; inconvenience
  5. [C][U]动乱,骚乱,纠纷 (an occasion of) political or social disorder
  6. [U]毛病,故障 failure to work properly
  7. [C][U]过错,缺点 a fault; a bad or annoying quality
v.(动词)
  1. vi. 费神; 费心 bother or inconvenience oneself
  2. vt. 使忧虑 cause worry, discomfort, anxiety or inconvenience to
  3. vt. 打扰 agitate; disturb

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
trouble : 麻烦 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
trouble : 麻烦 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
trouble : 麻烦 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
trouble : 故障 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a source of difficulty;

    "one trouble after another delayed the job"
    "what's the problem?"

  2. an angry disturbance;

    "he didn't want to make a fuss"
    "they had labor trouble"
    "a spot of bother"

  3. an event causing distress or pain;

    "what is the trouble?"
    "heart trouble"

  4. an effort that is inconvenient;

    "I went to a lot of trouble"
    "he won without any trouble"
    "had difficulty walking"
    "finished the test only with great difficulty"

  5. a strong feeling of anxiety;

    "his worry over the prospect of being fired"
    "it is not work but worry that kills"
    "he wanted to die and end his troubles"

  6. an unwanted pregnancy;

    "he got several girls in trouble"

Verb:
  1. move deeply;

    "This book upset me"
    "A troubling thought"

  2. to cause inconvenience or discomfort to;

    "Sorry to trouble you, but..."

  3. disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed;

    "She was rather perturbed by the news that her father was seriously ill"

  4. take the trouble to do something; concern oneself;

    "He did not trouble to call his mother on her birthday"
    "Don't bother, please"

  5. cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed

trouble的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I find getting up early a great trouble.
    我觉得早起床可不容易。
  2. I'm sorry to have to put you to so much trouble.
    很抱歉,给您添了这麽多麻烦。
  3. Don't mention my name or you'll get me into trouble.
    别提我的名字,免得给我惹麻烦。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. May I trouble you to move your chair a bit?
    麻烦你把椅子挪一挪行吗?

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Paying the rent is the least of my troubles at present.
    交房租只是我目前面对的一个小烦恼。
  2. His troubles are over now.
    他现在再没有烦恼了。
  3. By not dealing with the problem now they are just storing up trouble for the future.
    他们现在有问题不处理,将来必定积重难返。
  4. We're having a bit of trouble with the baby—he won't sleep at night.
    这娃娃给我们添了点麻烦——他晚上不睡觉。
  5. The trouble with this job is that the pay is too low.
    这份工作令人不满意的地方是工资太低。
  6. I have to pay this bill by Tuesday, but the trouble is I don't get my salary until Friday.
    我必须在星期二以前付清这笔账款,但麻烦的是我要到星期五才能发工资。
  7. Trouble is that we are short of hands.
    问题是我们人手很紧。
  8. The new company did well at first, but then ran into trouble.
    这家新公司最初办得还不错,但后来就陷入困境了。
  9. Were the children much trouble?
    这些孩子很烦人吗?
  10. Repairing it is more trouble than it's worth.
    这东西修理起来很麻烦,不值得修。
  11. You could use a computer to do the calculations, but it might be more trouble than it's worth.
    你可以用电脑来做这些计算,但也许反而更加费事。
  12. Thank you for all your trouble.
    多谢你费心。
  13. I can come back tomorrow, it's no trouble.
    我可以明天回来,没问题。
  14. I find getting up early a great trouble.
    我觉得早起床可不容易。
  15. The trouble started when the police tried to break up the demonstration.
    警察企图驱散示威人群时爆发了骚乱。
  16. There's been a lot of trouble in that country in the past year.
    去年这个国家出了很多事,很不安定。
  17. There was some trouble in the hotel last night; a fight in the bar,I think.
    昨天晚上饭店里有些骚乱,我想是有人在酒吧打架。
  18. The firm's been hit by a lot of labour trouble.
    这家公司因劳资纠纷频仍而严重受挫。
  19. Labour troubles cost the country enormous sums last year.
    劳工纠纷使那个国家去年损失了巨额资金。
  20. There seems to be some trouble with the central heating system.
    中央供暖系统似乎出了毛病。
  21. Owing to engine trouble, the plane had to make a forced landing.
    由于发动机出了毛病,飞机不得不进行迫降。
  22. I've got heart trouble, but it's nothing serious.
    我的心脏有毛病,但不是什么严重问题。
  23. The trouble with you is that you don't listen carefully!
    你的缺点是不好好听讲。
  24. That is your trouble.
    那是你的错。
  25. His wife is a great trouble to him.
    他妻子是个常给他添麻烦的人。
  26. I don't want to be a trouble to you.
    我不愿成为你的负担。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Oh, don't trouble, thanks.
    哦,不麻烦了,谢谢。
  2. I shan't trouble if he doesn't come tonight.
    今晚他若不来,我就不用费心劳神了。
  3. If you do not succeed, do not trouble further.
    如果你成功不了就别再费心了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Perhaps his conscience troubles him.
    或许是他的良知使他感到不安。
  2. The question troubled us.
    这个问题使我们很伤脑筋。
  3. He had no idea what was troubling her.
    他不知道什么事情使她心里烦。
  4. The student's falling grades troubled his parents deeply.
    那个孩子考试不及格使其父母极为忧虑。
  5. I am sorry to trouble you.
    对不起麻烦您了。
  6. I apologize for troubling you, especially on a Sunday.
    麻烦你真是抱歉,尤其是在星期天。
  7. The hound had always troubled the family since that day.
    从那天起,这只猎犬就一直骚扰着这个家庭。
  8. Grandmother's arthritis is troubling her again .
    祖母的关节炎又在折磨她了。
  9. Is your knee still troubling you?
    你的膝关节还痛吗?
  10. Never trouble trouble till trouble troubles you.
    不是麻烦找上门来就不要自找麻烦。
  11. The wind troubled the surface of the lake.
    风搅乱了湖面。
  12. 用于be ~ed结构
  13. He was deeply troubled by the thought that she might leave him.
    他一想到她可能和他分手就深感忧虑。
  14. I've been troubled by a bad tooth.
    我的一颗坏牙疼得很厉害。
  15. He's been troubled by a bad back since he was a child.
    他从小就有背疼的毛病。
  16. He felt troubled and distressed.
    他感到烦恼苦闷。
  17. The water was troubled and became dirty.
    水被搅浑了。
S+~+to- v
  1. Why should I trouble to apologize?
    我何苦去道歉呢?
  2. He didn't even trouble to tell me what had happened.
    他甚至不屑告诉我所发生的事情。
  3. Please don't trouble to see me off at the station.
    请不用劳驾到车站送我了。
  4. You needn't trouble to come over.
    你不必来了。
  5. Why should we trouble to believe all grapevine news?
    我们何苦要去相信这些小道消息呢?
  6. You needn't trouble to answer the letter.
    你不用费事回信了。
  7. She troubled to ask whether I needed help.
    她特意来问我是否需要帮忙。
  8. Don't trouble to write, tell it to me next time.
    不必写了,下次告诉我就行了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. May I trouble you to pass me the book?
    麻烦你把书递给我好吗?
  2. Might I trouble you to give me a lift to the station?
    劳驾,让我顺便坐您的汽车到车站去可以吗?
  3. I'll trouble you to watch your manners.
    请你注意举止。
  4. I'll trouble you not to joke on this matter.
    劳驾,别拿这件事开玩笑。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. His troubled look frightened me.
    他那苦恼的样子使我大吃一惊。
  2. They love to fish in troubled waters.
    他们喜欢浑水摸鱼。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
ask for trouble
  1. 自寻烦恼 behave in such a way that trouble is likely

    If you play with dangerous chemicals like that you're just asking for trouble. 如果你这样摆弄危险的化学品,那就是自讨苦吃。

    It's asking for trouble to associate with criminals. 同罪犯交往是自找麻烦。

borrow trouble
  1. 自找麻烦 worry for nothing about trouble that may not come; make trouble for oneself needlessly

    Forget about it, why borrow trouble? 算了吧,何必自找麻烦?

    Don't borrow trouble by worrying about next year. It's too far away. 不要为明年烦恼,那毕竟太遥远了。

get into trouble
  1. (给…)找麻烦,(使…)陷入困境 (cause to) be in trouble get into trouble

    Even an experienced climber may get into trouble.哪怕是个有经验的登山者也可能陷入困境。

    My son's always getting into trouble with the police.我儿子总是和警察惹上麻烦。

    get sb into trouble

    His bad temper was always getting him into trouble.他的坏脾气总是给他找麻烦。

    If you do that, you might get her into trouble.如果你那样做,你就会使她陷入困境。

    She told a lie rather than get her friend into trouble.为了不让朋友招致麻烦,她只好故意说谎。

    Don't mention my name or you'll get me into trouble.别提我的名字,免得给我惹麻烦。

go to...trouble
  1. 麻烦,费劲 bother; do extra work for oneself

    The hostess went to a lot of trouble to make her guests comfortable. 女主人不辞辛苦,尽量使她的客人感到舒适。

    I should like to have dinner here, but please do not go to a lot of trouble for me. 我很愿意在这儿吃晚饭,但是请别为我费事。

    John told Mr. Brown not to go to trouble of driving him home. 约翰告诉布朗先生不必麻烦开车送他回家。

    She went to the trouble of compiling a handbook for the students. 她不辞辛苦,为学生编了一本手册。

have trouble in
  1. 有困难,费事 have difficulties or problems in doing sth have trouble in v-ing

    I have some trouble in reading the letter. His handwriting is very bad.我读这封信很费劲,他的字很潦草。

have trouble with
  1. 有病痛,因…苦恼 suffer from

    She is having trouble with her teeth. 她牙齿有病。

    I hope you won't have any trouble with the work. 我希望你做这项工作不会出什么问题。

  2. 同…闹纠纷 dispute with

    This was the first time I had serious trouble with my employer. 这是我第一次和雇主发生严重的纠纷。

in trouble
  1. 处于不幸〔苦恼、困境〕之中 in a situation that involves danger, punishment, pain, etc.

    The little boy was in trouble so I swam out to save him. 这小男孩处于险境,所以我游过去救他。

    He is in deep trouble. 他深陷困境。

    If we can't keep to the schedule, we'll be in trouble. 我们不按时完成计划就要倒霉了。

    He is in trouble again. This time he has broken a window. 他又惹麻烦了,这一次他打破了一扇窗户。

    I'm in trouble with the police over drugs. 我因毒品的事落入警方手中。

    Don't imagine that you are the only person in trouble. 别想着就你一个人有麻烦事。

make trouble
  1. 制造麻烦,捣乱 create trouble

    When others interfere, it always makes trouble. 别人一干涉,麻烦就来了。

    She is always making trouble for her parents. 她总是给父母找麻烦。

    If I say no, the boss will only make trouble for me. 我要是说个不字,老板准跟我过不去。

put to trouble
  1. 给…增加〔添〕麻烦 bring trouble to sb put sb to trouble

    I am sorry for putting you to a lot of trouble.给你增加了许多麻烦,真过意不去。

    I hope we haven't put you to any trouble.但愿我们没有给你添麻烦。

save〔spare〕 trouble
  1. 省事,避免麻烦 save effort; simplify matters save〔spare〕 (sb's) trouble

    It will save trouble if you pay the bill now.如果你现在付账就没事了。

    I did it to spare your trouble.我这样做是为了你省事。

    save〔spare〕 sb/oneself trouble

    My Baedeker has saved me trouble.我的一本《贝得克旅行指南》省去了我许多的麻烦。

    This would save everyone a lot of trouble.这将给大家免去许多麻烦。

    You may spare yourself the trouble.你不必费神。

take the trouble
  1. 不怕费事或困难 do sth even though it involves effort or difficulty take the trouble to-v

    Decent journalists should take the trouble to check their facts.责任心强的新闻工作者应该不厌其烦地核实报道内容。

    We must thank you for taking the trouble to make us a meal.我们应该谢谢你费力为我们烧饭。

用作动词 (v.)
trouble about( v.+prep. )
  1. (使…)为…挂虑,为…而麻烦… concern (sb or oneself) about (sth/sb) trouble about sb/sth

    Don't trouble about me.不必为我费心。

    He troubles about the matter.他为那件事烦恼。

    Please don't trouble about that one little mistake.请不要因为那么一点小错误而烦恼。

    Don't trouble about the door; I'll close it.别操心那扇门,我会关的。

    Don't trouble about my supper.不必为我吃晚饭的事操心了。

    He is a man who refuses to trouble about trifles.他是一个不为琐事烦恼的人。

    If you trouble about every little thing you will never have any peace of mind.如果每件事情你都要操心,你就永远得不到安宁。

    trouble sb/oneself about sb/sth

    He always troubles me about his private affairs.他老是为私事来麻烦我。

    They ceased to trouble themselves about him.他们不再为他而担心了。

    Don't trouble yourself about that.不必为此事费事了。

    She troubled herself about what else to put in the letter.她苦苦思索在信里还要写些什么。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I am troubled about her.我为她感到不安。

    She is seriously troubled about the matter.为这事她深感不安。

    She was greatly troubled about her mother's illness.她为她母亲的病感到非常不安。

    He was greatly troubled about his son's behaviour.他很为儿子的品行发愁。

trouble for( v.+prep. )
  1. 请求…给予… ask (sb) politely to give one (sth) trouble sb for sth

    I think I'll trouble you for a second cup.我想麻烦你再给我一杯。

    May I trouble you for a match?请给我用根火柴好吗?

    May I trouble you for some money?可否麻烦您借给我一些钱?

    Can I trouble you for some advice?请给我一些建议好吗?

trouble with( v.+prep. )
  1. 因…使…忧虑不安〔麻烦〕 worry (sb or oneself) because of (sth often in the mind) trouble sb/oneself with sth

    May I trouble you with a question?麻烦你问一个问题行吗?

    I don't want to trouble you with all my little difficulties, but I wonder if you could help me just once more?我不愿因自己的那些小困难而给你添麻烦,不过我想知道你是否可以再帮我一次?

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Jane has been troubled with bad dreams recently.近来简常受噩梦的困扰。

    I am troubled with a headache.我感到头疼。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The trouble of thy thoughts this night..Affects me equally.

    出自:Milton
  • Their trouble sprang from poor articulation.

    出自:E. Blishen
  • The..government has caused trouble for this..industry by raising its costs.

    出自:Economist
  • An Angel went downe..into the poole, and troubled the water.

    出自:Bible (AV): King John
  • Like a fountain troubledsMuddy, ill-seeming, thick.

    出自:Taming of Shrew,Shakespeare

trouble的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. trouble的基本意思是“困难,忧虑,烦扰,麻烦事”,指在做某事的过程中所遇到的一些不顺利或使人烦恼的事情,也可指某人所处的环境困难或危险,即“困境,险境”。trouble还可指“惹出麻烦的处境”“麻烦,不方便,费事”“动乱,骚乱,纠纷”“毛病,故障”等,也可作“给人添麻烦的人”解。
  2. trouble作“麻烦”“困难”解时是不可数名词,作“给人添麻烦的人”“麻烦事”解时是可数名词,作“烦恼,困境”解时,多用复数形式。
  3. ask for trouble在现代英语口语中作“自找苦吃”解,多用于进行体。
  4. take (the) trouble的意思是“尽力设法,不怕费力”,当后接动词不定式时要带the。
  5. 习语in〔into〕 trouble作“怀孕”解时,是一种婉转的口语说法,而且总是指未婚的女子。例如:The girl has been in trouble,I suppose.我看这个女孩已怀孕了。It is Alf who got her into trouble.是阿尔夫闯的乱子使她怀孕了。
v.(动词)
  1. trouble的基本意思是“(使)烦恼”,即失去安宁或平静,可指任何对方便、舒适、身体健康、心绪平静或效率等的干扰,也可指“打扰”。引申指“折磨”。
  2. trouble可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词、代词或动词不定式作宾语,还可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。用作不及物动词时,常用于否定句或疑问句中。trouble接复合宾语时不用于被动结构。
  3. trouble的过去分词troubled可用作形容词,在句中作定语或表语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
trouble, bother, worry
这组词的共同意思是“打扰”,用作名词时其区别在于:
1.bother表示暂时的、无关紧要的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
They had quite a lot of bother getting here because of the fog.因为有雾,所以他们费了很大的劲才找到这儿来。
2.worry表示不必要的、于事无补的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
Money is just one of our worries.钱只是我们的烦恼事之一。
3.trouble表示的意义很广泛,事无巨细,并且比worry和bother更正式一些。例如:
The old lady next door was telling me all her troubles.隔壁的老太太正在对我诉说她的种种烦恼。
v.(动词)
trouble, annoy, bother, disturb, interfere, interrupt, irritate, worry
这组词的共同意思是“打扰”,用作名词时其区别在于:
1.bother表示暂时的、无关紧要的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
They had quite a lot of bother getting here because of the fog.因为有雾,所以他们费了很大的劲才找到这儿来。
2.worry表示不必要的、于事无补的“困扰”“烦恼”。例如:
Money is just one of our worries.钱只是我们的烦恼事之一。
3.trouble表示的意义很广泛,事无巨细,并且比worry和bother更正式一些。例如:
The old lady next door was telling me all her troubles.隔壁的老太太正在对我诉说她的种种烦恼。
bother disturb trouble annoy irritate vex
这些动词均有“使人不安或烦恼”之意。
  • bother:bother指使人烦恼而引起的紧张不安或感到不耐烦。
  • disturb:disturb较正式用词,多用被动态。指扰乱,使人不能平静或妨碍别人工作、思维或正常秩序,是程度较深的烦恼。
  • trouble:trouble指给人在行动上带来不便或在身心上造成痛苦。
  • annoy:annoy强调因被迫忍受令人不快、讨厌的事而失去平静或耐心,多指一时的打扰或恼怒。
  • irritate:irritate语气比annoy强得多,指激怒,使发怒,多指一种短时间的反应。
  • vex:vex侧重指因不断的干扰而引起的烦恼,有时含激怒的意味。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 很抱歉给你带来了这么多不便。

    It is a pity to give you so many troubles.

    It is a pity to give you so much trouble.

    trouble作“麻烦”“困难”“问题”“病痛”解时,是不可数名词,“许多麻烦”可以说much trouble或a lot of trouble。

  2. 假如你付不了账的话,你就会有麻烦。

    If you can't pay the bill, you're going to be at trouble.

    It you can't pay the bill, you're going to be in trouble.

    表示“有困难”“惹麻烦”时,可以说be in trouble,而不可以说be at trouble。

  3. 你找到那栋房子有困难吗?

    Did you have much trouble to find the house?

    Did you have much trouble (in) finding the house?

    表示“做…有困难”“费事”时,可以说have trouble (in) v -ing,不能说have trouble to- v 。

v.(动词)
  1. 很抱歉打扰您。

    I'm sorry to trouble with you.

    I'm sorry to trouble you.

    作“麻烦,打扰”解时, trouble后可直接接人作宾语,不需再接with。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的trubler;最初源自古典拉丁语的turbiuds,意为带来麻烦,使浑浊,不清楚。

trouble的相关资料:

正版词典

trouble : 浑浊的,看 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
trouble : 困难;忧虑 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • troubled adj. 焦虑的; 担忧的;混乱的; 存在诸多问题的

互动百科

  • trouble:trouble n. 烦恼, 麻烦, 动乱, 纠纷, 疾病, 故障, 问题vt. (使)烦恼, 麻烦, 打扰, 麻烦自己, 费神, 费心 英英解释:名词trouble:1. a source of d…

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