grind

  基本词汇  
[ɡraɪnd]     [ɡraɪnd]    
  • v.磨;压迫;碾碎;磨得吱吱响;逐渐停顿
  • n.苦事;磨;碾
grindingly ground ground grinding grinds
new

grind是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 磨(碎),碾(碎) ,磨成,碾成
  2. 压榨
  3. 折磨
  4. 磨薄,磨光,磨快
  5. 磨擦发出刺耳声(如嘎嘎响)
  6. 用力挤压
  7. <口>刻苦地做,苦心地教
  8. 苦学,苦干
  9. 转动
  10. 推摇
  11. 咬(牙)
  12. 用手摇风琴演奏
  13. 反复地灌输
  14. 压迫
  15. 用力挤压(入表层)
  16. 摇动手柄(操纵机器)
  17. 嚼碎
  18. 研磨
  19. 耐磨,受磨
  20. 扭摆,扭屁股
n.(名词)
  1. 磨(声)
  2. 碾(声)
  3. 磨擦声
  4. <口>苦差使
  5. 单调的事,枯燥的工作
  6. 苦学,刻苦,用功
  7. <美口>用功的学生
  8. 研细的程度
  9. 开玩笑(的人)
  10. 讥讽
  11. 研磨

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 摩擦 rub harshly together, especially with a circular motion
  2. vt. & vi. 磨碎; 嚼碎 crush to grains or powder between millstones, the teeth, etc.
  3. vt. 旋转 work by turning
  4. vt. 压迫; 折磨 oppress or crush
n.(名词)
  1. [S]磨,碾 the act of grinding
  2. [S]苦差事,苦活儿 a long steady tiring effort of movement

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
grind : 研磨,研碎 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
grind : 碾 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
grind : 磨光, 刻苦 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
grind : 研磨 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or boringly studious

  2. the grade of particle fineness to which a substance is ground;

    "a coarse grind of coffee"

  3. hard monotonous routine work

  4. the act of grinding to a powder or dust

Verb:
  1. press or grind with a crushing noise

  2. make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together;

    "grate one's teeth in anger"

  3. work hard;

    "She was digging away at her math homework"
    "Lexicographers drudge all day long"

  4. dance by rotating the pelvis in an erotically suggestive way, often while in contact with one's partner such that the dancers' legs are interlaced

  5. reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading;

    "grind the spices in a mortar"
    "mash the garlic"

  6. created by grinding;

    "grind designs into the glass bowl"

  7. shape or form by grinding;

    "grind lenses for glasses and cameras"

grind的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. It won't grind down any finer than this.
    不能磨得比这个再细了。
  2. Some people grind their teeth while they are asleep.
    有些人睡觉时磨牙齿。
  3. People in this area were ground down by hunger and poverty.
    这个地区的人们受着饥饿和贫穷的折磨。
  4. We grind up the wheat to make flour.
    我们把小麦磨成面粉。
  5. The old engine ground and shuddered.
    那台陈旧的发动机抖动著发出摩擦的声音。
  6. The strike brought industry grinding to a halt.
    由於罢工生产逐渐停顿下来。
  7. If trade doesn't improve soon, the industry will grind to a halt.
    如果商业不迅速恢复景气,工业就要陷入停顿。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I need a holiday as a relief from the daily grind.
    我需要休假以摆脱单调的日常工作。
  2. He finds any kind of study a real grind.
    他发现任何一种学习都是名副其实的苦差使。
  3. The grind of the oats will be an all day affair.
    磨这些燕麦需要干一整天。
  4. Making a coarse grind is easier for us.
    对我们来说弄粗磨容易些。
  5. He heard gears grind as the transmission broke down.
    他听到齿轮碾磨的声音当传送带断掉的时候。
  6. Men who dare to enjoy themselves amidst pressure that would grind mere mortals to dust.
    能够大胆地让自己去享受压力的人可以把那些纯粹是平庸的人完全碾成尘土。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. This wheat grinds well.
    这种麦子很好磨。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He ground a knife.
    他磨了小刀。
  2. Some people grind their teeth while they're asleep.
    有些人睡着时会磨牙。
  3. She is grinding the flour.
    她正在磨面粉。
  4. Facer grinded coffeemill.
    费瑟转动了磨咖啡机。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Grind him a pound of coffee.
    给他磨一磅咖啡。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. Would you please grind a pound of coffee for me?
    请给我磨一磅咖啡好吗?
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Marking examination papers is a real grind.
    批改试卷的确是件苦差事。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
grind away (v.+adv.)
  1. 把…碾成粉末 keep on crushing sth into powder grind away

    This old mill has been grinding away for over 50 years.50多年来,这间老磨坊一直在磨粮食。

  2. 磨损〔用坏〕… destroy (sth) grind sth ⇔ away 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    The steps have been ground away by the passing feet of many visitors over the centuries.几个世纪以来,台阶在络绎不绝的来客脚下磨损了。

  3. 苦干〔学〕; 反复不断地干 work or study hard and long at (sth); work continuously at (sth) grind away at〔for〕 sth

    She grinds away at history studies.她在历史学习方面下了很多功夫。

    My friend is grinding away at English and preparing for TOEFL.我的朋友正在苦读英语,准备参加托福考试。

    Yes,I'm still grinding away at the same old job.不错,我仍在干我那无聊的老行当。

    She's grinding away for the college entrance exams.她正在埋头苦学,准备大学入学考试。

grind down (v.+adv.)
  1. 用磨等磨碎; 用牙嚼碎 crush to grains or powder between millstones, the teeth, etc.

    Mills used to use heavy stones to grind down the wheat into flour, now they use more modern machine. 过去,磨坊用沉重的石磨把小麦碾成面粉,现在则使用了现代化的机器。

    Mother usually grinds down the food for the baby. 母亲一般要把食物嚼碎再喂给婴儿。

    ◇ 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    This rock can be ground down for road-building material. 这种石头可碾碎作为筑路材料。

  2. 压迫,折磨 oppress or crush

    Slaves were mercilessly ground down by slave holders. 奴隶受奴隶主的残酷压迫。

    Most of the people were ground down by hunger and poverty. 大多数人受着饥饿和贫穷的折磨。

grind in (v.+adv.)
  1. 以强力将(某物)压入另一物使之难以移动 force (sth) in so that it's difficult to remove

    I can't get the dirt out of this carpet, it's been ground in. 污物已渍入地毯,我清除不了。

  2. 〈非正〉刻苦攻读以牢记… force (sth usually acknowledge) in so that it's difficult to forget

    Your only hope of passing the examination is to have these facts ground in by endless repetition. 你要不断重复,牢记这些知识,这是你通过考试的唯一希望。

grind into (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…磨碎〔磨成粉末〕 crush to grinds or powder between millstones

    She ground wheat into flour. 她把麦子磨成面粉。

    ◇ 常用于 be ~ed 结构

    The dirt was deeply ground into the carpet. 泥土被深深地踩进地毯里。

  2. 将(某物)碾〔压〕进(另一物的表面) press (sth) into or onto (a surface)

    He ground the enemy's face into the dirt. 他把敌人的脸按进泥土。

    In anger, he ground his knee into the man's stomach, and hit him in the face. 盛怒之下,他用膝盖挤压那个人的肚子,还揍了他的脸。

  3. 〈非正〉向(某人)灌输(知识) force (knowledge) into (sb)

    The teacher works too hard trying to grind useless facts into the children. 那位老师过于起劲地向孩子们灌输没有用的知识。

    His parents tried to grind English into his head. 他的父母费尽心力地往他脑子里灌英语。

grind out (v.+adv.)
  1. 沙哑地讲 speak (sth) in a rough voice

    Dying of thirst, the desert traveller ground out a request for water. 这个沙漠旅行者几乎要渴死了,嗓音沙哑地说要喝水。

  2. 生产出; 创作出 produce (sth); create (sth)

    This machine grinds out the crushed rock ready for road building. 这台机器碾碎用来筑路的石头。

    She grinds out romantic stories for the Women's Magazines. 她为《妇女杂志》一篇又一篇地撰写谈情说爱的小说。

    The so-called poet ground out some verses. 这个所谓的诗人搜索枯肠作成几句诗。

  3. 弹奏 keep on playing (music)

    When did the pianist stop grinding out the same old tunes? 那位钢琴家何时才会停止弹奏那几支老曲子呢?

    He ground out a tune on an organ. 他用风琴奏出一曲。

grind to a halt (v.+prep.+n.)
  1. 慢慢停下 come slowly but surely to a stop

    The truck ground to a halt. 卡车慢慢停下来了。

    We saw the automobile grind to a halt when the engine blew up. 我们看见那辆车因为发动机出故障而慢慢地停下来了。

    The old car ground to a halt in front of the shop. 那辆旧车在商店前面慢慢地停下来了。

grind together (v.+adv.)
  1. 使在一起挤压〔摩擦〕 cause to rub things roughly together grind sth ⇔ together

    All night she grinds her teeth together, keeping me awake.她整夜咬牙,吵得我睡不着觉。

grind under (v.+prep.)
  1. 在…之下碾,压… press (sth) beneath (sth)

    He threw the cigarette down and ground it under his heel. 他把烟卷丢到地上,用脚踩灭。

  2. 以(权势)欺压(某人) control (sb) cruelly with the power

    The powerful lords were guilty of grinding the villagers under their heels. 那些大领主的罪过是以权势欺压村民。

grind up (v.+adv.)
  1. 把…磨成粉末 crush (sth) into small pieces or powder grind sth ⇔ up

    They ground this rock up for road building.他们碾碎这些石头用来筑路。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
形容词+~

经典引文

  • The grind of the gate itself, as it scraped the stone beneath and was opened.

    出自:D. du Maurier
  • Dry rough/substance encountered the grind / of my teeth.

    出自:T. Gunn
  • Though the mills of God grind slowly, yet they grind exceeding small.

    出自:Longfellow
  • What we did not..devour we could grind away in the electric Disposall beneath the sink.

    出自:N. Mailer
  • A bird needs sharp gravel to grind food in its crop.

    出自:W. Wharton

grind的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. grind的基本意思是用摩擦的方法把刃磨锐、把平面磨光或把颗粒磨碎。引申可表示因摩擦而使之损耗,也可表示为达到目的或取得成功而采取粗暴的手段。
  2. grind既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接简单宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转换为介词for的宾语; 用作不及物动词时,其主动形式常含有被动意义。
  3. grind可用于被动结构。
  4. grind后接away, at可表示“苦干”“苦等”等。
  5. grind的过去式和过去分词均为ground。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
grind, scrape, scratch
这组词的意思相近。其区别是:
scrape指用有锋刃的工具从物体的表面刮〔擦〕掉某物; grind表示通过磨〔擦〕使工具、武器变得锐利或光滑; scratch指用利器在物体的表面上划出一道线或沟。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语g的rindan,意为磨。

grind的相关资料:

正版词典

grind : 研磨 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
grind : 磨碎;磨成 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • grind:grind v. 磨(碎), 碾(碎), 折磨习惯用语a greasy grind [美俚]刻苦用功的学生the daily grind [口]日常的单调工作grind away 磨掉[光]grind…

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