help

  基本词汇  
[help]     [help]    
  • v.帮助;有助于;促进;擅自拿取;(不)能防止或避免某事物
  • n.帮助;援助;帮手;佣人;仆人
  • int.救命!
helped helped helping helps
new

help是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 帮助,援助
  2. 救(命)
  3. [与 can或 cannot连用]避免,阻止,抑制,克制
  4. 招待,服务,伺候
  5. 治疗;缓解;补救,改进
  6. 有用,有帮助,有助于,有利于
  7. 开饭,上菜
  8. 改善状况
  9. 擅自拿走,窃取
  10. 为(自己/某人)取用
n.(名词)
  1. 帮助,援助
  2. 帮手,助手
  3. 救济,补救,医治
  4. 有帮助的人,有助益的东西
  5. 仆人
  6. <美>佣工,全体雇工
  7. 救济法
  8. 挽救方法
  9. 一份,一杯
  10. 援兵
int.(感叹词)
  1. 救命!

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 帮助 do sth for the benefit of sb in need
  2. vt. & vi. 有助于,有利于 be of aid or use to
  3. vt. 避免; 抑制,克制 avoid; restrain
n.(名词)
  1. [U]帮助,援助 the act of helping; aid; assistance
  2. [S]助手,帮忙的人或物 a person or a thing that helps
  3. [C]佣人,女佣 domestic servant, especially female house servant
  4. [C]补救办法,治疗方法 a method of setting right; a way of curing diseases

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
help : 帮助 ...
help : 帮助, 援助 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;

    "he gave me an assist with the housework"
    "could not walk without assistance"
    "rescue party went to their aid"
    "offered his help in unloading"

  2. a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;

    "my invaluable assistant"
    "they hired additional help to finish the work"

  3. a resource;

    "visual aids in teaching"

  4. a means of serving;

    "of no avail"
    "there's no help for it"

Verb:
  1. give help or assistance; be of service;

    "Everyone helped out during the earthquake"
    "Can you help me carry this table?"
    "She never helps around the house"

  2. improve the condition of;

    "These pills will help the patient"

  3. be of use;

    "This will help to prevent accidents"

  4. abstain from doing; always used with a negative;

    "I can't help myself--I have to smoke"
    "She could not help watching the sad spectacle"

  5. help to some food; help with food or drink;

    "I served him three times, and after that he helped himself"

  6. contribute to the furtherance of;

    "This money will help the development of literacy in developing countries"

  7. take or use;

    "She helped herself to some of the office supplies"

  8. improve; change for the better;

    "New slipcovers will help the old living room furniture"

help的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Your advice helped me a lot.
    你的意见对我大有帮助。
  2. I'll do everything possible to help you.
    我会尽一切可能帮助你。
  3. Trade helps industry to develop.
    贸易促进工业发展。
  4. This latest development doesn't exactly help.
    这一最新情况对事情并没有真正好处。
  5. Local assembly will help sale to some extent.
    在当地组装将在某种程度上促进产品销售。
  6. He's been helping himself to my stationery.
    他未经许可一直用我的文具。
  7. He can't help having big ears.
    他爱打听别人的事。
  8. She burst out laughing and couldn't help herself.
    她突然大笑起来,无法克制自己。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Thank you for your kind help.
    谢谢你好意相助。
  2. You must reckon without his help in this matter.
    在这件事情上,你切不可指望他的帮助。
  3. We'll need outside help before we can finish.
    我们需要外界援助才能完成。
  4. You're a good help to me.
    你是我的得力帮手。
用作感叹词 (int.)
  1. Aaah, the monster's coming. Run! Help!
    啊,怪物出来了,快跑啊!救命啊!

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. We'll be happy to help if you need us.
    如果你需要的话,我们将乐意帮助你。
  2. There must be some other reason for him refusing to help.
    他拒绝帮忙,其中肯定还有别的原因。
  3. I've got about 30 pence, will that help?
    我身上带着大约30便士,管用吗?
  4. An aspirin will help.
    一片阿司匹林会起作用的。
  5. I get terrible headaches but it helps if I lie down in the dark for a while.
    我头痛得厉害,要是在暗处躺一会儿那是大有好处的。
  6. Mere words won't help.
    光说不做无济于事。
  7. This reference book helps a lot.
    这本参考书很有用。
  8. What you say helps enormously.
    你说的话很有帮助。
  9. I did my best to comfort her, but it didn't seem to help.
    我尽量安慰她,但似乎不起作用。
  10. Help, help!A boy is drowning.
    救人啊!救人啊!一个男孩子要淹死了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. It is a teacher's business to help his pupils.
    帮助学生是教师的责任。
  2. We decided to send a veteran surgeon to help them.
    我们决定派一个有经验的外科医生去帮助他们。
  3. He had an enormous kind heart and would always be ready to help others.
    他心地善良,总是乐于帮助别人。
  4. We will do our utmost to help these unfortunate people.
    我们将尽最大努力帮助这些不幸的人。
  5. We'll help the school as far as we can.
    我们将尽可能来帮助这所学校。
  6. Trade helps the development of industry.
    贸易会促进工业的发展。
  7. His sensible suggestions helped the negotiations immensely.
    他的合理建议有力地促成了谈判。
  8. He read Shakespeare to help his English.
    为了提高英语水平,他读了莎士比亚的作品。
  9. What have you got that will help a cold?
    你有没有能治感冒的东西?
  10. Sorry I broke the cup, but I can't help it.
    对不起,我把杯子打碎了,可我不是故意的。
  11. She burst her crying; she couldn't help it.
    她放声大哭,无法控制自己。
  12. I realized my voice was shaking when I spoke, but I couldn't help it.
    我意识到我讲话的声音在发抖,但我控制不住。
  13. If he doesn't listen to our advice, we can't help it.
    如果他不听劝,我们也没办法。
S+~+(to-) v
  1. Would you help to cut down the tree?
    帮着把这棵树砍下来,好不好?
  2. The villagers are helping to search the woods for the missing child.
    村民们正在帮助搜索树林,寻找那个失踪的孩子。
  3. This dictionary will help improve your English.
    这词典将帮助你提高英语水平。
  4. All this has helped raise farm yields steadily.
    所有这些促使农场产量不断增长。
  5. The railways recently constructed have helped to promote our domestic trade.
    最近修建的铁路有助于促进我们的国内贸易。
  6. That helped to ease his grief.
    那有助于减轻他的悲痛。
  7. He has an obligation to help support his parents.
    他有责任供养父母。
  8. It shall be our constant endeavour to help improve the living standard of our people.
    我们应该不断努力设法改善我国人民的生活水平。
  9. Words and actions should help to unite, and not divide, the people of our various nationalities.
    言论和行动要有利于团结各族人民,而不是分裂人民。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to-) v
  1. Will you help me prepare for the party?
    你愿意帮我准备聚会吗?
  2. Help me sit up,Facer—I can't sleep.
    扶我坐起来,费塞——我没法入睡。
  3. We must help him correct his shortcomings.
    我们一定要帮助他改正缺点。
  4. Please come along and help me carry the big box upstairs.
    请过来帮我把这只大箱子扛上楼。
  5. Help me put the room to rights.
    帮我整理一下房间。
  6. Will you help me move the table?
    请帮我搬一下桌子好吗?
  7. Let's go to help them to unload the truck.
    让我们去帮他们卸车吧!
  8. Something went wrong with his machine so I helped him fix it.
    他的机器出了毛病,于是我帮他修理。
  9. In this way they helped us build our confidence in victory.
    他们就这样帮助我们树立了胜利的信心。
  10. He cut a stout stick to help him walk.
    他砍下一根结实的树枝拄着走路。
  11. The travel service can help you to make onward reservations.
    旅行社可帮您办理行程各阶段的票。
  12. A knowledge of English grammar will help you to speak less bad English.
    懂得英语语法,你的英语就会讲得好些。
  13. Thought helps us solve problems.
    思考能帮助我们解决问题。
  14. This helped them adopt a correct attitude towards the masses.
    这有助于他们对群众采取正确的态度。
  15. This helped him appreciate his advantageous position.
    这有助于他意识到自己的有利地位。
  16. 用于be ~ed结构
  17. You will be helped by them to go over your lessons.
    你将得到他们的帮助来温习功课。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He has offered help.
    他已主动提供帮助。
  2. Can I give you any help?
    我能帮你忙吗?
  3. I appreciate your help.
    我感激你的帮助。
  4. We need help but we will not beg for it.
    我们需要帮助,但不会乞求帮助。
  5. I can't promise my immediate help.
    我不能答应立即给予帮助。
  6. I got help from her.
    我得到她的帮助。
  7. Thank you for your help.
    谢谢你的帮助。
  8. We shall need outside help for this job.
    我们需要外界协助来完成此项工作。
  9. They all look to you for help.
    他们都指望你的帮助。
  10. She called to her father for help.
    她向父亲喊叫求救。
  11. They didn't care how much help they could get from outside.They would rely chiefly on themselves.
    他们不在乎从外界能得到多少帮助,他们将主要依靠自己。
  12. We declined his offer of help.
    我们谢绝了他给我们的帮助。
  13. Deeds are better than words when people are in need of help.
    当别人需要帮助时,行动胜于语言。
  14. But for your help,I might have failed.
    要是没有你的帮助,我也许失败了。
  15. He has fulfilled the task through their help.
    他靠他们的帮助完成了任务。
  16. Through your help I succeeded.
    由于你的帮助我成功了。
  17. I can't lift this box without help.
    没有人帮忙,我提不起这箱子。
  18. I couldn't have done it without your help.
    没有你的帮助我是无法完成这项工作的。
  19. The girl is a good help to her mother.
    这女孩是她妈妈的好帮手。
  20. He is rather a hindrance than a help to us.
    他对我们非但没有帮助,反而成了累赘。
  21. His advice was a great help to our success.
    他的忠告对我们的成功大有帮助。
  22. Aspirin may be a help to your headache.
    吃点阿司匹林对您的头痛可能有好处。
  23. I find this tool is a great help when I dig the garden.
    我发现在花园翻土时这件工具很有用。
  24. There is a miner attack in words but a major help in deeds.
    小骂帮大忙。
  25. We require extra help.
    我们需要临时工。
  26. They need a domestic help.
    他们需要一个女佣。
  27. He laid off half of his help.
    他把一半佣人辞退了。
  28. The cook is in charge of the kitchen help.
    这位厨师负责管理帮厨工。
  29. The help are demanding higher wages.
    佣人要求增加工资。
  30. She has hired a new help.
    她雇了一个新的佣人。
  31. It is beyond help.
    这无法挽救。
  32. The patient is past medical help.
    这病人已无药可救。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
can't be helped
  1. 没有法子的事,只好这样 cannot prevent or avoid sth

    It can't be helped. 这是不可避免的。

    It's no use weeping over what can't be helped. 对于无能为力的事哭也没用。

    Our meeting has to be put off, it can't be helped. 毫无办法,我们的会议只得延期。

can't help but
  1. 〈美〉不得不; 不能不 be forced to

    When the streets are full of melting snow, you can't help but get your shoes wet. 当街上满是融化的雪水时,你的靴子一定会被弄湿。

    When a close friend dies, we can't help but feel sad. 当一位亲密的朋友去世时,我们不能不难过。

  2. 必须; 只好 must; can only

    When our country calls us for help, we can't help but go. 当祖国需要我们时,我们必须尽力。

    When a friend gave me a ticket,I can't help but go. 一位朋友送给我一张票,我只好去了。

can't help oneself
  1. 不能控制自己,不能自拔 cannot control oneself

    You know what his temper's like, he just can't help himself. 他的脾气你是知道的,他控制不了自己。

can't help v-ing
  1. 〈英〉抑制不住,禁不住 can't restrain or prevent can't help v-ing

    When she saw the strange and funny person, she could not help laughing.见到这个滑稽的怪人,她不禁笑了。

    We couldn't help being moved by his perseverance.他的毅力使我们不得不感动。

    I couldn't help overhearing what they said.我忍不住偷听了他们说的话。

    I can't help feeling that it was a mistake to let him go.我不禁感到让他离开是个错误。

    can't help sb/sth v-ing

    I can't help him saying that.我无法不让他说这话。

    I can't help my wife having so many dull relations.我妻子有这么多呆笨的亲戚我也没有办法。

    She couldn't help the tears of rage rolling down her face.她那愤怒的泪水禁不住从脸上流了下来。

help along〔forward〕 (v.+adv.)
  1. 搀扶着前进 assist (sb) to march

    It raining, the little girl helped her grandmother along difficultly. 下雨了,那个小女孩扶着她的祖母艰难地向前走着。

  2. 有助于发展 produce favourable conditions for

    The support of the public can help the movement along. 公众的支持有助于运动的发展。

    If I can help you forward in any way,I'll be delighted. 如果我能对你的事有所促进,我将感到高兴。

    Let's do our best to help this plan forward. 让我们尽最大努力来实现计划。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The experiment was not helped forward by White's opening a door at the crucial moment. 由于怀特在关键时刻打开了门,使得该实验无法进行下去。

help back (v.+adv.)
  1. 搀扶着返回 assist (sb) to return help sb back

    There's no hope to succeed, the secretary is helping the old manager back sadly.成功无望,秘书搀扶着老经理悲伤地返回。

    The sick old lady has fallen on the floor; we must help her back into bed.这位生病的老妇人跌倒在地上,我们必须把她扶回床上去。

    They helped him back to an honest life.他们帮助他重新老老实实地过日子。

help down1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 帮助把…搬〔扶〕下来 help sb lift sth; help sb come down help sth down

    Hurry! hurry! the police will come no time; help the box down; throw it into the car.赶快!赶快!警察快来了; 帮助把箱子搬下来,塞进车里。

    help sb down from sth

    He helped the little boy down from a horse.他把那个小男孩从马上扶下来。

    The nurse is helping a sick person down from his bed.护士正在搀扶一位病人下床。

help down2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 帮助某人下到…来 help (sb) go down help sb down sth

    It is regarded as a natural behavior that a man helps the old down stairs.帮助老人下楼被认为是理所当然的行为。

help in1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 搀扶着进去 help (sb) go into a place help sb in

    He helped his grandmother in.他搀扶着祖母进屋。

help in2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 帮助干…,在…方面帮助 help to do sth help in sth

    They often help in the farm work in our village.他们常常帮助我们村干农活。

    We sent a lot of people there to help in the construction.我们派了很多人到那里去帮助施工。

    help sb in sth/v-ing

    Their aim is to help the working people in their struggle for emancipation.他们的目的是帮助劳动人民争取解放。

    I helped her in unpacking.我帮她打开包。

    Your words have helped us a great deal in understanding your people.你的话大大有助于我们了解贵国的人民。

    These reference books will help you in improving your maths.这些参考书将会帮你提高数学水平。

  2. 搀扶着进入 help (sb) enter into a place help sb in sth

    A new Bluebird stopped in front of the door, and a gentleman helped a tall lady in it.一辆蓝鸟牌汽车停在门口,一位绅士搀扶着一位高个儿女士上了汽车。

help into (v.+prep.)
  1. 帮助进入 help (sb) enter into help sb into sth

    The nurses helped the wounded soldiers into the hospital.护士们搀扶着伤病员走进医院。

    Can you help me into the yard?My football has been kicked into it.你能帮助我进院子吗?我的球被踢了进去。

    Kehr helped me into my coat.凯尔帮我穿上外套。

help off (v.+adv.)
  1. 帮助脱下 aid in getting off help sb off with sth

    We helped the injured man off with his clothes.我们帮助受伤的人把衣服脱下。

    Please help me off with my boots; they are so tight!请帮我脱掉靴子,它们实在是太紧了。

  2. 帮助离开 help (sb) to leave help sb off

    This wall is too high for me to jump from, will you help me off?这墙太高以致我不敢跳下来,请你帮我下来好吗?

    The people are in danger; we must help them off.人们处境危险,我们必须帮助他们离开。

help on (v.+adv.)
  1. 帮助穿上 help (sb) to put on a dress help sb on with sth

    The boy is too little to dress himself, so his mother helps him on with the clothes.这个小孩太小不能自己穿衣服,所以他的妈妈帮助他穿衣服。

  2. 鼓励,促进 encourage help sb on

    They always helped us on in times of difficulty.在我们遇到困难时,他们总是鼓励我们。

    What you have passed on to us today will help us on very much,I'm sure.我相信你今天给我们介绍的情况对我们将是一个很大的促进。

help oneself
  1. 自取,自用 take oneself; use oneself help oneself

    Have a cigarette.Help yourself.抽支烟吧,请拿一支。

    Can I borrow a pencil?—Yes, help yourself.我能借用一支铅笔吗?——可以,自己拿吧。

    help oneself to sth

    Help yourselves to the food on the table.自己夹菜吃。

    He helped himself to some more fish.他自己动手又夹了点鱼吃。

    He got up and helped himself to more coffee.他站起身来又给自己倒了一点咖啡。

    Help yourself to some sweets.吃糖吃糖。

    The guests help themselves to the refreshments at the buffet.客人们在餐室吃茶点。

    The money was on the table and no one was there, so he helped himself to it.钱放在桌子上,又没人在那里,因此他就不客气地拿走了。

    Those thieves have helped themselves to my jewels.那些盗贼已盗走了我的珠宝。

help out (v.+adv.)
  1. 帮助,帮助…出来 render assistance; help to get out help out

    Help out, don't hinder.帮帮我,不要碍事。

    She dug wild vegetables and picked over cinders to help out.她挖野菜捡煤核来帮助家里。

    They helped out by making air blowers for us.他们给我们制造了鼓风机来支援我们。

    On Sundays we used to go back to help out in our factories.星期天我们常回到自己工厂帮忙。

    A good dictionary will help out in one's reading.一部好词典对阅读是有帮助的。

    help sb/sth out (of sth)

    A sheep fell into a pit, and I helped it out.一只羊掉进坑里,我把它弄了出来。

    The driver is helping an old man out of his taxi.司机正扶一位老人从出租汽车里出来。

    I can't work out this math problem.Please help me out.我做不出这道数学题,请帮我一下。

    I don't know how to translate this sentence.Can you help me out?我不知道该如何翻译这个句子,你能帮我一下吗?

    Would ten yuan help you out? 10块钱能帮你解决问题吗?

    She gave part of her wage to help out the families of those comrades who had died for our cause.她把一部分工资用来帮助烈属。

    The neighbours were good enough to help us out by watering the plants while we were away.在我们出远门期间,邻居们热心地帮我们给花草浇水。

    Don't count on other people to help you out of trouble.别指望他人能帮你摆脱困境。

    help out with sth/v-ing

    She often helped out with washing in the hotel.她经常帮助那家旅馆洗东西。

    Bob helped out with milking every morning.每天早晨,鲍勃帮着挤牛奶。

help over (v.+prep.)
  1. 帮助(某人或动物)越〔爬〕过 help (sb or an animal) to climb over sth

    I helped her over the fence. 我帮她越过栅栏。

    Help me over the wall, will you?It's too high. 帮我翻过这墙好吗?它太高了。

  2. 帮助(某人)克服〔对付〕 help (sb) to deal with (a difficulty)

    As your friends face difficulties, you must help them over it. 当你的朋友面对困难时,你要帮助他们。

    Here is 20 dollars; that should help you over the next few days. 这是20美元,它能帮你度过几天日子。

help up (v.+adv.)
  1. 把(某人)扶起来 help (sb) to stand up help sb up

    Since the time that the boy helped the girl up when she fell down, they have been falling into love.自从男孩扶起摔倒的女孩那一刻起,他们相爱了。

    He helped the wounded boy up to his feet by holding his arm.他搀扶着那受伤男孩的手臂帮他站起来。

  2. 帮助往上搬 help (sb) lift (sth) up help sth up

    Tomorrow morning we will move into a new building, so we need hands to help the furniture up.明天我们将搬进新家了,所以我们需要人手帮我们把家具搬上去。

help with (v.+prep.)
  1. 帮助(某人)做… assist (sb) to do (sth) help with sth

    During busy seasons they help with field work.农忙季节他们就帮着干农活。

    At home he helps with whatever jobs there are.家里有什么活他都帮着干。

    May I help with the washing-up?我帮你洗餐具好吗?

    help sb with sth

    My mother used to help me with my lessons.我母亲曾在功课方面帮助过我。

    Would you help me with my English?请你帮我学习英语,好吗?

    Please help me with this luggage.请帮我搬这件行李。

    He often helps his mother with her housework.他常帮他母亲做家务。

    I want to persuade him to help me with the great work I am doing.我想说服他帮助我做我正在做的这项艰巨的工作。

    When the autumn harvest is coming, we help the farmers with their corn.秋收到了,我们帮助农民收粮食。

    This organization may be able to help you with such information.该组织也许能帮助你获得这种信息。

  2. 用…来帮助 assist (sb/sth) with (sth) help with sth

    The government helped with materials and money.政府帮助提供材料和资金。

    help sb/sth with sth

    I asked the bank to help me with a loan.我请银行给我一笔贷款。

    They helped us with a few suggestions.他们给我们提了几条建议。

    He helped me enormously with advice on how to do ideological work.他告诉我怎样做思想工作,对我有很大帮助。

    They also help nearby factories with technical advice.他们还给附近的工厂以技术上的指导。

not more than one can help
  1. 能少尽量少 as little as is possible or necessary

    He never does any more work than he can help. 他一贯是能少干活就尽量少干。

    I shan't stay there longer than I can help. 除非不得已,我不会在那儿呆很久。

    Don't spend more money than you can help. 你要尽量少花钱。

so help me (God)
  1. 我发誓; 老天作证 I swear it

    I never stole the money, so help me (I didn't)! 钱绝不是我偷的,老天爷可以作证!

    I swear to tell the truth, so help me God! 我宣誓我说真话,谨誓!

用作名词 (n.)
come to sb's help
  1. 帮某人的忙 help sb

    When they heard of it they immediately came to my help. 他们一听说此事便立即赶来帮助我。

    All the villagers came to our help in researching for the missing child. 所有村民都帮我们寻找走失的儿童。

no help for it
  1. 无法避免〔挽回〕 no way of avoiding

    There is no help for it but give it up. 除放弃之外毫无它法。

    The thing is done and there's no help for it now. 事情已经做了,现在无法挽回了。

with the help of
  1. 借助于,利用 by means of

    She spoke with us with the help of an interpreter. 她通过翻译和我们交谈。

    The ship, with the help of radar, sailed in thick fog. 船借助于雷达在浓雾中航行。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • They..have a tough job..and they need all the help they can get.

    出自:K. Vonnegut
  • It's an advanced communications system which summons help in an emergency.

    出自:Dumfries Galloway Standard
  • They must all think me crazy and beyond help.

    出自:D. Wigoder
  • He felt as though he were in a strange country without any maps to help him.

    出自:G. Greene
  • Help! I've a bee in my hair!

    出自:Day Lewis

help的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. help表示“帮助”时,后接不定式或宾语和不定式,但绝不不可接动名词。 注意当被动语态helped被使用时,to一定不可省略。

    This book will help (to) improve your English.
    美国人常将句中的to可省略。

    You will be helped to improve your English.

  2. help表示“避免”时,后接动名词,但是不可接不定式。

    I cannot help thinking so.

  3. cannot help同cannot but都表示“不能避免,不得不”,前者后接动名词,后者接没有to的不定式。

    I cannot help thinking so.
    I cannot but think so.
    第一句比第二句用法普遍。

  4. 在美国有cannot help but接不含to的不定式格式。

    I cannot help but think so.

  5. 在美国,help还可表示为“佣工”,既可指单个,也可指多个。with/without the help of others和with/without help from others属于固定的搭配,注意介词和the的存在;

    His help is a young man.
    他的帮佣是个年轻的男人。

    All his help are young men.
    他全部的帮佣都是年轻的男人。

  6. help sb in/with sth表示“帮助某人做某事”。
v.(动词)
  1. help用作动词的基本意思是“帮助”“援助”,即为他人提供所需或向某结果〔目的〕推进。引申可表示“有助〔利〕于”“救治”“克〔抑〕制”等。
  2. help既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词或动词不定式作宾语,也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。接动词不定式作宾语或宾语补足语时, to常可省略,但用于被动结构时, to则不能省。help用作不及物动词时常表示“有用”“有帮助”。
  3. Help!还可用作呼救用语,意为“救人啊!”。
  4. help常常与否定词can't连用,表达的意思不同。can't help it的意思是“没有办法”“控制不了”; can't be helped的意思是“没有办法的事,只好这样”; can't help v -ing的意思是“禁不住做某事”“身不由己”; can't help but to/- v 的意思是“不得不做某事”; can't help oneself的意思是“不能控制自己”“不能自拔”。
  5. not more than one can help的意思是“能少尽量少”; help oneself的意思是“自取,自用”。
  6. Can〔May〕 I help you?用作商业或服务用语,意为“您要点什么?”
n.(名词)
  1. help用作名词的基本意思是“帮助,援助”,可以是物质上的,也可以是精神上的或经济上的。用于人可表示“助手”,还可指“佣人”,多指女性。有时还可指“补救办法,治疗方法”。
  2. help作“帮助,援助”解是不可数名词,作其他意思解均为可数名词。表示“助手,帮忙的人或物”时多用于单数形式,其后常接由介词to引导的短语作后置定语; 作“佣人”解表示总称时用于单数形式,但谓语动词要用复数形式。表示一个佣人时,谓语动词要用单数形式,多用于美式英语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
help sb to-v, help sb to/-v
help后充当宾语补足语的动词不定式可带to,也可不带to,一般情况下区别不大。如果主语和宾语一起参与动词不定式所表示的活动,常可省去to; 如果不是,则常保留。试比较以下两个句子的含义:
  • 请帮我找个座位。
  • Please help me find a seat. (是两人一起去找)
  • Please help me to find a seat. (是你而不是我去找)
下面两个句子的意思是一样的:
  • I can't help respecting them.(BrE)
  • I can't help but respect them.(ArE)
  • 我不得不尊敬他们。
help, aid, assist
这组词都有“帮助”的意思,但有区别:
1.aid多指经济上或其他方面急需的援助,而assist只是表示辅助性的帮助, help用法则比较广泛,它可以代替aid和assist,可以指任何形式的帮助。
2.help和aid既可用作名词,也可用作动词; assist只能用作动词。
3.help强调积极地予以实际的、精神的或物质的帮助; assist主要用于帮助别人工作、学习或研究; aid是对别人的努力加以援助,还可指不必亲自动手的帮助。
4.就对象而言, aid不仅用于个人,还多用于团体; assist多用于个人,特别是智力方面的研究。
5.help是普通用语,特别是在日常谈话中; aid和assist是比较正式的用语,在日常谈话中不常用。
n.(名词)
help, relief
这两个词都有“帮助”的意思:同relief相比, help提供的帮助有更加急迫需要的意思,并带有出于好心慷慨施予的含义。
aid assist help
这些动词均有“帮助”之意。
  • aid:aid正式用词,指帮助他人脱离危险或战胜困难,着重强者对急需帮助的弱者的帮助。
  • assist:assist强调在提供帮助时,以受助者为主,所给的帮助起第二位或从属的作用。
  • help:help最普通用词,含义广泛。指一般性的或迫切需要的帮助,侧重积极地为他人提供物质、精神或其他方面的帮助。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:the two girls were helping each other for the cooking.

    纠正:the two girls were helping each other with/in the cooking.

    翻译:这两女孩子互相帮忙做饭。

    分析:help sb in/with sth表示“帮助某人做某事”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的helapn;最初源自原始日耳曼语的khelapnan,意为帮助,支持。

help的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

help的相关资料:

正版词典

help : 帮助,扶持 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • help:help n. 帮忙, 补救办法, 助手, 治疗, 佣工vt. 帮助, 助长, 接济, 治疗, 款待vi. 有用, 救命, 招待[计] 显示命令格式的简短概述 英英解释:名词help:1. the a…

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