swear

  核心词汇  
[sweə(r)]     [swer]    
  • v. 咒骂;发誓;宣誓
  • n. 誓言;咒骂;发誓
swearer swore sworn swearing swears
new

swear的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 发誓,立誓,起誓,起誓说,誓称
  2. 咒骂,诅咒,臭骂
  3. <口>断言,断定
  4. 郑重申言,明确地表示
  5. 使宣誓
  6. 发牢骚
  7. 说粗话,骂脏话
  8. 起誓保证,保证说,郑重承诺
  9. 使宣誓就任
  10. 宣誓对作证
  11. 宣誓要,表示决心要
n. (名词)
  1. 誓言
  2. 宣誓,发誓
  3. 咒骂,诅咒
  4. 骂人话

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 咒骂 use obscene words to insult, or for emphasis
  2. vt. & vi. 发誓 say solemnly or emphatically; cause sb to take an oath

英英释义

Verb:
  1. utter obscenities or profanities;

    "The drunken men were cursing loudly in the street"

  2. to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true;

    "Before God I swear I am innocent"

  3. promise solemnly; take an oath

  4. make a deposition; declare under oath

  5. have confidence or faith in;

    "We can trust in God"
    "Rely on your friends"
    "bank on your good education"
    "I swear by my grandmother's recipes"

swear的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Shut up! How dare you swear at me like that!
    住嘴,你竟敢那样咒骂我!
  2. You have no right to swear at me like that!
    你无权那样咒骂我!
  3. I swear by Almighty God that I will tell the truth.
    我对万能的上帝发誓我要说真话。
  4. They swore an oath to carry out their duties faithfully.
    他们发誓要忠实履行自己的职责。
  5. I swear I won't tell anyone your secret.
    我发誓不把你的秘密告诉任何人。
  6. The witnesses must swear before speaking.
    证人在发言前必须宣誓。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Don't forget your swear for me.
    不要忘记你对我发过的誓言。
  2. Say that again,but this time leave out the swear words.
    再说一遍,但这次省去那些诅咒语。
  3. I can have swear ( that ) I saw a flying saucer over the sky !
    我可以发誓我看见天上有一只飞碟!

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He is always swearing.
    他一直咒骂。
  2. Stop swearing; it is a bad habit.
    别骂人,那不是好习惯。
  3. Colonel Race swore hastily.
    雷斯上校急躁地骂开了。
  4. The man swore when the hammer hit his thumb.
    当那个男人的拇指被锤子砸了一下时,他大声咒骂起来。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Before giving evidence you have to swear an oath.
    在作证之前,你必须起誓。
  2. He swore an oath to carry out his duties faithfully.
    他宣誓要忠实履行自己的责任。
S+~+to- v
  1. He swore to abide by this principle.
    他郑重保证恪守这一原则。
  2. Do you swear to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth?
    你发誓据实陈述而绝无谎言吗?
  3. He swore never to divulge the secret.
    他立誓决不泄露秘密。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. He swore that he could tell the truth.
    他发誓要说真话。
  2. I swear that I will never tell anyone.
    我发誓永远不告诉任何人。
  3. I could have sworn that there was somebody in the next room.
    我敢说当时隔壁房间里有人。
  4. The musician swore that he would never write a single note for that gang.
    这位音乐家坚定地表示他决不为那帮人写一个音符。
  5. I swear he's a swindler.
    我肯定他是一个骗子。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. She swore herself hoarse.
    她把嗓子都骂哑了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
swear at (v.+prep.)
    咒骂(某人),诅咒(某事) speak curses to (sb or sth)
    swear at sb/v-ing

    His boss often swore at him, sometimes for no reason at all.

    老板经常骂他,有时毫无理由。

    The foreman swore at his workers.

    工头咒骂工人。

    Glen leant out of the car window and swore at another driver.

    格伦将身子探出车窗,咒骂另一个司机。

    He could hear them shouting and swearing at each other.

    他听到他们在大叫大嚷,互相咒骂。

    Why did you swear at missing the bus?

    误了一班车你骂个什么?

    He resented being sworn at.

    他憎恨别人骂他。

swear by (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉信赖〔担保〕… have trust in, and tell others of the value of (a product)〔说明〕 swear by常不用于进行体。
swear for (v.+prep.)
    为…作保证 promise that (sth or someone) is trustworthy
    swear for sth

    His friends will swear for his integrity.

    他的朋友愿意为他正直的品格作担保。

    All of us will swear for his honesty.

    我们大家都愿意担保他是诚实的。

    I could call many people to swear for this method.

    我可以请许多人为这个方法担保。

swear in (v.+adv.)
    (使)宣誓就职 cause (someone) to take a solemn promise to perform duties responsibly at the beginning of a period of office
    swear sb ⇔ in

    At the inauguration, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court swore in the new President.

    就职典礼上,最高法院的首席法官主持新总统的就职仪式。

    He was sworn in shortly after the election.

    选举后不久他便宣誓就职了。

swear off (v.+prep.)
    发誓戒除 state one's intention to stop (sth or doing sth)
    swear off sth/v-ing

    I've sworn off drugs.

    我已经戒毒了。

    He swore off smoking when the doctor said it caused lung cancers.

    当医生告诉他吸烟会引起肺癌时,他发誓要戒烟。

swear on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    凭…发誓 make a solemn promise using (sth holy) as a sign of one's trustworthiness
    swear on〔upon〕 sth

    I swear on the head of my son here that I made no threat to the king.

    我以我儿子的头发誓,我没干过危害国王的事。

    The witness is asked to swear upon the Bible that he will tell the truth.

    证人被要求手抚《圣经》发誓,一定讲出实情。

swear to (v.+prep.)
    使(某人)发誓保密 make sb promise to keep a secret
    swear to sth/v-ing

    I think it was him I saw, but I couldn't swear to it.

    我想我见过的是他,但我不敢肯定。

    I couldn't swear to having seen him.

    我不能断定见过他。

    He swore to having seen that movie before.

    他说他以前肯定看过那场电影。

    swear sb to sth

    His friends swore him to integrity.

    他的朋友们担保说他为人廉正。

    swear sb to secrecy

    They swore him to secrecy.

    他们令他立誓保密。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I should be forced to quit, if I did not swear.

    出自: T. Hearne
  • They had sworn, by the sacred head of the emperor.

    出自: Gibbon
  • And on the book..Miriam swore.

    出自: Tennyson

swear的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. swear的基本意思是“咒骂”,指用污秽的语言对某人或某物进行攻击,造成精神上的伤害。swear还可指明确或郑重地向某人保证某事,即“发誓”。
  2. swear可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词、代词、动词不定式或that从句作宾语,还可接以形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. swear表示“骂人”时,其后须与介词at连用。
  4. swear的过去式是swore,过去分词是sworn。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的swerian,意为宣誓。
今日热词
目录 附录 查词历史