pledge

  核心词汇  
[pledʒ]     [pledʒ]    
  • vt. 发誓;保证;以 ... 抵押;向 ... 祝酒
  • n. 保证;抵押;誓言;抵押品
pledged pledged pledging pledges
new

pledge的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 保证,证明
  2. 誓约,诺言,誓言
  3. 抵押,典当
  4. 信物
  5. 祝酒
  6. 抵押品
  7. 立誓加入秘密社团的人
  8. 祝愿
  9. 戒酒誓愿,戒酒的誓约
  10. 干杯
  11. 公约
  12. 宣誓入会者
  13. 【律】抵押权
  14. 表示
  15. “信约”(是美国制造的扫雷舰)
v. (动词)
  1. (使)发誓,许诺,正式承诺
  2. 保证给予
  3. (使)保证
  4. 向…祝酒,为…祝愿 ,为...干杯,举杯祝…健康
  5. 使入会(作后补会员),使承诺入会
  6. 誓守
  7. 海誓山盟
  8. 用…抵押,以…典押
  9. 典当,抵押
  10. 宣誓参加美国大学生联谊会
  11. 以誓言约束

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]保证; 誓言 a solemn promise or agreement; vow
  2. [C]信物 thing given to sb as a sign of friendship, love, etc.
  3. [C]抵押品 sth valuable left sb else as proof that one will fulfil an agreement
v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 保证,许诺 give as security
  2. vt. & vi. 发誓 put in pawn; promise solemnly by pledge of

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a deposit of personal property as security for a debt;

    "his saxophone was in pledge"

  2. someone accepted for membership but not yet fully admitted to the group

  3. a drink in honor of or to the health of a person or event

  4. a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something;

    "an assurance of help when needed"
    "signed a pledge never to reveal the secret"

Verb:
  1. promise solemnly and formally;

    "I pledge that I will honor my wife"

  2. pay (an amount of money) as a contribution to a charity or service, especially at regular intervals;

    "I pledged $10 a month to my favorite radio station"

  3. propose a toast to;

    "Let us toast the birthday girl!"
    "Let's drink to the New Year"

  4. give as a guarantee;

    "I pledge my honor"

  5. bind or secure by a pledge;

    "I was pledged to silence"

pledge的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. They pledged never to tell the secret.
    他们发誓决不泄密。
  2. We all had to pledge allegiance to the flag.
    我们大家都得发誓忠于这面旗帜。
  3. She pledged her support to us.
    她保证支持我们。
  4. I pledge myself to fulfil the promise I have made.
    我保证实践自己的诺言。
  5. I think he'd pledged his fixed assets.
    我认为他抵押了他的固定资产。
  6. Many people came to pledge the bride and bridegroom.
    许多人过来向新娘和新郎祝酒.
用作名词 (n.)
  1. And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead.
    当我们行动时,我们必须保证勇往直前。
  2. She left her watch as a pledge with the taxi-diver.
    她把手表押在出租汽车司机那儿了。
  3. You are under pledge of secrecy.
    你已发过誓要保密。
  4. I'll die rather than forfeit my pledge to her.
    我宁可死也不愿背弃我对她的誓言。
  5. She left her watch as a pledge with the taxi-diver.
    她把手表押在出租汽车司机那儿了。
  6. Take this ring as a pledge of friendship.
    将这只戒指拿去作为友谊的信物吧。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The government should fulfill its pledge.
    政府应该履行其诺言。
  2. Take this ring as a pledge of our friendship.
    收下这枚戒指当作我们友谊的信物。
  3. She left her gold bracelet as a pledge.
    她留下她的金手镯作抵押品。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The old man is willing to pledge for him.
    那位老人愿意为他担保。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He pledged his honour.
    他以他的名誉作担保。
  2. I pledged my watch.
    我以手表作抵押。
  3. She pledged her word and kept it for my sake.
    她发誓为我保密。
  4. He pledged his support.
    他答应提供支援。
  5. The knights rose from the banquet table to pledge the King.
    众武士在宴席上起立举杯祝国王身体健康。
  6. Everyone at the table stood up and pledged the bride and bridegroom.
    在座的每个人起立举杯祝新娘和新郎健康。
  7. You have to pledge your word to spend the money in the most effective way.
    你们要保证最有效地使用这笔钱。
  8. They pledged their resolve to do still better in future.
    他们表示决心,以后要干得更好。
S+~+to- v
  1. He pledged never to come back until he had found her.
    他发誓找不到她就永远不回来。
  2. They pledged to learn from each other.
    他们保证互相学习。
  3. The government pledged to rehouse the refugees.
    政府许诺给难民提供新房子。
S+~+that-clause
  1. They pledged that they would carry out the instructions to the letter.
    他们保证不折不扣地执行这一指示。
  2. They have pledged that any details given to them will remain confidential.
    他们保证对向他们提供的任何细节保密。
  3. They have pledged that they will always remain faithful to each other.
    他们发誓他们将永远互相忠诚。
  4. He pledges that he would go by the rules.
    他发誓说他会遵守纪律的。
  5. He pledged that he would repay the debt within a month.
    他保证一个月内偿还债务。
  6. Every one on the dairy farm pledged that they would not spoil one pound of milk in the whole year.
    乳品农场的每个人都保证全年中不糟蹋一磅牛奶。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. I pledge you my words.
    我向你保证我说话算数。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. Each member of the club has pledged £10 to the collection.
    俱乐部每个成员都承诺捐款10英镑。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They pledged themselves not to bow before difficulties.
    他们保证绝不向困难低头。
  2. They pledged themselves never to tell the secret.
    他们发誓绝不将这秘密告诉别人。
  3. They pledged themselves to look into that problem as soon as possible.
    他们保证尽快调查那个问题。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
pledge allegiance to (v.+n.+prep.)
    宣誓忠于… promise solemnly to be loyal to (usually sth)
    pledge allegiance to sth

    We pledge allegiance to this flag.

    我们发誓忠于这面旗帜。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Each one being pledge for others good abearing.

    出自: N. Bacon
  • He's sold and pledged and mortgaged everything.

    出自: E. Huxley

pledge的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. pledge用作名词的基本意思是“保证,誓言”,也可作“信物”“抵押品”解,其后可接介词短语或动词不定式作定语,也可接that从句作同位语,从句中的谓语用虚拟语气, that有时可省略。
v. (动词)
  1. pledge的基本含义是“保证”“许诺”,指许诺做、给予或接受某事或某物,常用于表示以行动或言语作出庄严、正式的担保,如答应资助等。有时可译为“发誓”。pledge引申还可指“祝某人健康”。
  2. pledge可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词、动词不定式或由that引导的从句作宾语。还可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词to的宾语。有时还可以接动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
pledge, oath
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“誓言”。
  • 1.pledge指“诺言”或“保证”,是正式用语; oath指一种正式的许诺或保证,含有如违背誓言便要为其后果负责之意。
  • 2.pledge尤其用于指政府或政党的誓约、保证; oath则多用于法庭上的宣誓。
  • v. (动词)
    pledge, contract, covenant, engage, promise
  • 这组词都有“允诺”的意思。其区别是:
  • promise指作出口头或书面的许诺,但仅指主观意愿,并不暗示一定能实现或有实现的基础; engage指在正式或重大场合用誓言、条约等许下有约束力的诺言或作出可以信赖的保证,尤指订婚; pledge指用行动或言语作出庄严的许诺或正式保证; covenant指订立双方或多方共同遵守的协议; contract指订立慎重并且通常有法律效力的合同或协议。例如:
  • Our son is engaged to a nice young girl.我们的儿子已跟一位漂亮的女孩订了婚。
  • I covenant to pay 5000 pounds a year to help rebuild the college.我立约保证每年将付5000英镑帮助重建学院。
  • They have pledged that any detail given to them will remain confidential.他们已保证,给他们提供的任何细节将予以保密。
  • Many councils are contracting out services such as rubbish collection to private companies as a way of cutting costs.许多市政会把垃圾收集这样的服务项目包给私人公司以减少费用。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古法语的plege,意为人质,安全,保释金;最初源自法兰克语的plegan,意为保证。
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