- =Defense Order 防御命令
- (构成疑问句和否定句) a helping verb, as in
- (代替动词) in place of another verb, as in
- (用于加强语气) a helping verb, to strengthen or support another verb, as in
- vt. & vi. 做,从事 perform the actions that are necessary in order to complete sth or bring it into a desired state
- vt. 整理; 使整洁 put in order; cause to tidy; cause to clear away
- vt. 烹调,烧,煮 cook dishes
- vt. 学习,研究 study; learn
- vt. 算出,解答 calculate; reckon; compute
- vt. 行过,走过,游览 visit; have a look around
- vt. 引起,产生 give rise to; bring about; emerge; come into being
- vi. 行,足够 be enough or suitable
- an uproarious party
- the syllable naming the first (tonic) note of any major scale in solmization
- doctor's degree in osteopathy
- engage in;
"make love, not war"
"make an effort"
- carry out or perform an action;
"John did the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters"
"the skater executed a triple pirouette"
"she did a little dance"
- get (something) done;
"I did my job"
- proceed or get along;
"How is she doing in her new job?"
"How are you making out in graduate school?"
"He's come a long way"
- give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally;
"cause a commotion"
"make a stir"
"cause an accident"
- carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions;
- be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;
"A few words would answer"
"This car suits my purpose well"
"Will $100 do?"
"A 'B' grade doesn't suffice to get me into medical school"
"Nothing else will serve"
- create or design, often in a certain way;
"Do my room in blue"
"I did this piece in wood to express my love for the forest"
- behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;
"You should act like an adult"
"Don't behave like a fool"
"What makes her do this way?"
"The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"
- spend time in prison or in a labor camp;
"He did six years for embezzlement"
- carry on or function;
"We could do with a little more help around here"
- arrange attractively;
"dress my hair for the wedding"
- travel or traverse (a distance);
"This car does 150 miles per hour"
"We did 6 miles on our hike every day"
- He is doing his homework.
- Do what I tell you.
- To tell you the truth, I hate to do it.
- He did little work that day.
- Take your time and do it well.
Do you know him?
I didn't think.
“I don't like Mozart.”“Nor do I.”
Does she have a bike?(AmE)〔=Has she a bike?(BrE)〕
Sorry,I don't have any whisky.
Do you have time for a drink?
Doesn't she understand?〔=Does she not understand?〕
I do think so.
I did come.
Do not tell a lie.
Please do be quite.
Do you wait for me.
Telling lies does not pay.
Do be honest.
Do be on time.
I knew he would help us, and he did.
He got there earlier than we did.
“Does he know I'm here?”“Yes, he does.”
“Does he come every day?”“He does (so).”
What (did) he tell you?
(Do you) Like it?
Why (does she) not buy one?
Never did he break his promise.
I never did like her.
At no time did he lose his self-control.
Only then did he realize that he had been wrong.
Vegetables do well here.
The fruit trees are all doing well.
You've done very well.
He is doing very well at school.
Mother is doing well after the operation, thank you.
How do you do?
When in Rome do as the Romans do.
That will do!
This small one will do.
It would never do to neglect official obligations.
This room will do me quite well.
Will this spanner do you?
The boy is going to do something really big and worth-while this summer.
She never did evil〔ill, wrong〕.
None of us care whether they do right or wrong, good or harm.
He does nothing but eat and drink.
You've done a good job.
That's the way we'll do it.
I have to do ten copies.
She does her lessons well.
I'm quite sure they were doing the same problem.
She is doing the room.
Who is doing the dishes?
When I went into the room I saw her doing the flowers.
Go and do your hair.
Have you done your teeth?
He did cook and did host.
We did the journey in six hours.
I did the travel.
John's brother has done an excellent article.
When do you usually do your homework?
We did the city in three days.
Hard work does wonders.
She did a great deed.
She does her bit splendidly.
If you do your best, you will succeed.
Nevertheless, we should do our best to avoid unnecessary sacrifices.
This evening I'll stay at home and do some reading.
I did a lot of running when I was young.
Are you going to do your brother's washing as well?
She's doing her knitting.
用于be ~ed 结构
A lot of work has been done this year.
Will you do me a favor?
Mary has done you a great kindness.
John has done a good turn to me.
I will do a translation to you.
Can I do anything to you?
You must do your duty to your country.
- do as (v.+prep.)
对…适合 be enough or suitable do as sb/sth
These shoes won't do as mountain climbing.这些鞋不适宜爬山。
He won't do as a teacher.他不适于当老师。
- 对…适合 be enough or suitable do as sb/sth
- do away with (v.+adv.+prep.)
废除,消灭,去掉 abolish do away with sb/sth
That city has decided to do away with overhead wires.那个城市决定取消架在空中的电线。
They did away with the law.他们废除了这项法律。
We must do away with illiteracy.我们必须扫除文盲。
- 废除,消灭,去掉 abolish do away with sb/sth
- do for (v.+prep.)
对…有效,适合 be enough or suitable
This place would do for a workshop. 这个地方适合作车间。
This box will do for a chair. 这个箱子可以当椅子用。
照料,照应,帮助 look after; help
Mrs. Smith has done for her by a neighbor. 史密斯夫人生病期间由一位邻居照顾她。
毁掉,完蛋,累坏 destroy; exterminate
He received a savage blow on the head, that did for him. 他头上遭到一记猛击,就完蛋了。
The severe storm did for most of the crops. 猛烈的暴风雨毁掉了大部分庄稼。
◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构
Once he is unemployed, he is done for. 他一旦失业就完蛋了。
- 对…有效,适合 be enough or suitable
- do good (v.+n.)
- do in (v.+adv.)
杀害; 搞垮; 损坏; 累垮 kill; spoil
They were professional killers who did in John. 杀死约翰的这些人是职业杀手。
The tropical climate did us in. 热带气候使我们都吃不消了。
◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构
We were completely done in after the long climb. 长时间爬山以后,我们都累垮了。
You'd better watch out, or you'll be getting done in. 你还是当心点好,不然你会上当受骗。
花光 spend out
Now he's done his money in. 现在他把钱花光了。
- 杀害; 搞垮; 损坏; 累垮 kill; spoil
- do into (v.+prep.)
改写; 翻译 draft; translate do sth into sth
Can you do this poem into prose?你能把这首诗改写成散文吗?
Please do this passage into Chinese.请把这一段译成汉语。
- 改写; 翻译 draft; translate do sth into sth
- do out (v.+adv.)
打扫,收拾 clear away
She did out the bathroom with lots of soap and hot water. 她用了大量肥皂和热水打扫浴室。
◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构
The yard needs to be done out thoroughly. 院子需要彻底收拾。
粉刷,油漆,装饰(房间) decorate; adorn; ornament
Will you help me to do out the room on Sunday? 你星期天来帮我粉刷房间好吗?
◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构
The bedroom has been beautifully done out. 卧室装饰得漂亮极了。
- 打扫,收拾 clear away
- do out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
骗走 deceive do sb out of sth
The shopkeeper did me out of 1000 dollar店主骗了我一千美元。
- 骗走 deceive do sb out of sth
- do over (v.+adv.)
重做,改做,重新布置(房间) do again; repeat do sth ⇔ over
Please do that exercise over again.请重做那个练习。
The landlord is doing my apartment over.房东正在翻修我的房子。用于 be ~ed 结构
The room was done over in traditional style.这个房间是按传统风格重新布置的。
- 重做,改做,重新布置(房间) do again; repeat do sth ⇔ over
- do to (v.+prep.)
对待,处置 treat; deal with
What harm have I ever done to you? 我哪点伤害你了?
Look, what the thief did to the furniture! 看,小偷把家具糟蹋成什么样子了!
给予,带来 give; take; bring about
The book did credit to the writer. 这本书给作者带来了声誉。
The frost did much damage to the crops. 霜冻使农作物受到很大的损害。
We did the last honors to his remains. 我们向他的遗体告别。
- 对待,处置 treat; deal with
- do up (v.+adv.)
包扎,捆bind; bundle up
Do up these papers and send them to Head Office. 把这些文件包好,送到总公司。
◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构
The goods are done up in bundles for shipment. 货物已打包以备装船。
扣,系紧 tie up
You've done your buttons up the wrong way. 你把扣子扣错了。
Will you do my dress up at the back, please? 请替我把衣服背后扣好,好吗?
整修,修缮,修饰 decorate; adorn
Mary was doing up her hat. 玛丽在修饰她的帽子。
We shall have to do up the house next spring. 我们必须在明年春天整修房子。
打扮,梳理头发 dress; comb out one's hair
Natalie has done herself up for the party. 纳塔莉已打扮好准备赴宴。
Mabel did her hair up before taking a shower. 梅布尔在淋浴前整理了头发。
◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构
The waitresses are all done up in costumes. 女服务生都穿着制服。
All the children were done up in their Sunday best. 所有的孩子都穿着节日服装。
使累垮,使极疲劳; 使破产; 使完蛋 (make) tired; fatigued; weary
This formal talk with the manager had done him up. 他和经理的这次正式谈话弄得他十分疲劳。
The inflation did the corporation up. 通货膨胀使这个公司破产了。
◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构
They were done up after the journey. 经过这次旅行他们都筋疲力尽了。
- 包扎,捆bind; bundle up
- do with (v.+prep.)
忍受,满足于 bear; endure
If the usual team is unable to come, we shall have to do with other players. 如果经常出场的队不能来的话,我们只好找其他队员上场。
If we can't afford beef, we have to do with pork. 如果我们买不起牛肉,猪肉也行。
He couldn't do with waiting any longer, so he left. 他等不下去,所以走了。
You must do with what you've got. 你必须(对已有的条件)感到满足。
处置,对待,对付(某人) treat; deal with
Everyone does well with him. 每个人对他很好。
What shall we do with the drunken sailor? 我们怎么处置这个喝醉的水手?
What shall we do with the left-over? 这些剩菜怎么处理?
What did you do with yourself during the summer holidays? 暑假你是怎样度过的?
I don't know what to do with it. 我不知道这件事该怎么处理。
The boys didn't know what to do with themselves after school ended. 男孩们不知道放学后该做些什么。
需要,想要,有理由占有(某物) need; possess sth to have reason
I could do with a bath. 我想洗个澡。
This car could do with a good polish. 这部车需要好好擦一擦。
与…有关 be mutually related with
I am not involved in it; it has nothing to do with me. 我与这事没有牵连; 它与我无关。
I'm interested in anything to do with music. 凡与音乐有关的事我都感兴趣。
控制(自己) control (oneself)
The children didn't know what to do with themselves as Christmas drew near. 圣诞节即将到来,孩子们坐立不安了。
读完 read finishedly
Tom keeps asking me for an opinion on his book so I'd better read it and have done with it. 汤姆一再就他那本书征求我的意见,所以我最好把它读完。
与…相处 treat; deal with
It is difficult to do with her. 和她相处不易。
Don't you find him difficult to do with? 你没有发现他难以相处吗?
- 忍受,满足于 bear; endure
- do without (v.+prep.)
没有…也行,将就,用不着 be enough or suitable; not need do without sb/sth
I can do without your advice.我不需要你的忠告。
We shall do without a holiday this summer.今年夏天我们不能有假日了。
No one can do without sleep for very long.谁也不能很久不睡觉。do without sb v-ing
We can certainly do without John poking his nose in every five minutes.我们当然不需要约翰每隔五分钟就来干扰我们一下。
Mother says she could do without the children making so much noise.母亲说她受不了孩子们的大声吵闹。
- 没有…也行,将就,用不着 be enough or suitable; not need do without sb/sth
It's probable the Kirk has done their doo.出自：O. Cromwell
If I would not tell where I had done him.出自：J. Foxe
He did him in his will.出自：William Stewart
- do用来构成一般现在时和一般过去时的疑问或否定式,其后要跟原形动词。在问句中, do在语法上是需要的,但习惯上可以省略(有时含主语),特别在口语中。
- 当句中有never, seldom, hardly, scarcely, little等否定副词时,可将这类副词移至句首以加强语气,且将其置于do前表示强调,此时为倒装结构中的一种。
- 在否定疑问句中,若采用do not的缩略式, don't位于主语之前; 若采用非缩略式, not则应位于主语之后。
- do还可用作替代动词,使语言简练。do so用来表达同一主语前面已做的或已提到的动作,动词所涉及的宾语和状语也可用do it或do that代替; do that比do it语气强些, it在句中不重读,但that要重读; 在表示心理、情感或无意识行为的状态动词(如drink, like, fail等)时一般不用do so。
- do用作及物动词时可接名词、代词、动名词、从句作宾语,也可接同源宾语; 还可接双宾语(其间接宾语可以转化为介词to的宾语)。
- do用作不及物动词时基本意思是“做,行动”,引申可表示“发生”“进行”; 也可表示生活、工作等方面“进展情况”(其后常跟表示好或坏的副词); 还可表示“行,够 ”,指某事物是否符合需要或可行。
- do, accomplish, perform
这组词均有“执行”“实行”的意思。其区别在于：do是通俗用词,可以指进行各种活动; accomplish指很成功地完成所预期达到的目的; perform是个正式、庄重的用词,特指自始至终地把一件事做完,常含有经常活动之意。 例如:I did the room up yesterday.我昨天把房间打扫过了。Society enabled them to accomplish difficult enterprises.社团使他们能够完成艰难的事业。
- do, make, manufacture, produce
这四个词的共同意思是“制造,生产”。其区别是：make是普通用语,可指任何物品的制作、制造、生产、加工; manufacture通常指较大规模、较大批量的生产、加工、制作; produce着重强调生产情况及产量,不强调生产过程及规模; 当做某事或进行某活动,又不知是什么具体内容时,用do来表示,当说到工作时,一般情况下用do。例如:This firm manufactures cars.这家公司制造汽车。They make over 250 cars a week.他们一星期制造250辆汽车。What are they doing?他们在做什么?I'm going to do my work.我将做我的工作。
- do with, deal with, have done with
这组短语都有“处理”的意思。前两个短语的区别在于前者中的do是及物动词,有宾语; 后者中的deal是不及物动词,其后不能接宾语; 而have done with的意思是“不再做某事”“和…不往来”“把…做完”。
- do away with, abolish, cancel, omit, repeal
这组词都有“废除,取消”的意思。其区别是：1.从搭配上说:abolish常用于旧的法律、规章、风俗、习惯或社会制度等; cancel常用于契约、合同、特许、约束、义务、个人债务、安排、计划、会议、假期、约会、证书等; do away with常用于去掉某种习惯,免去客套,停止某种活动等; omit一般用于字、词、句等方面; repeal 通常用于法律法规。2.从意思上说:abolish强调彻底废除; cancel指令其失去效力或取消已有的安排; repeal强调立法机关自己废止或者通过公民投票的方式废止。3.从用法上说:do away with是不可分性习语; abolish, cancel, omit, repeal都是及物动词,接简单宾语, omit常用于被动语态, cancel有时还可用作不及物动词。
- ☆ 直接源自中古英的语do，最初源自古英的语don，意为制作，放置。
- do:DO abbr.1. =Defense Order 防御命令do1KK: 【】DJ: 【】 助动词do 的用法：1）构成一般疑问句，例如： Do you want to pass the CET?你…