do

  基本词汇  
[du:]     [du]    
  • v.做;干
  • n.注意事项;<非正式>聚会;<古>事情
do's did done doing does
new

do是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 做,干,办
  2. 学习
  3. 算出
  4. 解答
  5. 适用,合用,适合,适宜,适当
  6. 游览
  7. 足够
  8. 制作
  9. 翻译
  10. 杀死,干掉
  11. 自杀
  12. 扣上
  13. 行动,进行,实行
  14. 行事,举止,表现,行为
  15. 从事(工作)
  16. 完成,做完,完结,结束,终止
  17. 代替动词
  18. 给予
  19. 扮演,演出
  20. 料理,处理
  21. 写,画
  22. 攻读
  23. 发生
  24. 进展
  25. 研究
  26. 生长
  27. 积极做工作,劳动,干活
  28. 过活,生活,相处
n.(名词)
  1. 【音】C大调音阶中的第一音
  2. 要求
  3. 规定,规则
  4. 该做的事,要求做到的事
  5. 社交活动,社交聚会,宴会,聚会,庆祝会
  6. 骗局,欺骗
  7. 骚动
  8. 注意事项
  9. 交战
  10. 处置
  11. 行动
  12. 事件,事情
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =Defense Order 防御命令
aux.(助动词)
  1. do的助动词用法
  2. 用于实义动词前构成否定句和疑问句
  3. 代替实义动词以避免重复
  4. 句中无其他助动词时,用以加强语气
  5. 副词移置句首时,用以改变主语和动词的语序

双解释义

aux.(助动词)
  1. (构成疑问句和否定句) a helping verb, as in
  2. (代替动词) in place of another verb, as in
  3. (用于加强语气) a helping verb, to strengthen or support another verb, as in
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 做,从事 perform the actions that are necessary in order to complete sth or bring it into a desired state
  2. vt. 整理; 使整洁 put in order; cause to tidy; cause to clear away
  3. vt. 烹调,烧,煮 cook dishes
  4. vt. 学习,研究 study; learn
  5. vt. 算出,解答 calculate; reckon; compute
  6. vt. 行过,走过,游览 visit; have a look around
  7. vt. 引起,产生 give rise to; bring about; emerge; come into being
  8. vi. 行,足够 be enough or suitable

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
do : 干, 做, 执 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
do : 做, 制作, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an uproarious party

  2. the syllable naming the first (tonic) note of any major scale in solmization

  3. doctor's degree in osteopathy

Verb:
  1. engage in;

    "make love, not war"
    "make an effort"
    "do research"
    "do nothing"
    "make revolution"

  2. carry out or perform an action;

    "John did the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters"
    "the skater executed a triple pirouette"
    "she did a little dance"

  3. get (something) done;

    "I did my job"

  4. proceed or get along;

    "How is she doing in her new job?"
    "How are you making out in graduate school?"
    "He's come a long way"

  5. give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally;

    "cause a commotion"
    "make a stir"
    "cause an accident"

  6. carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions;

    "practice law"

  7. be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;

    "A few words would answer"
    "This car suits my purpose well"
    "Will $100 do?"
    "A 'B' grade doesn't suffice to get me into medical school"
    "Nothing else will serve"

  8. create or design, often in a certain way;

    "Do my room in blue"
    "I did this piece in wood to express my love for the forest"

  9. behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;

    "You should act like an adult"
    "Don't behave like a fool"
    "What makes her do this way?"
    "The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"

  10. spend time in prison or in a labor camp;

    "He did six years for embezzlement"

  11. carry on or function;

    "We could do with a little more help around here"

  12. arrange attractively;

    "dress my hair for the wedding"

  13. travel or traverse (a distance);

    "This car does 150 miles per hour"
    "We did 6 miles on our hike every day"

do的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He is doing his homework.
    他正在做他的家庭作业。
  2. Do what I tell you.
    按照我告诉你的去做。
  3. To tell you the truth, I hate to do it.
    老实告诉你,我不愿意做这事。
  4. He did little work that day.
    那天他没有干什么工作。
  5. Take your time and do it well.
    你要抓紧时间,干得干脆利索。

常见句型

用作助动词 (aux.)
  1. Do you know him?
    你认识他吗?
  2. I didn't think.
    我没有想过。
  3. “I don't like Mozart.”“Nor do I.”
    “我不喜欢莫扎特的作品。”“我也不喜欢。”
  4. Does she have a bike?(AmE)〔=Has she a bike?(BrE)〕
    她有自行车吗?
  5. Sorry,I don't have any whisky.
    对不起,我没有威士忌。
  6. Do you have time for a drink?
    你有空喝一杯吗?
  7. Doesn't she understand?〔=Does she not understand?〕
    她不明白吗?
  8. I do think so.
    我的确是这样想的。
  9. I did come.
    我的确来过。
  10. Do not tell a lie.
    莫撒谎。
  11. Please do be quite.
    务请肃静。
  12. Do you wait for me.
    请等我。
  13. Telling lies does not pay.
    撒谎不用学。
  14. Do come.
    一定要来。
  15. Do be honest.
    一定要诚实。
  16. Do be on time.
    一定要准时。
  17. I knew he would help us, and he did.
    我知道他会帮助我们的,他确实这样做了。
  18. He got there earlier than we did.
    他到得比我们早。
  19. Does he know I'm here?”“Yes, he does.”
    “他知道我在这儿吗?”“他知道。”
  20. Does he come every day?”“He does (so).”
    “他每天都来吗?”“他每天都来。”
  21. What (did) he tell you?
    他告诉了你什么事?
  22. (Do you) Like it?
    (你)喜欢它吗?
  23. Why (does she) not buy one?
    (她)为什么不买一个?
  24. Never did he break his promise.
    他从不失约。
  25. I never did like her.
    我的确从来没有喜欢过她。
  26. At no time did he lose his self-control.
    他从来没有失去过自制力。
  27. Only then did he realize that he had been wrong.
    这时他才知道他错了。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Vegetables do well here.
    这里蔬菜长势好。
  2. The fruit trees are all doing well.
    果树长得不错。
  3. You've done very well.
    你做得挺不错。
  4. He is doing very well at school.
    他在学校学习很好。
  5. Mother is doing well after the operation, thank you.
    谢谢(你的关心),我母亲手术以后情况良好。
  6. How do you do?
    您好!
  7. When in Rome do as the Romans do.
    入乡随俗。
  8. That will do!
    行了,够了。
  9. This small one will do.
    这个小的就行了。
  10. It would never do to neglect official obligations.
    玩忽职守是绝对不行的。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. This room will do me quite well.
    这个房间对我很合适。
  2. Will this spanner do you?
    这个扳手你用着行吗?
  3. The boy is going to do something really big and worth-while this summer.
    这个孩子在暑假要做一件了不起的大事。
  4. She never did evil〔ill, wrong〕.
    她从来没做坏事。
  5. None of us care whether they do right or wrong, good or harm.
    我们中没有人关心他们做的是对还是错,是好还是坏。
  6. He does nothing but eat and drink.
    他除了吃喝之外,什么也没做。
  7. You've done a good job.
    你做得挺不错。
  8. That's the way we'll do it.
    我们就这样做。
  9. I have to do ten copies.
    我得复制十份。
  10. She does her lessons well.
    她学习很好。
  11. I'm quite sure they were doing the same problem.
    我敢肯定他们解决的是同一问题。
  12. She is doing the room.
    她正在整理房间。
  13. Who is doing the dishes?
    谁在洗盘子?
  14. When I went into the room I saw her doing the flowers.
    我进屋时看见她正在插花。
  15. Go and do your hair.
    去梳梳你的头发。
  16. Have you done your teeth?
    你刷牙了吗?
  17. He did cook and did host.
    他设宴以款待客人。
  18. We did the journey in six hours.
    我们在六小时之内走完了这段旅程。
  19. I did the travel.
    我旅行去了。
  20. John's brother has done an excellent article.
    约翰的弟弟写了一篇精彩的文章。
  21. When do you usually do your homework?
    你通常什么时间做家庭作业?
  22. We did the city in three days.
    我们花了三天时间游览了这个城市。
  23. Hard work does wonders.
    努力工作会取得惊人的成就。
  24. She did a great deed.
    她做了一件大事情。
  25. She does her bit splendidly.
    她圆满地做完了她那份工作。
  26. If you do your best, you will succeed.
    假如你尽力做,你就会成功。
  27. Nevertheless, we should do our best to avoid unnecessary sacrifices.
    不过,我们应当尽量减少那些不必要的牺牲。
  28. This evening I'll stay at home and do some reading.
    今晚我要呆在家里看点书。
  29. I did a lot of running when I was young.
    我年轻时经常跑步。
  30. Are you going to do your brother's washing as well?
    你还要给你弟弟洗衣服吗?
  31. She's doing her knitting.
    她正在打毛线。
  32. 用于be ~ed 结构
  33. A lot of work has been done this year.
    今年做了很多工作。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Will you do me a favor?
    你帮我一下忙好吗?
  2. Mary has done you a great kindness.
    玛丽帮了你一个大忙。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. John has done a good turn to me.
    约翰为我做了一件好事。
  2. I will do a translation to you.
    我愿替你翻译。
  3. Can I do anything to you?
    我能帮你什么忙?
  4. You must do your duty to your country.
    你必须对你的国家尽自己的职责。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
do as (v.+prep.)
  1. 对…适合 be enough or suitable do as sb/sth

    These shoes won't do as mountain climbing.这些鞋不适宜爬山。

    He won't do as a teacher.他不适于当老师。

do away with (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 废除,消灭,去掉 abolish do away with sb/sth

    That city has decided to do away with overhead wires.那个城市决定取消架在空中的电线。

    They did away with the law.他们废除了这项法律。

    We must do away with illiteracy.我们必须扫除文盲。

do for (v.+prep.)
  1. 对…有效,适合 be enough or suitable

    This place would do for a workshop. 这个地方适合作车间。

    This box will do for a chair. 这个箱子可以当椅子用。

  2. 照料,照应,帮助 look after; help

    Mrs. Smith has done for her by a neighbor. 史密斯夫人生病期间由一位邻居照顾她。

  3. 毁掉,完蛋,累坏 destroy; exterminate

    He received a savage blow on the head, that did for him. 他头上遭到一记猛击,就完蛋了。

    The severe storm did for most of the crops. 猛烈的暴风雨毁掉了大部分庄稼。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Once he is unemployed, he is done for. 他一旦失业就完蛋了。

do good (v.+n.)
  1. 参见good条。
do in (v.+adv.)
  1. 杀害; 搞垮; 损坏; 累垮 kill; spoil

    They were professional killers who did in John. 杀死约翰的这些人是职业杀手。

    The tropical climate did us in. 热带气候使我们都吃不消了。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    We were completely done in after the long climb. 长时间爬山以后,我们都累垮了。

  2. 欺骗 deceive

    You'd better watch out, or you'll be getting done in. 你还是当心点好,不然你会上当受骗。

  3. 花光 spend out

    Now he's done his money in. 现在他把钱花光了。

do into (v.+prep.)
  1. 改写; 翻译 draft; translate do sth into sth

    Can you do this poem into prose?你能把这首诗改写成散文吗?

    Please do this passage into Chinese.请把这一段译成汉语。

do out (v.+adv.)
  1. 打扫,收拾 clear away

    She did out the bathroom with lots of soap and hot water. 她用了大量肥皂和热水打扫浴室。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The yard needs to be done out thoroughly. 院子需要彻底收拾。

  2. 粉刷,油漆,装饰(房间) decorate; adorn; ornament

    Will you help me to do out the room on Sunday? 你星期天来帮我粉刷房间好吗?

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The bedroom has been beautifully done out. 卧室装饰得漂亮极了。

do out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 骗走 deceive do sb out of sth

    The shopkeeper did me out of 1000 dollar店主骗了我一千美元。

do over (v.+adv.)
  1. 重做,改做,重新布置(房间) do again; repeat do sth ⇔ over

    Please do that exercise over again.请重做那个练习。

    The landlord is doing my apartment over.房东正在翻修我的房子。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The room was done over in traditional style.这个房间是按传统风格重新布置的。

do to (v.+prep.)
  1. 对待,处置 treat; deal with

    What harm have I ever done to you? 我哪点伤害你了?

    Look, what the thief did to the furniture! 看,小偷把家具糟蹋成什么样子了!

  2. 给予,带来 give; take; bring about

    The book did credit to the writer. 这本书给作者带来了声誉。

    The frost did much damage to the crops. 霜冻使农作物受到很大的损害。

    We did the last honors to his remains. 我们向他的遗体告别。

do up (v.+adv.)
  1. 包扎,捆bind; bundle up

    Do up these papers and send them to Head Office. 把这些文件包好,送到总公司。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The goods are done up in bundles for shipment. 货物已打包以备装船。

  2. 扣,系紧 tie up

    You've done your buttons up the wrong way. 你把扣子扣错了。

    Will you do my dress up at the back, please? 请替我把衣服背后扣好,好吗?

  3. 整修,修缮,修饰 decorate; adorn

    Mary was doing up her hat. 玛丽在修饰她的帽子。

    We shall have to do up the house next spring. 我们必须在明年春天整修房子。

  4. 打扮,梳理头发 dress; comb out one's hair

    Natalie has done herself up for the party. 纳塔莉已打扮好准备赴宴。

    Mabel did her hair up before taking a shower. 梅布尔在淋浴前整理了头发。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The waitresses are all done up in costumes. 女服务生都穿着制服。

    All the children were done up in their Sunday best. 所有的孩子都穿着节日服装。

  5. 使累垮,使极疲劳; 使破产; 使完蛋 (make) tired; fatigued; weary

    This formal talk with the manager had done him up. 他和经理的这次正式谈话弄得他十分疲劳。

    The inflation did the corporation up. 通货膨胀使这个公司破产了。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    They were done up after the journey. 经过这次旅行他们都筋疲力尽了。

do with (v.+prep.)
  1. 忍受,满足于 bear; endure

    If the usual team is unable to come, we shall have to do with other players. 如果经常出场的队不能来的话,我们只好找其他队员上场。

    If we can't afford beef, we have to do with pork. 如果我们买不起牛肉,猪肉也行。

    He couldn't do with waiting any longer, so he left. 他等不下去,所以走了。

    You must do with what you've got. 你必须(对已有的条件)感到满足。

  2. 处置,对待,对付(某人) treat; deal with

    Everyone does well with him. 每个人对他很好。

    What shall we do with the drunken sailor? 我们怎么处置这个喝醉的水手?

    What shall we do with the left-over? 这些剩菜怎么处理?

    What did you do with yourself during the summer holidays? 暑假你是怎样度过的?

    I don't know what to do with it. 我不知道这件事该怎么处理。

    The boys didn't know what to do with themselves after school ended. 男孩们不知道放学后该做些什么。

  3. 需要,想要,有理由占有(某物) need; possess sth to have reason

    I could do with a bath. 我想洗个澡。

    This car could do with a good polish. 这部车需要好好擦一擦。

  4. 与…有关 be mutually related with

    I am not involved in it; it has nothing to do with me. 我与这事没有牵连; 它与我无关。

    I'm interested in anything to do with music. 凡与音乐有关的事我都感兴趣。

  5. 控制(自己) control (oneself)

    The children didn't know what to do with themselves as Christmas drew near. 圣诞节即将到来,孩子们坐立不安了。

  6. 读完 read finishedly

    Tom keeps asking me for an opinion on his book so I'd better read it and have done with it. 汤姆一再就他那本书征求我的意见,所以我最好把它读完。

  7. 与…相处 treat; deal with

    It is difficult to do with her. 和她相处不易。

    Don't you find him difficult to do with? 你没有发现他难以相处吗?

do without (v.+prep.)
  1. 没有…也行,将就,用不着 be enough or suitable; not need do without sb/sth

    I can do without your advice.我不需要你的忠告。

    We shall do without a holiday this summer.今年夏天我们不能有假日了。

    No one can do without sleep for very long.谁也不能很久不睡觉。

    do without sb v-ing

    We can certainly do without John poking his nose in every five minutes.我们当然不需要约翰每隔五分钟就来干扰我们一下。

    Mother says she could do without the children making so much noise.母亲说她受不了孩子们的大声吵闹。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
  • do about 就…采取行动〔措施〕
  • do at business 经商
  • do by 待(人),以某种态度对待〔对付〕
  • do for 替…理家,替…打扫,使毁灭,帮助,对…有效,代替,适于
  • do into 把…译成
  • do to 给予,加以,伤害
  • do with 处理,忍受,和…相处,和…有关

经典引文

  • It's probable the Kirk has done their doo.

    出自:O. Cromwell
  • If I would not tell where I had done him.

    出自:J. Foxe
  • He did him in his will.

    出自:William Stewart

do的详细讲解:

词语用法

aux.(助动词)
  1. do用来构成一般现在时和一般过去时的疑问或否定式,其后要跟原形动词。在问句中, do在语法上是需要的,但习惯上可以省略(有时含主语),特别在口语中。
  2. 当句中有never, seldom, hardly, scarcely, little等否定副词时,可将这类副词移至句首以加强语气,且将其置于do前表示强调,此时为倒装结构中的一种。
  3. 句中有动词have时,是否用do英美语不同,美式英语倾向于用do。
  4. 在否定疑问句中,若采用do not的缩略式, don't位于主语之前; 若采用非缩略式, not则应位于主语之后。
  5. do用于祈使句中表示命令、邀请、劝告或说明时要重读。
  6. do还可用作替代动词,使语言简练。do so用来表达同一主语前面已做的或已提到的动作,动词所涉及的宾语和状语也可用do it或do that代替; do that比do it语气强些, it在句中不重读,但that要重读; 在表示心理、情感或无意识行为的状态动词(如drink, like, fail等)时一般不用do so。
v.(动词)
  1. do用作及物动词时基本意思是“做”“从事”,接不同名词可表示多种动作,如“写”“画”“创作(作品)”“演出”,以及“整理(打扫、洗、刷、梳)”“学习,研究(翻译、解答、计算)”“烹调(烧、煮)”“行走,走过”“引起,产生”等。
  2. do用作及物动词时可接名词、代词、动名词、从句作宾语,也可接同源宾语; 还可接双宾语(其间接宾语可以转化为介词to的宾语)。
  3. do接动名词表示“做需要一段时间的活动或重复进行的活动”。
  4. do用作不及物动词时基本意思是“做,行动”,引申可表示“发生”“进行”; 也可表示生活、工作等方面“进展情况”(其后常跟表示好或坏的副词); 还可表示“行,够 ”,指某事物是否符合需要或可行。
  5. do的过去分词done可用作形容词,在句中作表语,表示“完成〔做好〕某件事情”,也常与介词with连用,表示“结束某件事情”。在口语或谚语中done还可作为省略结构用于被动式,使语言更加简练。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
do, accomplish, perform
这组词均有“执行”“实行”的意思。其区别在于:do是通俗用词,可以指进行各种活动; accomplish指很成功地完成所预期达到的目的; perform是个正式、庄重的用词,特指自始至终地把一件事做完,常含有经常活动之意。 例如:
I did the room up yesterday.我昨天把房间打扫过了。
Society enabled them to accomplish difficult enterprises.社团使他们能够完成艰难的事业。
do, make, manufacture, produce
这四个词的共同意思是“制造,生产”。其区别是:
make是普通用语,可指任何物品的制作、制造、生产、加工; manufacture通常指较大规模、较大批量的生产、加工、制作; produce着重强调生产情况及产量,不强调生产过程及规模; 当做某事或进行某活动,又不知是什么具体内容时,用do来表示,当说到工作时,一般情况下用do。例如:
This firm manufactures cars.这家公司制造汽车。
They make over 250 cars a week.他们一星期制造250辆汽车。
What are they doing?他们在做什么?
I'm going to do my work.我将做我的工作。
do with, deal with, have done with
这组短语都有“处理”的意思。前两个短语的区别在于前者中的do是及物动词,有宾语; 后者中的deal是不及物动词,其后不能接宾语; 而have done with的意思是“不再做某事”“和…不往来”“把…做完”。
do away with, abolish, cancel, omit, repeal
这组词都有“废除,取消”的意思。其区别是:
1.从搭配上说:abolish常用于旧的法律、规章、风俗、习惯或社会制度等; cancel常用于契约、合同、特许、约束、义务、个人债务、安排、计划、会议、假期、约会、证书等; do away with常用于去掉某种习惯,免去客套,停止某种活动等; omit一般用于字、词、句等方面; repeal 通常用于法律法规。
2.从意思上说:abolish强调彻底废除; cancel指令其失去效力或取消已有的安排; repeal强调立法机关自己废止或者通过公民投票的方式废止。
3.从用法上说:do away with是不可分性习语; abolish, cancel, omit, repeal都是及物动词,接简单宾语, omit常用于被动语态, cancel有时还可用作不及物动词。
perform conduct do execute fulfil
这些动词均含“做、执行、实施、完成”之意。
  • perform:perform指完成困难较大、较复杂的任务,较正式用词。
  • conduct:conduct>和perform一样比较正式,二者意义相近,但conduct含指导、领导或监督等意味。
  • do:do最普通常用词,指完成某项具体工作、任务,也指完成某种行为或动作。
  • execute:execute指需专门技术、熟练技巧去完成某种复杂的任务或表演等,也指用行动把计划或打算付诸实施或执行某项命令。
  • fulfil:fulfil指履行和实现所许诺的、所期望或要求的事情,含最终完成的意味。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英的语do,最初源自古英的语don,意为制作,放置。

do的相关资料:

正版词典

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