commit

  核心词汇  
[kə'mɪt]     [kə'mɪt]    
  • v.犯罪;承诺;委托;托付
committable committed committed committing commits
new

commit是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 犯(罪),干, 做
  2. 使作出保证,使表态, 使承担义务,承诺,保证
  3. 托,委,委托,委任,把...交托给,把...提交给
  4. (把议程等)交付委员会
  5. 【律】提(审), 收(监), 下(牢),判处,把...押交,把...判处
  6. 【军】使…投入战斗,指派...作战
  7. 把...付诸
  8. 拨出,指定...用于,调配…供使用

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 犯罪; 犯错 perform a crime, foolish act
  2. vt. 承诺; 使自己受约束 pledge; bind oneself
  3. vt. 托付; 交付 entrust, give over, hand over to, for safekeeping or treatment

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
commit : 犯罪, 犯错 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
commit : 投入战斗, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
commit : 把...交托 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
commit :  把...交托 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. perform an act, usually with a negative connotation;

    "perpetrate a crime"
    "pull a bank robbery"

  2. give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause;

    "She committed herself to the work of God"
    "give one's talents to a good cause"
    "consecrate your life to the church"

  3. cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution;

    "After the second episode, she had to be committed"
    "he was committed to prison"

  4. confer a trust upon;

    "The messenger was entrusted with the general's secret"
    "I commit my soul to God"

  5. make an investment;

    "Put money into bonds"

  6. engage in or perform;

    "practice safe sex"
    "commit a random act of kindness"

commit的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. They committed outrages on innocent citizens.
    他们对无辜的市民犯下了暴行。
  2. He committed suicide rather than sell out to the enemy.
    他宁愿自杀而没有向敌人投降。
  3. The girl was committed to the care of an aunt.
    这女孩被交给姨母照顾。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He has committed a serious fault.
    他犯了严重错误。
  2. He committed the crime under the influence of drink.
    他在醉酒状态中犯了罪。
  3. Their conversation did not commit me.
    他们的谈话没能影响我。
  4. I have committed myself, and there is no way to draw back.
    我既然已做了保证,就无法收回。
  5. Asked if he was a candidate, he refused to commit himself.
    当问到他是不是候选人时,他不置可否。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. He has committed himself to support them.
    他答应负担他们的生活。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
commit for (v.+prep.)
  1. 把(某人)押送至,送交… send or hold (sb) for (a purpose) commit sb for sb 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    The prisoner was committed for trial.那囚犯被提交审判。

commit on (v.+prep.)
  1. 把自己对(某事物或某人)的看法公之于众 make one's opinions known about (sth or sb) commit oneself on sth

    You can't change your mind now; you've already committed yourself on that question.你现在不能再改变主意了,你已经对那个问题公开表态了。

    He couldn't commit himself on any issue.他不愿在任何问题上表态。

commit to (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…送交,托付给… send; give; entrust commit sth to sth

    I commit this evil book to the flames.我把这本坏书付之一炬。

    They committed some funds to the care of the board of trustees.他们把一笔款子交给董事会管理。

    commit sb to sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The boy was committed to the care of his aunt.这个孩子被交给他的姑妈照管。

    The criminals were committed to prison.这些罪犯被关进监狱。

    The old man was committed to a hospital for mad people.那个老人被送进了疯人医院。

  2. 使(某人或自己)对…作出承诺,承担义务或担负责任; 使(自己)致力于(某事或做某事) hold (sb or oneself) to a promise or duty to (sb, sth, or doing sth) commit oneself/sth to sth/v-ing

    I must go. I have committed myself to the club tonight and the members are expecting me.我得走了,我已经答应今晚去俱乐部,会员们正等着我呢。

    I should not like to commit myself to an opinion at this stage.在这种阶段,我不想发表某种看法。

    He has committed himself to the cause of education.他已决心献身教育事业。

    He committed himself to the cause of modernizing the country's industry.他献身于国家的工业现代化建设事业。

    The government can't commit any more money to improving the National Health Service.政府无法拿出更多的钱来改善医疗卫生事业。

    A thinking person must commit himself to working for peace.一个有头脑的人必须致力于为和平而工作。

    常用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was a good worker who was committed to his family as well as to his work.他是一个好工人,不仅对工作尽心尽力,对家庭也尽到了责任。

    The doctor was committed to practical medicine.那位医生致力于实用医学。

  3. 把…固定在,保留在…之上或之中 fix (sth) in or on (sth) commit sth to sth

    Don't commit your promises to paper.不要把你的承诺写下来。

    The actor committed the part to memory.那个演员把角色牢牢记住。

    You should commit your idea to writing.你应当把自己的意见写下来。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The magistrates committed the prisoners to the House of Correction for one month each.

    出自:H. Martineau
  • I'm rather worried about you. About your mind...I think I'll have you committed.

    出自:E. Albee
  • He was charged with wilful murder and formally committed for trial.

    出自:R. Travers

commit的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. commit oneself to doing something,解释为“使自己不得免于”,to 后面接动名词。

    He committed himself to doing it immedaitely.
    但是在美式英语里有时也用不定式。

v.(动词)
  1. commit的基本意思是“做”“干”,多用于错误的事、坏事。
  2. commit是及物动词,作“承诺”解时,后面接反身代词作宾语,表示“明确采取一种态度或路线”,常有“一经确定便不走回头路”的意思。后面接介词to或on,也可以接动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. commit也可表示为了特定的目的而“把…托付给”“把…提交给”解。这时其后须接介词to, to后可接名词,也可接动名词,常用于被动结构中。
  4. 在口语中,commit还常用来表示“影响,约束”。
  5. commit的过去式、过去分词均为committed。
  6. commit作“承诺”解时,在commit后可接“to+动名词”,也可接动词不定式,前者更常用。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
commit, perpetrate
这组词都有“犯错误或犯罪”的意思。其区别是:
commit可指犯错误,也可指犯罪的行动,还可指一般的“做”或“作”; perpetrate主要指犯罪,语意很强,即使宾语为中性词,也能表示出犯罪的意思。
commit, confide, consign, entrust, relegate
这组词都有“委托”的意思。其区别是:
commit泛指委托给别人负责,意思最广泛; entrust表示“委托,托管”,强调对别人的信任; confide表示“托付,信赖”,强调对别人依赖和放心; consign表示“委托,交付”,指比较正式的委托; relegate表示“把…委托给”,侧重抛弃或摆脱。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the americans say that mass executions were committed by bosnian serb forces.

    纠正:the americans say that mass executions were carried out by bosnian serb forces.

    翻译:美国人说大批被处决的人是由波斯尼亚塞族武装干的。

    分析:commit的意思表示“犯罪,犯错误”,而不是“惩罚”的意思。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的committere:com (一起) + mittere (放,处理),意为放到起一处理。

commit的相关资料:

正版词典

commit : 犯罪;干坏 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

缩略词

commit的相关缩略词,共有4

互动百科

  • commit:commit vt. 犯(错误), 干(坏事), 把...交托给, 提交, 答应负责 习惯用语 commit oneself on 对...表态 commit oneself to 委身于, 专心致…

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