pull

  基本词汇  
[pʊl]     [pʊl]    
  • v.拉;拖;牵;拔;吸引
  • n.拉;拉力;引力;划船;影响力
puller pulled pulled pulling pulls
new

pull是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 吸引,有吸引力
  2. 拉,拖,牵,拽,扯
  3. 招徕
  4. 大口喝
  5. 揪下
  6. 拉开,拉过来,(被)拉动,能被拉
  7. 获得
  8. 做成
  9. 性交
  10. 逮捕
  11. 划动,划(船),被划
  12. 深吸
  13. 移开,移动,搬走
  14. 采,摘,拔
  15. 拉伤,扭伤
  16. 拔出(凶器)
  17. <英>(从桶中)汲取
  18. <美口>干(勾当)
  19. 犯(罪)
  20. 控(马)慢跑,勒(马)
  21. 行驶
  22. 扯破,扯开
  23. 拔(去毛)
n.(名词)
  1. 引力,吸引力
  2. 拉力
  3. 魅力
  4. 拉,拖,牵引
  5. 影响力
  6. 一口
  7. 有利条件
  8. 费力的前进
  9. 把柄,把手
  10. 门路
  11. 逮捕
  12. 【骨牌】抓牌
  13. 扣板机
  14. 脉幅调制,脉冲幅度调制

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 拉; 抛; 扯; 拔 move sth especially towards oneself by using force
  2. vt. & vi. 拉过来,拉动; 抽出,拔 use force on (sth), especially with the hands, in order to move it towards oneself or in the direction of the force
  3. vt. & vi. 划(船) row boat
  4. vt. 赢得,招来,吸引 win, gain, or attract
n.(名词)
  1. [C]拖,拉,拔 (an act of) pulling
  2. [S]爬,攀登 a difficult steep climb
  3. [S]影响力,吸引力 special influence

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
pull : 拉 ...
pull : 拖, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
pull : 拖, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
pull : 紧张, 影响 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of pulling; applying force to move something toward or with you;

    "the pull up the hill had him breathing harder"
    "his strenuous pulling strained his back"

  2. the force used in pulling;

    "the pull of the moon"
    "the pull of the current"

  3. special advantage or influence;

    "the chairman's nephew has a lot of pull"

  4. a device used for pulling something;

    "he grabbed the pull and opened the drawer"

  5. a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments;

    "the wrench to his knee occurred as he fell"
    "he was sidelined with a hamstring pull"

  6. a slow inhalation (as of tobacco smoke);

    "he took a puff on his pipe"
    "he took a drag on his cigarette and expelled the smoke slowly"

  7. a sustained effort;

    "it was a long pull but we made it"

Verb:
  1. cause to move by pulling;

    "draw a wagon"
    "pull a sled"

  2. direct toward itself or oneself by means of some psychological power or physical attributes;

    "Her good looks attract the stares of many men"
    "The ad pulled in many potential customers"
    "This pianist pulls huge crowds"
    "The store owner was happy that the ad drew in many new customers"

  3. move into a certain direction;

    "the car pulls to the right"

  4. apply force so as to cause motion towards the source of the motion;

    "Pull the rope"
    "Pull the handle towards you"
    "pull the string gently"
    "pull the trigger of the gun"
    "pull your knees towards your chin"

  5. perform an act, usually with a negative connotation;

    "perpetrate a crime"
    "pull a bank robbery"

  6. bring, take, or pull out of a container or from under a cover;

    "draw a weapon"
    "pull out a gun"
    "The mugger pulled a knife on his victim"

  7. steer into a certain direction;

    "pull one's horse to a stand"
    "Pull the car over"

  8. strain abnormally;

    "I pulled a muscle in my leg when I jumped up"
    "The athlete pulled a tendon in the competition"

  9. cause to move in a certain direction by exerting a force upon, either physically or in an abstract sense;

    "A declining dollar pulled down the export figures for the last quarter"

  10. operate when rowing a boat;

    "pull the oars"

  11. rein in to keep from winning a race;

    "pull a horse"

  12. tear or be torn violently;

    "The curtain ripped from top to bottom"
    "pull the cooked chicken into strips"

  13. hit in the direction that the player is facing when carrying through the swing;

    "pull the ball"

  14. strip of feathers;

    "pull a chicken"
    "pluck the capon"

  15. remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense;

    "pull weeds"
    "extract a bad tooth"
    "take out a splinter"
    "extract information from the telegram"

  16. take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for;

    "We all rooted for the home team"
    "I'm pulling for the underdog"
    "Are you siding with the defender of the title?"

  17. take away;

    "pull the old soup cans from the supermarket shelf"

pull的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The tractor pulls well.
    这台拖拉机拉力大。
  2. Don't pull my hair!
    别扯我的头发!
  3. Do not pull the chairs about, boys!
    不要把椅子拖来拖去,孩子们!
  4. Frog may be called even louder than cattle, but they can not pull plows in the fields, it will not pull in the wineshop grinding, they are also unable to do anything leather shoes.
    青蛙也许会叫得比牛更响,但是它们不能在田里拉犁,也不会在酒坊里牵磨,它们的皮也做不出鞋来。
  5. He will give me a shot and pull out my tooth.
    他会帮我打针,然后拔我的牙齿。
  6. The football match pulled in great crowds.
    足球赛吸引了大批观众。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. A pull on the rope will make the bell ring.
    一拉绳子钟就响。
  2. I felt a pull at my sleeve and turned round.
    我觉得有人扯我的袖子,便转过身来。
  3. The tides depend on the pull of the moon.
    潮汐是月亮引力作用的结果。
  4. Some advertisements have no pull at all.
    有些广告毫无吸引力。
  5. Let's have a pull after dinner.
    咱们饭后去划船吧。
  6. He has a lot of pull with the managing director.
    他对总经理有很大的影响力。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He pulled as hard as he could.
    他尽力地拉。
  2. The horse on the left side isn't pulling.
    左边的那匹马没有用力拉车。
  3. The tractor pulls well.
    这台拖拉机牵引力大。
  4. Now, all pull together, please.
    现在,让我们一齐拉。
  5. The old man pulled the boy by the ear.
    那个老头扯着男孩子的耳朵。
  6. Pull for shore.
    划啊,孩子们!划向岸。
  7. The boat pulled for the shore.
    船向岸边划。
  8. Help me move the piano over here; you push and I'll pull.
    帮我把钢琴搬过来,你用力推,我来拉。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The horse was pulling a heavy cart.
    马在拉沉重的车。
  2. How many coaches can that locomotive pull?
    那个机车能拉多少节客车?
  3. This boat pulls four oars.
    这条船是由四只桨划的。
  4. The baby was pulling its father's beard.
    那个婴儿在拽他父亲的胡子。
  5. The child pulled its mother by the coat.
    那孩子扯他母亲的衣服。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. The seam of his coat is pulled.
    他外套上的线被撕开了。
  8. The train is pulled by a powerful engine.
    火车是由大功率的机车拖动的。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. I can't pull it open.
    我不能把它拉开。
  2. He pulled the drawer open, and found the news bulletin still hidden in the crack.
    他拉开抽屉,发现那张新闻简报还藏在夹缝里。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Would you mind giving the bell a pull?
    不介意的话,请拉一下铃好吗?
  2. He gave the tablecloth a pull, and all the dishes went flying.
    他拉了一下桌布,所有的盘子都飞起来了。
  3. He gave a strong pull at the rope.
    他用力拉了一下绳子。
  4. I felt a pull at my sleeve and turned round.
    我感觉到有人拉了一下我的袖子,于是就转过身去。
  5. He took a pull at the bottle, drank from it.
    他从瓶中喝了一口。
  6. She took a long pull at her cigarette.
    她深深地吸了一口香烟。
  7. It was a long pull to the top of the mountain.
    爬上山顶是漫长而费力的事。
  8. It was a hard pull to get up the hill.
    爬山很费劲。
  9. We went for a short pull on the lake.
    我们去湖上稍稍划了一会儿船。
  10. He couldn't resist the pull of her charm.
    他无法抗拒她的魅力。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
pull about (v.+adv.)
  1. 把…拖来拖去; 粗暴〔笨拙〕地对待(某人或某物) take hold of (sb/sth); handle sb/sth roughly or clumsily pull sb/sth about

    Their new puppy has been pulling the toy about.他们那只新的小狗一直把玩具拖来拖去。

    The baby doesn't like it when people start pulling him about.那个婴儿不喜欢别人笨手笨脚地把他拉来拉去。

pull apart (v.+adv.)
  1. 拆开,拉开 separate into pieces by pulling pull apart

    This toy is made to pull apart.这件玩具能拆开。

    These pieces of ice don't pull apart easily.这些冰块不易分开。

    pull sb/sth apart

    I helped her pull the two fighting boys apart .我帮她把两个打架的男孩拉开。

    The table is so made that you can easily pull it apart.这张桌子这样制作是为了拆起来方便。

    We pulled the wrapping paper apart to see what was in the parcel.我们把包裹外面的纸撕开,看看里面是什么东西。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    As the curtains were pulled apart, we saw the actors on the stage.帷幕启开时,我们看到了台上的演员。

  2. 对某人的想法、计划或工作批评得体无完肤,百般挑剔 criticize sb or find serious faults in an idea, plan, piece of work, etc. pull sb/sth apart

    He pulled my argument apart and made me feel very stupid.他把我的论点批驳得一无是处,使我感到自己非常愚蠢。

pull at (v.+prep.)
  1. 用力拉 try to draw

    He pulled at the rope hanging from above to see if it was safe for the climb. 他用力拉了拉吊下来的绳子,看它是不是经得住爬。

  2. 抽(烟斗、香烟等) draw tobacco smoke from a pipe, cigarette, etc., into one's mouth

    The old man sat in the corner, pulling at his pipe. 老人坐在角落里,抽着烟斗。

pull away (v.+adv.)
  1. (尤指车辆)开始移动 start to move pull away

    The taxi had pulled away before I could signal to the driver.在我向司机举手示意之前,出租车已经开走了。

    As the car pulled away,the woman in the wheelchair waved and clutched the lilacs to her heart.当汽车开动时,轮椅中的妇人挥起了手,把紫丁香花抱在胸口。

pull away from (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 越来越领先于(某人或某物) get further ahead of sb/sth pull away from sth

    She was an extremely intelligent child, and soon pulled away from the rest of the class.她是个极聪明的孩子,不久就大大超过了班上其他的同学。

pull back (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)(某人,尤指一组士兵)撤出阵地 (cause sb) withdraw from a position pull back

    The platoon pulled back to safety.这一排士兵撤回到了安全地带。

pull down (v.+adv.)
  1. 毁坏,拆毁(某物,尤指建筑物) destroy or demolish sth

    They pulled down my old house and built five new ones. 他们拆除了我的旧房子,建起了五幢新房子。

    The earthquake pulled down most of the buildings in the city. 地震使城市中大多数建筑物成为废墟。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    His home was pulled down by fire. 他的家被大火烧毁了。

  2. 使虚弱; 拖垮 make sb feel weak and depressed

    An attack of fever soon pulled him down. 发高烧很快使他的身体衰弱下来。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was pulled down by a sudden fever. 他突然发烧病倒了。

pull in (v.+adv.)
  1. (火车)进站; (船)靠岸 (of a train) be at a station; (of a ship)to be by a shore pull in

    The train pulled in exactly on time.列车准时进站。

    The express from Beijing pulled in on time.从北京开来的那列快车准时进站了。

  2. 赚钱 earn money pull in

    He pulls in quite a lot as a milkman.他卖牛奶赚了相当多的钱。

    pull sth ⇔ in

    He pulls in a lot of overtime pay each month.他每月挣得不少加班费。

  3. 吸引; 招引 attract pull in sb/sth

    The Beatles always pulled in enormous crowds.披头士乐队总能吸引大批的人群。

    The film pulled in large audience when it was shown in the city.那部影片在该市上映期间,吸引了大批观众。

  4. 拘留、逮捕(嫌疑犯) take sb to the police station because he is suspected of being a criminal pull in sb

    The police have pulled in a half dozen people whom they suspect.警方已逮捕六个他们怀疑的人。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Two strangers loitering near the army barracks were pulled in on suspicion.两个在部队营房附近游荡的陌生人因受嫌疑而遭拘留。

  5. 〈非正〉节省,节省开支 pull tight one's belt; spend less money pull in

    You will have to pull in if you want to escape bankruptcy.如果你想避免破产,就必须节省开支。

    pull in one's belt

    In those days of hardship, they managed to survive only by pulling in their belts.在那艰苦岁月里,他们是靠节衣缩食才勉强活了下来。

pull into (v.+prep.)
  1. (尤指即将停下来的车辆司机将把车停下)开向路边,开进 move to or towards one side; move into pull into sth

    The lorry driver pulled into the side of the road and got out for a cup of tea.卡车司机把车子开到路边,然后从车上下来喝杯茶。

pull off (v.+adv.)
  1. 脱去 remove clothing, cap, shoe, etc.

    He pulled off his coat and joined us in the work. 他脱去上衣,便和我们一道干了起来。

  2. 胜利完成,执行(某事,尤指困难的或不同寻常的任务) complete or perform sth successfully

    You pulled off a good bargain there. 这一下你做了一笔赚钱生意。

    I'm hoping to pull off a scholarship to Oxford. 我希望能搞到进牛津大学的奖学金。

    At last he pulled off the difficult task. 他终于成功地完成了这一艰巨任务。

    If they can manage to finish the job in two days, they will have pulled off a miracle indeed. 要是他们能够在两天之内做完这件事,那倒确实是创造奇迹了。

pull on1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 穿上; 戴上 wear in pull sth ⇔ on

    She pulled on her hat and coat.她戴好帽子,穿上外套。

    It's so cold outside that she had to pull on her gloves.外面很冷,她不得不戴上手套。

    He pulled on his heavy coat and went out.他披上厚外套出去了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His clothes seemed to be just pulled on to keep him covered,like a blanket to keep one warm.他的衣服非常随便地套在身上,就像人们为了保暖,将毯子裹在身上一样。

pull on2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 滥用职权对(某人)发号施令 take unfair advantage of one's position in an organization to force (sb) in a lower position to act in a certain way pull rank on sb

    The captain was much hated because he was always pulling rank on his men.那个上尉很不受欢迎,因为他老是依仗权势,对部下乱发号施令。

  2. 揭露(某人的)秘密活动 expose (sb's) secret behaviour pull the plug on sb

    The press pulled the plug on the Liberal candidate, and he lost the election.新闻界披露了那位自由党候选人的秘密活动,于是,他竞选失败了。

pull oneself together
  1. 控制自己(的感情等) get control of oneself, one's feelings, etc.

    He had been badly upset, but he was able to pull himself together. 他感到非常不安,不过他控制住了自己。

    Stop crying like a baby! Pull yourself together! 别像个孩子似地哭!要控制住自己的情绪。

    After hearing the news, she was so excited that she felt it difficult to pull herself together. 听到这个消息后,她激动得难以平静下来。

    Come on, fellow students, pull yourselves together! 快点吧,同学们,打起精神来!

pull out (v.+adv.)
  1. (火车)驶出,(船)划出; 从某处离开,从某处开出 (of a train) leave a station; (of a ship) leave a river pull out

    The driver of the car pulled out from behind the lorry.那司机把轿车从货车后面转出。

    pull out of sth

    When all passengers were on board, the train pulled out of the station.所有乘客都上车后,火车开出了车站。

  2. 退出 withdraw from pull out of sth

    The invading troops are pulling out of the occupied area under international supervision.入侵部队正在国际监督下撤出占领区。

  3. 拔出 stretch sth pull out

    The drawer won't pull out.这抽屉拉不出来。

    pull sth ⇔ out

    Vargas pulled out his gun.瓦格斯掏出他的枪。

    He pulled out the pistol and aimed at the enemy officer.他拔出手枪,瞄准敌军官。

  4. 〈非正〉(从疾病、不愉快的心境等中)恢复 recover from an illness, bad mood, etc. pull out

    She's been very depressed recently, but I'm sure she'll soon pull out of it.她近来一直很抑郁,但我相信不久她就会振作起来的。

  5. (使)离开 leave or make sb leave a place or situation where there is trouble pull out

    The foreign firm decided to pull out because of strikes.由于工人不断罢工,这家外国公司决定撤走。

    pull sth ⇔ out

    We must pull our company out of the financial crisis as soon as possible.我们必须使公司尽早摆脱财政危机的困境。

    pull out of sth

    I don't think they are going to pull out of the deal at the last minute.我认为他们不会在最后一分钟退出这笔交易。

pull over (v.+adv.)
  1. 靠向路边 drive to the side of the road pull over

    The bus pulled over and picked up some passengers.公共汽车停靠在路边上,让一些乘客上车。

    pull sth ⇔ over

    Pull your car over and let the visitors pass!把你的汽车开到一边让游客过去。

    The policeman signalled the driver to pull over his car so that he could check his license.警察招呼司机把车开过来,以检查他的执照。

    When the police car came rushing down the street, all the cars pulled over to let it pass.当警车冲过街道时,所有的汽车都驶到路边给它让路。

pull round (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)(某人)恢复健康; (使)脱离险境 (cause to) recover from illness, weakness, a faint pull round

    It was quite some time before the firm pulled round after the economic crisis.那场经济危机过去好长时间之后,公司才恢复元气。

    pull sb ⇔ round

    You need a long rest to pull you round after that operation.手术后你需要很长一段时间才能复原。

    The doctor's meticulous treatment soon pulled him round.医生们的精心治疗使他很快就恢复了健康。

pull through1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈非正〉恢复健康; 精神状况转好,情绪转好 recover (from an illness or trouble) pull through

    Her family wondered if she could pull through after the operation.她的家人怀疑她手术后是否能够康复。

    He'll soon pull through in the hospital.他在医院会很快康复的。

    pull sb/sth ⇔ through

    It was doctor Lin that pulled my sick child through.正是林大夫把我孩子的病治好了。

    He succeeded in pulling through the difficulty.他平安地渡过了困难。

    He pulled through his illness after the doctor had almost given him up.在医生对他几乎绝望以后,他平安地渡过了危机。

    We must pull the business through.我们必须使公司渡过难关。

    The new manager introduced some drastic measures to try to pull the business through.新上任的经理采取断然措施,以振兴企业。

pull through2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 〈非正〉使健康; 使转好 make to recover; help to recover or improve pull sb through sth

    It was a miracle that they were able to pull her through the operation.他们居然能使她手术后活了下来,真是个奇迹。

    A generous loan from the bank pulled him through the business trouble.银行的一笔慷慨贷款使他渡过了难关。

    The new manager of our company has pulled us through lots of difficulties.我们公司的新经理已使我们渡过了种种难关。

pull together (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)齐心协力 (cause to) work in harmony; get on together pull together

    We must pull together for mutual interest.我们必须为相互的利益而通力合作。

    pull sth ⇔ together

    After studying the lessons drawn from previous failures, the coach pulled his team together for the forthcoming tournament.教练研究了前几次失败的教训之后,要队员们齐心协力,投入到即将到来的锦标赛。

    Let's pull together for the early realization of the four modernizations.为了早日实现四个现代化,让我们齐心协力地干吧。

pull up (v.+adv.)
  1. (使)停下(住) make sb/sth stop pull up

    The driver pulled up at the gate of our school.司机把车停在我们校门口了。

    pull sb/sth ⇔ up

    If you drive too fast, the police will pull you up.如果你开得太快,警察就要把你拦住。

    The police pulled up the motorist and asked to see his licence.警察叫司机停车,要检查他的驾驶证。

    You must learn how to pull up your horse when he is going too fast.你的马跑得太快时,你应该知道怎样让它停下来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    A schoolboy was pulled up, because he rode his bike too fast in the crowded street.一个男学生被截住了,因为他在交通拥挤的街上骑快车。

  2. 责备 scold or reprimand sb pull sb ⇔ up

    Jim talked rudely to Mother and Father pulled him up.吉姆粗鲁地对母亲说话,父亲责备了他。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She was pulled up by the teacher for running down the corridor.她因为在走廊上奔跑而受到老师的责备。

  3. (使)名次提前,追上 (cause to) improve one's position pull up

    He's pulled up from the seventh to the second place.他已从第七名跃升到第二名。

    She's going to pull up alongside us.她即将赶上我们了。

    pull sb/sth ⇔ up

    You'll have to pull your English up for the interview.为了面试,你必须提高你的英语水平。

    If you study hard, you'll soon pull up your French.只要你用功,你的法语水平就会很快提高的。

  4. 从土里拔出来 take sth out from the earth pull sth ⇔ up

    The pupils are pulling up the weeds.学生们在拔草。

  5. 把…拉过〔起〕来 get sth upwards pull sth ⇔ up

    I pulled up a chair and sat down to read the newspaper.我拉过一把椅子坐下来看报纸。

    Please pull up a chair and join the conversation.请拿过把椅子来一起聊天。

用作名词 (n.)
pull on
  1. 对…有吸引力 special influence for sb

    But the old ways do not vanish overnight, the traditional dance has a stronger pull on their hearts. 旧的风俗习惯很难一下子改掉,因此传统的舞蹈对他们仍然有较大的吸引力。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~

经典引文

  • With a..strong pull, round goes the wheel.

    出自:J. Gilmour
  • He..was pulling on his stockings.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence
  • He pulled his hat down a little more over his eyes.

    出自:J. Steinbeck
  • I can remember..pulling a wooden engine along the sands.

    出自:Day Lewis
  • He was so large that it took two slaves to pull him out.

    出自:G. Vidal
  • He grabbed my wrist and pulled me round to face him.

    出自:P. Mortimer
  • He was roused from..bed by Ellie pulling his hair.

    出自:R. Hill
  • Eugene gently pulled the Spaniard's arm, and pointed to the cliffs.

    出自:E. Welty

pull的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. pull的基本意思是“拉,拖,扯”或“拔”,指不太费力地拖〔拉〕较轻的物体,有时还可引申表示“划(船)”。
  2. pull还可表示“拉过来”,指用手把某物用力地向自己的方向拉并使其移动,有时也可指扣动扳机,拉开关等,引申还可表示“赢得”“招来”“吸引”。
  3. pull用作不及物动词时,如果主语为物,其主动形式常含有被动意义。
  4. pull用作及物动词时,接名词、代词作宾语,还可接以形容词、副词、介词短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
n.(名词)
  1. pull用作名词时的基本意思是“拉,拉力”“拖”“拔”,没有复数形式,前面可以加不定冠词,后常接表示接触点或面的介词at或on。有时还可表示“抽(一口烟),喝(一口酒)”。
  2. pull引申可表示“某人处于由此处向〔到〕某处移动的状态”,可作“爬,攀登”解,这时往往与介词to搭配,作此解时常用单数形式。
  3. pull还可表示“影响力,吸引力”,但有时也可加不定冠词。常与介词with, of搭配。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
pull, pull at
这两个词(组)都可表示“拖或拉”,其区别是:
pull指拖了一大把东西; pull at指握住物体的一部分拉拉看。例如:
One man pulled the jinrikisha, and the other pulled at the rope.一个人拉人力车,另一个人拉缆绳。
pull oneself together, pull together
这两个短语的区别是:前者的意思是“控制感情”“振作精神”; 后者的意思是“齐心协力”。
pull, hale, tow, tug
这组词都可表示“拖或拉”。其区别是:
pull最通俗最常用,指向上下左右任何一个方向拖或拉; hale指强拉或强拖某人,强调不顾及对方的反抗或不愿意; tow专指用绳子或链子等拖或拉本身没有动力或无法使用自身动力的东西; tug常指一阵阵地用力拖。例如:
He was haled into court.他被拖进法庭。
If you park your car here the police may tow it away.你要是把汽车停在这里,警察会把它拖走。
We tugged so hard that the rope broke.我们一用力把绳子给拉断了。
pull, drag, draw
这三个词的共同意思是“拉,拖”。其区别是:
首先, draw和pull都指拉向动作者,而drag则指拖向另一地; 其次, drag所拖之物一般较重, pull多为一时突然的动作,而draw则显得从容。例如:
  • He drew me to himself.
  • 他把我拉到他身边。
  • He dragged the piano to the corner of the room.
  • 他使劲地把钢琴拖向房间的角落。
  • He pulled the door open and rushed out.
  • 他把门拉开,冲了出去。
下面两句意思相同:
  • Don't pull the cat's tail.
  • Don't pull the cat by the tail.
  • 别扯猫的尾巴。
drag draw pull haul tug tow jerk
这些动词都有“拖、拉”之意。
  • drag:drag指沿斜坡而上或水平方向缓慢地拖或拉十分沉重的人或物。作借喻时可指把人硬拉过来。
  • draw:draw指将人或物朝出力者的方向拖,不涉及力的大小,含平稳意味,常作借喻用。
  • pull:pull最普通用词,包含本组其它各词的一些意思,可指朝各个方向拉,侧重一时或突然拉动的动作。
  • haul:haul指用力拖或拉,不涉及方向,多作航海用词。
  • tug:tug多指一阵阵地用力拖或拉,但不一定使被拉的人或物移动。
  • tow:tow特指用绳子或链条等拖或拉本身无动力或无法使用自身动力的东西。
  • jerk:jerk指快而突然地拉。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的pullain,意为猛拉,拉出。

pull的相关资料:

正版词典

pull : 牵拉 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
pull : 拖;拉;扯 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • pull:pull v. 拉, 拖, 拔n. 拉, 拖, 拉力, 牵引力 英英解释:名词pull:1. the act of pulling; applying force to move something…

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