slave

  核心词汇  
[sleɪv]     [sleɪv]    
  • n. 奴隶;像奴隶般受制的人;【机】从动装置
  • v. 做苦工;做奴隶;拼命干
slaved slaved slaving slaves
new

slave的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 奴隶,农奴,贱役
  2. 苦工,奴隶般工作的人
  3. 【机】从动装置
  4. 奴隶般受控制的人
  5. 摆脱不了某种习惯的人
  6. 【动】奴蚁,奴隶蚁
  7. 职业棒球选手
  8. 完全受(某事物)控制的人,完全依赖(某事物)的人
  9. 受制于某种影响者
  10. 附件
  11. 卑鄙的人
v. (动词)
  1. 贩卖奴隶
  2. 奴隶般工作, 做苦工,似奴隶般劳动,苦干
  3. 拼命工作,牛马似地工作,努力工作,辛勤地工作
  4. 当牛当马,苦不堪言
  5. 奴役,使…沦为奴隶
  6. 做奴隶
  7. 从属
adj. (形容词)
  1. 次要的
  2. 随动的

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C] 奴隶,苦工 a person who is legally owned by sb else; servant without personal freedom who is treated as a piece of property
v. (动词)
  1. vi. 奴隶般地工作,做苦工 work like a slave; work hard with little rest

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a person who is owned by someone

  2. someone who works as hard as a slave

  3. someone entirely dominated by some influence or person;

    "a slave to fashion"
    "a slave to cocaine"
    "his mother was his abject slave"

Verb:
  1. work very hard, like a slave

slave的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. This slave dreamed of becoming a freeman.
    这个奴隶梦想着成为一个自由人。
  2. The boy was caught and sold to be a galley slave.
    这个男孩被抓住,并被卖到战舰上做奴隶。
  3. He is a slave to drink.
    他是个酒鬼。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. Why should I slave away all my life !
    我为什么要辛辛苦苦地干一辈子呀!
  2. We are born to slave it for our lord.
    我们是生来为君王效犬马之劳的。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. His grandfather used to be a slave.
    他的祖父曾是奴隶。
  2. He treats his wife like a slave.
    他把妻子当作奴隶看待。
  3. Slaves used to be traded between Africa and the New World.
    过去常在非洲和新大陆之间进行奴隶买卖。
  4. Lincoln insisted that the slaves should be emancipated.
    林肯坚决主张解放奴隶。
  5. The tyrant was deaf to the entreaties of the slaves.
    暴君听不到奴隶们的哀鸣。
  6. The government passed a law to suppress the slave trade.
    政府颁布一条法律制止奴隶买卖。
  7. We have to make the technology work for us, and not become its slaves.
    我们必须使技术为我们服务,而不是成为技术的奴隶。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He has been slaving in the garden for hours.
    他在花园里干了数小时。
  2. I slaved all day over a hot stove to produce this meal, and now they've hardly eaten any of it.
    我一整天围着火热的炉子辛辛苦苦地作出这顿饭,可是他们现在几乎一点也没有吃。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a slave of
    沉浸于 wallow in; be given to
a slave to
    沉湎于 indulge in; be given to
用作动词 (v.)
slave at (v.+prep.)
    被迫苦干 be obliged to work hard
    slave at sth

    I have been slaving at the housework all day.

    我整天都在干繁重的家务活儿。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词 ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+介词

经典引文

  • The Barretts had a reputation for treating their slaves better than most.

    出自: P. Dally
  • A rich man, owner of a score of slaves, twice that many horses.

    出自: R. Malan
  • Mom..slaving away as somebody's maid.

    出自: B. Holiday
  • Spending half a year slaving over his mural.

    出自: G. Daly

slave的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. slave的基本意思是“奴隶”,指为奴隶主劳动而没有人身自由的人,引申可指为了谋生而出卖苦力的人,也可指完全受他人或他事物控制的人,其后常接介词of或to。
v. (动词)
  1. slave用作名词时,意为“奴隶”,作动词时,意思是“奴隶般地工作”。一般用作不及物动词。常接介词at,表示“被迫干某事”。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
下面两个句子的意思相同:
  • He is a slave to his fashion.
  • He is the slave of his fashion.
  • 他是个拼命赶时髦的人。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 13世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的esclave;最初源自中世纪拉丁语的Sclavus,意为奴隶。

    slave的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】

    临近单词

    今日热词
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