supply

  核心词汇  
[sə'plaɪ]     [sə'plaɪ]    
  • n.供应;补给;贮备
  • vt.供应;提供;补充
supplier supplies supplied supplied supplying supplies
new

supply是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 供给,供应,补给
  2. 供应量,供给量
  3. 补给品,供应品,供给物
  4. 给养
  5. 存货,贮备,贮藏
  6. 生活用品,粮食,物资
  7. 军需
  8. 补充
  9. 代理者,代课教员,代理牧师
adj.(形容词)
  1. 供给的,供应的,补给的
  2. 代理的
v.(动词)
  1. 供给,供应,提供,补给
  2. 补充,填补,补足
  3. 满足(需要)
  4. 弥补(缺陷、损失等)
  5. 代替,代理,暂代,充任
  6. 暂代他人职务

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 供给,供应 provide sth; give things to a person for use
n.(名词)
  1. [U] 供给,供应,补给 supplying or being supplied
  2. [P] 供给之物,军需品,存货,现货 thing that is supplied; stock or store of things provided or available

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
supply : 供应, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
supply : 供应 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
supply : 供应, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
supply : 供给 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
supply : 供给 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
supply : 【经 ...
supply : 供应, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
supply : 补给, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
supply : 供给量;供 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
supply : 补植 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
supply : 供应;输送 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an amount of something available for use

  2. offering goods and services for sale

  3. the activity of supplying or providing something

Verb:
  1. give something useful or necessary to;

    "We provided the room with an electrical heater"

  2. circulate or distribute or equip with;

    "issue a new uniform to the children"
    "supply blankets for the beds"

  3. give what is desired or needed, especially support, food or sustenance;

    "The hostess provided lunch for all the guests"

  4. state or say further;

    "`It doesn't matter,' he supplied"

supply的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. They wrote off for a fresh supply of penicillin.
    他们发信要求再供应一批青霉素。
  2. Our wood supply proved insufficient.
    我们的木材供应证明是不够的。
  3. A tight blockade cut Napoleon's supply lines.
    严密的封锁切断了拿破仑的补给线。
  4. They are at the end of their food supply.
    他们的食物贮备已消耗殆尽。
  5. We need to lay up a good supply of feed if this winter's going to be like the last.
    如果今冬还像去年冬天那样,我们必须多贮备一些饲料。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. They wrote off for a fresh supply of penicillin.
    他们发信要求再供应一批青霉素。
  2. Our wood supply proved insufficient.
    我们的木材供应证明是不够的。
  3. We supply power to the three nearby towns.
    我们对附近的三个城镇提供电力。
  4. It was an accessory food supply.
    它提供辅助的食物。
  5. They refreshed their winter food supply by hunting.
    他们通过打猎补充了他们的冬季食物储存。
  6. The supply air is fed into a raised floor plenum.
    这些补充进来的空气被导入活动地板的夹层里。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Our task is to supply vegetables all the year round.
    我们的任务是全年供应蔬菜。
  2. Who will supply the champagne?
    谁供应香槟酒?
  3. The note supplied a phone number.
    那字条提供了一个电话号码。
  4. Trees supply shade in summer.
    夏天树木给人们遮阴。
  5. This book will be very useful; it will supply a need that has been felt for years.
    这本书很有用,它将满足人们多年来的需要。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. The market is poorly supplied.
    市场供应不足。
S+~+wh-clause
  1. The shop was unable to supply what she wanted.
    这商店不能供应她所需要的商品。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The water supply to the room failed.
    这房间的供水中断了。
  2. The supply of electricity has enormously increased by the construction of thermal and hydroelectric stations.
    新建了一些火力和水力发电站,大大增加了电力供应。
  3. There has been a rapid increase in the supply of farm machinery, chemical fertilizer and pesticides.
    农业机械、化肥和杀虫药的供应迅速增加。
  4. How will they arrange for a daily supply of food to the flood victims?
    他们将怎样安排水灾灾民每天的食品供应?
  5. The rivers afford an inexhaustible supply of fish.
    这几条河有取之不尽的鱼类资源。
  6. What supplies shall we need for our mountain climb?
    我们登山需要准备些什么东西呢?
  7. The commander was worried about supplies for his men.
    司令员为部队的补给品担忧。
  8. Our fuel supplies are running low.
    我们的燃料储备不多了。
  9. As a punishment, his monthly supplies were cut off。
    停止了每月对他的供给作为惩罚。
  10. This country is absolutely dependent upon other countries for her food supplies.
    这个国家完全依靠其他国家供应食品。
  11. There is a good supply of books in the cupboard, so we are unlikely to run short.
    橱里有许多书,所以我们不大可能缺书看。
  12. That shop has a large supply of shoes.
    那家商店贮存有大量的鞋子。
  13. There is no supply of coffee now.
    市上现无咖啡供应。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
supply for (v.+prep.)
  1. 为…提供 provide sth to sb/sthThe school supplies books for the children.学校为儿童提供图书。

    The sun supplies light and heat for us. 太阳为我们提供光和热。

  2. 因为…而提供 provide sth for sthHe supplied food and clothing for his reputation.他为了自己的名誉而赞助衣食。
supply from (v.+prep.)
  1. 由(仓库等处)提供(某物) provide sth out of (a place)We can supply the goods from our main store.这些货我们可以由总店供应。
  2. 由(记忆、经验等)提供 provide sth by using a quality, as of mindI should be able to supply all the names from memory.我应该能回忆起这些人的姓名。

    His answer was supplied from experience. 他的答案来自于经验。

supply to (v.+prep.)
  1. 向(某人或某处)提供〔供应〕(某物) provide sth for (sb/sth) supply sth to sb/sth

    They supplied large numbers of tractors to peasants.他们向农民供应了大批拖拉机。

    The army supplies two pairs of boots to each soldier.部队给每个士兵发两双靴子。

    The family supplies the basic necessities to them.这个家庭为他们提供生活必需品。

    Britain supplies manufactured goods to almost every country in the world.英国几乎给世界上每个国家供应工业产品。

    Now we supply power to nine-tenths of the city's homes.现在我们向这个城市十分之九的家庭提供电力。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    More and more vegetables and fruit are supplied to the cities.越来越多的蔬菜和水果供应城市。

    In our city milk is supplied to each house in bottle.在我们的城市,供应给各户的牛奶是瓶装的。

    When is power going to be supplied to the distant farms?电力什么时候通到远处的农场?

supply with (v.+prep.)
  1. 把(某物)提供〔供应给〕(某人或某处) provide (sb/sth) with sth supply sb/sth with sth

    We supplied them with money and clothes.我们供给他们金钱和衣服。

    The company supplied us with money for the project.公司为我们提供款项来做那项工程。

    He supplied me with the answer.他为我提供了答案。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Each soldier is supplied with two pairs of boots.每个士兵可以得到两双靴子。

    The town is supplied with water from a reservoir.该城镇由一座水库供水。

用作名词 (n.)
supply and demand
  1. 供求关系 the amount of goods, etc. available and the amount wanted by consumers, the relationship between which is regarded as controlling prices

    The meeting would decide whether our export quotas should be changed in the light of supply and demand. 这次会议将根据供求情况决定是否改变我们的出口定额。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • To work on..the supply of stores to the..forces in Egypt.

    出自:J. Lees
  • In order to supply the deficiencies.

    出自:H. L. Mencken

supply的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. supply后不可加双宾语。

    He supplies food and clothing to them.
    他提供食物和衣服给他们。

  2. supply也可以是名词,表示“供给”,一般用复数,如medical supplies药物供给。
v.(动词)
  1. supply的基本意思是“供应,提供”,指向某人提供某物或供应〔供给〕某人所需要的物品,引申可表示“满足”。
  2. supply是及物动词,接名词、代词或what从句作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. supply一般不用于supply sb sth 结构,而多用supply sth for〔to〕 sb 或supply sb with sth 结构。
  4. 在美式英语中偶尔可见到使用supply sb sth 结构的情况。例如:They supplied us salt.他们供给我们食盐。
n.(名词)
  1. supply用作名词的基本意思是“供给,供应,补给”,是抽象名词,不可数。表示具体的“供给”,特别是其前有形容词修饰时,也可加不定冠词a。
  2. supply也可表示具体的“供给之物,存货,现货”等,是可数名词,多用复数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
supply, afford, give, provide
这四个词都有“给”“供给”“提供”的意思。其区别是:
1.afford指为一定的目的而“给”“提供”所需要的东西; give指无需偿还地把金钱、物品、时间、麻烦等有形或无形的东西“送给”“授予”“供给”某人; provide主要指为某人、某物或某事“提供”“供应”某物品,尤指生活必需品; supply指用物“供给”“供应”或“提供”给国家、群众、工厂、城市、市场等,以部队为对象时,往往只供给生活必需品,而不指武器。例如:
Some trees afford resin. 有些树产树脂。
I should like to give him a chance.我想给他一个机会。
Now we supply power to nine-tenths of the city's homes.现在我们向这个城市十分之九的家庭提供电力。
2.afford后面可跟不定式或动名词,还常用在can, could, be able to后面表示“担负得起”某事物的费用、损失、后果等,以及“抽得出”时间、人力,其后可接双宾语,意思是“向某人提供某物”; provide后面可接for, with和against等介词; supply后可接介词to。例如:
Our garden affords us fresh vegetables.我们的园子为我们提供新鲜蔬菜。
More and more vegetables and fruit are supplied to the army.越来越多的蔬菜和水果供应部队。
The programme aims to provide self-sufficiency for local needs.这项计划旨在使当地需要得以自足。
supply, equip, furnish, outfit, provide
这组词都可表示“提供必要的条件”。其区别是:
1.equip指装备某种仪器设备; furnish指用家具将房间布置起来; supply指提供不足或缺乏的东西; provide指提供必需和有用的东西。
2.用于人时, outfit指衣物的配备, equip指各种专门的物件的配备。
3.supply常用于定期的多次的供应,而furnish常用于一次性的供应。
4.在涉及金钱时, provide往往意味着“免费供给”,而supply则一般不含此意。
5.furnish可接双宾语,而provide和supply则不可接双宾语。
6.provide和supply都要与with连用来说明所提供的物品,即provide〔supply〕 sb with sth 或provide〔supply〕 sth for sb; supply后的for可用to替代,而provide后的for不可用to替代。
supply provide
两者均可表示“供应;供给”,指对于缺乏或不足的事物进行补充或供给。
  • supply:supply常与to/for或with连用,其结构是:supply sth.to/for sb.或supply sb.with sth.
  • 他们供应食物给幸存者。
  • They supply food to/for the survivors.=They supply the survivors with food.
  • provide:provide常与for或with连用,其结构是:provide sth.for sb.或provide sb.with sth.
  • 他给家人提供衣食。
  • He provides food and clothes for his family.=He provides his family with food and clothes.

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他们源源不断地给我们提供生活必需品。

    They supplied us the necessities of life in a steady flow.

    They supplied us with the necessities of life in a steady flow.

    表示“给某人供应某物”,可用“supply sb with sth ”结构, supply后的宾语是所提供的对象, with后接所提供的内容,不用“supply sb sth ”结构。

  2. 政府答应向边远村庄供应电力。

    The government has promised to supply power for the distant villages.

    The government has promised to supply power to the distant villages.

    supply表示“供应”还可用于supply sth to sb/somewhere的结构,作“向某人或某地供应某物”解,这里介词to不能用for替代。

  3. 公司可提供零部件作为替换物。

    The company can supply small parts with replacement.

    The company can supply small parts for replacement.

    supply作“供应”解时,还可用于supply sth for sth 的结构,表示“可提供某物作为(…用处或目的)”,这里介词for不能用with替代。

n.(名词)
  1. 下星期我们这儿将到一批新鞋子。

    We shall be receiving new supply of shoes next week.

    We shall be receiving a new supply of shoes next week.

  2. 请带大量食物来。

    Please bring large supply of food with you.

    Please bring a large supply of food with you.

    supply表示“具体的一批供应品”时,为可数名词,前面往往可加不定冠词a。 supply前带形容词修饰时尤为如此。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进英入语,直接源自古法语的supplier,意为填满;最初源自拉丁语的supplere,意为充满,完成。

supply的相关资料:

正版词典

supply : 供应;补给 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • supply:supply n. 补给, 供给, 供应品vt. 补给, 供给, 提供, 补充, 代理vi. 替代他人职务 英英解释:名词supply:1. an amount of something availa…

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